Salix babylonica f. tortuosa (Introduced)

Salix babylonica f. tortuosa Y.L.Chou, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(1-2): 159 (1981) (syn: Salix matsudana f. tortuosa (Vilm.) Rehder);
 

Salix matsudana
(Chinese Willow) is a species of willow native to northeastern China.
The species is named in honour of Sadahisa Matsuda, a Japanese botanist.
Three varieties are recognized, Salix matsudana var. anshanensis, S. matsudana var. matsudana, and S. matsudana var. pseudomatsudana.
The species is widely cultivated in China, and a horticultural variant with twisted twigs, the corkscrew willow, is widely planted.
Salix matsudana is a medium-sized to large, deciduous, upright, rapidly growing tree to 20–40 ft tall, but has a short lifespan. Salix matsudana is dioecious, with the male and female catkins on separate trees. The leaves are narrow, light green, around 4–10 cm long and 1–2 cm broad. The flowers are borne in catkins produced early in the spring[1][2]
Chinese willow has been introduced into many areas as an ornamental tree, including Australia, Europe and North America
(From  Wikipedia on 23.2.14)

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60c546c5d7d0b0b1/Salix-matsudana-Kashmir%20Univ%20Bot%20Garden-IMG_5661-Kashmir-5.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE5lQbXlun680kiY51RbFOWekicpcavtsZ349O5_w20xXCzgcTNpnuTTMcjF5HcAp9Sh6yDBE2h1Gfl8xdULK_-xPM2yyZtNttzLQsOWMR4pmf2kPs
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60c546c5d7d0b0b1/Salix-matsudana-Kashmir%20Univ%20Bot%20Garden-IMG_5662-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGodZtu43vtRLMsgHY0bkPOPv0iQHZVBbEA-dzgiAM0yENLz4gtqvc079jt0XwwfmfAVarbFR2sU6T1GE81ctZaf1n1U-pJNUyxcRIz6_nP9f5Zf84
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60c546c5d7d0b0b1/Salix-matsudana-Kashmir%20Univ%20Bot%20Garden-IMG_5664-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGAO2RdAt-tc5vPM3246A8dWP6luUjMqbgYxljdtDAitHOFX7GYf9tR4vfOK_6bcEMXeQKt8xCXojq46OXhTyk_uffFTvFvqa8S2DrOKAboEIt0pwc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60c546c5d7d0b0b1/Salix-matsudana-Kashmir%20Univ%20Bot%20Garden-IMG_5665-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG60BxVwQr427p40EXJa5It_cMrnGVZqFgB0N3d9D5hZ_aTwQJYa5SDzk7PFIkUwPFZLsfLHYbxLLS6ntR_P4ukqSCCMPJDcZtCQFknzjJTax2gglY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/60c546c5d7d0b0b1/Salix-matsudana-Kashmir%20Univ%20Bot%20Garden-IMG_5663-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEkNkuH47PimqPQEwub0JNFToGI-K2WETF-z_GGAuS76OmftFuiNm4uRCrFpghxXhAxTuDmy98JhCxT5k3KCqFr8jZgn33knaESqtYGE4YdJK07dqI
Salix matsudana G. Koidz. 'Tortuosa'
syn: Salix matsudana G. Koidz. f. tortuosa Rehd.
This ornamental species is often grown as curiosity being similar to Salix babylonica but with shorter leaves (less than 8 cm long) glandular serrate along margin.
This cultivar has twisted branches and leaves.
Nice photographs. I think you clicked this species from US.
No ... I clicked this one on 19th May, 2012 when I visited Kashmir University Botanical Garden. You can compare the date with Salix wallichiana photographs from the same garden same day. 
Thanks, ..., for the wonderful post.
As per The Plant List, Salix matsudana Koidz.is a synonym of Salix babylonica L. based on WCSP (in review) .
However, Flora of China, recognises it as a separate species with a note that A. K. Skvortsov believes that this species may be synonymous with Salix babylonica.
