Salix babylonica (Introduced)


Native to: China North-Central, China Southeast, Inner Mongolia, Korea, Manchuria, Qinghai; Introduced into: Afghanistan, Alabama, Algeria, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bermuda, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Colorado, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Fiji, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Haiti, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jawa, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Morocco, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Romania, South Carolina, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Zimbabwe as per POWO;

Russian Far East, North Korea, South Korea, China (widespread), Taiwan (I), Japan (Honshu), Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Jordania (W-Jordania), Afghanistan (I), Pakistan (I), Morocco (c), Algeria (c), Ryukyu Isl. (I), European Russia (I), Tajikistan (I), Turkmenistan (I), Uzbekistan (I), Europe (I), Slovenia (I), Croatia (I), Slovakia (I), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), Costa Rica (I), Java (I), peninsular Malaysia (I), Bhutan (I), Sikkim (I), Nepal (I), Thailand (I), South Africa (I), Lesotho (I), Zimbabwe (I), Puerto Rico (I), Haiti (I), Dominican Republic (I), Cuba (I), Ecuador (I), Argentina (I), Mexico (I), Bolivia (I), Colombia (I), trop. Africa (I), Fiji (I), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Huahine (I), Raiatea (I), Tahaa (I)), Tonga (I) (Tongatapu (I)), Niue (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of life;
 
Common name: Weeping Willow, Peking Willow, Babylon weeping willow
 

Salix babylonica
(Babylon willow or weeping willow; Chinese: 垂柳) is a species of willow native to dry areas of northern China, but cultivated for millennia elsewhere in Asia, being traded along the Silk Road to southwest Asia and Europe.[1][2]  
Salix babylonica is a medium- to large-sized deciduous tree, growing up to 20–25 m (66–82 ft) tall. It grows rapidly, but has a short lifespan, between 40 to 75 years. The shoots are yellowish-brown, with small buds. The leaves are alternate and spirally arranged, narrow, light green, 4-16 cm long and 0.5-2 cm broad, with finely serrate margins and long acuminate tips; they turn a gold-yellow in autumn. The flowers are arranged in catkins produced early in the spring; it is dioecious, with the male and female catkins on separate trees.[1][3] 
A similar willow species also native to northern China, Salix matsudana (Chinese willow), is now included in Salix babylonica as a synonym by many botanists, including the Russian willow expert Alexey Skvortsov.[4][6] The only reported difference between the two species is S. matsudana has two nectaries in each female flower, whereas S. babylonica has only one; however, this character is variable in many willows (for example, crack willow [Salix fragilis] can have either one or two), so even this difference may not be taxonomically significant.[6] 
S. babylonica, especially its pendulous-branched ("weeping") form, has been introduced into many other areas, including Europe and the southeastern United States, but beyond China, it has not generally been as successfully cultivated as some of its hybrid derivatives, being sensitive to late-spring frosts. In the more humid climates of much of Europe and eastern North America, it is susceptible to a canker disease, willow anthracnose (Marssonina salicicola), which makes infected trees very short-lived and unsightly.[6][7] 
(From Wikipedia on 16.2.14)

 
 
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400+ old trees:  In the Forbidden City and elsewhere in Beijing, China there are old cypress trees and those which are more than 400 years old are marked with red labels.
A common tree in Beijing is the Weeping Willow, Salix babylonica.

 
 
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This is Salix babylonica L. The pictures were taken from Dirang, Arunachal Pradesh.
Fruiting catkin is also presented here.
The weeping willow or Majnu-Ka-Ped?
Can you please let me know which is the famous Kashmir willow used for cricket bats- S.alba or S.babylonica;
I am not aware.
This species is also occur in Uttarakhand in temperate areas but more often planted.
It is mostly Salix alba. Salix babylonica is not that commonly grown.


