Flacourtia jangomas

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot (ed. 3) 280, 290 280 1797. (Syn: Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. ex Willd.; Flacourtia hilsenbergii C. Presl; Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Steud.; Rumea jangomas (Lour.) Spreng.; Stigmarota jangomas Lour.; Xylosma borneense Ridl.);

India: Frequently semi wild in Brahmaputra Valley and adjoining areas in the North-east (probably originally from Bangladesh-Assam-Upper Myanmar), elsewhere cultivated. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh; Widely cultivated in S.E. Asia and E. Africa as per BSI Flora of India (1993);
 
coffee plum, paniala, puneala, Chinese plum, Indian plum, kerkup besar, paneala, jaggam, prunier malgache, rukam, babydruif, babykers;
 

Keys as per efloras of China:
F.indica: Pistillate flowers: ovary globose, placentas 5 or 6; styles 5 or 6, united only at base, radiating, 1-2 mm, slender. Fruit dull to blackish red, globose, 8-10 mm in diam
F.jangomas : Pistillate flowers: ovary bottle-shaped to globose, 2-3 mm; styles 4-6, united into a distinct column ca. 1 mm, not or slightly free at their apices; ... Fruit brownish red or purple,....1.5-2.5 cm in diam.

From Cooke's flora. the size of flower is a good additional differentiating character.
Drupe size of a cherry; scarlet when ripe ............................F. Montana
Drupe size of a plum; purple when ripe…………………….....F.cataphracta (Synonym of Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. as per GRIN)
Drupe size of a pea;
Stigmas 5-11…………………………………………………………F.Ramontchii (syn. of Flacourtia indica as per GRIN)
Stigmas 3-4…………………………………………………………..F.latifolia   


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/50cdc905ae41d0f2/flacourtia%20jangomas_1.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFSnKrKmGTIOlYYrafpWnTeiFOgxzfCwrFHD_InJJEguxZfH7K4zRvq7IkF3mAm4itgcbIJEbGP0ejoTG8amxPJHrOIgBtF1_VIwgY3GLbhTFjQGJw


 
 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/17f9f073b79d9f31/Flacourti%20cataphracta%20Roxb.%201.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHLlZ73YUuY4jvu1dqZS6x6KMaOs8WpXI9bit61TEaapgarKkHLpFBXCAbITSWa2NPSg0uwWPE_4d8CJdZ9TMcpoMdWQ2EefC43Q5YN2RxN7-uZq2U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/17f9f073b79d9f31/Flacourti%20cataphracta%20Roxb.%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF1RDIz3ycd_VAB8v7sX0Z6c-HkhGBdpsDpIY8SEP9dsT1M9ep89YZE0i3ayZT7YHn8ePDNG2xU4KayoUhjVZPaD8BBq6Y3mMq_RRv0kM8iWNipp_0
Fruit & Vegetable Week- Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb.: This is the fruit of Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. (Flacourtiaceae). The stem is covered with sharp thorns in this plant. Ripe fruit is sweet in taste.