Thanks ... for detail scrutiny of its nomenclature. You information are valid. But the basic difference between the two is that S. matsudana has two glands in each female flower, whereas S. babylonica has only one. Number of gland is an important feature for the genus Salix.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20matstemtwinter.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGSKHzOQr4PqmDJ8_gSye9jwSAckg_ZCKv8M4jefZtXuUed9A1bSI60nvT4ksBue0StvxwrH0GlMMSWiJIocYGaP7ghVBtO9Gam1M8hi-m0w0nxmLQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/leaves.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGXepYKMHjLuNXXtUQ6iKO8k-7gsIcLB_sl9EoXDwmN1RP_Goc5HA4YBw3EBVtNRQOjkEU7Mq8nMLxPpnMLbZo4SqaDbrbi_krZAnq4Ym0MEdvzqMY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.frt%20cat.jpg?part=0.10&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFL6423Z2gDqa0Hd0KbpK5TefaevgK2bkgHhpsmXz0XFZjiWxm4zjkgmsYj8iQx5Cui4GG7Ld74FT8-qG6EjXoUJMzOaynjgj7MaKHZ5HM_ohEzpdw
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.habit.winter.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFltNo9AEpkgHKu1uajQibUawRuA2_ng3aUpSQOXme53nkwkDZRDP7zlUH15o4UI1hlfgSLT7jZeuHJqCw32unb0wNuIQjFTtm2RmWxIckMegaOgI4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.female%20cat.jpg?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHDzsa3Jqez5kwkvDwTYF8II5uTvWSz4AomFoEiCs3xYM2I8NybmUuRv6sh7cJYGEqwmnmcmqR25APUw1c4YYZvkbJwo7lnNH3D-EzJQRSO3E42hzs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.branchlet.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE9QNF2pyly8-pdAkyHG3i3kiYpSJ4g0rtWvCGrd8xSiaYsj4FCgwNkwYuT2KQIPKe_N4BtNHB1eV3Uu3kiCVzDuhvr95o7mecVVmBMCxNto7gV2P0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.habit.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGgUdAOE2YpXbT_61OSCVxGDefcQ6ThK4Y_4XgsJpU8cIeGuv-U6_Vft_8W9rdmDw9eLH5nevomXReg32Qgs6CHb2hbjsWX-R0i-Jc08bX7m0xCQGQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.branch_winter.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEO5qAhgEAVmiYW9I1wtwW_UuaYxHym8d7Qe2BkAVbHBvzvgTcAknknujbtzVT7mjveHQrJLznHiLkKa3VXCA3FRaThmnhmg04NIAJplfnGUhax61U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20matstemt.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7q0J4LTWbPj2YiKOpzjBLF5J0hH1oCPgsMofx7EpCa27JluWFUZ7mFKTQTWROZ6efvC7x_uF_sWmVQwspnT7JoGvjqNZRFx8Eud42aQvI1qywI_o
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a3cd4e5dd1b6c16/S%20mat.branch_winter2.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEY0lRq7LCJ57arYZO3hm8S8wxjo0i6i-tj6bTW6zTMmTm7UWRBmIXAxmCf_n85rSxy_Co1xX0ONsvHJ8Ki-EI-dSGxzSYQDLWOpjThKzdeooloGOw
Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa' from Waukegan,US, SC22 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10).
Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa'
The photographs represent two medium sized female plants. A popular cultivar similar to S. babylonica, also known as the "Corkscrew willow".
Medium to large-sized tree, the branches and twigs grow in a spiral fashion; leaves lanceolate to linear lanceolate, bright green. Catkins small, arise with the leaves.
As a result of the ornamental shape of the branches and twigs, this cultivar is commonly used as a bonsai plant and for floral arrangements.  
Thanks, ..., for the wonderful post.
As per The Plant List, Salix matsudana Koidz.is a synonym of Salix babylonica L. based on WCSP (in review) .
However, Flora of China, recognises it as a separate species with a note that A. K. Skvortsov believes that this species may be synonymous with Salix babylonica.
Thanks ... for your effort. I already post a reply regarding the same.
 
 
 

References:

POWO  Catalogue of life (Salix babylonica L.)  Flora of China  The Plant List Ver.1.1 (Salix matsudana Koidz.is a synonym of Salix babylonica L.) Wikipedia  

Comments