Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides


¿ chas-sah-LEE-ah ? -- named in honour of D. Chasal (de Chazal) of Mauritius ... Verba nominalia
kurv-ih-FLOR-a -- curved flower ... Dave's Botanary
oh-fee-oh-zy-LOY-deez -- resembles features of Ophioxylon spp. -- ophis (snake), xylon (wood) ... Google search


commonly known as: curved flower chassaliaKannada: ಕಾಡು ಗರುಡಪಾತಾಳ kaadu garudapatala, ನಿರ್ವಿಷಿ nirvishiMalayalam: യമരി yamari, വെള്ളക്കുറിഞ്ഞി vellakurinji, കാട്ടു വെള്ളഅമൽപ്പൊരി kattu vellaamalppori, നീല അമൽപ്പൊരി nila amalpporiTulu: ಕಾಟ್ಟು ಪಾತಾಳಗರುಡೆ kaattu patalagarude

Native to: s & s-w China, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indochina, Malesia

As per efi thread : Sarpagandha and Chasalia comes under the same family Rubiaceae. The inflorescence looks alike when in flower (except the size; flowers are smaller and straight in Sarpagandha). Sarpagandha plants are always smaller than Chasalia. Fruiting inflorescence of Sarpagandha is red whereas in Chasalia it is white.   



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Rubiaceae Week :: Psychotria nigra at Coorg: Psychotria nigra (Gaertn.) Alston
...................
Mar 30, 2011 ... at Abbi Falls, Coorg, Karnataka
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more views: Mar 30, 2011 ... at Abbi Falls, Coorg, Karnataka

Nice set of pictures!
But, I do not think this is Psychotria rather it looks like Chasalia curviflora to me.
The longer corolla tube, the bluish/purplish tinge of buds leaf texture (kind of feeling) and venation made me to think in this regard.
Psychotria nigra is a different plant

Do you have picture of open flowers?
Or would you please send/share a picture of close up of inflorescence in which the sepals are clearly seen (you may crop the picture 5594301684_14a2af04aa.jpg). Further, could you see any (brown) hairs in between the buds?
Was it a woody or non woody shrub?
It would be hard to come to a conclusion unless we have pictures of open flowers the bluish tinge of the buds suggests that this may not be Psychotria and membranous leaves are not a character for Psychotria
Many many thanks for validating this ID, ...
I am convinced with Chasalia curviflora.
Earlier had put this plant for ID at efi thread
Incomplete set of plant aspects must have led ... to suggest Psychotria nigra ... he was clear about a feature not seen in the picture : The flowers are not open to show the characteristic reddish brown hairs.
Attaching a cropped version of 5594301684_14a2af04aa.jpg for your perusal.
(The file name of the original-sized image is however different).
Undoubtedly, C.curviflora.
There would be brown/reddish brown hairs in between flower buds in case of P. nigra and for whatever species that come close to P.nigra as per key provided by Gamble. Inside the flower (for any Psychotria species) you could see only white hairs
Thank you very very much ... for this ID.
FOI has further taken it as Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides as per link:
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Curved%20Flower%20Snake%20Chassalia.html   
This is definitely not Psychotria nigra. It is Chassalia curviflora var ophioxyloides as mentioned in FOI

DV :: 30MAR11 - 1228 :: near Abbi Falls: A shrub standing about 1.5 m tall (not sure if it grows to become a tree) on slopes of evergreen forest.
Date/Time : March 30, 2011 at 12.28pm IST
Location Place : near Abbi Falls, Coorg, Karnataka ... 12.458508, 75.718272 on
Google maps <http://goo.gl/maps/lDnI>
Altitude : 3413 ft (above mean sea level)
- This would be Psychotria nigra (Gaeartn.) Alst. syn P. thwaitesii Hook. The flowers are not open to show the characteristic reddish browwn hairs but you can see them at the base. Other features also tally.
Chasalia curviflora in view of discussions in another thread

FOI has further taken it as Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides as per link:


 
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Identify the sp please..Attachments (2). 6 posts by 3 authors. 
Shruby plant for ID. located by one of my friends in Karnataka in Udupi.  
Looks to be any Rauvolfia sp.
Thanks for reply. 
But going thoroughly It may be the 'Chassalia curviflora' an undershrub, mostly found in western ghats.
Quite confusing with Rauvolfia sp. But all the characters differs. 
So all of you, pl make your judgements and with your observations confirm the same.   
efi pages are at Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides 
As per Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007- Chassalia ophioxyloides (Wall.) Craib), 'Chassalia curviflora' is restyricted only to Malay peninsula & Siam., we should take it as Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides, if Id is correct.   

