Galium


 
Keys from Flora of Bhutan (Distribution, Habitat and flowering period):
1. Stipules of lowest leaves interpetiolar and not leaf-like, of other leaves leaf like but considerably smaller than (1/3-1/3 x) the 2 true leaves of each whorl;
leaves distinctly petiolate .. .. 2
+ Stipules similar to leaves in both shape and size; leaves usually +/- sessile (except G. hoflmeisteri) .. . . .. 3
2. Leaves 10-30 x 5-18mm . . . . .. 1. G. paradoxum (Sikkim: Chunthang, Ningbil; Chumbi: unlocalised. Fir/Juniper forest, on mossy slopes and forest floors by streams, 2400—3800m. June-August; fr. until late September)
+ Leaves 3-7.5 x 1.5-2.5mm . . . .. 2. G. exile (Sikkim: unlocalised. Open grass slopes and under overhanging boulders, 3658-4573m. July-August)
3. Leaves (incl. stipules) on main stems in whorls of 4 . . .. 4
+ Leaves (incl. stipules) on main stems in whorls of (5-)6-8 . . . .. 6
4. Leaves 6-15mm wide  . . .. 4. G. elegans (var. elegans, var. punduanum (Wall.) Cufodontis, var. glabriusculum DC.)
+ Leaves 0.8-4.2mm wide . . . . .. 5
5. Leaves hirsute all over, or at least on margins and midrib; corolla lobes hirsute at apex . . . . ..3. G. hirtiflorum (Sikkim: Kaysing and unlocalised. Among boulders or shrubs often in semishade, 1676-3050m. (Late June-)July—September (fruits until October))
+ Leaves hirsute only on midrib (not on lamina or margins); corolla lobes scabrid  . . . . . ..5. G. pusillosetosum (Bhutan: C - Thimphu district (Dotena). Rhododendron aeruginosum scrub, 2750 — 3660m. Late June—late July)
6. Mericarps with hooked hairs  . . . .. 7
+ Mericarps verruculose or papillose, without hooked hairs . . . . .. 9
7. Stems armed with hooked prickles along angles; leaves in whorls of 6-8 ..... 6. G. aparine var. echinospermum (Wallroth) Cufodontis (syn. of Galium spurium) (Bhutan: C — Ha district (Ha to Damthang), Tongsa district (Shemgang (38)), Bumthang district (Bumthang, Jakar); Sikkim: unlocalised; Chumbi: Tarkapo. Weed of corn-fields, potato-fields and other crops, and in open ground in Fir/Rhododendron forest, 2600-4270m. July-September)
+ Stems unarmed, either completely glabrous or with non-hooked hairs; leaves in whorls of(4-)5 or 6 . . . . . .. 8
8. Leaves sessile or subsessile, c 4 >< as long as broad, relatively small (3.5-16 x 0.8-4.2mm), lamina glabrous but midvein hairy ..... 5. G. pusillosetosum (Bhutan: C - Thimphu district (Dotena). Rhododendron aeruginosum scrub, 2750 — 3660m. Late June—late July)
+ Leaves petiolate, c 2.5-3 x as long as broad, relatively large (6.5-23 x 2.5-10mm), lamina hairy but midvein glabrous . .. 7. G. hoffmeisteri (Bhutan: S - Chukka district (Chukka), C - Thimphu district (Taba and Upper Thimphu Chu), Punakha district (near Punakha) and Tongsa district (near Tongsa); Darjeeling: Budhwari, Sandakphu, Tanglu; Sikkim: Phusum, Jakeyripyak, Meguthang, Rathong Chhu; Chumbi: Redongbong (= Rinchingong?), Yatung. Near streams in shade of oak, birch, mixed cool broadleaved and Spruce forest, and Rhododendron/Fir forest and scrub, 1800-4300m. April—August(-September).)
9. Corolla reddish or purplish . . . . . .. 10
+ Corolla greenish, yellowish or whitish  . . .. 11
10. All cymes 2-4(-6)-flowered; epidermal cells on adaxial leaf surface inconspicuous (not readily visible under x 20 lens) . .. 10. G. rebae (Bhutan: C - Thimphu district (Motithang, Pajoding); Sikkim: Chomnagu, Lachen, Lachung, Rathong Chu, Gangtok; Chumbi: Chumbi. Evergreen oak forest, meadows, gravelly slopes, 2350-3900m. June-August.)                   
+ Most cymes 7-13-flowered (a few 2-5-flowered); epidermal cells on adaxial leaf surface conspicuous (easily seen under x 20 lens) ... 11. G. craticulatum (Bhutan: C - Thimphu district (Chenkaphug). Grassy banks in cleared conifer forest, c 3000m. July.)
11. Plant forming dense mats or carpets; leaves with glabrous margins .... 8. G. acutum (Sikkim: Yakla. 3050m. October)
+ Plant scrambling, straggling or prostrate but not mat-forming; leaves with at least a few prickles on margin . . . . . .. 12
12. Internodes on main stems 0.3-2cm, stems thus appearing densely leafy; mericarps 0.7-1.1mm; cells of adaxial leaf epidermis large (clearly visible
under x 20 lens)  . . . . . ..9. G. megacyttarion (Bhutan: C - Thimphu district (valley above Motithang, Tsalimaphe); Sikkim: Domang; Chumbi: Gumboteen. Track-sides in mixed forest etc., l830—3600m. July-September.)
+ Internodes on main stems 2.5-7cm, stems thus appearing sparsely leafy; mericarps 0.4-0.6mm; cells of adaxial leaf epidermis very small (1 invisible
under x 20 lens)  . . .. 12. G. sikkimense (Bhutan: C — Thimphu, Punakha, Tongsa, Bumthang, Mongar and Tashigang districts; Darjeeling: Darjeeling to Lebong, Batasia, Rungboo, Simkuna, Sureil, Sitong, etc.; Sikkim: Gangtok, Tsomgo; Chumbi: Chubitang to Yatung. Roadside banks and walls, in mixed forest zone where forest has been cleared, 600—3900m. May-September)



Galium acutum Edgew. (China South-Central; East Himalaya; Nepal; Pakistan; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/979e497ab33cb1e7/092111_3803.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9kXMLp_A4hqYGWRSoaAukGjnC8MUXCM5UOUPm0tB41wHWiaUMZvYQ-oelX11DDJ-dK2Y0yeF1jTsbPcN4nyeNw5nPSjvzuuwEEYlEv69bTxVUV0M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/979e497ab33cb1e7/092111_3798.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRjxe9xcTEutulcEzF36lKcHqnjES96T6F-Ii-JnZuXGnln9hLeWvIaKWAhW-L8soDqq8WjPJVSS_-XqQOadrBpY12-1Cs0ZC_oG1nsVePRZsaTl8


