Scrophularia


  
Scrophularia calycina Benth. (Pakistan (Swat, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), NW-India (Kumaon), Nepal as per Catalogue of life)

 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a7f5188efbf37d54/Scrophularia-calycina-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-3-DSC02109.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a7f5188efbf37d54/Scrophularia-calycina-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-1-P1110220.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4285f649b72df/_MG_3216_10-11July2017.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEtNI7C_APyKMrn9ru_vR6s0QcMdESPF5qVBv0YioRknTgagPdqGq2Vn14M-v14r2tWHawjFOMyJGpRA23CBXM-kmHveNjUVAGsTO9Owq5tSjaA-Bs
 
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Scrophularia decomposita Royle ex Benth. (Nepal, Pakistan (Waziristan), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Astor, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir as per Catalogue of Life)

 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/2f8161182d7b95db/S.decomposita_DSR.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Scrophularia edgeworthii Benth. (W. Himalaya as per POWO)
 
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 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a0bd0ea5e0ae01a/Herb63%20I%20IMG_4364.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
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Scrophularia himalensis Royle ex Benth. (West Himalaya and East Himalaya as per POWO)

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Scrophularia koelzii Pennell (E. Afghanistan to W. Himalaya as per POWO)

 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5015f86fca206a82/Scrophularia-koelzii-Gulmarg-Kashmir-1-P1100496.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5015f86fca206a82/Scrophularia-koelzii-Gulmarg-Kashmir-6-DSC09491.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFqfeUn_-A4mwnY8Gy0wTkiIpHvbjpqw6RWNp4uFoUzLfqiQVslLwtCFGWmbQqviGapit6rqVF1fM-u5SCyj56CsLc6n6SzLET18E1uto5S8-kALxYhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5015f86fca206a82/Scrophularia-koelzii-Gulmarg-Kashmir-5-DSC09496.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHMdWKHekssWv-HcbGXTUasfRHgXFumdKsnXXITj53dg6nZEkQOmcf7AbtQE-APpXNzMBw5Bg11DMAA06xwrH9aIfgpNEpa5_7BucJi9OZQlmSFdE0
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Scrophularia pauciflora Benth. (Central & E. Himalaya to Tibet: East Himalaya, Nepal, Tibet as per POWO)

https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.2&permmsgid=msg-f:1633578261003478388&th=16aba2c5f7e9a574&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ8RQSSyktcP74VbHxG5D9hbf7c5nUrRq5Yg7i70FSsoMc5-cehg5pqbMPupzHJzUWUKHqBdl48Ifirbm63wcc7gDDH9IjqL2SfzXVzzLp1W9C3Z8cRYZhzC7X8&disp=emb&realattid=16aba294dbdf5ded4ee2
 


Scrophularia peregrina L. (native range is Medit. as per POWO; Tunisia, Libya, Albania, Baleares, Corsica, France, Spain, Gibraltar, Italy, Serbia & Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Portugal, Sardinia, Sicily, European Russia, Georgia [Caucasus], Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus), Greece (incl. Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon), Syria (NW-Syria), USA (I) (California (I)) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Scrophularia polyantha Royle ex Benth. (Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir) as per Catalogue of Life)

 
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(Tibet, China (Yunnan), Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], Darjeeling as per Catalogue of Life)

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4ab25f81286ca/DSC_0856.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

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Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943)- Description & Keys-
Scrophularia calycina
Scrophularia decomposita
Scrophularia dentata (NE. Afghanistan to Tibet and W. Himalaya as per POWO; Tibet, India, Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit), Jammu & Kashmir (Rupshu, Zanskar), Afghanistan (Wakhan) as per Catalogue of life)
Scrophularia edgeworthii
Scrophularia exserta syn. of Scrophularia scabiosifolia subsp. scabiosifolia (Tajikistan, Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan), Pakistan (Chitral, Baluchistan, Peshawar, Dir, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab), NW-India, Pakistani Kashmir (Astor, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh, Kashmir) as per Catalogue of life)
Scrophularia himalensis
Scrophularia koelzii
Scrophularia moniliformis syn. of Scrophularia deserti Del. (Bahrain, Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta), Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert, Negev Desert), Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert), Qatar, Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai), Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira), Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Nimroz, Parwan), Pakistan (Peshawar), NW-India)
Scrophularia obtusa (N-India as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia nudata (Pakistani Kashmir (Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh), Afghanistan (Nangarhar) as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia petraea (Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost), Pakistan (Kurram) as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia polyantha (Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir) as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia robusta syn. of Scrophularia umbrosa subsp. robusta (Pennell) M. Qaiser & S. Khatoon (Iran, Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Faryab, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Parwan), Pakistan (Chitral, Dir, Swat, Drosh, etc.))
Scrophularia scoparia (Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar), Pakistan (Chitral) as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia scabiosaefolia (?) (Scrophularia scabiosifolia- Bahrain, Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta), Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert, Negev Desert), Kuwait, Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert), Qatar, Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai), Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira), Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Nimroz, Parwan), Pakistan (Peshawar), NW-India as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia stenothyrsa syn. of Scrophularia griffithii subsp. latifolia (Benth.) J. Grau (Afghanistan (Badakshan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan), Pakistan (Kurram, etc., Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir))
Scrophularia stewartii syn. of Scrophularia scabiosifolia subsp. stewartii (Pennell) M. Qaiser & S. Khatoon (India (Indian Punjab), Pakistan (Jhelum, Shahpur, Attock, Swat))
Scrophularia striata (Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia), Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq), Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Farah, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Kandahar, Laghman, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Samangan, Takhar), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Hazara, Swat), Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan as per Catalogue of Life)
Scrophularia suffruticosa (India (Indian Punjab) as per Catalogue of Life))

 
Scrophularia peregrina (No distribution in India as per POWO and Catalogue of life)

Scrophularia bheriensis T. Yamaz. (1800-2400 m; Nepal) 
Scrophularia calycina Benth. (3800 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Scrophularia decomposita Royle ex Benth. (1500-3200 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Scrophularia elatior Benth. (1600-3800 m; Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan), Assam)
Scrophularia koelzii Pennell (Afghanistan, Himalaya (east to Nepal))
Scrophularia pauciflora Benth. (2500-4100 m; Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, ? Assam)
Scrophularia urticifolia Wall. ex Benth. (1800-2800 m; Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan))

Scrophularia pauciflora Bentham  [Bhutan, India (Darjeeling), Nepal, Sikkim].
Scrophularia urticifolia Wallich ex Bentham [Bhutan, India (Darjeeling), Nepal, Sikkim].

Pl. go through Scrophularia‎‎ (Scrophulariaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.