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/7._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6474.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE_13bwCHImm_VXrRWsTauZmo8GJY5f2wN6V8VoHvOiRDmLu-q3EmJ7-3GIgPfBt-JMWeJZaCweiXpazzxmji0UTvXI9hvAt_AD3lDednvqJcuu65s
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/5._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6467.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG80l2F4Y9PWo96bxFEKu5Jj4uWAkOS-QXnPuO_iTdAi2GMMUfMO3fLEe7qJz012ZagGTCx6ArfnUArL5PyTHAeANqLBNOJvlQgxJyOWGWepE8z9F4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/6._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6475.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGhjMNgU2YX8q68caqFTlSmiNKqWRD0RRxRdSXhZKyPmCSpMDBjelxYnJhEHhaGor_MjuPaOAZA6Phh_3Yc_Ypk7Xb-Y6f9N06IYzLVJei0Mi_eUOc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/1._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6470.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHhqmdhoo2QLk3IFtu8iVnKRUDQFxYqejbvPvV150aP4g2U89azDsYoBXBrAueM0DTt0aWZzcPqHesf8UDABNf3q2F1Wfs53y94vcAe6zUMUovUZichttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/3._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6471.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE-HPaG9l898OL3feUqV1iFdMliTvUxy7eRaUqdXBJMxeB3Zijhi1e-Y9EqQ93FHgEEN377Juyj1obuIdQc-wsVOPwiPxNsojPQA8GcgSJXf0DXhtA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/2._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6469.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFy-cMaHqfrY_Wsh_Dv5JqUIKUSwXSsdDvO93KHWGw6aF_WXp2AwwlwB1FgArnl77ck-CoUGceS3vXqev4Gj3U7t6NUnD428HHUH-gz3BnFXiFfmYM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8e82b6bc402718ce/4._Flacourtia_jangomas__Lour.__Raeusch._IMG_6468.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgBNLsY2-Z8j7pjpkjSjbQdxmEIvT-I7HL78moQfu0zQ-b0zhsC-8T1ECcn_wpo2tZJ-5DdWibcSYL39bDIdT82e1qOMaF-4VmToKq6yVOm4uXdyA
Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. from Assam : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7).   
Attached images are Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
Date :04.06.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Salicaceae [earlier in Flacourtiaceae]
Genus & species : Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
Habitat: Grows in the garden
Habit :Tree, trunk bear thorn 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0029.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHxzTxp8DqU4_T89TgkCLBy4DyWbDcquPSOFuOSVFhIHG2PS2anrI86Suai8rn10OFsEUapWdf7hBhGcNHJdsBVRMDlfBXYk59mehgh435KltP_DlM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0028.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHDuXjRL4sAykDR37fyLwFhPGd33NtTwDvE4Q2Z8TTuD3b7QMLIHiVO__lNIRqGLjKmL7UIp3DEWqG29L6zQoesOsOzsg4aHPHPILQz2hQo_hj4IeY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0031.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFzODS7Y3lNBGOSICHnU0SPeJCKUO2tsGWFvRV2oSyRnxp2YlhT3dLZhzyKNlT33AkXTHJO7aHXA9yN2bzAdWsPi1s13tHdcNKWxV8Eo3JRwcMkg_E
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0032.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGUVRvAV8G0ezOZ22j7q2ezL8DE-h_eeKpmO7b7bgV87CNImcWRL5jVfkBAHmQvjnsaHJgkTp38oWorlPWumuLPQCPP0LlNQF6Dw1QqV5BMNv23Clw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0033.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEcI-pzNJgCWsOCDKXGnau0I3ceZc4pjzlVeOW5uAYg8EEsQnpWvMSgUThc59J-44vDqRFxjh-mCUsPvtagmQ1QdOJQ567ZBot6-Lwa4Efkqh7EHDs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0034.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGMVAkd4kHNxA43SkfY1bM9dNAy5LEW0GTePk7ryh9LHzlIPmScE0Q3RTj_Yo23TPoCIbDX-pyfEqWQraQetEHCuYd7-rvDa8tw7BI-gTjPjVQqF74
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/51a8736fbf504/IMG-20170807-WA0035.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEIy6hA_r64Y4h1tiGTDmq5chaflfh8LZjaNUafRdcPUDxhJOJPlZV0VHS3o_ALQaIFr251lynEN9olD2gMzr0_A-uXNouZqBZH3sMOcBJXk56Jo0Y
Flacourtia indica/Flacourtia jangamos : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location Rajnagar Kumarghat Unakoti district Tripura
Please confirm
Pl. also check with keys & details at Flacourtia 

I feel close to images of Flacourtia jangomas 

To me it seems to be Flacourtia jangomas.

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b3c2f6df938f/Flacourtia%20jangomas%201.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG0CJcoqfHmrhcMTF3jTxMKqFhR8w26IYQbCNEYBrx8zFJ6myxCDrko3bjtLkvRfovi0jKxSKSLGuasWfF0SmSTxQtsniTOK0xZu3IGl4kLqfEa-LU
Fwd: FLACOURTIA JANGOMAS : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Flacourtia jangomas (PUNEALA PLUM/ PANIAL).