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7a651e3c844a9aa0/Galium-acutum-Mussoorie-Chakrata%20road%20near%20Baratkhai-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE8VGLGeFAYrkJsG5wP0VWn69VXybpNcZwxjVJw207MKvHEARj7E4o665IuaqN4Lblz7g6AFfKBxdiIel8OxRQ8kElaanGX-iaoDqel4F4NKqX3xBI
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/7a651e3c844a9aa0/Galium-acutum-Mussoorie-Chakrata%20road%20near%20Baratkhai-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFrD6gs7rAuXaiBZXcWRvWJax5knSs4gLjW5eNpjH7JvF30ER0QPsx7K3zLLNuDfcxn5-8R8B4iLIh8uQ8mxfR4JnZ-ZksLIwZYlKudvCyHEQW9-5Y


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3d32217b82e35491/Galium%20acutum%20Edgw%20(4).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHvLIGor6VGk_6wlSbhu9xNyxbZZn-yiVb0m0iuVefRgxHsXjD0bdJ_1q9OCUmbmivzn6ju4XwuTA2rcv2bvvrZvtaXxZfbGoLQA7Tthn247L8tcCI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3d32217b82e35491/Galium%20acutum%20Edgw%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOdvwDC6ZjRNvz7GEHrBMbUNWDgZX_pcBnzYsRVmJBekLstmC_EmP1IIMEybe3ZXcEnghH-yfpEpEUyk4bDB0AliS3Q4FyFAVFB2Ai-lU6kCf30U8
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3d32217b82e35491/Galium%20acutum%20Edgw%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFei3eHq-iROsqVaPnjp7ltncTeVeSnDKXwx2YK_uXhfk_TDt9dkXnWwgHIA9xdqHt7LMsxI6zHCfHrKdkBGTGpHMjf9FzJh9ehBWNaKyA5E4rQ5RU

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ea3f4af8b62d/CSC_0248.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEDqZwobTW66nnwBPdo7dG9whmhClbrBiNrhnJnifSbTVbWsKGGTHfxu_STVUHWQwvYHVcUBC1Dgl5Lz4CHRYSZS9KOPfQzv-84UIKd3n7lmx-ObUM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ea3f4af8b62d/DSC_0001.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGecAmEm3AWuzoyuiun9s4Bi4_JkVKV0eXkhhIs6QX6C-8FkVjt5FgYlsKPIvi8qCFjiUE5l7MimDxrXaULaaK0UtqkKAb-o-yx2XdNjaJTB1X2NRY
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ea3f4af8b62d/DSC_0003.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEoaoi0lP1PdEFqZs5m4P5been8VFYTkwwbgKlCGWMDh9yBBtOOV_hfSk3F5m589SHyxna6fbYbmcCcpxMq4rOaTTVIPIz9JdXiFEnMUCvQv_GKUA8

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0014.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGa9KuFJu5N_MiNW2jPI6xtoD8JGXiSqT2hS7sqdGNFw6Lf69w0IN9-AGz5ptCLTMsxW8FNv7qNDGBtkjSz9RIQZWo-xh7ktYn32naiaxbha_3tun0
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0020.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrET0MrgJHldxx04wAQHwXmy758-8S-FVw6mNYyX0uAhEnMdf3PNBzM5jYqnKLMaBZHQgRtDbEZSB8fztNwFuUX5rVKdQzpp7uPdut-IE2kEt4xydPk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0015.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHg1BqFv-T-nVfqExZZ7LgTOGIyUlFofn3ut1slUj8Ea6lW6HPCTq7_dpnBYzDyQ7TnA2ARjQiy6cIIs1zcu4wp_k3Y7INxgL4984rtGixdvEyvHyo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0013.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFCPRTUvcLmjyugpGV9VIg5bK8rb5hNojlz94kiHLiuAvFd-40gpEr_8Y5QuDu-fwEM9hMXfXvzHZuk6P5vSl62VJxYQ79NEcyk95syQfwPfWKSIno
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0029.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG1JhHAjCYpHNSmU0iD38rIqXhz2SZF8quO_Rpa6pLeOCAMPPfAfnjxJrhbNQGd6L2i6QxR9VOJ58-VYPvpi1cCqAMlKEfBe6_9vxb5Vr6rgetbSSg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0005.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_YJXWI471aFV7Ca31SmY11HV6xFX1wbzvr7OHx9S_ENs7QqyDpAvPK29B75DSgaEzmJEEMQQITR2q3MMGcoqzLwj5WnkeznxVxKxvj8z9YVVOhxY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0017.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHCtZhaMRpQ0l1VONxcs0FWic3Tg-gRIwnS1nzYl04n_79nR1JtyKomJk2fjO8n0qNeYGWSUWUfy8DmvfoNVkUjE8wX-ItT3BHbW-Pbw8H3E_1ndHQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9df7c861aaf65/DSC_0016.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHExvbqetcWg_xxlYc_q_6Re0XmsDLVno7oBPbs8K1a-OFUvlBUOeAVlBgQ7GCgb1sXM2L_dseCSpxghQORIx6HcIuRr5PLwtahM-LuAqtNkTcMmik

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0414%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFq3k3y1kCZWaLsBPypHBVKzpjIHEYkkYGCIxpe5uabF3u-WdsEPjQZ-yalYcdzuVwkwoB66TI2VIOQ3Nz5Ak5v_t-utwSyJD5d9EDTz69yJEzD878
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0412%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGkObAIRY4gHge9tYvCDPiTNtPl0UyS0efMSq9EIHVlncar2d_KnZXC15v4OXym9LxVnI2ZsH4u7B2TBD0wnrbm6TuwnhTrss4JFy4vPOgSRM7k_z4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0421.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEDjNzLS1BInjIjJnjPxWGyocVkRyTjGqamoMUCSBD5oiN4oT5irHaCJOQmBvGy8rRqwjAWBv3P0lWHlCNTCet3fr5wM2sqMcJe3a4hj-2QGf_htLo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0420%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF24xVhwbTzmtNCE1CjbX9htc8Z_rmouzFfsFL6fQqBqRKIpeWCcMMgjUOFm07rEHDhDHbXzaOdO_miy26woDHN2wrqJSJT99exlJTKHy1d_4gSuLI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0418%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEzhZcfnwpR2D56miJh7enESrSoc8B90StjJrRxs68eyLSyHEqtm6EYvxBTFFG_dM6mVY4rhUCv6KZ6vjSk4707kXiOTGR3B3zVta7tAJwcNBflpoA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/32806fb8ecadd/DSC_0419%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHj2vTCok0PF9S0L1JnwWGTCSRX5misiFP0elQbb_Gd9GJgiVRUb77tkCjaa72jQOtfN1wdOGw1qiiDRl74bcSLgXxqpl56JPK_FbRk60Q0UzZNdqI




