Cardiospermum



The leaf surface of Cardiospermum corindum (syn. C. canescens ) is densely hairy in respect to Cardiospermum halicacabum. Leaf shape is also different. Fruit shape is elliptic and long in Cardiospermum corindum in respect to C. halicacabum, where the fruit is globose or broadly pyriform  


Only two species of Cardiospermum are known in India and differentiated as:
Capsules pyriform, winged at the angles; seeds with large heart shaped hilum....................C.helicacabum
Capsules subglobose, ovate when young, not winged; seeds with small orbicular hilum .....C. canescens (syn. of Cardiospermum corundum)
based on Pant (2000) in Flora of India vol-5 page 355. 

  

Cardiospermum corindum L. (Keys as per efi thread :The leaf surface of Cardiospermum corindum (syn. C. canescens ) is densely hairy in respect to Cardiospermum halicacabum. Leaf shape is also different. Fruit shape is elliptic and long in Cardiospermum corindum in respect to C. halicacabum, where the fruit is globose or broadly pyriform)
(As per efi thread :  Only two species of Cardiospermum are known in India and differentiated as: Capsules pyriform, winged at the angles; seeds with large heart shaped hilum....................C.helicacabum; Capsules subglobose, ovate when young, not winged; seeds with small orbicular hilum ...… C. canescens (syn. of Cardiospermum corindum), based on Pant (2000) in Flora of India vol-5 page 355)
(USA (Arizona (I), Florida, Texas (I)), Jamaica, Cuba, Cayman Isl., Hispaniola, Isla Gonave, +Puerto Rico (+ Desecheo Isl.), Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola), Lesser Antilles (Anguilla, Antigua, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Barthelemy, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent), Bonaire, Curacao, Galapagos Isl., Peru, Guyana?, Ecuador, Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, San Luis, Tucuman), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay), Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Potos, Santa Cruz), NE-Brazil (Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro), Colombia (Antioquia, Atlntico, La Guajira, Magdalena, Santander, Valle), Venezuela (Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Bolivar, Dependencias Federales, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Sucre, Tachira), Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Aguascalientes, Sonora, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas), Yemen (W-Yemen, Aden Desert), Burma (I), S-India (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala), Sri Lanka, South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal), Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, NE-Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, ?Djibouti, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, NE-Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Annobon Isl. as per Catalogue of life)

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Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (As per efi thread : The leaf surface of Cardiospermum corindum is densely hairy in respect to C. halicacabum. Leaf shape is also different. Fruit shape is elliptic and long in C. canescens in respect to C. halicacabum, where the fruit is globose or broadly pyriform)
(As per efi thread :  Only two species of Cardiospermum are known in India and differentiated as: Capsules pyriform, winged at the angles; seeds with large heart shaped hilum .... C.helicacabum; Capsules subglobose, ovate when young, not winged; seeds with small orbicular hilum ...… C. canescens, based on Pant (2000) in Flora of India vol-5 page 355)
(Native to: Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Ascension, Bermuda, Christmas I., Cook Is., District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., Greece, Illinois, Indiana, Iraq, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Missouri, New Caledonia, New York, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, South China Sea, Spain, Tennessee, Tonga, Turkey, Vanuatu, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Yugoslavia as per POWO)

Images by tspkumar
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Cardiospermum microcarpum Kunth (As per efi thread: Leaves are pubescent and the flowers are almost 2 cm, much bigger in Cardiospermum microcarpum than in C. halicacabum. The capsules are not winged as in latter)
(Native to: Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Niger, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion as per POWO)
 
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Cardiospermum canescens Wall. (syn. of Cardiospermum corindum)ClimberDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsKaattu mudakkaruthaan
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. HerbDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsMudakotthan, Mudakkaruthaan

 
 
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. (Tropical and subtropical Africa, America, Malacca, Ceylon, India and Pakistan)
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. halicacabum (Tropical and subtropical Africa, America, Malacca, Ceylon, India and Pakistan) -
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume (The distribution and economic value of the variety are the same as that of var. halicacabum)- is a synonym of Cardiospermum microcarpum

Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (900-1500 m; Tropics and Subtropics, often cultivated)

Species with description & keys in Flora of China (Distribution other than China):
Cardiospermum halicacabum Linnaeus [common weed widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions].

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 21.1.14: 

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Cardiospermum corindum Cardiospermum canescensSapindaceae Small Balloon Vine
Cardiospermum halicacabum Sapindaceae Balloon Vine

 
Ayurvedic Herbs: A Clinical Guide to the Healing Plants of Traditional ... By Virginia M Tyler, M.S. Premila (2012)- Details-
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. luridum (Cardiospermum luridum Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.)
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum microcarpum
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. luridum (Cardiospermum luridum Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.)
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum microcarpum

 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1995)- Brief Details-
 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
 
Cardiospermum canescens Wall. (syn. of Cardiospermum corindum)
 
 
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)-
Details-
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. luridum (Cardiospermum luridum Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum halicacabum L.)
Cardiospermum halicacabum var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume is a synonym of Cardiospermum microcarpum
 
Cardiospermum: 2 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cardiospermum

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of thespecies available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome


The picture of Cardiospermum canescens in Flowers of India website is wrong one. I and ... have send the pictures of this particular species. There is some populations of Cardiospermum halicacabum in Tamilnadu (e.g. Annamalai) where they have small fruit in size in respect to C. halicacabum, however all other characters are same.
Thanks, ..., for the valueable feedback. It has been included in the website at
Cardiospermum