Ziziphus rugosa

Ziziphus rugosa Lam., Encycl. 3(1): 319 319 1789 (syn: Rhamnus glabrata Heyne; Ziziphus buraea Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Ziziphus glabra Roxb.; Ziziphus horsfieldii Miq.; Ziziphus latifolia Roxb.; Ziziphus obliqua Heyne ex Roth; Ziziphus paniculata Roth; Ziziphus roxburghiana Voigt; Ziziphus tomentosa Roxb.) as per Catalogue of Life;      

China (Hainan, S-Yunnan), India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Jammu & Kashmir, Laos, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Selangor, Melaka), Singapore, Vietnam, Andamans (South Andamans), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Nepal, Pakistan (Sind), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;      
 
India (Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Orissa, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala) for Ziziphus rugosa glabrescens M.M. Bhandari & A.K. Bhansali as per Catalogue of Life;  

ZIZ-ih-fuss -- an ancient Greek name derived from the Persian word zizafun ... Dave's Botanary
roo-GO-suh -- wrinkled ... Dave's Botanary 


commonly known aswild jujubewrinkled jujubezunna berry • Assameseবন বগৰী bon bogori • Garothengkhi-makbil • Gujaratiતોરણ toran • Hindiचूरना churna • Kannadaಬಿಳಿ ಚೂರಿಮುಳ್ಳು bili churimulluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu • Konkaniचुरण churanतुरण turan • Malayalamമലന്തുടലി malamtutali • Marathiचुरण churanतोरण toranतुरण turan • Nepaliगमराइ gamaraaiहर्याय बयर haryaaya bayarकाँटा बयर kaantaa bayar • Odiaଟିଣ କୋଳି tina koli • Sanskritघोंट ghonta • Tamilதொடரி totari • Teluguగొట్టికంప gottikampaపిండు పరిఘము pindu parighamu • Tuluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu 

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By Thammineni Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002- Description & Keys- Ziziphus glabrata, Ziziphus horrida, Ziziphus mauritiana, Ziziphus nummularia, Ziziphus oenoplia, Ziziphus rugosa & Ziziphus xylopyrus) 



 
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Ziziphus rugosa from Tamhini: Ziziphus rugosa from Tamhini
A Rhamnaceae member (Marathi : तोरण)--a climber
Observed in Tamhini ghat (Part of Western ghats near Pune) on 19th March 2011.
 

 
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identification no110411sn3: Kindly identify,taken at Mulshi,Pune
date/time:march11
habitat:wild
plant habit:shrub maybe
height:about 4 ft.from ground, but bent branches
other info: I have put up 4 photos, please confirm if the first 2 and the next 2 are same plant. 
- This is the climber Ziziphus rugosa of Rhamnaceae (Bor in marathi), Toran in marathi. Fruits are edible and even sold by locals.

 
 
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Ziziphus rugosa fruiting: Was at my farm at Shahapur today. Zizyphus rugosa [Toran] was fruiting. Sending a few photographs.


 
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KAS Week::(Ziphus rugosa-07/10/2012-NJ): Ziphus rugosa - Wild jujube (Toran - Marathi)
 
 
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Wild Bush for ID : Lonavala : 171012 : AK-3:  A wild bush with branches spreading out seen in Lonavala on 18/8/2012.
No flowers or buds, only leaves when the picture was taken.
Any clues to its identity?
This is a species oF Ziziphus possibly Toran [ Z. rugosa].
After I posted the pictures, I too thought of some Ziziphus species.
Zizyphus rugosa... toran ..it produce edible fruits
 
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identification no021112sn2:  Please Identify this plant.
date/time:april12
location;Ambyvalley rd,lonavala/mulshi,pune
habitat:wild
height:about4-5 ft
leaves:-
other info:locally called Toran
This is Toran [Zizyphus rugosa]. Please check my photographs of this at this link


 
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Ziziphus rugosa Lam : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
Ziziphus rugosa Lam, wild woody climber from Shimoga area of Karnataka
 
 
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ANAPR03 Ziziphus sp. for identification : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)
Family: Rhamnaceae
Date: 24th March 2015
Place: Mullayanagiri, Chikamagalur, Karnataka
Habit: Shrub/Short tree
If it is climber it may be Ziziphus rugosa
This was a very stout shrub sir. Not a climber.
Ziziphus species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)  
It is Ziziphus rugosa
Yes it does look like Ziziphus rugosa
Not exactly a climber but with drooping branches which look like climber......A climbing shrub.
Thank you for clearing my confusion ...
 
