Ixora



Ixora agasthyamalayana Sivad. & N.Mohanan (Images by E S Santhosh Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/53eea83768177045/ixora%20agasthyamalayana.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHqfpB_ZwB_F9WLkW3scBg4x-Gz8A0DxwaM9Iq92OSWijsknFqr5qgG7ZPnYv-Lw4XnJssvg9B3fxH0EtCnW8uQgbHqjSZ0AOJuiOHDFOEKiAPD7jQ

 
Ixora brachiata Roxb. (As per efi thread: Most important is buds are globose in Ixora brachiata and not so in Ixora pavetta.
Leaf base is attenuate to cuneate or acute, in Ixora brachiata and rounded in Ixora pavetta.
Leaf apex is obtuse to subacute in Ixora brachiata and is acute to apiculate in Ixora pavetta.
Fruits are reddish when ripe in Ixora brachiata and black-coloured when ripe in Ixora pavetta.
Ixora brachiata is endemic to Western Ghats while Ixora pavetta is native to India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh and is also cultivated)

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce8b8816caaf04fa/Ixora%20brachiata%20%5BLokhandi%5D%20flowering%206.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGsGYLVTio1Cgd0QJN5lEH2Ux8g3CI-Tz5Mqrb7KmX0Xzm3--Z1iiVcYH0zt_wt7fXEe_vHdJt3-2i1H5mqqqOPjMkMyhdjMoL9WAvfPL8qwUtCufA
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Ixora casei Hance (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Balkar Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))- The species looks similar to I. coccinia with similar coloured flowers, as long corolla tube and and acute corolla lobes, but can be easily differentiated on the basis of longer narrowly elliptic leaves reaching 20 cm in length, leaves gradually narrowed towards base and with distinct up 4-7 mm long petiole, and narrower much more pointed corolla lobes.  

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b39c2ed337b6dd73/Ixora-casei-Delhi-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEdtmRPGm4DDrC2-ypfkibZ_bKtS-7QNNs81Oagwzwy4JlLWhYwvnZbB5XH60JK-tDIEn9DhOSALAvpsemsm5tRyiQkyKqrvIioZeVWgBan8xZ-brw


Ixora chinensis Lam. (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))-  Ixora chinensis looks similar to I. coccinea in smaller flowers but obtuse (and not acute) corolla lobes and leaves subsessile (and not sessile).

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6c3f76ba4e2e961b/Ixora-chinensis-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE6ryHReRX0ncO6Ik1UzhXZuA2tVMYH4T4kOjVDbQdRtw3xf17AA-dySIF5_Y5XyyHo0ezEfgRYfi-QaQ_189iFBYXSNYZwhNT6ISqKCfCpqCB0Hdk


Ixora coccinea L. (Cultivated & Wild) (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Surajit Koley, Dinesh Valke & Balkar Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))-  The species is widely cultivated and comes in a variety of colours but can be easily recognised by its smaller habit, sessile almost clasping oblong leaves baring reaching 10 cm, and flowers with corolla lobes usually less than 10 mm long. 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d6ab461b8bef09bd/Ixora-coccinea-var-flava-Delhi-3.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFog0CWYLkkqV-PZkMdo-XT3y80IxgpMNeVnkydc0r5KUr3he4ox3SqUmu_YFnm_HugeHM1TMBAZMq7962XID0bkAjSKQte5UXi5y-4Esj67Z0_-wA

 


 

Ixora cuneifolia Roxb. ? (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Id suggestion by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Ixora elongata B.Heyne ex G.Don (Images by Girish Kumar Ellezhuthil (Id by V R Vinayaraj, P S Udayan & N. Sasidharan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Ixora finlaysoniana Wall. ex G.Don (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Ranjini Kamath (Id by Santhosh Kumar & Gurumurthi Hegde) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2842a9bae1477532/Ixora-finlaysiana-DU-nursery-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFB89E5I59IWwdi-Z5HBp4BPdCXwPYqEjc9J5RmSzRL7msqoJUOus8aiJC2sZKP8jtsQddaGimNxIub0JHSkBwPgbg6O6HM_jXo2SbniH3iKLsyJW0


Ixora fulgens Roxb. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))-  A species looking similar to Ixora coccinea but easily differentiated by its larger corolla lobes which are 1.5-2 cm long, leaves elliptic-lanceolate, up to 20 cm long, narrowed towards base and with 3-5 mm long petiole.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32039d82a4ddce83/Ixora-fulgens-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJEdEPwL2bwXvwv2dpknjXL5b91fbPGl9SOFKejho2bRFkg4NmXSzCtQGrtzgvOEocdCAeevPbzpjg9qw4cx2owi9TMwHooAltxJBq8I2-yL3RjvI


Ixora javanica (Blume) DC. (Images by Balkar Singh (Validated by Mahadeswara Swamy) & Mani Nair (Id by L. Rasingam) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bbaca47bdbe02327/ixora.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrERl4_yFHa9yXFhrCMgu9eO1Vp7Omvz2Uz3L8ssTZt1bt7uWhTw8gCEKDLgRZ6QAiQcnlWUrJn1xWSd7BgIGkxdvEWtu7PGIzFdS6kibu13wDlu3C4


Ixora johnsonii Hook.f. (Southern Western Ghats (Kerala) as per India Biodiversity Portal)

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/66e9437a92459/DSC_0017%20copy.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 


