Paederia foetida


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Skunk Vine, Chinese fever vine, Lesser Malayan stinkwort, stink vine • Hindi: Gandhali • Manipuri: ওইনাম Oinam • Bengali: গংধ ভদুলিআ Gandha bhadulia • Assamese: Paduri lata • Khasi: Mei iwtung • Mizo: Vawih-uih-hrui • Nepali: Pate biree;
 
The leaves of this climber is used as vegetable and considered good for stomach ailment in NE India.
 
Raw or boiled leaves are eaten by the local communities of Arunachal Pradesh (and probably in Assam too) to get rid of the stomach pain. I remember eating 'Bhajji/Pakora' made up of the leaves, offered by one of my Assamese neighbors when I was in Arunachal. They used to call it Paderu patta (पदेडू पत्ता = Leaf with farty smell :-)).  


 
 
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fruits & vegetables week - Paederia scandens: Paederia scandens (Lour) Merr. (= P. foetida L.) of Rubiaceae. The leaves of this climber is used as vegetable and considered good for stomach ailment in NE India. 


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RUBIACEAE: Paederia foetida L.:  Paederia foetida L., Mant. Pl. 1: 52 (1767).
Synonyms:
Hondbesseion foetidum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 485 (1891).
Apocynum foetidum Burm.f., Fl. Indica: 71 (1768).
Gentiana scandens Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 171 (1790).
Paederia corymbosa Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 23 (1790), nom. nud.
Paederia magnifolia Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 23 (1790), nom. nud.
Paederia sessiliflora Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 2: 449 (1812).
Reussia sarmentosa Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab.: 33 (1818).
Paederia chinensis var. angustifolia Nakai, Trees Shrubs Japan 1: 398 (1822).
Paederia tomentosa Blume, Bijdr.: 968 (1826).
Psychotria volubilis Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 424 (1834).
Paederia amboinensis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 254 (1869).
Paederia barbulata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 255 (1869).
Paederia ovata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 255 (1869).
Paederia scaberula Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 4: 255 (1869).
Paederia tomentosa var. glabra Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 45: 139 (1876).
Paederia foetida var. sessiliflora (Poir.) Baker, Fl. Mauritius: 158 (1877).
Paederia chinensis Hance, J. Bot. 16: 228 (1878).
Hondbesseion tomentosum (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 485 (1891).
Paederia dunniana H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 146 (1911).
Paederia esquirolii H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 146 (1911).
Paederia tomentosa f. tenuissima Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30: 145 (1911), nom. illeg.
Paederia mairei H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 179 (1914).
Paederia tomentosa var. mairei (H.Lév.) H.Lév., Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 247 (1917).
Paederia prainii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 35 (1918).
Paederia uraiensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 64 (1920).
Paederia villosa Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 64 (1920).
Paederia chinensis var. velutina Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Kor. 14: 92 (1923).
Paederia chinensis f. microphylla Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 193 (1929).
Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 163 (1934).
Paederia chinensis var. maritima Koidz., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 41 (1936).
Paederia chinensis f. tenuissima Masam., Short Fl. Formosa: 205 (1936).
Paederia scandens var. tomentosa (Blume) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1023 (1936).
Paederia stenophylla Merr., Sunyatsenia 3: 261 (1937).
Paederia chinensis var. megaphylla Koidz., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 191 (1939).
Paederia laxiflora Merr. ex H.L.Li, J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 429 (1944).
Paederia longituba Nakai, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 26 (1948).
Paederia scandens f. mairei (H.Lév.) Nakai, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 22: 28 (1948).
Paederia scandens var. velutina (Nakai) Nakai, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 29: 97 (1950).
Paederia scandens var. longituba (Nakai) H.Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2: 24 (1952).
Paederia scandens var. mairei (H.Lév.) H.Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2: 24 (1952).
Paederia scandens var. maritima (Koidz.) H.Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2: 25 (1952).
Paederia scandens f. megaphylla (Koidz.) H.Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2: 25 (1952).
Paederia scandens f. microphylla (Honda) H.Hara, Enum. Sperm. Jap. 2: 25 (1952).
Paederia scandens var. villosa (Hayata) Masam., Sci. Rep. Kanazawa Univ., Biol. 4: 92 (1955).
Paederia scandens f. rubescens Asai, J. Jap. Bot. 63: 54 (1988).
Paederia scandens f. rubrae-stellaris Konta & S.Matsumoto, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B 31: 23 (2005).
Paederia foetida f. microphylla (Honda) Tsukaya, Imaichi & J.Yokoy., J. Pl. Res. 119: 307 (2006).
Family: RUBIACEAE
Distribution: East Nepal to North Central Japan and Malesia
Current Location: KFBG, Hong Kong.
Note: LOOK AT THE LIST OF SYNONYMS!!
I think this is found in India too. 
yes common in bengal... called gandha-bhadulia...
used for rejuvenation, made up in a multi med concoction/ brew....kwatha... even Chakradatta described it way back when
...never seen the flowers, and ... the buds look like modern day large med capsules... spectacular... 

