Scleropyrum pentandrum

Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb., Taxon 26: 533 1977. (syn: Bridelia horrida Dillwyn; Champereia perrottetiana Baill.; Heydia horrida Dennst.Heydia maingayi (Hook.fil.) Kuntze; Myrobalanus indica Buch.-Ham. ex Steud.; Pothos pentandrus Dennst.; Pyrularia ceylanica A.DC.Pyrularia moschifera (Bl.) A.DC.; Pyrularia wallichiana A.DC.; Pyrularia zeylanica A.DC.; Scleropyrum harmandii Baill. ex Lecomte; Scleropyrum mekongense Gagnep.; Scleropyrum moschiferum (Bl.) S.Moore; Scleropyrum ridleyi Gamble; Scleropyrum wallichianum Arn.; Scleropyrum wallichianum var. mekongense (Gagnep.) Lecomte; Sphaerocarya moschifera Bl.; Sphaerocarya wallichiana Wight & Arn.; Terminalia horrida Steud.);

China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Cambodia, India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Laos, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (scattered throughout), Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Taninthayi), Singapore as per Catalogue of Life;
 

Distribution: s China, peninsular India, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos


Habit- Small trees up to 7 m tall.
Trunk\bark- Trunk thorny; bark smooth, greyish-white; blaze yellowish.
Branchlets- Young branchlets green, terete, glabrous, with axillary spines.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 0.4-0.8 cm long, canaliculate in cross section, glabrous; lamina 8.5-17.5 x 4-7.5, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or ovate, apex acute with blunt tip or obtuse, base rounded, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat or slightly canaliculate above; secondary nerves 3-5 pairs, ascending, often lower most pair opposite; tertiary nerves slender, reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers- Inflorescence axillary spikes; flowers polygamous, red, sessile.
Fruit& seed- Drupe, pyriform, 3 cm long, red; seed one.
Along margin of evergreen to semi-evergreen forests between 600 and 1600 m.     
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.  

 

QUERY :: Marathi name of Scleropyrum pentandrum : please help me with the name of Scleropyrum pentandrum (Denn.) Mabberley in Marathi.
Many thanks ... for following up on this query.
Since there is no known name for this plant in Marathi, I am giving a name कुक्कुरदंत kukkuradanta, literal meaning - dog tooth, कुक्कुर = dog; दंत = tooth.
In Kannada (ನಾಯಿಕುಳಿ naayikuli) and Tulu (ನಾಯಿಕ್ಕೂಲಿ naaikkuli) - the names literally mean "dog tooth" ... due to plant's well-known therapeutic efficacy against dog bite.
 
 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/9cc716f6ed715f5/Scleropyrum%20wallichianum.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott, Fam: Santalaceae
12/10/2010
Dharmasthala, Karnataka
Spinous shrub in evergreen forest
Soil red gravely
 
via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb. ... family: Santalaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
skler-oh-PY-rus -- Greek: skleros (hard), pyrus (pear) ... Santalaceae by Pilger, R.
pen-TAN-drum -- five stamens ... Dave's Botanary
commonly known as: hard pear tree, thorny castorKannada: ಬೆಂಡುಗ benduga, ಬೊಡ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹಲ್ಲು bodlige hallu, ಬೋಡುಳಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು bodulike hullu, ಮುಳ್ಳು ಹರಳು mullu haralu, ನಾಯಿಕುಳಿ naayikuliMalayalam: ഇരുമുള്ളി irumulliMarathi: कुक्कुरदंत kukkuradantaTulu: ನಾಯಿಕ್ಕೂಲಿ naaikkuli
botanical names: Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb. ... synonyms: Pothos pentandrus Dennst. (basionym) • Scleropyrum wallichianum Arn. ... Biotik 
March 17, 2013 ... along Vandane Menasi Road, Uttara Kannada 
 

 
 

References:

Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  POWO  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  ENVIS - FRLHT  India Biodiversity Portal  Biotik  Wikipedia  Flora of China (Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott)  FoC illustration  IUCNRed List (LC) (Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott) Flora of Peninsular India  Flowers of India

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