Scutia myrtina

Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 44(2): 168 168 1875. (Syn. Adolia alba Lam.; Adolia capensis (Thunb.) Kuntze; Adolia myrtina (Burm. fil.) Kuntze; Adolia obcordata Kuntze; Adolia rubra Lam.; Blepetalon aculeatum Rafin.; Ceanothus capensis DC.; Ceanothus circumscissus (L. fil.) Gaertn.; Ceanothus zeylanicus Heyne; Rhamnus capensis Thunb.; Rhamnus circumscissa L. f.; Rhamnus lucida Roxb.; Rhamnus myrtina Burm. f.; Scutia buxifolia Hutch. & Moss; Scutia capensis (Thunb.) G. Don; Scutia circumcissa (L. f.) W. Theob.; Scutia circumscissa Druce; Scutia commersonii Brongn.; Scutia eberhardtii Tardieu; Scutia hutchinsonii Suess.; Scutia indica Brongn.; Scutia indica var. oblongifolia Engl.; Scutia natalensis Hochst.; Scutia obcordata Boivin ex Tul.; Scutia rheediana Wight; Ziziphus capensis Thunb. ex Poir.);  

South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Seychelles, Mauritius, La Runion, Madagascar, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, E-D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, India (Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma], China (SW-Guangxi, S-Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life;
 
commonly known as: cat thorn • Kannada: ಕುರುಡಿ kurudi • Marathi: चिमट chimat • Oriya: vallivadari • Tamil:பின்றொடரி pinrotari, தொடரி totari, துட்டவி tuttavi • Telugu: గద్దగోరు gadda-goru, గరికి gariki ;
 
Ripe fruits edible.     


Shrubs evergreen, scandent, straggling, or erect, to 5 m tall, spinescent; branches opposite to subopposite; young branches puberulent; older branches brown or red-brown, striate, glabrous. Spines mostly 2 per node, axillary, 2-7 mm, recurved. Leaves opposite or subopposite; elliptic, 3.5-6 × 1.8-3 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, conspicuously raised abaxially, impressed adaxially, base broadly cuneate, margin inconspicuously remotely minutely serrulate, apex shortly acuminate or acute; stipules lanceolate, 2-3 mm, early deciduous; petiole 3-5 mm, glabrous or puberulent; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially shiny, deep green, brown when dry. Flowers yellow-green, few in axillary fascicles or shortly pedunculate in axillary condensed cymes, glabrous. Pedicels 1-2 mm. Sepals (4 or) 5, narrowly triangular, ca. 2 mm, midvein distinctly keeled, apex acute and thickened. Petals (4 or)5, deeply emarginate to deeply bilobed, unguiculate, ca. 1 mm, both sides slightly inflexed, base shortly clawed. Stamens (4 or) 5, surrounded by and equaling petals. Disk glabrous, rather thin and inconspicuous. Ovary globose, base filling calyx tube, but not immersed in disk, 2- loculed; style short, ca. 1 mm, stout; stigma undivided or inconspicuously 2- or 3-lobed. Drupe obovoid-globose, 4-5 mm in diameter, often with rudimentary style at apex, base with persistent calyx tube, with 2 one-seeded stones; fruiting pedicel 3-4 mm, glabrous; seeds brown, flat, obcordate, not furrowed.
Flowering and fruiting: March-November
Dry deciduous forests
South and south east Asia, Africa and Madagascar
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)


 
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commonly known as: cat thorn • Kannada: ಕುರುಡಿ kurudi • Marathi: चिमट chimat • Oriya: vallivadari • Tamil:பின்றொடரி pinrotari, தொடரி totari, துட்டவி tuttavi • Telugu: గద్దగోరు gadda-goru, గరికి gariki  
botanical names: Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz ... synonyms: Rhamnus capensis Thunb. • Rhamnus circumscissa L. f. • Rhamnus myrtina Burm. f. • Scutia capensis (Thunb.) G. Don • Scutia circumcissa (L. f.) W. Theob. • Scutia indica Brongn.

Commonly known as 'Sudali' [சுடலி] in Tamil. Ripe fruits edible.

 
 https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6b246dfb1e8cbef4/Carissa%20sp.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Goa photo for identification - 6: For identification please
Please provide the details required by .., for correct id.
Until then, I just guess this as Scutia myrtina.
I agree with ... Scutia myrtina
 
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8df08e3bc82b671c/Chimat%20-%20Scutia%20myrtina.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8df08e3bc82b671c/Chimat%201.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
KAS Week-(Scutia myrtina -01/10/2012-NJ):  Scutia myrtina (Chimat in Marathi)
Scutia myrtina
A Rhamnaceae member. Also observed on Amboli plateaus in similar habitats.

