Dodonaea


 
Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. (USA (Arizona, California, Florida), Cuba, Cayman Isl., Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Mona Isl., Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Croix, St. Thomas), Lesser Antilles (Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Martinique, St. Eustatius, St. Lucia, St. Martin), Costa Rica, Peru, Nicaragua, Belize, Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro, Isla Clarion), Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Galapagos, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija), N-Brazil (Rondonia), NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman), S-Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Chile (Coquimbo), Uruguay (Canelones, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rocha, San Jose, Treinta y Tres), Panama, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Honduras, Venezuela (Bolivar, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Trujillo), Colombia (Antioquia, Bolvar, Boyac, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nario, Norte de Santander, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander), Trinidad, Tobago, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Botswana, Seychelles, Mauritius, La Runion, Rodrigues, Socotra, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, D.R. Congo (Zaire), SW-Angola, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, ?Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, ?Zanzibar, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isl., China (widespread), peninsular Malaysia (mostly East Coast), +Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Moluccas, Solomon Isl., Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon), Java, New Guinea, Thailand, India (throughout), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Dir, Swat, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir, Vietnam, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Maldives, Bangladesh, Australia (NE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales), Cocos (Keeling) Isl., Norfolk Isl., New Caledonia, Fiji, New Zealand (North Cape to Banks peninsula, Greymouth), Chatham Isl. (I), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Anijima, Keetaajima), Volcano Isl. (Iwojima), Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), Gilbert Isl. (Tarawa, Nonouti, Onotoa), Mapia Isl., Marquesas Isl., Marshall Isl. (Bikini, Likiep), Micronesia (Yap, Woleai, Truk, Moen), Nauru, Niue, Northern Marianas (Asuncion), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Malakal, Tobi), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Huahine, Raiatea, Tahaa), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Rota, Guam), Tonga (Kao, Vava'u), Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea Isl.), Austral Isl. (Raivavae, Rurutu, Rapa Iti, Tubuai), Western Samoa (Savaii), Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.), Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.) as per Catalogue of life)

Images by Nidhan Singh

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As per Pl@ntUse:
The genus Dodonaea comprises about 60 species, which are almost all restricted to Australia, suggesting Australia is an evolutionary centre of dispersal. In Australia, Dodonaea viscosais described as having seven subspecies, which are largely geographically distinct. In tropical Africa, 2 varieties of Dodonaea viscosa are distinguished: the coastal var. viscosa, which has usually bisexual, whitish flowers, a strongly 2-lobed scar of fallen sepals beneath the fruit and not or only slightly compressed seeds, and the mainly inland var. angustifolia (L.f.) Benth., which has usually shorter and narrower leaves, usually unisexual, greenish-yellow flowers, a more or less annular scar of fallen sepals beneath the fruit and more compressed seeds. These differences are sometimes considered sufficient to distinguish 2 separate species, the latter variety given specific rank (as Dodonaea angustifolia L.f.).

Flora of Peninsular India with keys at species links, if any:

Dodonaea viscosa var. angustifolia (L.f.) Benth. (No distribution given. Found at higher altitudes inland and not against coastal plains as in type variety) (Difference from type variety)- (Australia (SE-Queensland, New South Wales, E-Victoria), New Guinea, Lord Howe Isl., New Caledonia, trop. Africa, South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Namibia, Gabon, India (Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor), Philippines (throughout), Vietnam, New Guinea, Java, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sulawesi, Moluccas, Egypt (SE-Egypt), Iran (S-Iran), Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir), Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen), Bhutan (I), Jamaica, Hispaniola, Lesser Antilles (St. Lucia), North America, Central America, South America, Brazil as per Catalogue of Life)


From Floral Database of Tamilnadu : 
BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistributionCommon name

Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq.  Shrub or small treeCoast to Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsViraali, Vilaari

 
 

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 22.1.14: 

Botanical nameFamilyCommon name
Dodonaea viscosa Sapindaceae Hop Bush

 
Dodonaea viscosa (Linn.) Jacq. (Australia, S. Africa, N. America, China, India, Ceylon and W. Pakistan)
 
Dodonaea viscosa Jacquin [widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions].
 
A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)- Details-
Dodonaea viscosa (with Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L.f.) J.G.West, Dodonaea angustifolia L.f., Dodonaea burmanniana DC. etc. as synonyms)
 
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
Dodonaea angustifolia L.f. syn. Dodonaea viscosa auct. non Jacq. (Syn. of Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L. fil.) J. G. West)
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Dodonaea angustifolia L.f. syn. Dodonaea viscosa auct. non Jacq.  (Syn. of Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia (L. fil.) J. G. West)
 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
 
 
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-
 
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details-
 
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-
 

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Dodonaea

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome


... these all information regarding Sapindaceae family is very useful for all researchers working on plant science. At present we are also trying molecular systematics of sapindaceae family in india for validation of our floras.
 
 
 
 
 
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