As you can see the bengali name is "gandha" may be referring to smell and so does "foetida" mean, "foul smell". 


 
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[efloraofindia:Paederia foetida/Flora of Odisha] Flora picture of the Year- 2012- Prasad Kumar Dash:  sharing my flora picture of 2012 as i am not able to spent time to interact in the discussion. I am also not able to share my picture due to my packed assignment. I am busy in writing my book on Flora of Odihsa and also busy in field work.
I am sharing my Flora picture of the Year, 2012. Since last 3 years i was searching to get a view of how Paederia foetida looks when in full bloom. I have visited so many local and regional hot spots of Biodiversity in Odisha during my documentation of Flora of Odisha. But could not find this plant flowering. Even if i encountered good population of this species, all were in vegetative stage. I came to know that this species is listed under RET by FRLHT and flowering is not common. Finally last year i spotted this species flowering near to my office at Sahid nagar, Bhubaneswar in wild condition. I was very very happy and took around 50 snaps.
Presenting my picture bellow. Excellent picture. I have seen this plant in Hong Kong on the roadsides. I used to mistake it for Asclepiads because of the oppose leaves. But finally I learnt how to differentiate it. Just touch the leaf and smell your hands, it gives a bad smell, probably that is why the species epithet "foetida" . I have never seen the flower and it is very nice to see the beautiful flowers of this plant.
I've encountered this plant many times in Arunachal and Vietnam. Raw or boiled leaves are eaten by the local communities of Arunachal Pradesh (and probably in Assam too) to get rid of the stomach pain. I remember eating 'Bhajji/Pakora' made up of the leaves, offered by one of my Assamese neighbors when I was in Arunachal. They used to call it Paderu patta (पदेडू पत्ता =Leaf with farty smell :-)).
Oh! What a lovely plate!!! Wonderful!!! And best wishes for your book on Flora of Odisha.
Something really unique for presenting as Flora picture of the year 2012.
I have included it. You can view the latest edited blog on Flora picture 2012


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Hooghly today - Paederia foetida L. = Paederia tomentosa Blume : Attachments (6). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Unlike "Bengal Plants" or FBI, The Plant List or eFI informs Paederia foetida L. and Paederia tomentosa Bl. are synonymous.
 
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Unknown sp. from Assam :  Attachments (10). 5 posts by 5 authors.
Attached images are unknown sp. from Assam. Please ID the plant sp.
Date :10.11.2013
Location: Assam
Family : Unknown
Genus & species : Unknown
Habitat: Climbs on the fences of the house
Habit : Climber     
Paederia foetida, I guess.
Looks like Paederia foetida.
Supporting ...


 
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Arunachal flora-4 : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 3 authors.  
Id pl.
It was a climber on the cluster of shrub in the open patch, with a very pleasant smell.

Paederia foetida L.
It is Paederia foetida L.
flowers were fragrant-pleasant and sweet smelling.
Yes ma'm... but the crushed leaves smell bad. Popularly known as 'Paderu patta' (पदेरू-पत्ता) or 'Paadu patta' (पादू-पत्ता). :-)
Probably the leaves have medicinal properties. Have seen locals eating as 'Bhajji' or 'Pakauda' if the stomach is upset.


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Hooghly sk-nov-05 - Paederia sp. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (10).
This vine looks different than what I saw and posted in my earlier upload.
It is growing in a home yard and I am not sure if all leaves I have photographed are of the same plant. The leaves of this particular individual appeared to me different in shape and significantly bigger in size.
Photographed the day before yesterday (4.11.14), in Hooghly District (West Bengal) 
Lamina length 14cm avg., petiole 10 cm avg. Leaves have typical unpleasant smell.
The climber is Paederia foetida of Rubiaceae. The leaves are used for making a curry with raw plantain and black pepper to get relieve from arthritis. You do not get the bad smell of the leaves when it is used as curry.
 
