Galium acutum

Galium acutum Edgew., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 61 1846. (Syn: Galium acutum var. acutum ; Galium acutum var. trichanthum Cufod.; Galium asperifolium var. setosum Cufod.);

Pakistan to SC. China as per WCSP ; 

China South-Central; East Himalaya; Nepal; Pakistan; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life;

Common name: Tiny Bedstraw • Hindi: Kura, Kutub • Nepali: च्यांगुया Chyanguya

Much branched perennial herb with procumbent interlaced branches, with glabrous 4-angled stems; leaves usually in whorls of 6, crowded, glabrous, drying black, linear-oblanceolate, 4-7 mm long, tip spinescent; flowers 2-3 mm across, pale yellow to white, in terminal and axillary cymes on 4-8 mm long peduncles; pedicel barely 2 mm; fruit smooth, 1-1.5 mm across.   
 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/979e497ab33cb1e7/092111_3803.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9kXMLp_A4hqYGWRSoaAukGjnC8MUXCM5UOUPm0tB41wHWiaUMZvYQ-oelX11DDJ-dK2Y0yeF1jTsbPcN4nyeNw5nPSjvzuuwEEYlEv69bTxVUV0M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/979e497ab33cb1e7/092111_3798.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRjxe9xcTEutulcEzF36lKcHqnjES96T6F-Ii-JnZuXGnln9hLeWvIaKWAhW-L8soDqq8WjPJVSS_-XqQOadrBpY12-1Cs0ZC_oG1nsVePRZsaTl8
Kalatope id september al280911
:  A tiny flower for i.d.
Location Kalatope, Chamba, Himachal
Altitude 2100 mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild/periphery if fields
Plant Height: 10 inches
Flower 1-2mm

It is Galium ... Perhaps G. acutum
I think it is...
http://www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Tiny%20Bedstraw.html


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7a651e3c844a9aa0/Galium-acutum-Mussoorie-Chakrata%20road%20near%20Baratkhai-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE8VGLGeFAYrkJsG5wP0VWn69VXybpNcZwxjVJw207MKvHEARj7E4o665IuaqN4Lblz7g6AFfKBxdiIel8OxRQ8kElaanGX-iaoDqel4F4NKqX3xBI
 
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Rubiaceae Week: Galium acutum from Mussoorie Chakrata Road near Baratkhai: Galium acutum Edgw., Trans. Linn. Soc. London. 20: 61. 1846. Much branched perennial herb with procumbent interlaced branches, with glabrous 4-angled stems; leaves usually in whorls of 6, crowded, glabrous, drying black, linear-oblanceolate, 4-7 mm long, tip spinescent; flowers 2-3 mm across, pale yellow to white, in terminal and axillary cymes on 4-8 mm long peduncles; pedicel barely 2 mm; fruit smooth, 1-1.5 mm across.
Usually found among shrubs and tall herbs, photographed from Mussoorie Chakrada road from near Baratkhai.
Clear shots of a tough-to-shoot plant. Thanks Sir for providing the identification..
Many thanks for showing the series of Galium.
The genus itself is new for me - all four are tiny flowered plants.
That is the beauty of this group. So many new plants in such a short span... Thanks ... for sharing this wonderful photos.
Galium-acutum-Mussoorie-Chakrata road near Baratkhai-2.jpg is too good.

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Rubiaceae Week: Galium acutum Edgw from Chakrata:
Galium acutum Edgw from Chakrata
Pls validate

 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f94c941b82610023/unid-TQ07-a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGcTfEoFKuXlV6uD6sJMyvi2lyn7fY7oV1efPz0NPT08opGWhYq0r4_LiBGwC0pvMJK7avECqd9iSSAPqT6oCNxPFS48EPxd-6seTv7HdJp8EVmkP4
 
at Dhanaulti, Uttarakhand- approx 2,500 m in early October'10;TQ07-Dhanaulti - efloraofindia | Google Groups

 
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SK1492 09 Oct 2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9) - around 300 kb each.
Location:  Nagarkot
Date: 21 August 2018
Elevation:6500 ft.
Habit : Wild 
Which Galium ??

