Scrophularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa L., Sp. Pl. 619 1753. ;
 
 

Scrophularia nodosa
(also called figwort, woodland figwort, and common figwort) is a perennial herbaceous plant found in temperate regions of the Northern hemisphere except western North America.[1]
It grows in moist and cultivated waste ground.[2] 
 
It grows upright, with thick, sharply square, succulent stems up to 150 cm tall from a horizontal rootstock. Its leaves are opposite, ovate at the base and lanceolate at the tip, all having toothed margins. The flowers are in loose cymes in oblong or pyramidal panicles. The individual flowers are globular, with five green sepals encircling green or purple petals, giving way to an egg-shaped seed capsule.[3]
 
(From  Wikipedia on 18.8.13) 

Scrophularia nodosa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone 7 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, wasps
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedgerow;
 
Root - cooked[4]. It smells and tastes unpleasant, but has been used in times of famine[4, 238]. There must be some doubts about the edibility of this root[K].
 
Knotted figwort is a plant that supports detoxification of the body and it may be used as a treatment for various kinds of skin disorders[254]. The whole plant is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, mildly purgative and stimulant[4, 9, 21, 165]. It is harvested as the plant comes into flower in the summer and can be dried for later use[4]. A decoction is applied externally to sprains, swellings, burns, inflammations etc, and is said to be useful in treating chronic skin diseases, scrofulous sores and gangrene[4, 254]. The leaves can also be applied fresh or be made into an ointment[4]. Internally, the plant is used in the treatment of chronic skin diseases (such as eczema, psoriasis and pruritis), mastitis, swollen lymph nodes and poor circulation[238]. It should not be prescribed for patients with heart conditions[238]. The root is anthelmintic[9].
 
(From  PFAF )

 
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f241ba3f3f7133bc/c%20186.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f241ba3f3f7133bc/c%20169.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/f241ba3f3f7133bc/IMG_3521.JPG?part=0.9&authuser=0&view=1
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f241ba3f3f7133bc/IMG_3520.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEDFkbAnzcNzIgv2pzOgT0ajTWcd8_hvUc175CaOCKyxMJGNJKsYiZIwWjut85O8S2htua0Bi2DsSicsvaWNfQu7SvFHqHNixOOFT4RJiEnXijJxg8
Herb from Nilgiris for id 280211MK2: Kindly help to id this herb found on roadsides of Ooty town. Could this be a Scrophulariaceae member?
Date/Time- 06-12-2011 / 04:15 PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPca.2100asl; Ooty, TN
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- roadsides
Plant Habit-herb
Height/Length- 30 cm long
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- ca.4 x 3 cm;
Inflorescence Type/ Size- axillary
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- reddish-pink; c. 0.5 cm across
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 4-seeded; 0.7 cm across 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/362c070355ed3b09/flower.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFoyqNFqBnllo1aitGizLX4L86tnNuhUoV97hF_VAK-7lLCG47-QU2YvqRIkTlKWWGMZEidCnyyZ3aJgD9voE3tXUJSZV3EziVOKf-Cmykkjr6LGlA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/362c070355ed3b09/whole%20plant.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgGPMdakm3yW_eKDJl0U9fSGzyKMZ3oKyuERxb9OyLVNZqN8FRpjM0azyKuflw2FqINkGytroAfJiOKAN3g0v7r_-Q9DG9BQ71ZkePZcdej3Dj1e0
Scroph: Location: Nilgiris
Elevation: 2000m MSL

- Yes, this is very common in Ooty also. Herb can reach up to a meter in height. black seeds 2-3 in number.
For this looks more like introduced plant.
- This herb is Scrophularia nodosa
 
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5a873f53c9d45b72/Scrophularia%20nodosa_Ooty7.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG6eLGpaYPBQ2VFclT3hzHVnVX7kGL14guzxz6hC5mSF7GgwALhxwtEGZA_CE6BkuFlxYtg0qw96hg2lkCURelT47ZTLZdgWZMBo0lNTe8H25fAh4I
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5a873f53c9d45b72/Scrophularia%20nodosa_Ooty6.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGwNnS6RxpJpPKcVfKzISy0It_K7wGBHYxlP7z8kGqNQ3EFAN-5KTLe0DHLfXYmXxF0EYYxGDUpvIU0mzys0ljNekcGXm6U_Yb8mXiN6GvZ2E8e5eI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5a873f53c9d45b72/Scrophularia%20nodosa_Ooty5.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEJO2piwLCVepUe7VngPHiFoqGlV9GV4JJZRS2jWGrB_vVma_LjgBH7prfX-Qj5w1ge-x-SgmlBLUqnCt4mL7r6nDwMKgYvxsLPWsXPSETdUxvnZ88
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5a873f53c9d45b72/Scrophularia%20nodosa_Ooty4.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHZJxxkOJBXxvjcANV2BkTdmPXr6el8nXAFAdodgB8cCwXFnpw4uvfMMXZQk58eDVpzwjAyzmpbyRHlWFrCSLZez0knKYzUoQOrpopQE1URG7zPkG8
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3 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please ID this plant captured growing wild in Ooty in November 2013.
Is this Scrophularia nodosa?
Yes ..., this herb is Scrophularia nodosa (Figwort), roadside weed in Ooty and Kodaikanal.
 
 
 
 
 
References:
GRIN  The Plant List (Unresolved) Wikipedia  PFAF
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