Ixora malabarica (Dennst.) Mabb. (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id by E S Santhosh Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Ixora nigricans R.Br. ex Wight & Arn. (Images by Anurag N. Sharma, Dinesh Valke (Id by Giby Kuriakose), P Santhan, Prashant Awale (id by Dinesh Valke & Divakar Mesta) & Rashida Atthar (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Ixora notoniana Wall. ex G.Don (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id by Navendu Page) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b27dbc4c17dc4f41/DSC_0364.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFs-SBhUt3PNNAhY8cY2s4cKW_ojqO4IzeUjIexGfjWZid-ozBa6yJTB-xm3gPSuKbBwMKSxCk6z2UNoc8UBPjbyhSCe7iGOtgz7YeNP_wz5hWNBwg


Ixora pavetta Andr. (Wild & Cultivated) (As per efi thread: Most important is buds are globose in Ixora brachiata and not so in Ixora pavetta.
Leaf base is attenuate to cuneate or acute, in Ixora brachiata and rounded in Ixora pavetta.
Leaf apex is obtuse to subacute in
Ixora brachiata and is acute to apiculate in Ixora pavetta.
Fruits are reddish when ripe in Ixora brachiata and black-coloured when ripe in Ixora pavetta.
Ixora brachiata is endemic to Western Ghats while Ixora pavetta is native to India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh and is also cultivated)

 
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Ixora polyantha Wight (Images by E S Santhosh Kumar, Anurag N Sharma (Id by E S Santhosh Kumar) & Giby Kuriakose (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/40b1f55977eddbeb/Ixora%20polyantha.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEVMcAwJGwXAMG1sF2mgIbURW-LN22IrPcl4xCHOKjQAhLPGcAqeyJ3_J9sYeUOi3gFbf-SbOAAjUntXFN33RniEgffS-8iwdzWnxGeq1wk6p2cAXQ




    

Ixora undulata Roxb. (Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :

  

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Ixora brachiata Roxb. ex DC. Tree Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli  
Ixora coccinea L. Shrub Plains to Low Altitude, Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts Kullai, Sedaram, Sinduram, Vetchi
Ixora cuneifolia Roxb. ex DC. Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore  
Ixora elongata Heyne ex G.Don. Shrub Western Ghats,  Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore  
Ixora finlaysoniana Wall. ex G.Don Shrub Plains, Cultivated, Native of Malaysian   Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Madurai, Tiruchchirappalli  
Ixora johnsoni Hook.f. Undershrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests V. Balasubramaniam, G. Thirumaran & V.S. Rmachandran, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot -   29(2) 2005 Nilgiri  
Ixora leucantha Heyne ex G. Don. Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Tirunelveli  
Ixora malabarica (Dennst.) Mabberley Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli  
Ixora monticola Gamble Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Theni  
Ixora nigricans R.Br. ex Wight & Arn. Tree Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Theni, Tirunelveli Maachagani, Oodappoo
Ixora notoniana Wall.ex G. Don. Tree Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni  
Ixora pavetta Andr. Tree Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts Chulundu, Koraan, Korivi,

 

FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :










Species with description & keys in Flora of Pakistan :

  • Ixora chinensis Lamk.
  • Ixora coccinea L.
  • Ixora fulgens Roxb.
  • Ixora pavetta Andr.
  • Ixora polyantha Wight
  • Ixora undulata Roxb.
  •  

    Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :

  • Ixora chinensis Lam.
  • Ixora undulata Roxb.
  •  

    Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999- Details-
    Ixora acuminata Thwaites is a synonym of Ixora thwaitesii Hook.f.
    Ixora lanceolaria Colebr. (syn. of Ixora malabarica (Dennst.) Mabb.) & 
     
    Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986- p. 151- Brief details-
    Ixora acuminata Thwaites is a synonym of Ixora thwaitesii Hook.f.
    Ixora armeniaca,
    Ixora barbata Roxb. ex Sm.,
    Ixora lutea Hutch. is a synonym of Ixora coccinea var. coccinea ,
    Ixora venusta Bremek.) 
     
    Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007- Details-
     
    An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with Keys
    Ixora notoniana Wall. ex G.Don &
     
     
    A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998- Details with keys- Ixora calycina Thwaites, 
    Ixora jucunda Thwaites,
     
    Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2000- Details with keys
     
     
    Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
    Ixora brachiata Rubiaceae Gorbale
    Ixora chinensis Rubiaceae Chinese Ixora
    Ixora coccinea Rubiaceae Ixora pink
    Ixora coccinea Rubiaceae Ixora red
    Ixora coccinea Rubiaceae Ixora yellow
    Ixora elongata Ixora pedunculataRubiaceae Rosy Ixora
    Ixora nigricans Ixora affinis, Ixora arguta, Pavetta erubescens, Ixora plumeaRubiaceae Black Ixora
    Ixora pavetta Ixora arborea, Ixora parviflora, Ixora decipiensRubiaceae Small Flowered Ixora
    Ixora polyantha Rubiaceae Many-Flowered Ixora

     
    Ixora :  1 post by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ixora

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome


     

    Pl. go through Ixora page (Rubiaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

    If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

    If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.
     
    There is a lot of confusion between these species, including in our database.
    I could not find any difference between the two on net.
    After deeply studying all posts in efi site along with Biotik and Pitchandikulam, I found the following key differences to separate the two based on photographs:
    Most important is buds are globose in Ixora brachiata and not so in Ixora pavetta.
    Leaf base is attenuate to cuneate or acute, in Ixora brachiata and rounded in Ixora pavetta.
    Leaf apex is obtuse to subacute in Ixora brachiata and is acute to apiculate in Ixora pavetta.
    Fruits are reddish when ripe in Ixora brachiata and black-coloured when ripe in Ixora pavetta.
    Ixora brachiata is endemic to Western Ghats while Ixora pavetta is native to India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh and is also cultivated.
    Based on this I am reviewing all the posts in efi site.

    That is correct 
    quote " buds are globose in Ixora brachiata"
    yes, they over look like white matchstcks with those globular buds



     
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