 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2f96b072e8c8dbc5/Salix%20babylonica.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJyOJfSaIAvi4xHCc4HcowLLYLPUDhbGWQtr2rAO73Q_RS3KMwxxNxV6P203hbd8ma0_V_dzvzovXtfntzveibvBW-mcvG9b_Qu4G8hEhuj_0KA2Yhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2f96b072e8c8dbc5/S%20babylonica.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHLdIeoY7lUI_RVi8C1jL-TpLhY2CSQOMI_hdni4uCDe2F7ysllRimuA6MSVp6Ju3mxTR4swEskqUuGS4myfSD7Kt-mYgEQbNO23pdJRefnTTx6du0
Salix babylonica L.
The place (Patnitop) is so beautiful and definitely this species has a contribution too. 
Very good pictures. It does look like weeping willow as the name might suggest.
I was not aware about Patnitop so just searched and found from wikipedia that
Patnitop or Patni Top is a hilltop tourist location in Udhampur district in Jammu and Kashmir state of India on National Highway 1A 112 km from Jammu on the way from Udhampur to Srinagar.

 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2fe0c667d91d9ae/Salix-babylonica-confirm-Chabatia%20garden%20Ranikhet-IMG_1038-Uttarakhand-1.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2QlLbcREFg3RcFMhgYqa88_e0sLgHcoOcxzC4zewuEC9y8kFpewA4UDKR9BhBXHl48YEiI9GyKSCvhUsXpyxYoDfg2WUNZ3NvSAqNuPoTymZ2oCk
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2fe0c667d91d9ae/Salix-babylonica-Herbal-gdn-26-2-DSC04775-Delhi-4.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGyxPKFE59QOZXP5MvtG-yWVPiREKC1imKuFFLZIYu3RAhf2MZFjRciClOI-xNR6c0EFFZwdZG1KEmBluphvtaDCvXP076Uhljof2ObyEhX1ArE0Rg
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Salicaceae (including Flacourtiaceae) Fortnight: Salix babylonica from Kashmir, Delhi and Uttarakhand--GSFEB-15 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8).
Salix babylonica L., the weeping willow with long slender drooping branches and short compact catkins mostly shorter than 3 cm.
Largely grown as ornamental in parks and gardens.
Photographed from Kashmir, Delhi and Uttarakhand.

Very good photographs ... The classic weeping willow

Salix babylonica L. is a common wild and planted tree in Uttarakhand.
The picture is from Bhimtal area of Uttarakhand.
I think catkins are too long for S. babylonica, in which they are mostly less than 2.5 cm long. ... can give better decision.
This is Salix babylonica Sir. In living pictures the catkins sometimes look bigger. I collected a male specimen of this species from West Sikkim and also make herbarium sheet with that. I’ll post it now, you can find the differences between the living and dried catkins.
Thanks a lot ... for clarification.

This is Salix babylonica L. collected from Khecheopalri Lake (near Pelling), of West Sikkim. The plants bear male catkins
Very good photographs ...
 
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Salix babylonica L.
The photographs are taken in summer and in winter. Weeping willows are looking fabulous in all the seasons.
Very beautiful display of majestic willows
 
 
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Attached is a lone picture captured in a garden in San Francisco, USA. Is this also a Salix species?
A cropped portion of the leaves is also attached.
Requested to please provide ID, if possible.
This is Salix babylonica.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e1e9b877ce62809/Salix_Naggar.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsBAVUgwUC0Dsk7UAAfaXJV3qTGe2B0YOKLZbKkNWUd28Up9SJ4ZcjgD8SKDBG3qvK-RVqUmMkgNAbuYwGZmaEeyzsQqfErLiQeO5TsToojNIDyIc
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HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID :: ARKJAN-20/20 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please provide ID of this Salix with its drooping branches captured in the Naggar Castle, HP in October 2014.
It may be Salix Babylonica- the Weeping Willow. Salix.
Yes, it may be Salix babylonica, the weeping willow.
 
 
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SK89SEP3-1016:ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing some pictures for identification shot at Jamsom on 21 April 2013 at 9100 ft.
Could it be Salix disperma Roxb. ex D. Don.  ?? or Salix babylonica L  ??
Pl. check with images in its thread at Salix babylonica, we don not have Salix disperma so far in efi
I guessed it to be S. Babylonica but wanted to make sure since it is found at 9000 ft.


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SK1823 01 April 2019 : 3 posts by 3 authors.
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Kaski Dt.
Date: 22 March 2019
Elevation: 794  m.

Habit : Cultivated
Salix babylonica L. ??
To me also appears close to images at Salix babylonica

a willow of course. which one. i need better pictures of leaves with measurement. our page see link above has marked variation in appearance of the leaves.