  
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Chasalia curviflora_19-02-12_GK_01: (15 images). Chasalia curviflora of Rubiaceae family.
The first set (up to GIB 4847) are from a shaded place and the rest (the last 4 pictures) are from open area.
Most beautiful shots / closeups. A new introduction. Thanks ... for sharing the photographs.
Very nice, ...  pic 4852 somehow reminds me of Sarpagandha, I wonder why?
Sarpagandha and Chasalia comes under the same family Rubiaceae. The inflorescence looks alike when in flower (except the size; flowers are smaller and straight in Sarpagandha). Sarpagandha plants are always smaller than Chasalia. Fruiting inflorescence of Sarpagandha is red whereas in Chasalia it is white.
I can understand ... thoughts. Very true. ... has replied positively ..Good thoughtful interaction.


 
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Chassalia curviflora : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Chassalia curviflora
Goa. July 2013.
Nice photograh ... Do have photograph of habitat and complete plant...
Nice photographs. The plant belongs to family Rubiaceae.


Please help for identification
... could it be species of Chassalia ?
Yes, it may be Chassalia curviflora.
 
Fwd: [efloraofindia:175591] Please help for identification BT 1 :  Attachments (1).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Please help for identification
... could it be species of Chassalia ?
Yes, it may be Chassalia curviflora.
Please look at revision of Chassalia published by D, B, Deb long back in JETB
 
 
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Chassalia curviflora (Wall.) Thwaites SN Sep25, : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Chassalia curviflora (Wall.) Thwaites (= Chassalia ophioxyloides (Wall.) Craib),
Rubiaceous shrub from Hebri (Udupi dt) area of Karnataka
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f08dea344a0a2539/DSC_0789.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHHYB47U6e3GCKSUuO1qJthBinjUlYBiIEtMaw1EOuvPH5if6PR2UeJvq692S_90VYrV9CHX_hVunDq8lxbLiZSxAQ_CPqipbvFRRwPNaOF069oA_4
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ANDEC79 Chassalia curviflora : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (9) 
Agumbe, Karnataka
26th December 2014

 
 
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Agumbe :: Chassalia curviflora :: DVJAN64 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 4 images. 
Agumbe ... Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 26 DEC 2014 ... Altitude: about 700 m asl
Chassalia curviflora (Wall.) Thwaites ... (family: Rubiaceae)
I think Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Pl. see details inside).
I agree with you about the identification of the plant uploaded
Thank you very much ... for pointing to correct ID. Will correct my notes in flickr soon.
Thank you very much ... for validating the ID,


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/974573af97bba13e/DSC_0102.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGHJhO8r8H3ziK0U32l4E2hUmYmFgt_Ib0P0p_Px-vZkSb8mRJr6M7oCF2OCoQwvDy2om1g-EF12iPmyQ61UFiDdAzPLHRdPso7qbXW8YkkB_V6sp8
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/974573af97bba13e/DSC_0104.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEAr_9Sb8Cz4zQlPeuPWozmsi76nVFXhoqd4HjWjuc7dFcej7O6ebh-ff4YHtkoF51Hu97cuQ41Cc6E3n2Y9sPr4NH5IS2wM94CJtlItsiF4fEMbhE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/974573af97bba13e/DSC_0075.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGaW36Pt6SSq28pa_RjrU1ucKBN5Ck3yIQT1RSU1Gjl59ycEEBmidiI52uqjpw5Gu3KLyQ26KvvPeNXJQfHRZQrLVOed94Uq55zZjG0K5o7Ypm872Q
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/974573af97bba13e/DSC_0108.JPG?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJfuvtxYma1GLkyksrpNbdioMGQJUrB1daDeJugn6jMCkn000srRxBzPYysCNPiTBQYyMLRZHTCX0jEk_6lrSdUkpV8McnL9MAyqlmZykRRrLLTpw
ANMAR46/68 Chassalia curviflora :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Family: Rubiaceae
Date: 21st March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala

Habit: Shrub
Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c5fe3cbca898a/DSC08114.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGvFHaNz9p7nc2hLz9ZO8Q5IfgYGL9XUn8_VRTWOcKW0uYqMURIBSF_Fy5DcL7yeM5cWSWRxUFbRmpt8LR15GXCykTYqazQ5OAvkJISQAvvUaVrR1w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c5fe3cbca898a/DSC08116.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG3p6ysiSwePceVkn3Nya2qXOohegxanPOISH9jMU1suGZ0fVcoCItTsiUXbxuCGRi6eOdgLu5BsVSMCbEz0gPpAdAqj9lCsLYfVWbFNghvFBXE5-s
MS April, 2016/20 Shrub for ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram
Date : 13/04/2016
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Wild

I think chassalia curviflora. A rubiaceae member
It may be a species of Mycetia (Rubiaceae). I have not seen such plant.
Thanks, ..., for the Id. I think it matches with Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5c8ffd5cf92f8/2-Vanagur-Skp-20160428_160647%20(15).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF8_fO8yeKIfXcggA_qWwATHOE6DIvYeAyDYhDxC2Klc0u6nxW6x4sEQmd_PrIR7uF4sOpMg6QE6WmqQy6Etx5y16SnLwZj-lpwF6H4RBOiFmSLl7s
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5c8ffd5cf92f8/1-TSP-28-04-2016-vanagoor-skp-9999_69%20(1).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEkM6-zycHfu1Vtli0iE123OUmXSUovylkXAIrZsSXLPURosifjGKlt2QTtuZqW5KGoOsM163R0ccPAPU0bPcmQVsk9_EJpFF3FNNx3eiY9l68I0Dw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5c8ffd5cf92f8/4-Vanagur-Skp-20160428_160647%20(1).jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHHZBKl3p6zNBT62iOkePPW8zXTtGg3yv4_XE5SH5nlMFMub_Hu6l0FcBuf85N11vSwFp31uJIzhXaP4py1mI8-SIx1rYsLyjWH7cH0kbTBtO9HIWI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5c8ffd5cf92f8/3-Vanagur-Skp-20160428_160647%20(16).jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGa8xmFm04LYNrteOk0numHocEuabJuEHBww5UbFb5lF1fcBEeQiThgHO9fSK_isjfe0gk855WbyoHoh2hDVVqIBPXJ7cDHa8Ysyr-VQd6GebhtFcI
76-TSP-ID-07JUN2016-3:Shrub @ Vanagur for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Kindly identify this shrub........an Ixora sp....??? 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild, Evergreen Forest. 

Sighting: Vanagur, Sakaleshpur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 28-04-2016 




 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a27825e58b3fc/IMG-20170902-WA0039.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFaIUTv_MwE0NJfNtf4kJ95fhg32h9Q2ELXHhHWtGXgDjgvMTXNSg6lXp2mRq9itDpyUcJSpDF8dLlpNCWYBkAW5DhzQEM48dD6UjziatS12ti_9u4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9f34d18d22e85/IMG-20170902-WA0037.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgh8r5nUGcKFku5GrjQ3mCxqLS0-UB21fhVN6bB2aeMN4D4tSJiddl04i4874gSonuOqI5ZzDNppkdE-nKtSPB0jDPy97n5y2GnXxEtHzwNivED30
Lauraceae Litsea sp : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location Rajnagar Kumarghat Unakoti district Tripura\r\nPlease identify
This is Rubiaceae member
Possibly Chasalia sp.
I think matches with images at Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides
 
Please help me with the name kaattusirukaapipatchillai in native script, the name for Psychotria ophioxyloides (Wall. ex Roxb) Thw. ... synonym of Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna.
Reference: Ethnobotanical Leaflets 11: 280-290. 2007.

Sir, Find kaattusirukaapipatchillai in Tamil script
காட்டுசிறுகாப்பி பச்சிலை 

The name kaattusirukaapipatchillai may be transcribed in Tamil as காட்டு சிறு காப்பி பச்சிலை.