https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0175.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGgOtQvZc0EFs4GgQlzayH1tHgH1XvzL5WQxMgaFdWNfW2Jp9IYgObtwYkhKixMFmbSoN3MgRs2fBj4TKTNQP2WYGOTiaeHYmTN4otbcqRJ3CeT5K4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0183.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFmkHUMBK7mTDzyGl8XaAnUZAXpdk0ORBtPpqoSgC2Iz6OQQUehWJ8zpdESzmwhFgqW68OZgH6a0SLBpoM8ye1Ff9iBRuL24JwKtaTnxruQmlXdor0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0181.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEpz5W3eoa8Egg9yfNhoOMXV6qXvO96r5vEilI8zZDTQ3AKfvopuDwn46uQIwdtmcb4q0TO_qcnKmaL8SpTTg4ArCfB1HVKqU93FLywkchGxtsSOKs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0180.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEfFd9Yt6BWvshXatWxI-BYOgZ5PIFfs7syxaDFNxnvCBiBJtiEbtKlzcWGcIkfosc7Rx_M25foPM6Om3M048CDMQ-5q5qb_DnZk4xg9Yrk7E3e4UY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0179.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHMOebaanSMYNK-ZrBJMN-IBmG1aXRWjciFE8-2qkTazT60dz8FQvdijarorRrwT-dozm5GQwApoPnTKqKm_H0RRqkHlH1GlWnhsfBpD_HxoGP8ZCU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0177.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqQVu5hX2gHIZtydjE29rcv38XCb8dH7rN5onCuXWRrHknUGAj0FfgZnVGT9kaTxxNH0SdS4h6k23x9HrsSUpP6PuNEcdp601OrmqbT0NIg6gjqtg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0173.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFlL-8z9hQkuZGwhM-UQIL7QYXMTDo3-982njR3ZYXlYeplM3FrQSgywFcrdyBN17yHgoPhnjEMzhqiQpe2aC8RIIC2yabdq7PTUtQBgUWBXsNUYoI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0172.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH-xw0j7gPbvAqz4V8unenrtB3RurYD_ONI7NmfsgiPm72fcgkojlXUXOWOsNKuR_pcdI5HDcGf9lNF2seMeux8ZEowk9l8lSrDQgsxIB6ks8aNK04
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a84763fde9288/_DSC0170.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFkfVhJ5k7SSCd9MKZoxgiPUmOPzfkVAxQGgsfM4lIPA2Vml1WYX7GBC_vlpT3E0HxXHS9w0BOfPEiAZIUzQgT44oB8Rwgtr-a_Rwiu6H_B2gqVKP4



   
Galium aparine L. (Afghanistan; Alabama; Alaska; Albania; Alberta; Aleutian Is.; Algeria; Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Argentina South; Arizona; Arkansas; Austria; Azores; Baleares; Baltic States; Belarus; Belgium; Bermuda; Bolivia; British Columbia; Bulgaria; Burundi; California; Canary Is.; Cape Verde; Central European Rus; Chatham Is.; Chile Central; Chile North; Chile South; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; Colombia; Colorado; Connecticut; Corse; Crozet Is.; Cyprus; Czechoslovakia; Delaware; Denmark; District of Columbia; Dominican Republic; East Aegean Is.; East European Russia; East Himalaya; Ecuador; Ethiopia; Finland; Florida; France; Froyar; Georgia; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Greenland; Gulf States; Haiti; Hawaii; Hungary; Iceland; Idaho; Illinois; India; Indiana; Iowa; Iran; Iraq; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Juan Fernndez Is.; Kansas; Kentucky; Kirgizstan; Korea; Kriti; Krym; Labrador; Lebanon-Syria; Libya; Louisiana; Madeira; Maine; Manchuria; Manitoba; Maryland; Masachusettes; Mexican Pacific Is.; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Northwest; Michigan; Minnesota; Mississippi; Missouri; Mongolia; Montana; Morocco; Nansei-shoto; Nebraska; Nepal; Netherlands; Nevada; New Brunswick; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New South Wales; New York; New Zealand North; New Zealand South; Newfoundland; Nigeria; North Carolina; North Dakota; North European Russi; Northwest European R; Norway; Nova Scotia; Ogasawara-shoto; Ohio; Oklahoma; Ontario; Oregon; Pakistan; Palestine; Pennsylvania; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Prince Edward I.; Qubec; Rhode I.; Romania; Sardegna; Saskatchewan; Saudi Arabia; Selvagens; Sicilia; South Australia; South Carolina; South Dakota; South European Russi; Spain; Svalbard; Sweden; Switzerland; Tasmania; Tennessee; Texas; Tibet; Tristan da Cunha; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Ukraine; Uruguay; Utah; Vermont; Victoria; Vietnam; Virginia; Washington; West Himalaya; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Yugoslavia; Zare as per Catalogue of Life)


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e2a73213e43c03d0/P1190225.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG9YnUgfBhZSRnQrVvAq15dzJdV6nzw8cksAr8FXcTxrZSntOdZ39uycfIOwP7UqmzE9OEH7wAj8DxHClrc0q-QaWyNwj73rBaAPjR7rmjKKffbkEI
 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/afb731e2e9b39/DSCN6461.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2MikSnk3kBj8HjwVrHlSV-aSQcZAbGIRMxJPKnHLnY6OjItclb3PKtqcIiDgeBlvcQ377MmXnGeFJjMfBMZVGMBjtjSIkMIpEu4sq49XLcnpgy68
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/afb731e2e9b39/DSCN6462.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFGRsyMBgtMUGSRxjvelIBEJghdRf5GAca_Xw9y6FYbWr4D0-IVQEvmmFGdIrL70Xe3Jj-ZTgFv66v_IICGtCcy5xMhJ4wg5h_4rY719eozpPKssqI

    
Galium asperifolium Wall. (Afghanistan; Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; Nepal; Pakistan; Sumatera; Thailand; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life)

Images by Dinesh Valke (Id by Balkar Singh & Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

 
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/nZIbCTsBQUT6wKKx7kzyNDSP1eSxRTP5enhTuiRE3vaC_RTj1zlWG_tzkZBPavlQXx-SdZykwz8xKzFFOAEMesrav91-yfuoDx2y1PK6dV7l=w5000-h5000

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f00a8c5cde61/_MG_3407_10-11July2017.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFOeXKu4Wt-RLbdla3w8MlfgCh9jky0IEBMHNnc6ot3VLlibwGTdgPqnMUBeB_gLiQ-ex7uzy_hA0MkExrE3tiohmn7n0yzFjwVdNmx947EBaCpHwQ
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f00a8c5cde61/_MG_3418_10-11July2017.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHpi4De52ullwF-JLtfgq7ps7ti_pj7zeCYHwrUIimCPxG9uYuMogDXNOq2G-rYGq2TZ_kQDtlpGlcG-SPr58F54JZf-A0m_2hwq6h3Et9mffz92eM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f00a8c5cde61/_MG_3412_10-11July2017.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFq2sZircjZsbjwoFznsJJSHYQXCc9a2XZAuT6Stkjr9gqMbHhOCr5uTLo5Dv2pm0IaecIQzyaRezHc6ehRE8Qvlq0ZSc0WfdHK2o8VSGX1lIlEHSA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8f00a8c5cde61/_MG_3403_10-11July2017.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHBuLE2CkJhqnUYngbVrc8UO5av1ak4MGn7B5xFLsm1ewTGvE4gUFlYWUDCglFylpj-ASHzk4xqdKg5VA0gq64X5wgISA7tTSJEZsOAzzEuGOxrSp4