 
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MK_KHWS-12a,12b : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)  
Collection site: Kalsubai-Harishchandragarh Wildlife Sanctuary (KHWS)
Date: 15 February 2015
Collected by: ...
This is Ziziphus rugosa, Rhamnaceae, Toran in Marathi
Fruits are edible
Yes Ziziphus rugosa
This is the flowering time in western ghats
 
 
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Ziziphus rugosa---for sharing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala in Feb.15
 
 
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Ziziphus rugosa (Rhamnaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Mahuligad, Shahapur, Maharashtra
 
 
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Ziziphus rugosa----for sharing : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley rd., Lonavala, Pune in April15


 
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Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 ... Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Ziziphus rugosa Lam. ... (family: Rhamnaceae

Nepali name(s) of Ziziphus rugosa : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Names at Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal for Zizyphus rugosa are Saurungbo (Rai) and Dearai (Tharu).
if they are okay to be considered as Nepali names in a broader sense, please help me with them in native script ... my attempt: सौउरंगबो and डेराइ; please validate.
Nepali Names are : काँटा बयर Kaantaa Bayar / हर्याय बयर  Haryaaya Bayar/ गमराइ  Gamaraai 
 
 
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Names of Plants in India :: Ziziphus rugosa Lam. : 4 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
via Species‎ > ‎Z‎ > Ziziphus rugosa Lam. ... family: Rhamnaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ZIZ-ih-fuss -- an ancient Greek name derived from the Persian word zizafun ... Dave's Botanary
roo-GO-suh -- wrinkled ... Dave's Botanary 
commonly known aswild jujubewrinkled jujubezunna berry • Assameseবন বগৰী bon bogori • Garothengkhi-makbil • Gujaratiતોરણ toran • Hindiचूरना churna • Kannadaಬಿಳಿ ಚೂರಿಮುಳ್ಳು bili churimulluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu • Konkaniचुरण churanतुरण turan • Malayalamമലന്തുടലി malamtutali • Marathiचुरण churanतोरण toranतुरण turan • Odiaଟିଣ କୋଳି tina koli • Sanskritघोंट ghonta • Tamilதொடரி totari • Teluguగొట్టికంప gottikampaపిండు పరిఘము pindu parighamu • Tuluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu 
botanical namesZiziphus rugosa Lam., Encycl. 3: 319. 1789; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 636. 1875. ... synonyms: no synonym known ... Botanical Survey of India 
February 14, 2010 ... near Kanheri Caves  
Names update ...

  
 
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zizyphus for id: Zizyphus, or so i think, for id
has back curving thorns
the fruits are small and black, though it is not fruiting now
locally it is called toran
yesterday at my place in alibaug 
Zizyphus rugosa ... commonly known as: wild jujube, wrinkled jujube • Hindi: churna • Kannada: ಕೊಟ್ಟಮುಳ್ಳು kottamullu, ಮುಳ್ಳುಹಣ್ಣೂ mulluhannu • Konkani: चुर्णी churni, तुरण turan • Malayalam : ചെറുതുടലി ceruthutali • Marathi: तोरण toran, तुरण turan • Tamil: தொடரி totari • Telugu: గొట్టికంప gottichettu 
 
 
 
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DV :: 01MAY12 - 0518 :: small armed shrub at Tungwadi: Place: at Tung Wadi, Lonavala
Time: May 1, 2012 at 5.18pm
Habit: small armed shrub, spreading branches
Habitat: wild vegetation on slope towards Lake Pavna ~ 2450 ft asl
Plant height: about 4 - 5 ft
The leaves remind me of Ziziphus with IFs and BUTs !!
... more views:

this plant must be Zizyphus rugosa (family: Rhamnaceae) ... ID courtesy: ... at facebook.
Zizyphus rugosa (तोरण)
 

 
 
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6c515fa2f1feffda/059_unid_plant_3_PA.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
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Plz id if this plant from Yeoor region is Toran - Zizyphus rugosa. I can't make out if it is a tree or a shrub from the way it is growing.
This could be Toran - a large climber. Some of my photographs of this are available at this link

Thanks again ... I got confused because this one is more like a shrub but maybe it will grow into a climber.