Galium sp

Pl. check with species available in efi site at 
https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/m---z/r/rubiaceae/gallium

Galium acutum Edgew.
To me appears close to Galium aparine L. as per comparative images at Galium 

Galium acutum much branched, mat-forming
Galium aparine : branched from base

Let us find analyse the two species to get better idea about the two:
Galium aparine L.:
Flora of Pakistan: Annual climbing herb, stem with reflexed hairs or prickles. Leaves 6-8 in a whorl, 5-40 x 4-6 mm, linear, narrowly obovate, oblong, oblanceolate-elliptic, usually narrower below the middle, mucronate or cuspidate, midrib and margin scabridulous, upper surface mostly hispid, sessile or shortly petioled. Inflorescence axillary, 3-flowered; peduncle stout, 1.5-2 cm long. Corolla white; lobes oblong, c. 1 mm long, pedicel straight, enlarged and up to 8 mm in fruit. Fruit 2-5 mm in diam., covered with dense hooked hairs or setae, mericarps sometimes separated and free.
Fl. Per.: March-July.
Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Asia minor, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India
Checklist of Nepal: 2700-3600 m; Europe, W. Asia, N. America, widely naturalised in Asia
Flora of China: Herbs, annual, procumbent or clambering. Stems 30-90 cm high, 4-angled, 1-4 mm in diam., branched from base, retrorsely aculeate along angles, glabrescent to pilose at nodes. Leaves at middle stem region in whorls of 6-10, subsessile; blade drying papery, narrowly oblanceolate to narrowly oblong-oblanceolate, 10-60 × 3-10 mm, usually somewhat pilosulous or hispidulous adaxially, retrorsely aculeolate along midrib abaxially, base acute, margins flat to thinly revolute, retrorsely aculeolate, apex acute and shortly mucronate; vein 1. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, cymes 2- to several flowered; axes glabrous to aculeolate; bracts ± leaflike or none, 1-5 mm; peduncles 1-5 cm; pedicels 1-30 mm, finally elongating and sometimes curved directly under fruit. Ovary subglobose, 0.3-0.5 mm, with uncinate trichomes. Flowers hermaphroditic. Corolla yellowish green or white, rotate, 1.5-2 mm in diam.; lobes 4, triangular to ovate, acute. Mericarps subglobose to kidney-shaped, 2.5-5 mm, with a dense cover of uncinate trichomes 0.4-1.2 mm from swollen base. Fl. Mar-Jul, fr. Apr-Nov.
Forest margins, riversides, meadows, open fields, farmlands; near sea level to 2500 m. Evidently rare in China and possibly only introduced [originally in W Eurasia and the Mediterranean, but today nearly worldwide as an adventive].
Galium acutum Edgew.:
Flora of Pakistan: Prostrate to suberect perennial herb, stem 4-angled, ± glabrous, stem and branches very leafy. Leaves 6 in a whorl, minute, generally 5-8 x 1-3 mm, linear-lanceolate, aristate-acute-mucronate, glabrous, sessile, midrib conspicuous, margin often recurved. Inflorescence solitary axillary very rarely with 2 axillary flowers, peduncle very short, always shorter than flower, enlarged and straight in fruit. Corolla white, lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute, c. 1 mm long. Stamens shorter than corolla-lobes. Fruit glabrous-granulate, c. 2 mm in diameter.
Fl. Per.: August-September
Distribution: Temperate Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, India and Pakistan
Checklist of Nepal: 2000-4100 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), S. Tibet
Flora of China: Herbs, perennial, procumbent, much branched, mat-forming. Stems up to 30 cm, 4(or 6)-angled, glabrous, smooth or sometimes with scattered (very rarely more dense) short and straight hairs. Leaves in whorls of up to 6, sessile; blade drying papery and blackish, linear-oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic-oblanceolate, 2-8.5 × 0.3-1.5 mm, glabrous and smooth, occasionally with straight hairs, base cuneate, margins flat to thinly revolute, very rarely antrorsely aculeolate, apex acute, ± contracted and mucronate; vein 1. Inflorescences with terminal and axillary cymes, 1- to few flowered; peduncles (1.5-)3-8(-10) mm; pedicels (0.1-)0.5-2(-3) mm, glabrous, smooth. Ovary ellipsoid-obovoid, ca. 0.5 mm, didymous, glabrous. Corolla white, pale greenish, or yellowish, rotate, 1.2-3.5 mm in diam., glabrous to puberulent, lobed for 2/3 or more; lobes 4, lanceolate-spatulate, inside (i.e., adaxially) papillose, shortly acuminate. Mericarps ellipsoid, ca. 1 × 0.4-0.6 mm, glabrous, smooth or granular-verruculose, often on elongating pedicels. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
Mountain rocks and slopes; 2000-4100 m. ?Sichuan, Xizang, ?Yunnan [India, Nepal, Pakistan].
After going through all these details, I will go for G. acutum


