Dimocarpus longan

Dimocarpus longan Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 233 1790. (syn. Dimocarpus longus Dietr.; Dimocarpus pupilla Moon [Invalid]; Dimocarpus undulatus Wight; Euphoria cinerea (Turcz.) Radlk.; Euphoria gracilis Radlk.; Euphoria litchi Blanco; Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. [Illegitimate]; Euphoria longana Lam.; Euphoria microcarpa Radlk.; Euphoria pupillum (Moon) Steud.; Euphoria undulata Wall. [Invalid]; Euphoria verruculosa Salisb.; Nephelium benghalense (Roxb.) G. Don; Nephelium longan (Lour.) Hook.; Nephelium longana Cambess.; Nephelium mora Gardn. ex Thw.; Nephelium pupillum (Moon) Wight; Pometia curtisii King; Sapindus benghalensis Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Sapindus cinereus Turcz.; Sapindus monogynus Heyne ex Wall.; Sapindus undulatus Wall. ex Voigt; Scytalia benghalensis Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Scytalia longan (Lour.) Roxb.; Scytalia verruculosa (Salisb.) Stokes);

China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, SW-China (I) to SE-China (I)), India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Peru (I), peninsular Malaysia (Perak), Singapore (I), Java, New Guinea, Borneo, Thailand, Palau Isl. (I), Society Isl. (I) (Raiatea (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Andaman Isl. (Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Mon, Shan), Vietnam, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;   
 
dragon's eyes, eyeball tree, longan • Assamese: আচফল asphol, নাগা লীচী nagalichi • Bengali: আঁশফল ashphol • Garo: samphal bol • Khasi: dieng loba • Konkani: वुंब wumb • Malayalam: പെമ്പുന്ന pempunna, പെമ്പൂവം pempuuvam, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna • Manipuri: nongganghei • Marathi: ओंब omb, उंब umb • Mizo: thei-fei-mûng •Tamil: செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam, பிரப்பன் pirappan, பூவம் puvam;  


