Viscum album

Viscum album L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1023. 1753 (Syn: V. costatum Gamble; V. album var. meridianum Danser) as per Flora of India Vol. 23 (2013);
 
Viscum album L., Sp. Pl. 1023 1753. (Syn: Stelin album Bubani (Unresolved)) as per The Plant List ;
 
European Mistletoe or Common Mistletoe; हडचुर Hadchur (Ref. Floraof Nepal); Bird Lime, Birdlime Mistletoe, Mystyldene, Lignum Crucis, All-heal (Ref. Sacred Earth);
 
In Viscum album the leaf is strap-shaped where as in this species (V.monoicum) of Viscum the leaf is some what falcate, coriaceous, attenuated at the base to a short petiole (these characters are found in V.monoicum).  
 
Here are the differentiating features: 

Viscum album                                                                    V. articulatum (inc. var. dichotomum)

Plants dioicious, branching apical                                         Plants monecious, becoming pendulous

Stems terete                                                                         stems flattened, 3-ridged

Internodes 3-7 cm long                                                       internodes 1.5-2.5 cm long

Leaves usually obovate, 3-5 cm long                                   leaves reduced yo scarious scales

Inflorescence terminal, 3-5 flowered spikes,                        inflorescence axillary, 1-3 together, 3-flowered

Male 3-fld, female 3-5-fld                                                   central flower female, lateral male

Berry greenish-white, globose, ca 6 mm                               Berry greenish-white, globose 3-4 mm      

 
 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8306d31f9f087209/Viscum%20album%20%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF1sfyCMpe9UxmrvpkFM5zaiZecnAVkUY6571XmG2X9ze8lnR5cK-acKSSBi3mejxgUeMhu_TMW2XHDsQy7dY3HVgL5rub7FdZfhuIpteuxqlMXHdU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8306d31f9f087209/Viscum%20album%20%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEaixpmdKEMTS-jBZcRn5OnBHwBDqN4jt3aHehrUftWdArZEs6_bWJ-TWlVw1ozQz6aZJ8KctZ5KFNhPpZ78n7g7mO98JqsQ8jzONGssMpWB-TeAEA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8306d31f9f087209/Viscum%20album%20%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGZqRvR5c9mM-ZZfcQLcj259NIoer0Jhu8wDRq9eMVHFumImY1kvFWThX9XdtKmQcmvrSSJnfty6_r7qPZxQseYh9MOUZQui5zeuRSSw0ZCSp8cbSo


Gori Valley Tour: Viscum album from Kosani:   This parasite was frequent in the valley, near Almora... (looks like this is fond of Pyrus species).. Viscum album.. the Mistletoe... I am unlucky this time also not to find the flowers...
yes. once upon a time folks thought it to have anti-cancer properties, esp in switzerland
do not know if it caught on
worth a try in vitro, if some grad student wants summer project, in the Indian context
Last year we had seen it from a distance.
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/20f8b4752568f/DSCN3191.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/20f8b4752568f/DSCN3188.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHOKcahio6u569Q7aLtH5VWHY6IBgpKIVe_mT8rutGOzlXcjeHVlxWhqOxB-6rqznGxoYn_Opu_UpuCUdp-K7KAb0KCUfIOw2Bc8CO_BfL4bObVNI4
 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/20f8b4752568f/DSCN3179.JPG?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
Viscum album AT MAR 2017/04 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Viscum album
Shimla
February 2017

Stem parasite 

Seen the beautiful photograph of this plant by ... in
fruiting stage.
So, thought of sharing the photographs of flowers. 
Nice shots. 'Mistletoe' (Viscum album) was transferred from the Loranthaceae family to SantalaceaeIn 'Flora of the British Isles' (1962) the species was recorded from Southern Scandinavia southwards to N.Africa and east to Central Asia and Japan.  Given such a widespread distribution, I wonder if this taxon has been sub-divided since then?
It is quite common on a variety of deciduous tree species near where I live.  I observe quite a number of examples at this time of year (i.e. when there are no leaves on the trees) during bus journeys from my village to the train station I use to travel around the country.
I shall post some images from the UK and comment on its distribution in the Himalaya and that of Viscum cruciatum (recorded from lower elevations), on another occasion.
It was a sacred plant of the Druids during pre-Christian times, who cut it with a golden sickle.  Associated with fertility, from which developed the British custom of kissing under it.
It was a local, rather rare plant in Buckinghamshire, UK a century ago but is certainly not anymore (at least locally).
  
  
 
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