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/157eaec87104bc49/Galium%20(5).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG4vLuYaCxlw3PZpCunjIr6gbOj9MxO6yIX4WnauGfqKScaM9Mr7bxV17kJ1yr4CDzZp7w-nYJDaXe_lbMxZYqZo1xSOS5u46RUUUP_BurlvZd5OMg
 

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/265a30ddfc7be/_MG_1840_03Sep2016.jpg?part=0.1.1&authuser=0
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/265a30ddfc7be/_MG_1851_03Sep2016.jpg?part=0.1.2&authuser=0
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/265a30ddfc7be/_MG_1855_03Sep2016.jpg?part=0.1.3&authuser=0

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8096c2d3673c545a/Galium%20blinii%20(4).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHOBr6fGoWpobTGNooQ71Hyc6dJWcisnbIASu3L9nvEQUHFT1STl-WhCteCAFLJBs1uTrmgQaRzcOQi1Qj1WVaSkvxPb_FCo6uh7IaaTb8Eqi8iGrk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8096c2d3673c545a/Galium%20blinii%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE5vqVmB57vQPz18eUWLzLxFyiUc3uzIgMHk8SIzCsVK5I-qWvT3K_mZWVqmYt910mJVux5c3p0elpuEDbyc5ZtnnPKRu-UF_5UzGPs85IzvnQIWPk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8096c2d3673c545a/Galium%20blinii%20(6).JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEZq_KYYX5i0l2VZL08I1HpjT9lkuDeD1WNFv9G4jkyLJbePJ96LjPOPPFgV5RmDPF1p7PQOJdaM1BNiDKG_HItQvKKeEEmYf5mNMUwibXRNI4rKQM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8096c2d3673c545a/Galium%20blinii%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgpaAYZKYlM_6WTM_cUMJz0pKNg9tCenYAFV_EpUFC6F-Xj5LtecHMJimFp4wVJsl4rqHANyGouNMU27GU4I_aNNtXTpXfoLTAQl3_7Nye3MlF2TM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8096c2d3673c545a/Galium%20blinii%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGFkh7GO4JMK6plQAFYkAaonCdNdSJGuNjc_OIwaWf4NiaP_-TLK6NZyeWa3CPVXGdm3aK54kZDDZF4mrKjcd7dwIlsvicvIRnmJF1AiGkK34anzF8

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ead32c4b3985967/IMG_2702.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGUdudETasoF-JC_beIIW7z7twdYU_fpGT2P4MOv1i6_9FGZBw_kqcWE3KVzseu_9R3LjQzP8kQxrfJXSZgCZTCUpsIztNQ6OF5Tn5ySlHxuwZysRM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ead32c4b3985967/IMG_2704c.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHf80eSkGE5qzP_iW0t2Iv2Kr8lWKvnEuz6mU7cl60lHm6nSwfa9Jp2QUhrNCkSSURP6Qax5AzBxUxgFiTadRlEN2pO8gncRsgeXWbGl98nhH2_nAs


Galium asperuloides Edgew. (Afghanistan; East Himalaya; India; Nepal; Pakistan; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5b98a986f2c4580d/Galium-asperuloides-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHKmb0Sb7i4BTWrJ40JelIy_51IYuKmH5PGp8lxUFM27hG9rJNNy8LgCITasQJOdqaltmpramZ7GY5T48pTB6rBH4vNZ7ac8c-IDoJoXSC5GQuZkBg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5b98a986f2c4580d/Galium-asperuloides-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHjZsaHQnFXjyLPZuBu82y3r7whK2155_tayU_EHh6eh5SBZJ2p65Tjk6Sm9sGGtLNTl3yulcL63gYfugogKR3wjIA4QENHOady4m3nJsf5q_K-4Ho
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5b98a986f2c4580d/Galium-asperuloides-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEN56aO_c11MwupgLsK7F0ZK17Ci-BkZ86IVxF5czgpsC-iK2dficz3bYo0KqCAaP3FnaOu0M6FnQ9ZM10KisD77cnjGPVzeBttKDDRwXIhTrDXkeo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5b98a986f2c4580d/Galium-asperuloides-Khillenmarg-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFf3Dudnyx03BGNE72ulIn4KAUGGnw3i6KyfdJJtRiKhQkrBxUgDSp94_3dWozAII50wbpYJk-fN-ev1rN04TKWfAmKS2mg3hvZRhbc-pXgSXVyckI


Galium boreale L. (Afghanistan; Alaska; Albania; Alberta; Amur; Arizona; Austria; Baltic States; Belarus; Belgium; British Columbia; Bulgaria; California; Central European Rus; China North-Central; China South-Central; Colorado; Connecticut; Czechoslovakia; Delaware; Denmark; East European Russia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain; Greenland; Hungary; Iceland; Idaho; Illinois; India; Indiana; Inner Mongolia; Iowa; Iran; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Kamchatka; Kentucky; Khabarovsk; Korea; Magadan; Maine; Manchuria; Masachusettes; Michigan; Minnesota; Missouri; Mongolia; Montana; Nebraska; Netherlands; Nevada; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Dakota; North European Russi; Northwest European R; Norway; Ohio; Ontario; Oregon; Pakistan; Pennsylvania; Poland; Primorye; Qinghai; Qubec; Rhode I.; Romania; Saskatchewan; South Dakota; South European Russi; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tennessee; Texas; Tibet; Transcaucasus; Turkey; Ukraine; Utah; Vermont; Virginia; Washington; West Himalaya; West Siberia; West Virginia; Wisconsin; Wyoming; Xinjiang; Yugoslavia; Yukon as per Catalogue of life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b058f705f1169/DSCN6435.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF2Ny0xDSIoHQWZTFvKTe9FGG8uyP0p39yN93rzwlXL41mZoDdd1-RZcG3PgrYzwqfHP8DPW_hAskIvqmw9HNUPLuBPVoq_im0skFZ67BYsyCg4hT4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b058f705f1169/DSCN6451.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsF_fnxOe-trY0ZLlMg0Zg_0-joqOj29oq609red9Qo4JKsP0lYFB8--HnCvqZ_f1Zm5VRBccew1gqaKIdbyJjHm_oyeNCn7f51AF58q525XgK8dw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b058b08a81c31/DSCN6456.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHsgfLwdOKKduzF4oOjTmLiwElhRL6QPWYzYra7amJV9r9lCI1e8KmTstKP22C76glRTz--TbsOHtkjtkm93JPu_QB2zJPiU3xd-YvffjRyc377apw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b058b08a81c31/DSCN6454.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFJUxoHhP4ijgX5vTpJQXLU3TjFLTsYkPz04j5rFZsmmXwHMuyP3IkbEeQ3isW_6-jvA5rCyHIsyxORw6NuKRwDL5uLRk6zvqGxR5DTkllbO9CPq_k


Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb. (Assam; Bangladesh; Borneo; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; East Himalaya; India; Jawa; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Qinghai; Taiwan; Thailand; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/361a60cfa8ba4edc/IMG_2168.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGTnhHaXMHEQ9IeI-dkdio5Y9NFVn6CFVxY5kUHM_DizmCKZr40lJ5X5h1yuamJC5DoRiH1CPr2pvgOmLZ4VG_tjKZPjQnjW-mfz9nR-luGE8VYyuY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/361a60cfa8ba4edc/IMG_2169.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFPP17Wfy48qqbeuNy2FeXPQxlQ9YdwTYUkvuYbiZKMDC4cSLkM-XK2uqHVqIZPr6hnmDeuOFSiVkgWxjdmUMwwYXw4vCTVqh2PX292pePwKvfvNA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/887463ec2b47cc43/IMG_2168-leaf1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGpYmkp0i0GO53smAX91YSUE9tlMShleMb0bJVnVv4m-aArzG6_EzK1szOab2k59c2TB1z1Ali7KuDK2a6ijdpmpwpOF57LkzqMKHs-16hWCjknbBw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/361a60cfa8ba4edc/IMG_2170.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHfdJEUMxMKIgpdR3L9ro3MK5IDTdQ1yERh9xrvC2wfXLi7bab_1uKJCA-tA47jdC7fTkR0Ew13mopvSblXehZBTIZefgWBb1kpiSozbfGCJ6Y4v04
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/887463ec2b47cc43/IMG_2168-leaf2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGTZARcgFpddoucXsaW5-gRfpExQePUBlqjrmKtF9N7zcAEenwqjPor2sQetzw6ffi2vk7rZzb6T63NcFHv53gUtP76kDpAcX1hA-M7xQRztMc1QKQ

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/19121aca5db61/_MG_6433_21June2016.jpg?part=0.1.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHcOCjHSMqkwqSPQ6mSZoVgOaUb-hrxqIPSoGEOSu8nF4y0eDWsmzvh7KkGUiJkUj-Q5bSINgigjcMNACK1_v9ToEthrlHcBefzwukLDxtwzSkRnek
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/19121aca5db61/_MG_5704_12Jun2016.jpg?part=0.1.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFpWPgHReYNWWmKI2C6tq7MT-3rmNY0x7sIBDXvOavtbXamtzALWSEQ4cQ0D4giTVvzc_ESAZKGUhCtm-cJg8U-xHbjQ73o3MyjDMeGNxz7QWH_6ec
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/19121aca5db61/_MG_6464_21June2016.jpg?part=0.1.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2eh9Djpl858X6Sw-VGy8lwcHLHcAK7OJT0cV-PWk-8Jg9RWsqKOsRb_xEGrtM4zeiFkkJsoycR2I5V65Iq7-Psf1_hi-dc1r6qpFM7v6DFSWL8q8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/19121aca5db61/_MG_6451_21June2016.jpg?part=0.1.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFD_Z8bOsxT4vqHXeMBnw7fbeEtv4KHHRdC5Z6j_nnXDVEknuq075xbWYz3BJnt2PY3Qq23oq80vCWU81svdioJHOLOPx1WubMvyOcmjKcT3jAM4k4

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0839%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE17pJXXr6R_4I_IjVkOQmp98uEgenL-SHjqdv0tsIcDOHb-IaOPUflbU7XhOmY-ldQb16HZvmSkTc4kEftfHMntBmOgXxy6kdMwY-zMjP8SJJcQ14
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0845.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH_zxYJHNZomSePhjTV5Vby94fge2d6DdK4u7StHTXOD2NisSfs9xUPkEP5Iox_4fI5OGQeqKxmtugX7tLof7PYAoSRJqbY_8klkK4v0WfZKSF3jdM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0844.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH8SWRFx493AeINqkI38i8xNSZa9bQv0nrG45wdfjCGmZNKFlR-MWFlILUFbwzIXaRJ4UGBLid-oBocWShvWaCJn_42sOYkqmx4yKVAjGVL4FhYkv4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0841.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGatoT54ZSEaPZ3Z4sFcci9eGJYlIJbFHOAKtxTzfZFdYN6aeUaECO8OtHvy1kXGR0IsS7hJ6eX0Q5TUuKVlbE8AWCQdNJifYRavtmM0wRveHlmCNE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0840.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEuU0v6wcm0NR4LaL9BjMmxNKN7GaavUpCFBAyKmqETnEJSAqfwUeT33sb2dphQsB7xEPzaSh0nvEwgEZ7qSW1iTI243h-gVjciu-pUmMKDrna4BtA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0839.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFm_x8zLHQxPxTiUnSoV3NvOIgHwaJ7hYn87rYP-LWB2UQM6Ioq6eoEQMFP3KKHZ7njHlSBsk304Ru51UunXt3YJfiOOXVQl_GygNrXfhF8QA_KIv8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0839%20-%20Copy%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGGw-jPSJ91KvNIcsbOoMJ_a0knmXNDJArjmFmOzbOzjI9rOeSV5SH8POSWcfkyIM6JIhC7AVY71CO3dU3vGFWfM31f_36FOT4b08K5FZdJPFVHDxU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3dc025526d867/_DSC0837.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFh3YfMP6zr6AG-H73DyIYPRtshPe38OH2XfLFZhgnTj_QmNVdjMQNnhnjMQDTIuy7Ipp8ar_hHCcJSHoxV_iuGAluwWEYQQgS1i862f-XHBAEdFic