 
 
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/1q27bIQ1Vz3sVao5ozvPoVDVr9_3C2MDr4xIufikW9ppIQrNH9hL66r9zvvsLNz997sShIJm_GwRGGILMo1GqH_Iq0udFKAssUDTppUjMrIQ2g=w5000-h5000
via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna ... family: Rubiaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth 
¿ chas-sah-LEE-ah ? -- named in honour of D. Chasal (de Chazal) of Mauritius ... Verba nominalia
kurv-ih-FLOR-a -- curved flower ... Dave's Botanary
oh-fee-oh-zy-LOY-deez -- resembles features of Ophioxylon spp. -- ophis (snake), xylon (wood) ... Google search
commonly known as: curved flower chassaliaKannada: ಕಾಡು ಗರುಡಪಾತಾಳ kaadu garudapatala, ನಿರ್ವಿಷಿ nirvishiMalayalam: യമരി yamari, വെള്ളക്കുറിഞ്ഞി vellakurinji, കാട്ടു വെള്ളഅമൽപ്പൊരി kattu vellaamalppori, നീല അമൽപ്പൊരി nila amalpporiTulu: ಕಾಟ್ಟು ಪಾತಾಳಗರುಡೆ kaattu patalagarude
botanical names: Chassalia* curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna ... synonyms: Chassalia ophioxyloides (Wall.) Craib • Psychotria ambigua Wight & Arn. • Psychotria ophioxyloides Wall. ... The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
* incorrect orthographic variants often seen in literature: Chasalia, Chasallia, or Chazalia ... Flora of Thailand 
March 30, 2011 ... Abbi Falls, Coorg  

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9364a.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBAkVBUsFZz57FH8CkSK9TGDBMyCMCR-IEPxjOwBNQvcWlVHkeDxiThQrCqRyMoluW5uVg3WvFrZbdLHKt-9ibRSEsgwsyVl9O2E6wkbrgZZCoZrs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9365a.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFwxdu7npEOSG-ioY-xdzJuVMgVXAWRLkPBTJhVGJLmqeWZQOFbQT1_6288CxVlWOCSisY8TLXA11GW3fTVUJQTEDFUJ-EM1thDIC1OgZWzP2hMT7g
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9360a.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEM6oZZetlPji2cM5TxT6oa9J39wgo7rmXh6wmMPlw79c1_qsJ6xhqFaXjioQQWhRkta1byVS6Y4bKNT49OhtTND1O9WJUm2BlHcr1LRLt79-lL97M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9358a.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEEp4wDe_gJp50TNo_pQysH99Q2xqg1k06soEhlEosOPiPEeGVTYQryhAYU4nYT4iO7EqrtPOKR9lxcrTd7DrE_TJer0AZvaso8dO7xBR7uyJKDERc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9349a.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF6hHTQL5agL6Dqj9pHktCLgF4W_syrQTAoeKod0YJLaK9ISaZjz-NoHO-w4OtOpw9yicU5MT1Q04YxzNRra0iiU_DkXRTgzKVdIWxP9YP8dD_A09w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9538a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGaQ4BfQbMbfoTZ-Kjf2J0XQ6V3RESFgQzI14znw-M6_s4CeilD2nutVUlMXfnMCmLArEc3WMBXlmVkPsPfcxdsYCcBaHgkS6ouYszo3e71QG5GKKY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9351a.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHS3Z5TGy-jYgk3CfK5_0ei6Qvip6YWcBEWPcId-lU4_eWYbHdAWPm2QLuy3UaZpsrJK-ef5u7PKq427dL07Fmk-oYD0cfQidMwUBfXv2ZfgRxfjgM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92a855098ef5/DSC_9459a.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFqac9AeDV7-3FLUwqVc3LWDzuqnZxdZilX8sqG_gGEo0JRMXfbTmJZQ0olZWRLd3SN8MRMdzVJu14sHk1KMHzuMQB3q8LNqrOP_e1jW03i1BpXRoU
Chassia curviflora var. ophioxyloides : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Chassia curviflora var. ophioxyloides
it was seen growing around Thattekkad, near Kothamangalam
First week of October 2018

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d07d3c9eecfd9/IMG-20200110-WA0012.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 
Chassalia curviflora : 2 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
Attaching a photograph of a shrub.
Seen at Mangalore, Karnataka on 25th Dec 2019
I think it is Chassalia curviflora, please confirm.
May be Chassalia curviflora var. ophioxyloides (Wall.) Deb & B.Krishna as per images and details herein.



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