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010066.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGNvotg0-9xzcJFu8-bDn-i5hY47Z49Qna6GyZp6ed9v0dME4qa8QdTGqAPCTd1fsqPYY4_nzbu0ZORADC8R94EO2Bt8CD-WEb6RLS7zsRmbRTIF_s
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010066.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEbBP-6CZXthTTq31We5qGqvG05BsoP0ee3RCH7QnLtoF_5Gkt9qVqXKAalCX7V_5rhgYwxvInyw-gQpm3N4UQdpc172F-VmNtI14EYqaskk_buNQA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010065.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3iKexR6b2P0LihIrG-9Thu_EPJDH35Yv5bw80vtd5df5d3y1fV5XFf0hKOScP6XaahMwVBhBKPCHygPZ5cctAzYdJSJ63cQSHsMhWBlVN7y1jKPc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b8d8d9d8380741c9/P1030561.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrETNJvRnuDsVyTV4a2B3FmEtRM6c_3JVy_PSYyNoPqCftNT2uwyQMN58U6k2QpeGLlOjBlgri3hGO_W3tJALZPmqIwN7Tn22bPX28PXRFpapNbdYPs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b8d8d9d8380741c9/peeled_fruit_P1030563.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrESxmGKgduV-UD7xz1xhnuZYqn1r00fZN1dROV_ESHD7HpBez43onGz68AsiVPyOQLxUHdRCxxLy1gYwN1-WUDfuG_6CCtBeWt-UJlBymjrtUHyx4M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/56878812ad96eaa2/P1020566.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGDN1vBrRiEwR5GXHLH1Lim06_aEB7spTnpRcJ1q6ly7wep8Nm4BtYALYdm0rsWZcl6SoqwQMBMCXL8S4DUYLUp5LSCBtszgAnpSS8hcXH4eHgFRDI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/56878812ad96eaa2/P1020568.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGEKq2ldqk5TVNaleC8EvN8_0vN0evscDRFwUS5hcZdusu1InWizYzzmWVi1-HBRkYcAKSeLOsqwU-1SAukt_Zpwfg8NEdog9zpUbBb1Bip6Ffzz6Q
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040377.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGG3oXV_xxT5ZDrPggRtM_jK0ABlUYxvxZs8WdaiCRaoUxdushkwFy2fhqJIkt-RtY4m0h-2RPsdgkrx7d3BhdtNj1_Vv8VEYeAyhCf_FZlD9XV8rc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040366.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFytynY4w3t8ilnuYVFjnxWA3ibpMjVxJkT1sDAGCHiOJeVhZ6FBvJN1gq2-65OLtvoci164afF1qI1HhCrCqQr0UyHx2TC4bwRGDsa8qkbvvahgqs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040368.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGuK69xsbEkwND8Afq5QZWE7YYRN6eOExlLLg2RiTBfsGBM3aJ77jif2oGvy10u--de_TM3vynN-0MIQHMbe03g5sWSbYF-mdCIMpawVJsaHJYicLk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040371.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEvU4DvcLl-pl26qI7LNFc7g72IWoE96f8pcef4lJ0wuWQn9Q-ZNFespmuM2TphRarldEcCSr1FNNeBlkszucx9dx6BuvEjrY-86R3zRtcq9N5dt1Y
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040365.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH87a624qS1HuB9Agi9LRyrG2tBZ4amns2HmOyJXWnF02MXj-sEN6DFId29e0GbCD81FK0HS70eHu0ZC-dng8GbIqdJ9gwlPTdn7QHhmpMxK-rhp0U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b8d8d9d8380741c9/unripe_fruit_P1030562.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHBEiqdu9iKwihcc38XSPMKSLi_HFV7UZyQkVPapeFK6SlLldutOtduSKaQVqHxYCc8V1QTKQT2uXb5KS_8njno6omyMx13WVnmhAZDwmmy_ro2fwc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b8d8d9d8380741c9/immature_seed_P1030565.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGZep7pgGLaPdxDNnUF8--tBfS11Tu-MwCMA8ckEq3_FRp3MOzJ30AG8wJE_4eJqSYw-7pQpSTCF_njQEUArrv1_aliCMi4Ef4ddmS15RwaCB5p4xk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/358af3cc7c2d45fa/P1040373.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF3p7ib1538CLTm2KoM9RakwFDw_gADyvJNcIfWjgAPjpvJPS0q_iUMtIiAka6yfLvjMbYGqWdbI2-IDruge_y1eRIJ4rprqhqIvbavwu2K2pZnhRU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8df2f7aad039d96d/P1020090.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGdP2I5Y3R4GGsPR-rjTKOtIW5TzHfXrYNrnzl-SMBRmDJQEE2HgbI6THu96zCOP8BNFScRc-bFH-rCFRZFppgmazkXRQ8ikIcpuw2UxXzhsixuf9o
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8df2f7aad039d96d/P1020091.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEJjrrfi1LTiHauuBim3jMCMFwl-nU_7ndcKf4gR61frdNF8p1XrOinaWnga7R2rcA-VolZXTWvrQxFc3wPYoqTOA3jXfaQAZbs-_9TBmov7Oe6f-4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010065.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE2sxiZaLPF6-1sTAF8H-shSu1o5FMCFNlm_qVvaVPLaBQCDBsLICki1IGSeutas_iF6ycCiTliDbPtmAON7bKaVQp_nHh-srE2vbJDc1BXxpAMgvA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010067.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEirW0R2EYOgqiFVRXn4SKvB-P-9Wav7PxjFDVGZdZTjhSbk-Bxe2CqMyD-ZorBybVDet06QKpax8aUlR1wu9NB8g3IrLLfUvtzATgFEirQunzhDRo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/edc78c399b96c604/DSCN7941.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGgaDmmDfWrZiXFxmRIZgPFHHu3m5Rq9sg-MtjSafDvTi98wCm_FysgW0Lelz2NPRKlEL8VCbjMtV0aLZwnOEasB8V1g-2uqI_1c7YuRqgz61_2bmI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bdf6b9c3009e96ce/P1370086_CROPPED.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHz0nQb5SF7zLksPYKAHgmeNP7QMtKS85iXtsKSMsgk2EWK0ffXSVoAFp-fory0YxORkq_MSU_Kn6wEPMZQrK8dopPG1eON5mrPmhss_7mUSbAmsrw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bdf6b9c3009e96ce/P1370068.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFoz71NW6o_WZNouS8p4HQuiokiimAFSDogHeZjisHGm8TcfwdzqRvppsY4GCxJz6ASwG8CWPXAMNYdr75YfQyFwZvF2hnKZ0WW1msz2rWHRPpRTd0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bdf6b9c3009e96ce/P1370068_CROPPED.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQRcb0hw-ovQIOrlbkr6xXSFz4lBzpy9O1iQfQbQryBJGAyLtUNFrcEniwffhJRVjxuFbtBysnveL9MmsU9CNxZ8xrWbFdZDHsSuLeTiEI7mH0UYA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bdf6b9c3009e96ce/P1370065_CROPPED.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJwIXiDQQOLGcCXy4GvfWsBheWocqow0dRKABdtN6TnH76_iG4UNLY-7EpavixNnkvpfMhs3E3JlSy8u-Bw7bKdqmmvsldT7pRpUKnmyrqIKk8_BU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c11dbf5f4d64fe99/P1010067.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFLkIWgsagQJEJI2fXT1b4tbMaCukmdvL_DEehbWpeILtLBOA0rqyPwOxrwJ4vGv3xQVFX0Piky_9vc87ishDmjPIGGJN0BCkMq042kW62zAbXocHc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7943.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHA6U_ZStkwgVmxp60VoTuYtPtI2wDJa5YJbtkH_yiCp5qrLoVcJccLZKa6f6xi_d9D89TmmgF2a-nYglSOTcnxTtt_dVgZlET6_DClM8drxJxHjzY
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7944.jpg?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7955.jpg?part=0.8&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7954.jpg?part=0.7&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7950.jpg?part=0.6&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d722ee89ccbbd2dd/DSCN7939.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Hooghly Today : seems to be -> Dimocarpus longan Lour. : Attachments (8). 12 posts by 3 authors.
This is Dimocarpus longan Lour. But, please wit for its fruits.
Surely some Sapindaceae but not Dimocarpus longan
Thank you very much Sir for confirming that it is NOT Dimocarpus longan Lour. I am sorry that my another upload is also not Dimocarpus longan Lour.
Immature fruits of this tree, not the same individual.
Checked those fruits today, they need more weeks to mature. I won't forget.
These are the fruits of the very same tree that i suggested to be Dimocarpus longan Lour. (i meant Nephelium longana Cambess. = Dimocarpus longan Lour.).
Attaching images of fruit of the same tree, recorded today.
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/18f54a19fb7936a1/P1370065.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/18f54a19fb7936a1/P1370092_CROPPED.jpg?part=0.9&authuser=0&view=1
DV :: 01APR11 - 0825 :: at Coorg: A small - medium sized tree (not sure: planted OR wild).
Photos attached, includes cropped images to get nearer to fruits / flowers / leaves.
Date/Time : April 1, 2011 at 8.25am IST
Location Place : Kodagu Valley Resort, Coorg, Karnataka ... 12.441294,
75.716969 on Google maps <http://goo.gl/maps/gg5t>
Altitude : 3704 ft (above mean sea level)
Can you please compare with sapindaceae members specifically Dimocarpus and its allied genera
leaves are paripinnate; flowers in terminal panicles; K5, C5, A8; and fruits small, with irregular pericarp.
This may be Dimocarpus longan of Sapindaceae.
This may be Sapindus mukorossi  Sapindaceae. Soap nut fruits are seen in two photographs.