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7ff25ea1589326f1/Flacourtia%20jangomas.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH2_CTHWFENmmNwC0vMKK0EusTGEPjs1ttBEH3ROiMbIDZuZ7jQKJxBZfSw_WiHazTg-G7CqqBGGkyDD0tSQ9e5M94JUdi3G1EdjMiTifrl5OWmZd8
FLACOURTIA JANGOMAS: This is the time for PUNEALA PLUM ( Flacourtia jangomas ) fruits. This was a common tree in Assam and Northern part of Bengal. It is known as Paniala in Assamese and Bangla. You can get these fruits in the local market. Fruits are used for marmalades and jams. Attaching an image of the fruits on a branch of the tree. 
 
 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c51fd28780f09700/Symbiosis%2054.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEpOw0eWf56a39GQPf63F8J0bhfcDarzJk8fMnNb86VqJt-011el3KrkTaQqfArDRCgi96QuxsvsrXKgoBh70wwnYf5BeE9BVMJLOjAyCWaf0Z5xk4
SYMBIOSIS 59: Attaching 59th image of the series. In this a female of a Koel is feeding on the fruits of Puneala Plum ( Flacourtia jangomas ).  
  
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c675684cf4b0b9da/Symbiosis%2058.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGfdMRG2RBNgXhFh_Fb_EaD0tK3X_UxTkoh3cQ4JBHz00MbEtF1R3BlHeaFXE5ji9Tspj9JGntLnhctzy1H7xoC5F-OmHiVW-XtoolVhMiCR602ffE
SYMBIOSIS: Attaching an image on symbiosis, in which a Bluethroated Barbet is relishing fruits of Flacourtia jangomas (PUNEALA PLUM). Known as Paniala in Assam and Bengal. This tree used to be very common in Northern part of West Bengal (Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar etc) and Assam. Now it is rare atleast at Cooch Behar. I have recorded 8 differnt birds having feast on Paniala. Score of Bluethroated Barbet is 62 fruits. 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/dea251a40ebeb/Symbiosis%201412.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsLjTTOb_VkB2PlFI9JqyK0FyTW8x8ESu4pS39CQ55rDFwj1WjgueOzZJUW-Cd7qbjKkISufLMTc0QU_jo8jn5LTAScYRjd0-vcFaG6UEavRhCwpA
SYMBIOSIS : 1412 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue Throated Barbet feeding on fruits of Flacourtia jangomas (PANIAL).

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/10765cab4ae41/Symbiosis%201432.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHSh_zVXS9fgzcgq7Ww1ut0haFaSuUi0ctkLjpHoKUg0nz1Qorr_yc4FTt7ZdthkADkrscS9w2AT8lGdg3bgSYhd59NCwAbe5si5GTrBVM-p_GiaPI
SYMBIOSIS : 1432 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Koel (male) feeding on Flacourtia jangomas

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9a731c3d81d3a/DSC_1772.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF2ieXcDJYII8MBMSLt2gCNnlsrrqozl44Dm8cxDvisxKKyXLBvnUbjfkzc6gk7agnfyW2-BEvAv1JLU6vX7VLyuF9_0GyfKKiGNaxhPiJTxVI88Q4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9a731c3d81d3a/DSC_1771.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG93ghs2xe8u3woYDZ1vOEKWTGv03b4vwo-t8h1fGeB0pVd-nQMYLLSjM3oXZHtTP-5V2YNdR6jNxe2RBU_h09HbqVQFqZHBh2kAgwl9pOcqbpPCrE
Tree identification : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb each. 
This tree was found in the mid-hills of central Nepal. The photo was taken in November 2012. 
Could you please help to determine it ?

Check with Salacia oblonga or other sp. 
Does not look like Salacia oblonga ! 

Looks like Flacourtia to me.
Thanks, ..., for the id.
To me also appears close to Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. as per comparative images and details at Flacourtia
Thank you for your thoughts and help. Yes, Its Flacourtia jangomans


References:
Comments