Elatostema

Keys from Flora of Bhutan (1983)
1. Flowers in lax or condensed cymes, never on a fleshy receptacle, 5-merous; perianth of female flowers large, equalling ovary and achene ... Species 1 (1. E. heterolobum (Weddell) Hallier f.; Pellionia heteroloba Weddell, P. griffithiaiana Weddell, E. griffithianum (Weddell) Hallier f.- Warm broad-leaved forest, J 500 m. February) & 2 (2. E. longicaudatum Grierson & Long- Subtropical forests, on shady banks, 550 m. June)
-Flowers densely aggregated on fleshy bracteate receptacles; male flowers 4-or 5-merous, female flowers 3-merous; perianth of female flowers minute, much shorter than fruit. ......... 2
2. Leaves 8-26 cm long (sometimes as small as 5 cm in E. grandidentatum, E.lineolatum and E. nasutum), strongly acuminate or caudate ....... 3
-Leaves 1-6 cm long (sometimes up to 9 cm in E. hookerianum), obtuse, acute or shortly acuminate ........ 8
3. Flower heads sessile in both sexes or on very short peduncles 2- 3 mm ........ 4
-Male flower heads borne on peduncles 1 - 15 cm (sometimes shorter in E. nasutum), female heads sessile or peduncled ......... 7
4. Leaves coarsely and sharply serrate with teeth 3- 8 mm deep .... Species 3 (3. E. sessile Forster- Warm and Cool broad-leaved forests, on wet rocks by streams, 1200- 2600 m. May- August) & 4 (4. E. grandidentatum W. T. Wang- Evergreen oak, Fir and Hemlock forest, on wet rocks by streams, 2300-3300 m. June- August)
-Leaves crenate, bluntly serrate or entire, or if sharply serrate then teeth 1- 3 mm deep ............ 5
5. Leaves broadly ovate-elliptic, base strongly cordate or auriculate on one side Species 5 (5. E. platyphyllum Weddell.- Subtropical and Warm broad-leaved forests, on shady rocks by streams. 300- 1600 m)
-Leaves elliptic (usually narrowly) or lanceolate, base cuneate or rounded on one side, never cordate or auriculate ......... 6 
6. Leaf margins entire or with few coarse teeth in upper part, acumen entire Species 6 ((6. E. lineolatum Wight.- Subtropical and Warm hroad-leaved forests , on shady slopes and rocky river banks, 300- 1800 m. May- June)), 7 (7. E. integrifolium (D. Don) Weddell; E. sesquifolium (Blume) Hasskarl- Warm broad leaved forests, 1500 m. March) &  8 (8. E. acuminatum (Poiret) Brongniart- Evergreen oak forest, on shady banks, 2300 m. May- June)
-Leaf margins finely serrate from below middle, acumen serrate .. ... Species 9 (9. E. rupestre (D Don) Weddell- Subtropical and Wann broad-leaved forests, 300- 1500 m. April- May)
7. Young shoots glabrous ......... Species 10 (10. E. dissectum Weddell- Warm broad-leaved forests, 1500- 1700 m. May- June), 11 (11. E. ficoides Weddell; E. marianruze Oarke- Warm broad-leaved forests, 1800-2100 m. August), 12 (12. E. treutleri Hook. f.- 1500 m. July) & 13 (13. E. nasutum Hook. f.- Warm broad-leaved forest, 1700-2100 m. August)
-Young shoots rusty-puberulous or pale pubescent ........ Species 14 (14. E. papillosum Weddell- Warm broad leaved forest, 1300 m. July), 15 (15. E. sikkimense Oarke- On wet rocks, 1000-2400 m. July- August) & 16 (16. E. stellatum Hook. f.- 1500 m. September)
8. Leaves with 1- 4 blunt teeth or entire, obtuse or subacute ..... Species 17 (17. E. obtusum Weddell- Evergreen oak, Spruce and Hemlock forests, on shaded mossy banks, 2450- 3000 m. May- July) & 18 (18. E. pusillum Clarke- 3000 m. October)
-Leaves with 5 to many sharp or blunt teeth, usually acute or acuminate, obtuse or subacute in E. reptans and E. cuneatum ......... 9
9. Leaves acuminate ............ 10
-Leaves acute or obtuse ........... 11
10. Leaves oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, crenate or shallowly serrate above middle; never with small opposite leaves ...... Species 19 (19. E. hookerianum Weddell- Warm and Cool broad-leaved and Evergreen oak forests, on damp shady banks and wet rocks, 900- 2700 m. April- June) & 20 (20. E. caveanum Grierson and Long; E. hookerianum var.? peduncularis Hook. f.- Warm broad-leaved forests, on wet rocks, 1200- 1800 m. June- August)
-Leaves ovate or elliptic, sharply serrate from middle or often below middle to apex; often with rudimentary leaves (modified stipules) opposite normal
ones .............. Species 21 (21. E. monandrum (D. Don) Hara; E. surculosum WightWarm and Cool broad-leaved forests, on mossy rocks and boulders, 400-2600 m. May- August), 22 (22. E. subincisum Weddell- 2100-2300 m) &  23 (23. E. stracheyanum Weddell- 2700 m)
11. Leaves with numerous sharp teeth from below middle to apex ..........Species 24 (24. E. reptans Hook. f.- Subtropical forests, on shady rocks and
soil, 200- 1000 m. July) & 25 (25. E. cornutum Weddell- Subtropical forest, 300- 1200 m. June)
-Leaves serrate or crenate only at apex ........ Species 26 (26. E. imbricans Dunn- Warm broad-leaved forests, on shady banks, 2000-2150 m June- July) & 27 (27. E. cuneatum Wight- 1800 m. August)