 
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-nbcON7m7QFs/UPGnlHNglZI/AAAAAAAAASs/wT5rBq5sxBE/s1600/ShinyObovateLvsHookSpines-a.jpg
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-ZXt5rgwn7ls/UPGnu-WEM3I/AAAAAAAAAS0/QNuvxSnkkJU/s1600/ShinyObovateLvsHookSpines-b.jpg
Shiny Obovate Lvs, Hooked spines -- Pls id GE-12-Jan-2013-B: Found this medium shrub growing wild in Chenai outskirts.
Not much info, but thanks for any pointers to the id.
I think this is Scutia myrtina
Thanks for the ref. to this plant erlier not known to me. Looks very likely. I shall look out for flrs/frt
I agree with ... id.
Its called as 'சுடலி' (Sudali) in Tamil, and yields edible fruits (sudali pazham).

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ecf4ed0a8ef8ff91/DSCN9597a.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWk8NgakTRN5zzPnRvxY4sxyFARJI-loFfbk1XaB1GrBDBIe5dqQ0ooa9JYbbqIM6UOFAMyfCFZHJ7sV-cvvn-l1uTSJBytUE_2X7YCRm4Y3YHOEE
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ecf4ed0a8ef8ff91/DSCN9918a.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ecf4ed0a8ef8ff91/DSCN9707b.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
scutia myrtina :  4 images. 1 post by 1 author.
scutia myrtina, mahabaleshwar first week of march
called chimat locally
large bush, almost a small tree
tiny white flowers

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3913b67d554d4cd/Ziziphus%20sp.%205.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHGsHrBFE4vEb0Ft6ubY1m5AdE3M9-WZy64NBPy1B3fiAqP608VAq04-Rc6hoIgtBhXKscqmfJeLRJfIERX_w6T3aW7CvEMCdk0hI6yYCebksbLAGI
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/e3913b67d554d4cd/Ziziphus%20sp.%204.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3913b67d554d4cd/Ziziphus%20sp.%203.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGgNYHZTyuaHPH04DSqET4Ur1v4TyIiDTPqBgcAcdaquSuzUj30DuA2sR9Lw4OUIkAjh433RD3motvXM4rIKmqdJwPd6u_T_ObGy9UiSHyXQf6M6Rg
ANAUG29 Ziziphyus sp. for ID 2 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Found in Bangalore (Outskirts)
August 15th 2014
I do not know the Botanical name, but it is Zarberi grows wild all over North Indian plains and Aravali range.
Scutia myrtina of Rhamnaceae
one thing is puzzling me. The plant you identify indigenous to Africa, but the plant Zharberi is indigenous at least to North Indian plains. May be the growing condition are the same.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6dbcbce459644d01/tiru%20blue%20edible%20drupe%20bush%20fruits.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEeD4vQ_ABGK66ekobdj6zSTcBJVx3nwYgnk3sy4cVWM6cxQGzgor-BB1jJDS6JmsFe1AdMEuBKmBt0_35OjfmsJSRY6uUl8NmakgJMRhNlPS1tTfc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6dbcbce459644d01/tiru%20blue%20edible%20drupe%20bush%20habit.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEqRuFuP-ezeJ0oG1-QDBLZGmGm-dmEDQlM5-IJazxFtby6scRR3PMSC0UOnEg9vN15SYef41yUvK_icLQfambeuzYOqdeyZOH5p0g1wb0c90Ge1IA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6dbcbce459644d01/tiru%20blue%20edible%20drupe%20bush%20leaves%20unripe%20fruits.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFH-WPysEB9e6Fdlgwoyy9O1Oo5JiF_LaF-foChJA6vJZJGRxcj1te0_U2jUZDFREY35WiPXQMtnYvWaxz72GK91wc2rQIkTKFXQdkKTxKnduaRg3U
Bush for ID, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu NAW-OCT-15 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Kindly identify this thorny bush with blue edible fruits photographed an the Arunachala Reserve Forest, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu in September 2014.
No flowers at this time and so no pictures. A local name in Tamil told to me was sodali or sothali. The bush was about 2 metres tall with small red-tipped curved spines. The 8-10 mm diameter blue drupes had a white powdery sweet pulp. Circular leaves about 2 cm wide.
Looks like Scutia myrtina
Good description and nice pictures!
Yes, it is Scutia myrtina.
Thank you all. i got some seeds of this - hopefully i will be able to get some to germinate.

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/869314e171fd491/DSC_0292.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEEnTfdoTkyHw7N9DtrO5IrIA6Cy5mUOAAvYY2cvFQEWz-lWZtAwawXeDCnaUuIddgGCkhCQgA2-j8ADGG-nDbac9jM9HbSQGUfbuoNR2EKJsJ42wE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/869314e171fd491/DSC_0277.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrES-66NMVtwaVTXYlNDAIdfgcwK_8iT1wY7szkFgdjXuHKWKFaaWinvDf29DAGmt6NBcWzeLJtV3oFX2zc1TeuAyecoOAYsEMp4JOMWgmUS-he2rvA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/869314e171fd491/DSC_0286.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGJWi2UxWAMsqQ5-_zRqxwAtPuYG-1mZEPdxHDjtzNymiPy2Tc37r4tnsOvqnO6mp9Y7WGl_GpRYZl2iVJ9fI8iPyfJcUN8iBztNlusP8UXSohHKTM
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/869314e171fd491/DSC_0285.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/869314e171fd491/DSC_0287.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgIK6FFWggIozyUboKEWsBSEazLj0IFk-5yb8gYX4iV2YLj8UxPp4-JPNp1K6SHdWkiBooThsYvhtlqlBaMpR1vXbfvpWIRiI_Q3oxfKMX3Yd3iP4
ANOCT64 Scutia myrtina : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Bangalore outskirts
20th October 2014

Very beautiful plant and nicely captured ... thanks..
 