Dimocarpus longan
Dimocarpus longan
[image: more views on Google Earth]<http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/geo/india/&tags=Dimocarpuslongan...>
commonly known as: dragon's eyes, eyeball tree, longan • Assamese: আচফল asphol, নাগা লীচী nagalichi • Bengali: আঁশফল ashphol • Garo: samphal bol • Khasi: dieng loba • Konkani: वुंब wumb • Malayalam: പെമ്പുന്ന pempunna, പെമ്പൂവം pempuuvam, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna • Manipuri: nongganghei • Marathi: ओंब omb, उंब umb • Mizo: thei-fei-mûng •Tamil: செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam, பிரப்பன் pirappan, பூவம் puvam
botanical names: Dimocarpus longan Lour. ... synonyms: Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. • Euphoria longana Lam. •Nephelium longan (Lour.) Hook. • Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess.
any help here ?
In Kannada, many variants of two names are found on the internet and reference books:
1) kaana kentaali, kaanakendela, kanakentali, kanakindali, kanakindeli, kandalla, kendaale
2) malahakota, malahcota, malayakota, malehaakuta
Valid names in native script will be a great help
 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/ctrl3CNhRvoMQ54MsI5D_u7UGZ_31lzty0sVgpo1iMtsGPKkhUCUuPd5--pW1czybAfPQrKQTGCj8bPeEsziEkuapTwyxQbpdvjrx3yD7HLp=w5000-h5000
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/Nl9zN9Ccbqq1lmMVoHtKk5x8aj_YdWvIhX8ikpKhxgVeEsD0ipo5-ZZmEPhKOKe5enbZEmRHDRpfrunyasAdiCILO_cMsDRsZoDlQO-9y14D=w5000-h5000
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/D-tPp3kHd7fJ7mg4rlbtfk89mB3PHGTndcNA69vP_3ftt-wCGVksKHqzybJXMQPSig0TSyIiIoh8zWUmAk9efd5rwCMq7E12ufoeMFWyV1Ai=w5000-h5000
Dimocarpus longan Lour.
a resort in Coorg on 01 APR 11

