Spermacoce


 
Keys available at


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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Spermacoce articularis L.f.                             HerbPlains, Dry LocalitiesSivarajan et al, Procd. Indian. Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 97 (4) : 1987 All districts
Spermacoce assurgens Ruiz et Pavon is a synonym of Spermacoce remota Lam.HerbPlains, Naturalized, Native of Tropical AmericaSivarajan et al, Procd. Indian. Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 97 (4) : 1987 Kancheepuram
Spermacoce hispida L.HerbPlains, Dry LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts
Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. is a synonym of Spermacoce alata Aubl. HerbWestern Ghats, Naturalized, Native of Tropical AmericaBaburaj et al. 2001Nilgiri
Spermacoce mauritiana Osea Gideon ex Verdc. is a synonym of Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.TaylorHerbWestern Ghats, Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Deb & Dutta 1984Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f. var. ocymoidesHerbPlains to Low AltitudeFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Theni, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Virudhunagar
Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f. var. thekkumalensis (Sivarajan & Joseph) Kumari is a synonym of Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f. HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Sivarajan & Joseph 1979Tirunelveli
Spermacoce pusilla Wall.HerbPlains , Dry LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Kancheepuram, Nilgiri, Salem, Thiruvallur, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai,  Vellore
Spermacoce ramanii Sivarajan & Nair is a synonym of Spermacoce lasiocarpa R.Br. ex Wall.HerbPlains, Moist Localities Sivarajan et al, Procd. Indian. Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 97 (4) : 1987 Coimbatore, Tirunelveli, Viluppuram

 
 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Spermacoce alata Borreria latifolia, Borreria alata, Spermacoce latifolia Rubiaceae Broad-Leaf Buttonweed
Spermacoce articularis Spermacoce scabra, Borreria articularis, Spermacoce flexuosa Rubiaceae Jointed Buttonweed
Spermacoce ocymoides Borreria ocymoides, Spermacoce tenera, Spermacoce domingensis Rubiaceae Purple Leaved Button Weed
Spermacoce pusilla Spermacoce kleinii, Spermacoce gardneri, Borreria pusilla Rubiaceae Tiny False Buttonweed
Spermacoce verticillata Spermacoce globosa, Borreria verticillata Rubiaceae Shrubby False Buttonweed

 
Spermacoce alata Aublet  [apparently native to the Neotropics but exact origin unknown; Antilles, Central America, North America (Mexico, Florida), widespread in tropical South America; naturalized in Africa, S and SE Asia, Australia, Madagascar, and perhaps North America].
Spermacoce articularis Linnaeus f. [India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa, Australia].
Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams [apparently native to the Neotropics but exact origin unknown; India, Indonesia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa, Antilles, Australia, Central America, Indian Ocean islands (Mauritius), North America (Mexico), Pacific islands, N South America].
Spermacoce hispida Linnaeus [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Australia].
Spermacoce prostrata Aublet  [apparently native to the Neotropics but exact origin unknown; India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka; Antilles, Central America, Indian Ocean islands (Mauritius), North America (Mexico), Pacific islands, N South America]. (No distribution given in India by Catalogue of Life)
Spermacoce pusilla Wallich in Roxburgh [Bhutan, India, ?Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; introduced in tropical Africa].
Spermacoce remota Lamarck [apparently native to the Neotropics; India, Indonesia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Antilles, Australia, Central America, Indian Ocean islands (Mauritius), North America (Mexico), Pacific islands, N South America].
 
Borreria articularis var. articularis (Throughout India, Western Himalayas in Simla, southward to Ceylon and Singapore, S. China and Malaya) is a synonym of Spermacoce articularis L.f.
Borreria articularis var. hispida (L.) Shivaranjan & Manilal (Throughout India, Western Himalayas in Simla, southward to Ceylon and Singapore, S. China and Malaya) is a synonym of Spermacoce hispida L.
Borreria pusilla (Wall.) DC. (Tropical Africa, tropical Asia, Pakistan to Japan and Philippines) is a synonym of Spermacoce pusilla Wall.
 
Borreria alata (Aubl.) DC. (Tropical America, naturalised widely in tropical Asia) is a synonym of Spermacoce alata Aubl.
Borreria articularis (L. f.) F. N. Williams (Himalaya (Simla to Nepal), India, Ceylon, east to China, Malaysia) is a synonym of Spermacoce articularis L.f.
Borreria pusilla (Wall.) DC. (Africa, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, Ceylon) is a synonym of Spermacoce pusilla Wall.
 
 
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details with keys-
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
 
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys-
Spermacoce assurgens Ruiz et Pavon is a synonym of Spermacoce remota Lam.
 
 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-
 
Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. is a synonym of Spermacoce alata
 
Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach By Kumudranjan Naskar (1993)- Details with keys-
Borreria stricta G.Mey. is a synonym of Spermacoce verticillata L.
 
 
A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)- Details with keys-
Spermacoce assurgens Ruiz et Pavon is a synonym of Spermacoce remota Lam.
Spermacoce latifolia Aubl. is a synonym of Spermacoce alata
Spermacoce mauritiana Osea Gideon ex Verdc. is a synonym of Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.Taylor
Spermacoce ramanii Sivarajan & Nair is a synonym of Spermacoce lasiocarpa R.Br. ex Wall.
Spermacoce verticillata L. 
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-
 
Spermacoce ‎(Rubiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Spermacoce (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
 

Pl. go through Spermacoce (Rubiaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website) to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com, it will be really nice.