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3b6539281215/IMG_8496.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFtiYEOp6s6imD0vMIev0OHRb5g34PXHoxFVPKSGyu7vkGrbRjblNpJzpEhb7Z_K45ZZ27CCPsNnZv3jjWmbt4ZaYigpNX8ybZJOfemDuttgFqH6Gs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3b6539281215/IMG_8495.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2zgOE7lU55C_LrBiu7GGG1Q0xYZzHAB2jxSEkSlJ0A0w1szt00i4FwgIMc59G5g7_8yvZIFs5YxDDbBtfgTb1PAjNjhK8agTwAvJmQ685wCFtC_A
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3b6539281215/IMG_8494.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFZOxJg_wBS0rnvFaRX4Pa-jf3CEFxEUshdnXb4mBoUgrz3Id3xUzQ3IcxGdM1GJXdvmWInnFVsxsB5ZTN7T6N8D6Mv2gJK7vUjCMmTiEFrniYSc3M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e3b6539281215/IMG_8493.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFQuV5pqmMZIDpkGaz1YSLB8WUKOGDqkcTizHqM4JBRHAXwtYy579iiGEy63XS24tl73Cykz2DFx_G-dWw01qT9BOSiJO5vMyySZ1eUJ9i87ucTsxw
Small Tree For ID : Mahabaleshwar : 10AUG15 : AK-20 : 20/20 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Seen in Mahabaleshwar, growing wild.
With tiny green berries.
Memecylon Species?
Zizyphus sp
Scutia myrtina
Thanks a lot for the id of this tree.
This is new to me.
 
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Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 ... Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz ... (family: Rhamnaceae) 
Super shots ...!!!
  
 
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01082017BHAR1 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) - 3 MB
Found in Vandalur forest. Chennai.
Rubiaceae member? Randia
Seems to be Scutia myrtina from the family Rhamnaceae
Scutia myrtina of Rhamnaceae
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/878c47d8f5ca339/P1250074.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE-wAhMKRqd3b6Hj8TWcFo9VQyUU7NXI3PdynKEJObewxBlck6C6VX8tlwe-LtdSbOEYXc-xWf05pFIi5r7hVzBAXfT7cFfBlxnHT7cOFKziO5iivs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/878c47d8f5ca339/P1250076.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHDBbsSKx24kA3hA8JdfgK1r3drmfAt8odBLvLYO1zL4N9wFotV0lbYKS3yQNXeEsPYnlVYzm7VXNeHe0E0xlQUZhRTBYSQJDEm1zG_E-66zjAWOX0
 
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at Mana village,Uttaranchal on 28/07/2008; Amboli May 2010; Connaught Peak, Mahabaleshwar;DV - 27AUG10 - 1139 :: armed-to-kill ... Capparis / Flacourtia / else - efloraofindia | Google Groups

 
A shrub for ID
From Amboli May 2010

Date/Time- 

30May 2010

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  

Amboli western ghats. Hill station. Near Kavlesad point

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- 

Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-   

Shrub. Thorny thorn at every leaf

Height/Length-  

1.5m

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-  

Ovate

Inflorescence Type/ Size-  

Axillary

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 

Less than 1cm White pentamerous. Many ants on it   

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 

As in picture. Like berrys


could this be Scutia myrtina?
I also think this is Scutia myrtina (N. L. Burman) Kurz from Rhamnaceae, 

Yes, It is Scutia myrtina (Rhamnaceae). A common, straggling spiny shrub in the deciduous and semi-evergreen forests.
The ripened fruits are edible.
Thanks for the all the responses.
I think we can safely assume Scutia myrtina as the most likely ID.

In our recent trip to Abu Hills, we were surprised to observe that many plant species which are supposed to fruit in end of May, are devoid of fruits. Species such as Carissa (Karonda), Malotus (Rohini), Syzygium (Jamun - two species) are still flowering. No fruiting till date. As per our observations, in June we use to collect fruits in this month. Our team members make regular monthly trips of the different areas in Southern belt of Rajasthan.
Surprisingly, early flowering of orchids (Aerides sp.) were also noticed as per discussions made with Dr Satish Kumar Sharma.
Experts may throw light on the probable reasons.
Let me share that the water availability (both surface and underground) on Abu Hills is decreasing. Nakki Lake has limited water supply.
Shockingly, after ESZ notification of Abu Hills, the grey cover (cement-concrete construction) increased on the name of beautification for the tourism purpose. The constructions on large scale especially in the catchment areas as well as open areas of water flow, are taking place with permission of Municipal Board....


Mahabaleshwar, MH :: Scutia myrtina :: ARK2020-076 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
Scutia myrtina
Seen abundantly in Mahabaleshwar, MH in March 2020.

  


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