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3460572b04513/Dimocarpus%20(2).jpeg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHV0kIBqZDBOguAAKiTqZgkOW4wMttJQikJpAuq7TBjz3AtRZUmttq2hwxzSccoID8UzLP2hZjRJPY5RvkDv7HjKf4A-g8Ibu_XpEbJQmP8BfHjaoU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3460572b04513/Dimocarpus%20(1).jpeg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHltcghkjaZFd6MJxmSFn5AvDfQB_iTdon69Qs5kqiLfxFZR8VlDWX5oGdXtJyB46o5H9k6uixVubpK-QKgs8Ha8OpIWjyqGMvJYKrQjS6CW24GkoQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3460572b04513/Dimocarpus.jpeg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG_3bAxb7f2W2K1-n8zQK-iXqrdNfRyoZDffmNi1fGNkNBihBwgee5GFKE6r2g3K4cqdu5UU-7IxbFaq1smkxqpnl9twjsUkgq3NKrYCVutMoATeRs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3460572b04513/Dimocarpus%20(3).jpeg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF3Icpbaqbx6DPjM5ycNPWSfC0SXXXi3vs38kRIcZ8EuRPGolE_Dgwn-pNtDijdInevK6NkjnxuoPK7OOOkR1PPG6C9pNqqVbE1uCXw7OBtgAPELKw
Dimocarpus for ID :: MK May-001 2016 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help me in identifying this tree. When I identified with local flora, it narrowed down to Dimocarpus longan; BIOTIK images also confirms my id; but my doubt is that these fruits are not same as the Longan fruits in the market.
Could this be any other species of Dimocarpus?
Height: 5 m
Leaflet: 20-25 cm long
Fruit: 3-4 cm long (tuberculate)
Date: 10 May 2016
Place: Periya town, Waynad Dist., Kerala
Habitat: wet forests
there is some mistake somewhere... BIG... searching by highlighting your spelling Dimocarpus longan; i get this:
what we see in bengal bazaars here is called Longon in local dialect of bengali and bihari sellers. But the biotik page link you give shows a red raspberry like fruit. need help from people who know these fruits
efi page on Dimocarpus longan 
I think these are unripe fruits of Dimocarpus longan. Pl. see details at efi thread.
that thread and another by Surajit finally showed the fruits were indeen longon as we know from the market. this fruit here though reminds me os some sort of noni or its relatives.
WHen in enlarges ... pic... the surface of the fruit is kind of thick sharp edged protrusions, .. which in final ripening stage flattened out. in one continuous skin.
this current case shows fruit with segments, tops of which have a dark roundish pebble like surface, , not hairs... not unlike sitaphal or even noni.
May be ... can perhaps wait till the fruits ripen and photograph the fruits and their seeds like ... did.


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10a26f7959f6/Dimocarpus%20longan.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJ2j5khCXB_gUkdobOG8Oql_BiF2e-f-oeqYz6RzngNpI-_pZBdJciAy65RCgcoP0eQMM0ebXNUMyvYrpUy1HuMtB1bB4pThbbUdfbb0ewpQPp7FM
ID 01 KANNUR: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB. 
Please identify this tree from Kannur district of Kerala.
I came across these brown colored fruits in Bangalore market during November.
These resembled Lichees, the name given by the fruit vendor was Thailand Litchi.
On searching, I found these to be Longan fruits.
Kindly validate.

I think yes.
What about the fruit size?
A little smaller than Litchis.
It looks like longan to me too. A blog featuring this fruit - http://fruitwarehouse.blogspot.in/2012/02/kelengkeng.html.
The author uses Dimocarpus malayensis might have meant Euphoria malaiensis - http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2803794.

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/28faae8880bae/Dimocarpus%20longan1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrExQGpv05hoisaTWV2LbHINH8W5AV4uwqktTiOUQ9nFyKupaRzQIUUKHcJqy15-7BdMVJth-qt5Z9dcAwiex7nqrJ66FKz_bzwnCCq1il1nhi724GI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/28faae8880bae/Dimocarpus%20longan2.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEEOpvyjPZHLaMoUGeJbbm4NBZMgBzOp1Rdae8RBoFkdwQ7bALqx5nUgNI1ckFDJ1Xh2DDuKCUmI2r2_uB1gh4uUKUB2oCMR4vLq49N3xz7fOeGigs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/28faae8880bae/Dimocarpus%20longan3.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGxkE9IqG76Hxo9SQBg0le2BH5wP3-uwVhoVsZCIqoHRz5PhW-HrPugaVUVo8TugY-c8ncahn-IM6LBsNc4E-k6ZvzYdisGW-SVUnEOFvIt7KDIQjo
This tree was seen on the banks of a pond in a deep forest in Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.
I could only get a long shot of the tree and some seeds around 10m away from the tree.
... identified the seeds and the tree on FB as Dimocarpus longan.

 


References:
Comments