[efloraofindia:34739] Hallo name-experts : 5 posts by 3 authors.
here are some experts who know names of plants in various languages.
Can someone plz. provide me the marathi names of the following trees? ASAP? Thanks a lot
where does one get these names from? a link perhaps? 
weeping willow, chestnut, Filipendula (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filipendula) 
I would also like to know what seagull or gull for that matter, is in marathi?

... not an expert, but here are 3 go-to sites (in no particular order) for getting to Marathi names
ENVIS / FRLHT
... http://envis.frlht.org/bot_search.php
Forest Flora of Andhra Pradesh (Flora by R D Reddy)
... http://forest.ap.nic.in/Forest%20Flora%20of%20Andhra%20Pradesh/index.htm
A dictionary, Marathi and English by J T Molesworth
... http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/molesworth/
............................................................
Weeping Willow, a common name shared by Salix species
1) Salix × sepulcralis, an ornamental hybrid tree ... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willow
2) Salix babylonica ... http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Weeping%20Willow.html
exotic to India
No Marathi name.
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Chestnut, a generic common name for 8 - 9 species of Castanea, the four main being European, Chinese, Japanese and American chestnuts
...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chestnut
Chestnuts thrive in regions of temperate climate ... not naturalised in Maharashtra
No Marathi name.
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Filipendula species are exotic to India.
No Marathi name.


Here are some Marathi names for Salix... 
'Salix alba' is called 'Vivir' 'विविर' in Marathi. 
'Salix babylonica' is called 'Gioor' 'गिऊर' in Marathi. 
'Salix caprea' is called 'Bedmusk' 'बेदमुस्क' in Marathi. 
'Salix tetrasperma' is called 'Valunj' 'वाळुंज' in Marathi.
Many thanks dear ... please give us some idea from where we can dig into Marathi names !!
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c826ea3a1013c45/Salix-babylonica-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFUsKuFlxmNvb0vXLEKhvMT1dFTF0gMDrWwEDviAObdRZfDwBqJyfEgRB1XhSRmvEuVy2UwspKkNj7q1jEY2dkoXjk98_xffXcgC4zhDrHVwzFh0gc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c826ea3a1013c45/Salix-babylonica-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFbpwhfcjxPrpst1mVpDMZwkJAUpvHyC1fxQiaxmBPJin-hhYIs9lRoDGilYyrxE9cSMQtGpa6H6HxzLZeGAsBkiBVYv_6N0f4PWq21qv3YIEcftbI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4c826ea3a1013c45/Salix-babylonica-Delhi-3.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF-k8EGAsxiPBz2BaW63HPZ4TqdIvXl1Ak09k59v7tf1pP6neXFw-vNVUmBKYcv-KcnGHeZQMF7C7zYDECRvmUW_Bawb8yHlRde_L4R7odd-iYZaac

from Delhi- Feb'10?;Salix babylonica from Delhi - efloraofindia | Google Groups

 
 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ba0b744bd09110f/DSCN0790s.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG03DzNJIgpJLCMHPBLIJa6x4uBiOhMen_UHcyCi4znkk-8MKi2148_geAUTKwpRuZIkcmS3J_16WnHuB1XSOZReibXByZXiws5ZH61ef7YH7D-lHchttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ba0b744bd09110f/DSCN0787s.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFP7p0RoyCcVOcbMyxAHM1JLDT41pFehGpgZdEiFAPQiOmR7LGW1x5gVlCthXurOkrzb9AWmPmV7sZBTLkXhSLv4NgEZfxcVGSjArjXFSFZXGbKGmQ
PLANT 73 SMP JUN 09 Manali : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).  
Again a big tree in Manali. (Late Jun 09)
Observed very commonly in almost all hotels.
When asked about the name, nobody was knowing it and everybody called it as wild and were interested in showing Apple and cherry trees. Ultimately one local guy told the local name as BAILEY or BELLY.
Some dull greenish inflorescence was also observed on the trees.
Does anybody know the tree?

On the basis of upper picture I would call it a Salix sp. Lower picture is confusing, but they could be witches brooms, common on Salix. Beli, bhail are local names in Punjab and Himachal for S. daphnoides.
This is Salix babylonica L. (also known as Weeping willow).
Its flexible and weeping nature of branches and short, green, curved catkins those appear with the leaves are important characters for confirmation of its identity.
This is most commonly planted species of Salix in India.   


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