Cissus



1 Branches 4-angled
 2 Leaves obtuse or acute at apex ….. C. quadrangularis
 2 Leaves acuminate at apex … …. C. glyptocarpa
1 Branches terete, not angled
 3 Plants with setose hairs …. C. setosa
 3 Plants without setose hairs
  4 Leaves compound …. C. elongata     
  4 Leaves simple
   5 Leaves deep red beneath …. C. discolor (syn. of Cissus javana)
   5 Leaves not deep red beneath
    6 Leaves obtuse or acute, rarely shortly acuminate
     7 Leaves glabrous or hairy beneath; fruiting peduncle thick. erect …. C. paliida (syn. of Cissus adnata Roxb.)
     7 Leaves tomentose beneath; fruiting peduncle slender. recurved …. C.vitiginea
    6 Leaves prominently acuminate
     8 Branches tomentose
      9 Leaves densely tomentose beneath when young; flowers pink  ….. C. repanda
      9 Leaves pubescent beneath; flowers greenish-yellow …. C. adnata
     8 Branches glabrous or glaucous 
        10 Branches glabrous …. C. gigantea (syn. of Cissus latifolia Lam.)
        10 Branches white-glaucous
          11 Blade ovate-elliptic …… C.glauca (syn. of Cissus latifolia Lam.)
          11 Blade broadly ovate-suborbicular …… C. repens

Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves palmately 5-foliolate ....... 7. C. elongata
+ Leaves simple .............................. 2
2. Small erect perennial herb to 60cm; tendrils absent; leaves 14 - 30cm broad .... 6. C. spectabilis
+ Large climbing shrubs usually over 1 m; tendrils present; leaves rarely over 15cm broad ....... 3
3. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 3 — 6cm broad, blotched white on upper surface ..... 1. C. javana
+ Leaves broadly ovate, 4 — 18cm broad, without blotches .......... 4 
4. Young stems, leaves beneath and inflorescences densely pubescent or tomentose; calyx and petals (at least tips) hairy .......... 5
+ Young stems and leaves glabrous, or sparsely pilose and becoming subglabrous; calyx and petals glabrous ........... 6
5. Leaves beneath, stems, petals and cymes reddish pubescent but not tomentose; leaves broadly ovate often suborbicular ......... 2. C. repanda
+ Leaves beneath, stems, petioles and cymes softly red-brown tomentose; leaves ovate, often ovate-triangular ......... 3. C. simplex (syn. of Cissus aristata Bl.)
6. Stems glabrous, glaucous; leaves glabrous beneath ............... 4. C. repens
+ Stems pilose when young, when older pilose only at nodes, not glaucous; leaves sparsely pilose on veins beneath ............. 5. C. assamica


Cissus arnottiana B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh (India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life
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(Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Meghalaya), Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Sikkim, Andamans as per Catalogue of Life (Cissus elongata subsp. elongata)
(India (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka) as per Catalogue of Life (Cissus elongata subsp. littoralis (Talbot) B. V. Shetty & P. Singh)

 
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Cissus javana DC. (Java, India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], Thailand, peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Langkawi Isl. and Batu Caves, Selangor), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Philippines (Mindanao), China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan (I), Hispaniola (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Cissus quadrangularis L. 

Images by tspkumar

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Cissus repanda Vahl (India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl.), Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Rakhine), China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Thailand, Nepal, Vietnam as per Catalogue of life)

 
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Cissus rotundifolia Vahl (Cultivated)
 
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Cissus vitiginea L.  (Sri Lanka, S-India (Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Thailand, Maldives, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

 
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  1. Cissus adnata Roxb.
  2. C. aristata Blume
  3. C. arnottiana B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  4. C. assamica (M.A.Lawson) Craib
  5. C. discolour Blume [synonym of C. javana DC.]
  6. C. elongata Roxb. [ssp. elongata; subsp. littoralis (W.A.Talbot) B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh]
  7. C. glyptocarpa Thwaites
  8. C. heyneana Planch.
  9. C. kerrii Craib
  10. C. latifolia Lam.
  11. C. nodosa Blume
  12. C. quadrangularis L.
  13. C. repanda (Wight & Arn.) Vahl
  14. C. repens Lam.
  15. C. rotundifolia Vahl (cultivated)
  16. C. spectabilis Hochst. ex Planch.
  17. C. striata Ruis & Pav subsp. argentina (Suess.) Lombardi
  18. C. subramanyamii B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  19. C. trifoliata (L.) L.
  20. C. trilobata Lam. [synonym of Cyphostemma trilobata (Lam.) M.R.Almeida]
  21. C. vitiginea L.
  22. C. woodrowii (Stapf ex T.Cooke) Santapau

References:

  1. Shetty, B.V. and Singh, P. 2000. Vitaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajra, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India Vol-5. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 246-324.
  2. eFI page (and references therein) 

 
 
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Cissus adnata Roxb. Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri
Cissus arnottiana B.V.Shetty & P.Singh     Shrub Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests B.V.Shetty & P.Singh, 1989, Matthew, 1999 Dindigul,  Dharmapuri,  Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem,  Theni, Tirunelveli,  Tiruvannamalai,  Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhunagar
Cissus discolor Blume is a synonym of Cissus javana DC. Climber Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Madurai, Nilgiri
Cissus glyptocarpa (Thw.) Planch. Shrub Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Cissus heyneana (Wall. ex Lawson) Planch. Climber Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Matthew, 1983 Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai,  Viluppuram
Cissus latifolia Lam. Large climber Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul , Madurai, Nilgiri,  Salem, Theni, Tiruvannamalai, Tirunelveli, Vellore
Cissus quadrangularis L. Shrub Plains to Low Altitude Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts
Cissus repanda Vahl Shrub Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous  to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Madurai, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Cissus repens Lam. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni 
Cissus vitiginea L. Shrub Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts

  

FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :

 
 
 
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON (? Cissus pallida (Wight & Arn.) Steud. is a synonym of Cissus adnata Roxb.)
 
 
 
 

 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Cissus javana Cissus discolor, Vitis discolor Vitaceae Climbing Begonia
Cissus quadrangularis Cissus quadrangula, Cissus tetraptera, Vitis quadrangularis Vitaceae Veldt Grape
Cissus repanda Vitis repanda, Vitis pallida Vitaceae Pani Bel
Cissus rotundifolia Vitis crassifolia, Cissus crassifolia, Saelanthus rotundifolius Vitaceae Venezuelan Treebine
Cissus woodrowii Vitaceae Woodrow's Grape Tree

 
 
   
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON (? Cissus pallida (Wight & Arn.) Steud. is a synonym of Cissus adnata Roxb.),
 
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON (? Cissus pallida (Wight & Arn.) Steud. is a synonym of Cissus adnata Roxb.)
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-
Cissus japonica (Thunb.) Willd. is a synonym of Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep
  
  
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details with keys-
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON (? Cissus pallida (Wight & Arn.) Steud. is a synonym of Cissus adnata Roxb.)
  
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (2000)- Details with keys-
 
Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-
 
Cissus (Vitaceae) :  3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cissus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added the list of Indian species.
 

Pl. go throughCissus ‎(Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.