Tetrastigma gamblei

Tetrastigma gamblei B.V.Shetty & P.Singh, Kew Bull. 42: 933 1987. (syn: Tetrastigma canarense Gamble);

India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of Life;


Scandent shrub; branches terete, slender; tendrils simple or 2-fid. Leaves 3-foliolate, glabrous. Petioles 4-9 cm long; terminal leaflet elliptic to obovate, cuneate at base, serrate-dentate to subentire at margin, acuminate at apex, 7-11 x 4-7.5 cm; petiolules 1.5-2.5 cm long; lateral leaflets elliptic, slightly oblique at base, apex and margin as in terminal leaflet, 5-10 x 3.5-6.5 cm; petiolules 0.5-1 cm long. Inflorescences umbelled cymes, ca 3 cm long; peduncles 1-2 cm long. Flowers pubescent; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Calyx subtruncate or obscurely 4-lobed. Petals oblong-ovate, acute at apex, ca 1.75 x 0.8 mm. Disc membranous, covering base of ovary. Stigma sessile. Berries globose, ca 6 mm, 1-seeded; seed subglobose, ca 6 x 5 mm, transversely striate on sides; adaxial and abaxial surfaces with longitudinal furrows; chalaza spatulate.
Flowering and fruiting: November-March
Evergreen forests
Peninsular India
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)



https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/988bcc4b100510da/DSC_0391.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF-KPq54MXUxkhU_a9R8xbn0cEw-bFKOmtTCQmcPDdJ1_IIAEk0jOQVy3WVkfhU3xbqA2Vot1o9ZieDcMcgjoP_bC6T_fquLi3NFpnkzerjsZ79t1M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/988bcc4b100510da/DSC_0389.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEwdIA0x4CEf4Cr3npAn_MhlHavyTj5hQPO9LTuBgvRGEATHFhkaN17mLl_F0CL9kuzVdrbZBUGVjeJRWS_3RC7J0og0y0Y96ief_PZ6aFMj6VTGI8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/988bcc4b100510da/DSC_0388.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHi8efT5JcRVhILHd8TP6SqN-KObJEecVsNoppQ7uUfNg--_NhQ42SZ3K8KUIon7-_bOForjsL2R5zICV65Nj4RxzVXdGt6d_GiOMtgSgrR2v8oeqM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/988bcc4b100510da/DSC_0387.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH0GaAzazn9NXEhDxqWQ8fJEUg5C4p1PtDG0Jx9m6xgtbMo8h8BxcJY1T65hMiDC7_UbAUsm9H_hksOUutk7gpPaM7O9uvsc0OPMlaV5O6zI1CzWj0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/988bcc4b100510da/DSC_0390.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF2a7bT9G1asnSJFAVYM0VNkbAeqrp1nLe-Ksx-R4XWrbJPUzHeDBA1liKsq2qVr22b-eCOPGp5al1k1T2I_6GwX2Kbkyfex4Hnht1bEDLZUJUwu_8
ANFEB25 Vitaceae climber for ID : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Family: Vitaceae
Date: December 2014
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Climber
I only give you some tips -
Thank you
Tetrastigma species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
Thank you for your opinion and advise, ...
Vitaceae is a complex family!
While ferruginous-tomentose inflorescence is a feature of T. leustaphylumnearly entire leaves are feature of T. gambleiMoreover, young fruits of the later are said to be yellow as per book link. the hint of which can be seen at the base of berries in pic DSC_0390. Who knows those berries won't turn yellow entirely and then red when ripe! Again sizes are essential. Of course flower-fruiting time doesn't tally, but how much these species were studied? And how correct are the resources available in the net?
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/75844a2e2462f0f2/DSC_0390.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE4U_H6nghCRRCK8Ar0g28E-jiUqQNT4q5N9s6DMk80TlGn9Y9NZa9pajDe265YO48qLC4stoSeJQPRhlKirZz8RXUsOS8MpxdLVBoMjsRWeBRPknY
 
Please tell me your views on alternative(s) which I am ready to accept happily.
Meanwhile check one of your modified pic.
Attachments (1) 
Sir, you have done the bulk of the job and provided me with keys, descriptions and even my photo from a different perspective! I agree with you.
I also agree with you on another matter- the lack of exact measurements. <.8 cm across in T. gamblei and >1.2 cm across in T. leucostaphylum. Lesson learnt. Will make sure to click with a scale henceforth.
Also, I do wonder what the colour of berries in young T. leucostaphylum is.  
..., if you search KEW herbaria you will find it very interesting how closely these plants, lanceolaria and allied species (muricata, sulcata, nilagirica etc) look like.
In FBI Vitis lanceoalria and Vitis muricata are synonymous. In FI V. lancelolaria  leaves are remotely sharply serrulate, texture rather fleshy.,,, flowers small yellow. FI is silent on fruits. Cissus faminea Roxb. has "a little crenulate" leaflets... so, I am in total darkness.
In Wight's illustration leaves of muricata are serrate or serrulate.
I agree that this complex of Vitis lanceolaria is very complicated and there is 1:1 chance of wrong ID. Please check your local flora if they have more elaborate description.
Attachments (7)

I will also go with T. gamblei Shetty & Singh as suggested by ... and as per keys in Flora of India at Keys as per efi thread and as per comparative images at Tetrastigma



References:

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao (2001- keys with details)
Comments