 
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Elatostema obtusum Wedd. (China (S-Gansu, W-Hubei, NW-Hunan, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Bhutan, NE-India, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand as per Catalogue of Life)

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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Elatostema acuminatum (Poir.) Brongn. Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Elatostema cuneatum Wight Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Sengupta & Ram Lal 1978 Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. falcigera Thw. Herb/ Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. linearis Wedd. Herb/ Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Tirunelveli
Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. lineolatum Herb/ Under shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983 Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Dindigul,  Nilgiri,  Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar
Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. setosum Henry  Herb/ Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Tirunelveli
Elatostema sessile Forst. var. cuspidata (Wight) Wedd. is a synonym of Elatostema cuspidatum Wight Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dindigul, Nilgiri
Elatostema sessile Forst. var. pubescens Hook.f. is a synonym of Elatostema cyrtandrifolium (Zoll. & Moritzi) Miq. Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fyson 1932 Dindigul, Nilgiri
Elatostema sessile Forst. var. sessile Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921, Fyson 1932 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Elatostema surculosum Wight is a synonym of Elatostema monandrum (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Hara Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Elatostema wightii Hook.f. Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble & Fischer 1957 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Theni

 


 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Elatostema lineolatum Elatostema tumidulum Urticaceae Lined Elatostema
Elatostema sessile Elatostema pubescens, Dorstenia pubescens Urticaceae Stalkless Elatostema

 
 
 
New taxa of Elatostema (Urticaceae) from Thailand and India by Hai Yan Bi, Zhi Rong Yang, Qi Lin- Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 18(2): 149-152, 2011 (December)-
Abstract- In this study, one new species and one new variety are described and illustrated. Elatostema intanondense Q. Lin (Urticaceae), collected from Doi Intanond of Chiang Mai in Thailand, is morphologically similar to E. subincisum Weddell, but differs by having obscure stipules (vs. conspicuous, linear-lanceolate, 5-6 mm long in E. subincisum), and elliptic to lanceolate nanophylls, 3-7 × 1.5-3.0 mm (vs. absent in E. subincisum). Elatostema ranongense Yahara var. glabroum Q. Lin, a new variety collected from Khasi Hills in Mawhplong of Meghalaya, India. This new variety has glabrous stems and glabrous leaves that differs from var. ranongense that having densely hirtellous stems, densely strigillose leaf blade on abaxial surface along veins.

CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names ... By Umberto Quattrocchi (2012)- Details-
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details- p. 489-
Elatostema reptans Hook.f. is a synonym of Elatostema parvum (Blume) Blume ex Miq.
Elatostema sesquifolium (Reinw. ex Blume) Hassk. is a synonym of Elatostema integrifolium (D.Don) Wedd.
 
 
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
 
 
Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)- Brief details-
 
Elatostema ‎(Urticaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Elatostema ‎(Urticaceae)

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


From Bangladesh
1. E. clarkei
2. E. papillosum
3. E. reptans is a synonym of Elatostema parvum (Blume) Blume ex Miq.
4. E. rupestre
5. E. sesquifolium is a synonym of Elatostema integrifolium (D.Don) Wedd.

6. E. sessile


 

Pl. go throughElatostema‎‎ ‎(Urticaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


As we are hardly getting any help from Experts in this field, I have added keys for Elatostema from Flora of Bhutan at efi site at Elatostema 
I find it a very difficult genus for id. I hope by following keys here, we may arrive at tentative ids and subsequently get it verified with detailed descriptions and high resolution species and images in net.

I have also added habitat and elevation along with month of occurrence, which will further aid in the identifications.
 

Pl. go throughElatostema‎‎ ‎(‎Utricaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.

Thanks a lot to Dr. Fu from China, for helping us a lot, in proper identifications of this genus.