 
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/2035a16ba46f4b7c/Check_SGNP2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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Requesting ID of this medium sized tree - Mumbai :: 20092013 :: ARK-03 :: September 2013 :
Attachments (3). 4 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please ID this medium sized tree captured at SGNP, Mumbai in September 2013.
I think, the local guide mentioned 'Toran'.
This is a species of Zizyphus poosibly Toran [Z. rugosa] a large climber.
My photographs of Toran are available at this link.
If you still feel it is a tree, then it could be Ghatbor [Z.caracutta], my photographs of which are available at this link.
Thanks ... for the ID and the reference links.
I will take it as Z. rugosa (Toran) as I remember the local guide mentioning this and also now feel that it was a climber rather than a tree.

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4a377039810216f9/Zizyphus%20leaf%20back%20.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE0tixuM4U4pGB58jsAu1lQYBftwBkmhuNnvH0Y1rYz0kKv8IoQKfecGoa_O-FENF4RbxOunxFvG0FKM8UzYBlBQ-v35ul2bhEaiXkMA6KmvVyOhZI

 
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Request for ID : 270411 : AK-3: Again taken at Khandala, Maharashtra on the 24th of March, 2011. This was a small tree.
- What is the size of fruits? I think this could be a Zizipus sp.
- Around 1-2 cm....similar to that of an olive. Have photographed from a distance, so can't say the exact size.
 - Does look like ZIziphus from the spines (one curved upwards, other downwards) and leaves.
This could be Toran [Zizyphus rugosa]. Have recently posted photographs of this fruiting. 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5ad5bcb474da355/DSCN0871.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG7XhoeIN-OTda90neTJJ179t69fJeheB38v7Sb4BQLn59Z_epLCxl1xcJWJvUgnJxBswN2jjkD6WpqOKOhn2GcA8seGfAcG9O1yBzkZNrRHisWBL0
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5ad5bcb474da355/DSCN0874.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
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Another plant from Anshi : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
posting another plant from Anshi. ID please.
Ziziphus sp
I think it should be Ziziphus rugosa as per images and details herein. 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d63a594d4952d3d2/rk_for-id_091_4.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEs0X7uPr7TDGmuWgQV_rvEkZRvArRMhuIx_S_hP5jARAzlHO7N66adLH4WVs8BpsqHNhSfLD0IJZMYQxoPElFIEzg_pQjht6bvkbHCoN64V1q_uDw
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d63a594d4952d3d2/rk_for-id_091_2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE9C5-Vxd8_kx6dvmfhXePRQl9OZMOCl6wFXnmNfOS1nc_lMB0gOzsxtoGBfPmXUR6MLNIT8GbGgcwOmfA8qoHYDibCykjf0RLwIb2cLr6sjvXZu_Q
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d63a594d4952d3d2/rk_for-id_091_3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEZexGo4qU8sbLh12xm68416oWkF_FW_OF8FZJaML-ZPGByjNQw84uVdHhYX3NJpqx3p5cwJ1BSkYz3TvoAiI2xGxUWrFcnoB8lUIIgZnw4A2Qxews
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d63a594d4952d3d2/rk_for-id_091_5.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqEoSNX_z_fi-AcBfY97gCbApgDTJ5jF_0CJJMvgvZSkXoumN1eKRuw3ppFJHRJinTN2wniUlAyZtysg-JuI5K95kz89IysKJCMFj34RN_9l4fFA0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d63a594d4952d3d2/rk_for-id_091_5.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqEoSNX_z_fi-AcBfY97gCbApgDTJ5jF_0CJJMvgvZSkXoumN1eKRuw3ppFJHRJinTN2wniUlAyZtysg-JuI5K95kz89IysKJCMFj34RN_9l4fFA0
Shrub ID request - RK91 - 10-Jan-2013: Requesting identification of this shrub from Tungareshwer. The leaves are infested with some unusual white pattern. The last photo is a cropped image depicting the spines.
I'm not sure of which plant it is. The "patterns" however are caused by leaf miners. They are small insects which eat the leaf from inside leaving lines where chlorophyll is absent. They are considered quite a pest.
This is a species of Ziziyphus [with marks left on the leaves after the caterpillars of a species of Pierrot butterfly feed on them].
I think it should be Ziziphus rugosa as per images and details herein. 