 
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Paederia foetida L. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)  
Wild Paederia foetida L. in fruiting from Itanagar area of Arunachal
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0945.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFEJ3nBJh3Y66FlM8LRdr78XmIZv6HsuHv6YfRZHPn7RTludIHiPjj6P0P3OAZHKok_kuLjzxDOsp1hkuADbpqoQQh4JPhz3u0xLQwRrKKvuegDed8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0941.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGU0CZUSjZQB_Xf-J2Skb4BS5rC9HtBJ09pMwBLq6ljL_YbIFLInZIVXd9J62X6anWlYdvgNrGXJ-Eul6I2pXRURLq3Bsrsr9AubGRq9IVewKNcxY4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0937.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFq9fkxZkuPeGNFETTglFNslSXD7wEhrJxa89zIgsZrx-jhxtujp-IUHZNbjxvnYgkXDU8LNQpewlme1wuBva4uzwfTjA55w6c2NMIIzP7eZbXfSW0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0939.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGwDdF9zvgMjurO9lZ50Jwli7vK4F9Dt4N3ssycf8nrYUv1jwnAVeC5jeyClZyY6DX-ia-YLLOplFQM8UUmxNkDVBCwFuQzxMt5h4sEHg_uio_g1TI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0944.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGn6BYDjZ2DQFrDxQZ5Ad_BFv6cwZbYZbfGutwcbNeRJZk7vDuvYyPGlU1GfnVTmPuohbBJbq1tla61xRzM683cimrhla14XwZL9kDWyWHh8WEaQxo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0943.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHlET01K7jYg4m7pR58gaIlEUvpp5f6ZOg2fL3w-bLInBwZ8N5NLrq0yi2IDLTf8Xb0_kOqw-jbSq80DHv0wVM4JlzvN91oxU_eFrkQCfe9F2V48dQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a4a447f3a22ab/_DSC0936.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJ8FuT0GXL619WpZm6ULejC4eSnOZC414LN00g-JnEsbwtrDoUSvIowBKE0WRx0uv0KQBHXcvM511iTENDhpEBXw-hdG5OeKraoj1mOk2QCdRriFg
SK1455 19 Sep 2018 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)- around 500 kb each. 
Location: Lantau, Hong Kong 
Date: 14 August 2018
Elevation: 3000 ft.
Habit : Wild 

This should be Paederia foetida

Paederia foetida L
Nepali Name : पादेबिरी Paadeiree 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/587bf53650db1/_DSC0910.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGEdUj9rk91ZDEMInRx5nLHnjaEZdCaHstjX9DMQ92aysvkBYCMc7y7DM1qM3c1Mmu8PVFA46MFHKIwIEO4AG_yQpD1-1bSxZReISx55pwFEAsKndQ
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/587bf53650db1/_DSC0916.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGXf3g0eChpdGD-smXtRkIYWzuGid_u8ftk1xNMPx3IbOsGE8Akqa9yjKK0WL2ZBtKviRiwsDTKON4k3aOpzjY3tNRKqEeFvKfhEKIL8BBWptElZNE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/587bf53650db1/_DSC0909.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFE9Fxzmj-5kw8voo_hr3_E-t5PkN3yNuFONj8xZD73xNECksT6R7cAinO3tLIJOvQTTrXJLBaqubHra0c9XtCGDFQU8bazaN6rwTVCYyYZ2v0BNhA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/587bf53650db1/_DSC0913%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFNHaSGouQ4LmjBxHt7XDCxJNzrZMG8jrHOMUYihII69szy4uycoPtxrvE5oyeoVsAZlbHQImQcazQLephgfiTWdPIWIgSrXQCBqTjNLLUobyMN1dI
Paederia foetida L : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5) - around 550 kb each.
Location:  Shivapuri Nationalk Park,Nepal 
Date: 24 August 2018
Elevation:6000 ft.
Habit : Wild 

we had this growing in our college yard, quite naturally. no body planted it that we knew of- the leaves brought into class as a gag. gandhaprasarini. never saw the flowers. has anybody seen the plant flower in the lower gangetic plane?


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/48ea83bc95ffd/Paederia%20foetida%202.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2qfIpLxjEqqOlwXyEjIQ7XrZPK3Ow0TF88u8ZQ0Zn9RFTSG7mVfc2IdGWSHSvFCS3OE5kEvAH38jV1F6BQvk0mb25aUbFKnP8Kv-Oqxflf_V6CSQ
PAEDERIA FOETIDA : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching collages of Paederia foetida ((PRASARINI/ GANDHALI).

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0792.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGj9e5rxK_7ExbFXHd9CoNUavr4BphkIThWsqebqNWUjiYJhaBnvvcsKgRNJKmxONshILGvYDvD7vsdAra7nF1cJCqiwxJHlRdwrXed3nrldVm1QPI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0793.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGpLjNReUvR5MwBbCl2O9epnrVwkpEI74VcG3RcG9IxnD64RG3gHyTWRXoJquf0Lb8NMFwfwnuZ_2LXLOMos6VqiQdgyVayidW4zItYSMOMYsNUDi8
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0786.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgEcDGzogb5OBgpMyotI-VglgliClx0qrHfiMZWrOGdLUVDeh12VR-YfcemPxfRGL_ye0BBu7G-xLwqPt-1FfsiEGFY7xt5-aPKzjIRQVZzKLv-7c
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0791.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFH2CIgaJ07vdXG_8paOP4Jb_qV42LG-XzO9hu5YZTbePnqCW8injXctmGe_2sKoGY9VtugoYvD4yYATrYcZEyH03pBTxp_h4Ex2Nht_0zi3Y1wrKQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0787.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEuHI8ZzSc5023k-TayquvwxeSBcdnIpJC1eiTbmytfS0DNYWsEXz2EONobLI4K8YYxEcGotQTBxuB5Em2mDBI3bMTQaRpJDjkjMCt8i9M5OOBami4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a46de1685efb1/_DSC0790.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHOxLauKwiX9WtXdCzjSUxLoXGmaOdzCYgdvK1SjzM-f1kbuogS5T9ImO5RVKGDZOzbejmZLNX4pZp13RtAhVaoAs_ReQJynSzBnOjR_7OyEbalW30
SK1602 25 Nov 2018 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)- around 600 kb each. 
Location: Victoria Peak, Hong Kong 
Date: 2 November 2018
Elevation: 1300 ft.