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0936.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH-2oyhCFoFrkR2w-AFaF0ffIIRL6K1Ga50B_YPAf3k5Y4pGItlmI34tdbnYmQdPUCD4jRuSlZjqBeqTlhqhf-SdPE0esJ5g53Tyj2W_7f0Z8f1-oI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0935.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHat0aieF9SsBgJLjt-RFhL51EWXL-QI3DbXVlZFiXfFxRR4wefv0sBe9F6TRp383tX2lHChGYj6zcOzHD0HUo2CfeYS7ey7vlOa8RtfcOsNU0mLsU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC1010.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGK2f9DZ4DpyImUQaxQ89wYGXHNxU-gF0cFIeWnN0P1LXm7Rmo3wOMgk_8kV3nC0Q1qNKqr0WTPXDQFmUCqAdN5XeT6MsF_rIuzsXLZcrNbFBrwxWE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0927.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGRwJA5fEu344xMoEAdIZ_KWnl3cYjK6k_iQ6u8WYpzuQMWqrG-HSUM9iBcwkGVfHoJn3QXNdRHP2SSLxvIYPCRFavc7D9SET6rmjdUHDdDbiG5MNc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0929.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJwg2rwApTBSMl7RClU0JX8jzwkBQkJGhLq7rGIv6MT4KoDG_NoxXcwJZNpLf4jGZmLNk_jdeuqfheICZc56Tmna3ALltPLlz4rKu9tZ3sXiYX3P4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0930.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFQ5rLELcpEgTCs-mqSalgJyk8uKi-AVQqjy5ofBz0327lp8P4HLx2wH4AuC_xBEvkTtpR19OMzymzBweanRS2QgRW6UMyzaThaWGPF_rniKIV4HTM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0934.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGeKp7MPnsueL3GfR3Qm6Mf7I-H9LqhWKzOsBqpk_wm8KE06O540UdzHKhA9dwlBNEUhO7lOBPDDEH3RdJ_Qtly7cRbarVQfEZ_VE9C9JVsa0w9VMg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8b7973bdb0213/_DSC0931.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFggqeq8dfSL6ctB5ZUkMiWjsfp4fHEqjlHzvpmCt1TOcm5G0NDK5_Vf8_h5TRV5mbxPKAGl8uh5UNpWMfVkTeN4MPMD7LbrzRaYoiwEuC3pgvNBk0


Galium ghilanicum Stapf (Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Kirgizstan; Lebanon-Syria; Nepal; Pakistan; Tadzhikistan; Transcaucasus; Turkey; West Himalaya; Xinjiang as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8104a2da2c458/Galium%20ghilanicum-KU%20campus-IMG_6247-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFdYWgex8iOK5XHuTpgI8BkbHnnB-j6Onq4bRFqnSSQ-79IIFjlncOTDtwP_Y5KIYT_7dYnWh5lnYwuEQVnPdt61n_WilR9UN36Z1Dz2uNp0WNPw1Y


Galium hirtiflorum Req. ex DC. (East Himalaya; Nepal; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life)

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0322.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEf7SePLBSXLR1WRO4p---hix6k38ky21m1G3I1dPX73sNIgzrfBCaPt9Nze2ZHvCR1tX8bZbbub4UmsnfvODEXP4rseItSGKgM5ubhqT7XnWFvS3s
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0318.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH5cKtFqIRSpboXekyTCWxOQywu6cJJjniOCsr8Koq-_T46og8u2lcSHt_i2TKqrFSaWwguy-UVoff9STVhOAWdzO2jZDBJfSwx7giK0ZpD4CqzBKM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0317.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG06JOWd7bmlpMr5C1x45p2gYhmSWvSWaS65G790or7myJTuucYtegJnczvaT8U-LwuBfqIRPhhd860b3WXqkqjZ33C475opNCQKAC-UA5g2fk6mq8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0315.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHpTTNSFHx-fqAa6xurztjdpJcuaSJPYyWn3cCZaaBhZ421wuPyrCt50LZPM80EzvuXLbLYUWU8lsip-0OLcmCZiUIrFt04Gyh31Rk6YLSK6d6X7ko
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0314.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE2NVQNutdUmg9mlaexk9-L35v2ZUtVEV6H9SodfCacZQyRNhF3VRsKkOJjiNkISoHviZZK3Ddt49nqIs99Cg4Zhu0V3Pmuii9Ixu08Olght0QOIUk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/495fe8443fe87/_DSC0311.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGyZttco7OdDgr5UHqe_hwg5PI3ENxWthHUFZuYDmQsvQtsVNZH4CXhO81P-xmShLJepaZooADw4cA7ixaPd6Aqxm0tN23NNqsu8oOTrczyVyOq2sg


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0399%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGV1zsSHynW6VxE0A8cEnfcZJMIJ7PRSkhN6TJpfS_w0UvwJ3kqcX3rGJ92bVWmzJ14jRpW7C-kPe1E7xTi5wio4YgUymsSeQ1p_X-rs8CUDJm968Y
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0404.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFCCsone0x69zqTENzSp2Q_ZrBCVp1qxrUSeQyN8nJJmd8YmpZMOlNu7PcogKqSAJgWkPZeZbnIuNKS1kK87JMx26s-NzfzF-Xz4uSExdwcO2IDdu8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0405.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEhPL0hV7VY4uZKclv_N9H29CiSYXlQitRViwVON_5ZA8ikaIY1SoJbOk1MN2IaZoeQyEAK0Jy7kHdjm0_6YT2mQVMt8mhYZl_yYsR_cuRpsm_omnU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0402.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGfFR5meJYmcHV3Yf4CYxACGlpg_7DfBIo72oAFYJEenOAcv8lpK4JJy0o6XrbRCN5jsjHoDuxHCuN2Bse5KzSn2LuCJ0CnbdZwYo9QCqhxIF85KeA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0397.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGq8VD_GXCymFBhmQM1UYbkhUAPI7gqRONINiJx6rMP7gXZ4I9JJ2mvCpTm1WKv1jmmBJ7odKN-NW7h4b-omqTVFmmRDjeMldV5Gej4ALmsZfmewoM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0398.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFwqvylGVjL3yi6KBXqSREAfZFiKtDFDLr3Vb4Bsno22Li2JZhrHpLuTSQT5Tm9SQFf11yAI1EG94mi7IdN3xQ7D1BcKGmMMBaPpQLPTzTpDhd5InE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0400%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHhaLZlfa-mWbrufzD3UjOUWOn-bleAQQuEmSQQGm-MCVNQ54h9oVPEBiju8csedrSUm0RT1Rcd3cdPRGPZBSdRDJEOefiSF06uxYzzkgHp9VMp0Ys
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d5337f22fd08b/_DSC0401%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3waOosnVxFTPeWUtkekug6spNqt_R5NwyLT8MKlaRgXxvVpX73sHX8rY7b9HgIyhC14Ssl8xPKU2DxbcMVcYgQLZN-SbJOxqslcqL8LjtbiXMihk


Galium hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) Ehrend. & Schönb.-Tem. ex R.R.Mill (Afghanistan; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; East Himalaya; India; Korea; Manchuria; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Tibet; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of Life)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/22eab412c2c92ac8/DSCN0839.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGZ3uAv401y9I8DYN2HBWHUgBkly0hGEYF5zXSveJmWfyoP3oqF1UJSPKJGsxjXSF-GJWczQfY1MapIrRWwZZ6zvRNvrs2ykcd2JMWesKnjgoHzjvs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/22eab412c2c92ac8/DSCN0840.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHH37sD1AIvaQpy9uhTdl6tMf6hP3AUXoUxxMWX2g4iPSMTrvGHryRUkYr28y5O8CphvtaWFkIlt_iz0wwEjdg8F62WUTuwbkwW4BuWPC7Zp5XW25w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/22eab412c2c92ac8/DSCN0841.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGUjCnxEocLO1AUT83ww5MnSFnKgOu7aquqTaThnqVAeR64up_ftAwxEDLf9bX2xZHNETp674lrtbSIrcr4AZZEYhav_ZDnVs6trj1BXNws-pusRsk


