Ailanthus



Keys in Flora of Pakistan, Flora of China and Flora of Peninsular India



Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle (Introduced) (Caucasus (I), Georgia [Caucasus] (I), Turkmenistan (I), China (widespread), Taiwan (I), Japan (I), Ryukyu Isl. (I), Korea (I), Ukraine (I), Crimea (I), Tajikistan (I), Uzbekistan (I), India, Pakistan (Baluchistan), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Vietnam, Malesia to Solomon Isl., Albania (I), Austria (I), Belgium (I), England (I), Bulgaria (I), Corsica (I), Czech Republic (I), Slovakia (I), France (I), Germany (I), Switzerland (I), Spain (I), ?Andorra (I), Baleares (I), Gibraltar (I), Hungary (I), Italy (I), Slovenia (I), Croatia (I), Bosnia & Hercegovina (I), Portugal (I), Romania (I), Sardinia (I), Sicily (I), Anatolia (I), Greece (I) (incl. Kiklades (I)), Crete (I), East Aegaean Isl. (I), Rhodos (I), Cyprus (I), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)), Chile (I), Argentina (I), Mexico (I), Azores (I) (Santa Maria Isl. (I), Sao Miguel Isl. (I), Graciosa (I), Pico (I)), Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Canary Isl. (I) (Gran Canaria (I), Tenerife (I)), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona (I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), North Carolina (I), Nebraska (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I)), Canada (I) (Ontario (I), Quebec (I)), Morocco (I), Algeria (I), Tunisia (I), Libya (I) as per Catalogue of life)


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Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (India (Indian Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Andaman Isl., Nicobar Isl., Pakistan (I), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)


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Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston (Tropical & Subtropical Asia to NE. Queensland as per POWO; Australia (E-Queensland, NE-New South Wales), Java, peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Perak), Thailand, Vietnam, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Mon, Taninthayi, Yangon), India (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Laos, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S-Yunnan) as per Catalogue of life)
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Ailanthus altissimus (Mill.) Swingle (Native in China, cultivated in temperate and subtropical regions of the world and often naturalized)
Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. (Australia, China, India, it is sometimes cultivated in Pakistan)

Ailanthus altissimus (Miller) Swingle  [widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere].
Ailanthus triphysus (Dennstedt) Alston in Trimen [India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].

Flora of Peninsular India with keys at species links, if any:

Ailanthus integrifolia subsp. calycina (India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya), Bhutan, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Java as per Catalogue of Life)

Pl. go through Ailanthus (Simaroubaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.

Beautifully inserted,
Ailanthus altissima is very common in Shimla hills. It us highly invasive and spread to many new areas in the recent years.