This should be Paederia foetida


Thank you ...! Paederia foetida L

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7401db385c659/Paederia%20foetida.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHV8tsj2hKwXMkQwRxoNj0QmEs9dQ21hS6ESfAmDDxN6hITwZ25fkrBYeganxo-PmETRJti5XNmXzWraDpfBLJbc-eGgSdpEv3icU-P3yHvygYa6bo

PAEDERIA FOETIDA : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Paederia foetida (PRASARANI/ GANDHALI/ GANDHA BHADULIA)
You can see leaves, flowers and fruits of the species in this collage.

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af37ccae1e705/DSC_0051%20copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFMdj4MDrOwLzVba0s3rFYWsM4D84HD7NzGCAZnNTXjui6tD-t8P3KzWgZNSc4n4IjehuZfsJhfZ0TneZpQMWPHQLPaoZwfee3gJHuY0shalAPvhGQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af380c3b66dbc/DSC_0047.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGtjH10fvwmDl5oYBUDi2MDal-Y9vKaB3-S1hw-edoEIEPMqKwlM8VPdjl9mvf41UD5O9e5RriUcV0QC8-BmBl4Jhpu0uh98lm28awKD7cw3jNwizk
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af37ccae1e705/DSC_0052%20copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGPBwjBHvWC-Z7pUJd799mhHyPYORGW8jtBy18dxtMaui86ev6pic2skQ-uqj1TYWC_vqRZmzHIweJED0Xr4BWefmf4gs7LVeNXVEL8ghHePba-27Y
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af37ccae1e705/DSC_0050%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG3qO5jMkuXW5i8-MolbxKNPzvICw2kziqDPw-2KJxyWUIhOZhTYgZeX4bsyUsbaG8fT-8Atdlt5yLyMB-c_8EtQK4LwiV9fz5XlEIIfwo78vMfDW4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af3582b242815/DSC_0053%20copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&google_abuse=GOOGLE_ABUSE_EXEMPTION%3DID%3D10a4d638a59f0631:TM%3D1573638511:C%3Dr:IP%3D103.252.164.150-:S%3DAPGng0vz1HTdHfz0qew1D0Zmv5n73K1sVQ;+path%3D/;+domain%3Dgoogle.com;+expires%3DWed,+13-Nov-2019+12:48:31+GMT&vt=ANaJVrGD9bOUN6oy4vJV_7OAeZEoGMhs-IbOS3FO1FMfgWRJPArBgHpE8SL8wjVq9LGom2w1AtOUpLvsuEsB_BegNhbMq8EubtpV3PIWwCDfvkvpaAc6BdI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af3582b242815/DSC_0048%20copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGTnk5qA2zyMLXGgH-gOtKRJG5obI-WLN6zzaMKyFPiBgRZ7KRHleI_eLzeUlIhKRnXIPVx13t4pzSpOVozC8jh6rPKW7WKeQPSBshwGPfVE6Oo-Jw&google_abuse=GOOGLE_ABUSE_EXEMPTION%3DID%3D410f76e1f820edb7:TM%3D1573638510:C%3Dr:IP%3D103.252.164.150-:S%3DAPGng0tgFBNj07TfFoJHi7HEiwDMQK6GNA%3B+path%3D/%3B+domain%3Dgoogle.com%3B+expires%3DWed,+13-Nov-2019+12:48:30+GMT
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/af3582b242815/DSC_0049%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHbjCyETpYT7f2VcH5ocYrTccrx4MVxcW700-VppZQC-qRCJyLhpZDoCE_nfnSvQypfEGpCR6UUmcfk-sRvICmiVovfU8UQIM4jagfhQoStybxTcxA
Paederia foetida L. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)- 1, 2 & 3 mb. 
Location: Chalnakhel, Kathmandu
Date: 06 September 2019
Elevation: 1404 m.
Habit : Wild

Attachments (3)- 2 mb each. 
Attachments (1)- 6 mb. 



References:
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