 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6e14b961b54e5/_MG_1709_15May2016.jpg?part=0.1.1&authuser=0
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6e14b961b54e5/_MG_1745_15May2016.jpg?part=0.1.2&authuser=0
https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0?ui=2&ik=daa51ef83f&attid=0.1.1&permmsgid=msg-f:1536191251449240023&th=1551a5cdd9b1d9d7&view=fimg&sz=s0-l75-ft&attbid=ANGjdJ-fkVVR907dBNRzr-gyVigkRyswfhhOgAcGB22Ir2DazPtT25MiORgXMo7te3MSopep-hh6q5quS_vby-LhCCnTYCrVBW4vSN8UFJ2HMCUdi7tyhQOTzY0p73s&disp=emb

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3ac7f5f7d5be2/_MG_1559_04June2018.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d922d4bd8f0f4/DSC_0285.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHYwxoBU6mUUKKR34mUrZ7VSzI0e6YVx_vEl1IbNloc-FqQ0TdQGew8YCEAXN7wnpHQ740VvjVcpEy1ag-l1lkoKTuHz3kZWA2UX5OMU-knmrwa1qI
 


Galium spurium subsp. ibicinum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Ehrend. (Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Pakistan; Tadzhikistan; Turkey; Turkmenistan as per Catalogue of life)

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1655b4134cb11375/Galium-ibicinum-Tikkar%20tal%20lake%20Morni-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE4eVfdhOjfZs1aafBa0IvzPnXZ3qI_9Iov7s63Wf9gCkU2Jh6XTZg9Bib9ad2N-ctNM2H-4W2glJI4jBs-Yeun4k4KFPjQIFwPukNLlhdfyhTd5uU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1655b4134cb11375/Galium-ibicinum-Tikkar%20tal%20lake%20Morni-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEzQvsUJ6zN7aK9iGcoHEGs30r0Rhjc7KMpg5hjDS4MZjytv0l3RLdzGr7F21IpVM--Lslp4mWrQypVXquohm41yB5tCDJXe9jOs0040nKXql8KWpA

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/be87587664ac3c9f/Galium%20aparine%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgcMBuTsnyy_9qzV0_h8OMSacxhWzNFeZGqihILyp2Q2HBQk1Oyfm9mo0PT_86GhAqSs24HctDQ42evgofivpcXm3OkFocYrtQaPgImId0yAZAdq4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/be87587664ac3c9f/Galium%20aparine%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGV-_PxmXxoBtIROXtkvvsBBb5UzVxIfr0ecw3m-tAZL6sukFqt5NgGOmS_SzJJClb8AvlciqOcYwCTz9yLZLOGa6zvLAdu_dRgIl-4-Fh6R1rpns8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/be87587664ac3c9f/Galium%20aparine%20(1).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHZs7BXsqm5mB9YVCWwxVjdPVF5OVBRuVQ3iMfE9DdKl0AZIQXam_c-5aHiRhb7DPPzPRxLZ9aA4acEBiWS4vlrQJIiQHbM1M7xmXPF7ElHV36bWtw


Galium spurium subsp. spurium (Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Africa as per WCSP)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/39ae8465b59da/_MG_0456_22March2015.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3accf4865f9f6/_60I0575_03April2020.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c1eca8e360a53b3b/spergula%20fallax1.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEirNLv3Bbf_WI1NiXF-QWdMrvBdveeEiHO0Rtk7PQASk2kyuLHWhlx8wpuMPxm_-wDyUVvr2K0nXQcxSD-jYWIK0zQ9FLI9GqrNAB5XIgpswKHHC0
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/556cb14d893bc/IMG_3031.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHDc4EB-z9liUW9zUppNoHH_MBSc3yh8DamOz8cKCul_wwff-GnfiQrPDkQ-0L3s_rN-tCxzNmbX6W5rQlu5XuZpFHneNFKF52JJtbneZN86q0jWog
 


Galium tricornutum Dandy (Afghanistan; Albania; Argentina Northeast; Austria; Baleares; Belgium; Brazil Northeast; Bulgaria; California; Canary Is.; Central European Rus; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; Corse; Cyprus; Czechoslovakia; East Aegean Is.; Egypt; France; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Gulf States; Hungary; India; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Kirgizstan; Kriti; Krym; Lebanon-Syria; Libya; Madeira; Mauritius; Netherlands; New South Wales; North Caucasus; Norway; Oklahoma; Pakistan; Palestine; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Runion; Sardegna; Sicilia; Sinai; South Australia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tibet; Transcaucasus; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Victoria; West Himalaya; Western Australia; Xinjiang; Yugoslavia as per Catalogue of life)


https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8017d10826f4e40b/Galium-tricornutum-Balgarden-IMG_6137-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Galium verum subsp. verum (Albania; Algeria; Altay; Austria; Baltic States; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; California; Central European Rus; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; East Aegean Is.; East European Russia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Greenland; Hungary; Iceland; Inner Mongolia; Iran; Iraq; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Kamchatka; Kazakhstan; Kirgizstan; Krym; Lebanon-Syria; Manchuria; Missouri; Mongolia; Morocco; Netherlands; New York; New Zealand North; New Zealand South; North European Russi; Northwest European R; Norway; Pakistan; Palestine; Poland; Portugal; Qinghai; Romania; Sardegna; Sicilia; South European Russi; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Tasmania; Transcaucasus; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Virginia; West Himalaya; West Siberia; Xinjiang; Yugoslavia as per Catalogue of life)
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/40b947696fdb0846/Galium-verum-above%20Cheshmashahi-DSC05101-Kashmir-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQ_xUpaHIoqDmRg3Yy137R1e1LiM0jf3yA-sB6Lnsq1bab-Wfygs2xefx32S5AbJydhtNSgjmZAlaYnRHpUR-t2beo7DcqaXmWXle6Rg2h606FIC8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/40b947696fdb0846/Galium-verum-above%20Cheshmashahi-DSC05114-Kashmir-3.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFQ3DilTQSX-t9jHYrBE643znUflGzqW-jlwD1mfv4rhIKP9_QOZBKXn59JlXsXLDvRJUjElvkIuUS5-JbzGL4cZwN0YzyBAwBcFJDT-z8IXbo2djY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/40b947696fdb0846/Galium-verum-above%20Cheshmashahi-DSC05116-Kashmir-2.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9OctotasKmNXpHJhgmCh-ZtzJhgCxf26M-QT_XDDnCf0Fp3FrLH2Lj7S9XbeTZT4Ykbz0pqTj65ymQ7siV44ovLJC-pjCH7VbUEnnPDjf9yY-GFw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/40b947696fdb0846/Galium-verum-above%20Cheshmashahi-IMG_7847-Kashmir-4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEskexnPQs9KPmUj8sSaRROvSMMfyqN3q9vNSd0gFqAGgebW4I16G_3NYJmOoe0Z5SP1JceVVTu-L17Bd7NnI6x88XdCDfjOJcqKQXOZSuVCFCZppU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9d07d73d64c4ba3d/UNID-4%20(2).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEowncUbQFLBDE4mjccuLi-RIshRRBfDgAAS8xZwB7SNJf9SlPU5rvQjubE6-SEGhFHSDUXwIhJG1ntJF4KTsnzlvvuK91J9rMcGbSBoxWfvUWDZU8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9d07d73d64c4ba3d/UNID-4%20(1).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFrYFLjwFtI9ddLrs-NynRQhwwwhfjeOCvRVsTn2z9YMtmnuPdE1W_o0F42zR9ZX37tmGPn6jhINYkq8tMe_KZPLJfHn_XxVXaWH16LDHV-vgz1wOo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9d07d73d64c4ba3d/UNID-4.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHKtt1bbNSnr8QpGFBZR3fIHfcof_XsnRyP4ZuLEEbVP0GB0tWY235OZUaYLC1fInnsK_9B3Q27KqzQLES8zySXRGTtKeqDzzCahfALBVNWvZrXcJk
 