 
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identification no200912sn2:   Kindly Identify this plant. My guess is ziziphus rugosa. Sorry I have only one pic. date/time:march12. location: mulshi, pune. habitat:wild. plant habit:shrub? height:about4-5 ft.
I think it should be Ziziphus rugosa as per images and details herein.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_120216_Cropped_Scaled_CR.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrES1wJb4BSGSCjXEjN4QdNHMOJMKBrSxEI8eUxSdZKTHG_oCICRwcPHDCYU5i_5kC02y6IuqR8uegMiUIxmqPzIZCAfri20dRUBD8oRitx2FdHuQRg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_120926_Scaled_Cropped_CR.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEy1pGNsxWNLkLy6S1f2tsX8y3V8Tsl7JSYp1yF1lN5ptc_RtlXAclfRTPAyYSjg7hQjVXtXB5hjx2FDr2OhS_GFMeiWh5cy8yH9L8PXwGKS9yw0Sk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_120130_Scaled.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG0EGlQwixaq4cWj6ZNFFk6TVwAs-ht6g9hUf-PV_ErpOAZhIvBKxsYqjb3It4_KTZS-srLZK3G9GnCXs92ZV_fahNf055CiugotGp0kSPCoXmSD8A
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_121537_Cropped_Scaled_CR.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrENPbYzUYImN96oZ_FpGTD6qyEKoSFzaytIxgy3vrwX1oLZnEx7hHTDcWJEb8odZjfyXfi0LBpOArt-EEq_seCCUODxpcrC8LNgZgCzOzYq3k7lZRM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/DSCN6973_Scaled.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGepmFzH7yEDm9N7wlIkFcvwJgt9p7JlYXV5kUyoqRhDfM-pAk5LedOiysVj5JXu7AOsKvfHGSNK_Qc68kODDNXYdgB--l-gHClw-Y6IPyX4rUWrgU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_121013_Scaled_Cropped_CR.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEsCm2wvhGmpAep_vJr-EDTXCEW6VphooUWRgsed0NbRVnGfw3zc4IFdDvOp-DewAiTCAAlgrjCZ2yVoU4j6SFH2jBAop7w0nnAIDkUuc55gGs8-nE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6eed2e3f5042b/IMG_20181217_121405_Scaled_Cropped_CR.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEQ7W_9hEVoPfQRwxZByVgs6w47MwaahrNHYURfG93YfWythf0JXopxwjlrrpMBRxG7gYmfApl3ekaMoWZ7YGZGTXJQdaQmSiNwQDVWLVSpUdoChTo
Similar to Smilax Sp Liana-Matheran
: 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).- around 450 kb each. Please help identify liana with erect branches in the attached pictures. Location: Matheran. Date: Mid Dec 2018. Any tendril not found. Two spines, one of them is curved, at the base of petiole, like that of Ziziphus species. 
Yes, looks something like Ziziphus
If leaves are arrange in alternate fashion and spines are successively one bend and one straight then its could be 
Ziziphus oenoplia.
I think close to images at
Ziziphus rugosa

Thanks you so much … Yes it is matching with Ziziphus rugosa.
Characters matched as-
Plant in attached picture is armed woody straggler is matching (Ref Flora of Guntur District: Andhra Pradesh, India ).
As per 'Jungle trees of Central India', when it find nothing nearby to latch on to, it grows its own solid trunk and become tree like. But it never gives up climbing habit and every flowering season produces long, exploratory grappling-hooks studded with wickedly curved spines to see if it can find something nearby to climb on to.
Serrulate margin of leaves is matching (Ref Flora of Guntur District: Andhra Pradesh, India ).
Leaves are oval with rotund, blunt or mucronate apex is matching (Ref 'Jungle trees of Central India', Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1) .
Leaves has 3 long basal nerves + 2 weaker nerves is matching (Ref 'Jungle trees of Central India' ).
Leaf base cordate matching (Ref 'Jungle trees of Central India',  Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 )
Hairy stalk of leaf matching (Ref 'Jungle trees of Central India' ).
Spines covered with velvet like stag's antlers is matching (Ref 'Jungle trees of Central India' ).
Branchlets rusty colour and tomentose is matching (Ref Flora of Guntur District: Andhra Pradesh, India ).
Habitat: wild vegetation on slope is matching. Plant in attached pictures are growing on steep slope.


