Tetrastigma


 
Tetrastigma aplinianum (Collett & Hemsl.) Momiy. (Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma], ?India as per Catalogue of Life)

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Tetrastigma gamblei B.V.Shetty & P.Singh (India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan, Perak, Penang Isl., Trengganu, Pahan, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Johor), +Singapore, Java, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Nepal, Laos, Vietnam as per Catalogue of life)
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Tetrastigma obtectum (Wall. ex M.A. Lawson) Planch. ex Franch. (China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India (Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur), Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2d6400fed81f2/DSC_0333%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBS0Do-TyQm7WrkTGrRKXzMKsZHdb9nnerzHFVINAsSOlHW1EAkhVOyzat1mPALyRZI-4Izdm466J1CvYeQH1SGnXM1QG1KPd3QPMLmW4QCZCELn4


Tetrastigma rumicispermum (M.A. Lawson) Planch. (Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], China (Yunnan), Tibet, India (Darjeeling, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya), Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Trengganu, Pahan) as per Catalogue of Life)

 
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Tetrastigma serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Thailand, Vietnam, Nepal, Java, ?Jammu & Kashmir, Philippines (Luzon, Polillo, Mindoro), Palawan, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/11de6485181824/IMG_5616_11Jan2016.jpg?part=0.1.3&authuser=0
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https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.1&permmsgid=msg-f:1483948676839286394&th=14980b7593eaa67a&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ-tw2tUprxIfPKp0UupnCgNY-X03U0AzzaoD5oNmE3tv5VAKPaezoSsh6dPT1xSpU1TUNWJmSsGWurDJPfR9Y1Xb3jfFhfHJUB_a2xlz0MVtkzeqhE3vKVGgHU&disp=emb
 

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.1.1&permmsgid=msg-f:1489658589594110638&th=14ac54983d5dcaae&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ9Rf12hiAgs17a7ZjedY7lONEP0yUwClm8eXmkXATaud7H70OOWCy1w3wIPoHf6WnlMr7FWene3RWdIDpJHNh1gWdnaFbKMftyGTzyrb5S4VI0pZhVcx-e1UuE&disp=emb
 

 
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Tetrastigma sulcatum (P. Lawson) Gamble (India (Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala) as per Catalogue of life)

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Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves all 3-foliolate ....... 2
+ At least some leaves 4 — 7-foliolate ........ 4
2. Leaflets coriaceous, subentire or with minute teeth at vein ends; petals blunt at apex; berry ellipsoid ......... 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaflets membranous, serrate or serrulate; petals produced into subulate point; berry globose ......... 3
3. Stems often pubescent; leaflets ovate or elliptic, 3.5 — 9cm broad; cymes lax, 3 — 7cm diameter ........... l. T. bracteolatum
+ Stems glabrous; leaflets lanceolate, 2.5—5cm broad; cymes compact 2—_4.5 cm broad .......... 2. T. dubium
4. Leaves pedately divided ........ 5
+ Leaves digitately divided ........ 10
5. Slender climber with bifid tendrils; leaflets small, 2- 10 x 1 —3cm ……. 4. T. serrulatum
+ Robust climbers with simple or bifid tendrils; leaflets large, 6—20 x 2—8.5cm. ….. 6
6. Leaflets obovate or broadly oblanceolate; leaflet serration reduced to subulate vein tips; cymes rounded, 4 — 10cm diameter ............ 5. T. rumicispermum
+ Leaflets lanceolate, elliptic or sometimes oblanceolate, distinctly serrate; cymes rounded, 2 — 7cm, or corymbose to paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter ….. 7
7. Cymes lax, corymbose or paniculate, 8 — 15cm diameter ...... 8
+ Cymes compact, rounded, 2—7cm diameter ........ 9
8. Cymes corymbose, glabrous; leaves thinly coriaceous, marginal serrations numerous ............6. T. corymbosum
+ Cymes +/- paniculately arranged, puberulous; leaves thickly coriaceous, serrations few, distant ...... 7. T. aplinianum   
9. Leaflets lanceolate, 6— 14 x 2.5 - 5cm; petals with subulate point ….. 2. T. dubium
+ Leaflets elliptic or narrowly ovate, 10—20x4—8.5cm; petals with short blunt point ............. 3. T. leucostaphylum
10. Stems and petioles pubescent; tendrils radiately branched; leaflets small,5.510 x 2.5 -4cm ............10. T. obtectum
+ Stems and petioles glabrous; tendrils simple; leaflets large, 8—20x 2.5 —8cm 1 1
11. Leaflets subentire or remotely denticulate, coriaceous; stigma disc-like; berry ellipsoid, -seeded .......... 8. T. campylocarpum
+ Leaflets serrate, membranous or subcoriaceous; stigma 4-lobed; berry globose, 2-seeded ....... 9. T. planicaule


Keys from Flora of India vol-5 are attached.
Attachments (3)

  
Tetrastigma species in India:
  1. Tetrastigma affine (Ganep. ex Osmasto) Raizada & H.O.Saxena
  2. T. andamanicum  (King) Suess.
  3. T. angustifolium (Roxb.) Planch.
  4. T. bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch.
  5. T. campylocarpum (Kurz) Planch.
  6. T. canarense (Dalzeil) Gamble
  7. T. dubium (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  8. T. gamblei B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  9. T. hemsleyanum Diels & Gilg
  10. T. hookeri (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  11. T. leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston
  12. T. muricatum (Wall.) Gamble
  13. T. nilagiricum (Miq.) B.V.Shetty
  14. T. obovatum Gagnep.
  15. T. obtectum (Wall. ex M.A.Lawson) Planch. ex Franch
  16. T. planicaule (Hook.f.) Gagnep.
  17. T. rumicispermum (M.A.Lawson) Planch.
  18. T. serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch.
  19. T. sulcatum (M.A.Lawson) Gamble

References:

  1. Shetty, B.V. and Singh,P. 2000. Vitaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajar, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India Vol-5. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 246-324.
  2. eFI page (and references therein)  

 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Tetrastigma gamblei Shetty & Singh Shrub Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Theni
Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston Large climber Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Namakkal, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai
Tetrastigma nilagiricum (Miq.) Shetty                              Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests Matthew, 1999 Coimbatore,  Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Tetrastigma sulcatum (Lawson) Gamble Large climber Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983 Coimbatore,  Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Theni

 

 

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 20.10.14: 

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name

Tetrastigma bracteolatum Vitis bracteolata Vitaceae Monjam Hei
Tetrastigma leucostaphylum Vitis leucostaphylum, Tetrastigma leucostaphylum, Cissus leucostaphyla Vitaceae Indian Chestnut Vine

 
Tetrastigma aplinianum (Collett & Hemsl.) Momiy. (No distribution given in India)
 
   
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2003-Description & Keys)-
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
 
Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys-
 
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar -Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 - Science - 252 pages-
Tetrastigma bracteolatum (Wall.) Planch. : Climber; Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma canarense (Dalziel) Gamble, climbing shrub; hills of the W. Ghats.
Tetrastigma dubium (M. A. Lawson) Planch. : Climber; E. Nepal to E. Himalaya.
Tetrastigma hookeri (M. A. Lawson) Planch. .............................
Tetrastigma sulcatum (P. Lawson) Gamble climbing shrub; the W. Ghats range, E. Ghats region. ............

 
Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)- Brief details-
 
Tetrastigma ‎(Vitaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors.  

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tetrastigma (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added the list of Indian species.
 

Pl. go throughTetrastigma‎‎ (Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.