 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Galium asperifolium Wall. Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem
Galium rotundifolium L.  Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul,  Nilgiri, Tirunelveli

 

 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Galium acutum Rubiaceae Tiny Bedstraw
Galium aparine Galium uncinatum, Galium pseudoaparine, Aparine vulgaris Rubiaceae Goose Grass
Galium asperifolium Rubiaceae Rough-Leaved Clivers
Galium asperuloides Asperula consanguinea Rubiaceae Rough Goose Grass
Galium elegans Galium hamiltonii, Galium vestitum, Galium requienianum Rubiaceae Elegant Goose Grass
Galium spurium subsp. ibicinum Galium ibicinum, Galium linczevskyi Rubiaceae West-Asian Galium
Galium tricornutum Galium tricorne var. microcarpum, Galium tricorne var. laeve Rubiaceae Corn Cleavers
Galium verum Rubia vera Rubiaceae Yellow Bedstraw

 
Galium acutum Edgew. (Temperate Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, India and Pakistan)
Galium aparine L. (Europe, North Africa, Asia minor, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India)
Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium (Himalayas, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan and China)
Galium asperuloides var. asperuloides (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Himalayas and China)
Galium boreale L. (Europe, Asia minor, Caucasus, Siberia, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, India, Kashmir, Korea, China, Japan and North America) 
Galium ceratophylloides Hook. f. (Kashmir and Punjab (Murree hills))
Galium elegans Wall. in Roxb. (India, Pakistan, Himalayas, China-Yunnan)
Galium hirtiflorum Requien ex DC. (Temperate Himalayas, Pakistan, Kashmir to Nepal)
Galium pauciflorum Bunge (N. China, W. Tibet, Kashmir and northern areas of Pakistan)
Galium serpylloides Royle ex Hook. f. (Western Himalayas and Kashmir)
Galium setaceum Lamk. (Mediterranean region, Asia minor, India, Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan)
Galium tenuissimum M. Bieb. (W. Asia from Syria and Caucasus to Greece, Kashmir and Pakistan)
Galium tricornutum subsp. tricornutum (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Western Asia, Caucasia, N. Africa and Central & South Europe)
Galium verum L. (Eurasia, N. Africa, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan)
   
Galium acutum Edgew. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), S. Tibet)
Galium aparine var. aparine L. (Europe, W. Asia, N. America, widely naturalised in Asia)
Galium aparine var. echinospermum L. (Africa, Temperate Eurasia; widely naturalized) 
Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium Wall. (Afghanistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Sikkim), India, Thailand)
Galium asperifolium var. sikkimense Wall. (Himalaya (Punjab to Bhutan), India, Ceylon, Burma, W. & C. China)
Galium asperuloides subsp. asperuloides Edgew. (Afghanistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Galium elegans forma elegans Wall. ex Roxb. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, N. Burma, Thailand, W. China, Taiwan)
Galium elegans forma vestitum (D. Don) H. Hara (Himalaya (Garhwal to Bhutan), India, Burma, Thailand)
Galium elegans var. glabriusculum Requien ex DC. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Sikkim), China) 
Galium exile Hook. f. (Himalaya (Kumaun to Sikkim), W. & N. China)
Galium hirtiflorum Req. ex DC. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Sikkim))
Galium nepalense Ehrend. & Schonb.-Tem. (No distribution given)
Galium paradoxum Maxim. (Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), China, E. Siberia, Korea, Japan)
Galium pusillosetosum H. Hara (E.Himalaya (Nepal, Bhutan))
Galium serpylloides Royle ex Hook. f. (Himalaya (Lahul, Kunawar, W. Nepal))
 
Galium acutum var. acutum [India, Nepal, Pakistan]
Galium aparine Linnaeus [originally in W Eurasia and the Mediterranean, but today nearly worldwide as an adventive]
Galium asperifolium var. asperifolium  [Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand].
Galium asperuloides Edgeworth  [Afghanistan, India, Kashmir, Pakistan]
Galium boreale var. angustifolium (Freyn) Cufodontis [Japan, Kashmir, Russia; NE Europe].
Galium boreale var. boreale [India, Korea, Pakistan, Russia; Europe, North America]
Galium boreale var. kamtschaticum (Maximowicz) Nakai  [Kashmir, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; C Asia ("Turkestan"), NE Europe].
Galium elegans var. elegans [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand].
Galium hoffmeisteri (Klotzsch) Ehrendorfer & Schön­beck-Temesy ex R. R. Mill [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, ?Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan].
Galium innocuum Miquel [India, Indochina, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), New Guinea].
Galium megacyttarion R. R. Mill [Bhutan, India, Nepal].
Galium paradoxum subsp. paradoxum [Bhutan, Korea, Russia].
Galium rebae R. R. Mill [Bhutan, India (Sikkim), Nepal].
Galium spurium Linnaeus [Africa, Eurasia, and the Mediterranean; today sporadically adventive worldwide].
Galium tricornutum Dandy [India, Pakistan; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe, North America].
Galium verum var. verum [India, Japan, Korea, Pakistan; SW Asia, Europe; adventive in North America and elsewhere].
 
The Flora of British India, Volume 3 By Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (1882)- Details-
Galium vestitum D.Don is a synonym of Galium elegans Wall. ex Roxb.
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
 
Wild Edible Vegetables of Lesser Himalayas By Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Munir Hussain Shah and Mir Ajab Khan- Details-
 
 
Galium (‎Rubiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Galium (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
 
Galium‎ ‎(‎Rubiaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 2 posts by 1 author.

Pl. go throughGalium ‎(‎Rubiaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.