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Galium acutum Edgew. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location:  Deurali, Dolkha, Nepal
Date: 6 September 2017
Elevation : 7700 ft.

I think close to images at Galium aparine & also as per your other thread at SK62AUG6-2016:ID rather than images at Galium acutum 
I think it will be Galium acutum as per discussions and details at SK1492 09 Oct 2018 


 
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SK835 29 OCT-2017:ID : 9 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location:  Suryavinayak, Bhktapur, Nepal
Date: 7 October 2017
Elevation : 6000 ft.
Galium ... ????

May be.  

Thank you ...! It is Galium but need ID !

Pl. check species in efi site. 

Pl. check images at Galium aparine

I guess it is matching more to Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb.  

Leaves are not three nerved as in Galium elegans (as per images herein) and as per the following:
So pl. check images at Galium aparine
Yes ...
I think it will be Galium acutum as per discussions and details at SK1492 09 Oct 2018 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ea3f4af8b62d/CSC_0248.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEDqZwobTW66nnwBPdo7dG9whmhClbrBiNrhnJnifSbTVbWsKGGTHfxu_STVUHWQwvYHVcUBC1Dgl5Lz4CHRYSZS9KOPfQzv-84UIKd3n7lmx-ObUM
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SK62AUG6-2016:ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Sharing some pictures for identification shot at Kakani, Nepal on 28 July 2016 at 6000 ft.
This looks like some Galium sp...
Galium aparine ???
Thanks, ..., for the tentative Id.
I think it matches with images at Galium aparine

I think it will be Galium acutum as per discussions and details at SK1492 09 Oct 2018 

 
 
ANNOV25 Which Galium sp.? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
trekkking route to Mussoorie
1st November 2014

Galium - species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available) 
Can be Galium aparine.
Thank you ... 

I think it may be Galium acutum as per discussions and details at SK1492 09 Oct 2018 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0175.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGgOtQvZc0EFs4GgQlzayH1tHgH1XvzL5WQxMgaFdWNfW2Jp9IYgObtwYkhKixMFmbSoN3MgRs2fBj4TKTNQP2WYGOTiaeHYmTN4otbcqRJ3CeT5K4
 
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SK1351 05 AUG 2018 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 500 kb each. 
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Altitude : 7000 ft.
Date: 18 July 2018
Habit : Wild   
Which Galium ..??

Species available in efi so far with images: 

Pl. check with species available in efi site at Galium 

Galium hirtiflorum Req. ex DC.
To me appears close to Galium aparine L. as per comparative images at Galium

I think it will be Galium acutum as per discussions and details at SK1492 09 Oct 2018 
 
SK 2832 07 November 2020 : 9 posts by 2 authors. 7 images- 5 to 7 mb each.
Location: Kathmandu Valley
Date:  October 2020 
Elevation: 1500m.
Habitat  : Wild
Galium... ???

I think Galium acutum Edgew. as per comparative images at Galium 



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