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Need help identifying this tree : 24 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)- 809 kb. Need your help again.
I found this tree in Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra.
The fruit looks like a Saaj Tree.
But the flowers are different.
The white flower is actually a symbiotic/parasitic plant going on this tree.
Can you help me ID the tree and the flower plant please?
Pl. check comparative images at https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/m---z/r/rhamnaceae/ziziphus
Check Buchanania sp
you have mixed set of pictures. the pink flowers in the first and the last pictures is an orchid,
we need ... for the id.
the fourth picture is intriguing. what are those four or five thin wing like things? do you have more pictures of that twig, i.e. did you turn it around and sideways to take pictures of those winged things? they seem like died leaves at first, but???? i would want it verified.
the small flowers may be Ziziphus rugosa. very common in that part of the world. see 

The 5 images show different plants ...
image5.jpeg ... Dendrobium barbatulum Lindl.
image4.jpeg ... Ziziphus rugosa Lam.
image3.jpeg ... Terminalia sp. ... most probably Terminalia elliptica Willd.
image2.jpeg ... Terminalia sp. ... most probably Terminalia elliptica Willd.
image1.jpeg ... Dendrobium barbatulum Lindl.
Excellent … so what ii thought as ziziphus rugosa is really a Terminalia. and the small fruit at the end of the twig is Ziziphus rugosa? Now the twig in 4. but what about the  brown things that look like four or five "leafed" structure just folded leaves?
... and the small fruit at the end of the twig is Ziziphus rugosa?
I am not able to discern fruit in image4.jpeg - which shows inflorescence of Ziziphus rugosa
Maybe if you could crop and send that portion of the image, it will guide me to see it.
but what about the brown things that look like four or five "leafed" structure just folded leaves?
The four or five "leafed" structure is the winged fruit of Terminalia sp.
I just caught my mistake. i was just counting 1, 2, 3,4 and 5 from left to right. left being 1
and rightmost being 5. But i now see these are labeled image5.jpeg on the left most.
that then makes sense. your image 2 is my 4. ulta palta. now its straitened.
but i am still intrigued by the coexistence of both a pair of dried up jujube like 2 fruit??? in image2.jpeg (fourth from left) at the end of the twig and the four or five leafed ?terminalia fruit.
My question:
could this be a diospyros flower sepals really  dried up and their bulbils?
Thanks guys. And the wooden winged fruit belongs to Saj tree? What about the parasitic flower...
which is the parasitic flower in your opinion? which picture or pictures?
This one...
... has answered all nicely, It is not parasite, it is Dendrobium, orchid, an epiphyte, winged fruit is Saj tree as you mentioned (Terminalia elliptica)
Thank you so much! You are a lovely bunch of people...
Exactly. I even said as much. I said the pink flowers were an orchid and we would want … to see it or some such sentence and now you know ... and  ... have both given you the answer. and ... answer was methodical he even listed YOUR image numbers and gave corresponding answer.
… Please read responses carefully from now on.

Thanks … I missed some of the rep[lies in the threaded email content.
But thanks a lot. I am trying for my own learning, to list as many tree and plant species of Maharashtra as I can.
But pl. post each plant in separate mail, as per posting guidelines, in future. 
if you want to look at Maharashtra flora, look up cases submitted by 
… and many more members at our group url: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/indiantreepix
your will see and learn about how to submit. how to photograph them for details etc


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Nagla forest  ... part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 21, 2019 ... Altitude: sea level to about 600 ft asl
Ziziphus rugosa  Lam.

Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Rhamnaceae for ID :: ARK2020-089 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Seen these Rhamnaceae species near the Venna lake in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020.
Requested to please ID.

Check Zizyphus rugosa
I too agree with ... for rugosa



References:
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