Putranjiva roxburghii

Assam; Bangladesh; Borneo; Cambodia; China Southeast; East Himalaya; India; Jawa; Laos; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Maluku; Myanmar; Nepal; New Guinea; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Thailand; Vietnam; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life;
child's amulet tree, child-life tree, lucky bean tree, officinal drypetes, spurious wild olive • Bengali: putranjiva, जियापुन्ता • Gujarati: પુત્રંજીવા putranjiva • Hindi: पुत्रजीव putrajiv, पितौजिया,  जियापोथा • Kannada: ಮೆಣಸಿನಕಲೆ menasinakale, ಪುತ್ರಮ್ಜೀವ putramjiva • Konkani: saman • Malayalam: പുത്തിലഞ്ഞി puththilanji • Marathi: जीवपुत्रक jivputrak, पुत्रजीवी putrajivi • Oriya: poilundia, sutajivah • Sanskrit: अपत्यम्जीवः apatyamjivah, पुत्रंजीवः putranjivah, श्लीपदमपहः shripadamapah • Tamil: கறிப்பாலை kari-p-palai, புத்திரசீவி puttira-civi • Telugu: కుదురు౛ువ్వి kuduruuvvi, పుత్రజీవిక putra-jivika;
This is an evergreen tree, flowers in March -May. Flowers are dioeciuos. Male flowers in rounded axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches. Female flowers 1-3 in an axil; pedicels 8- 10 mm long.  
The male are yellowish, shortly pedicellate crowded, in rounded axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches. Female flowers are solitary or 2 to 3 together , greenish, in an axil, pedicels 8 -10 mm long. Drupes: 1-2 cm long, ellipsoid, rounded or pointed at the apex narrowed at the base, white-tomentose, with pedicles 1- 2.5 cm long; stone pointed, rugose, very hard. (Ref: Dr. Almeida's flora Vol IV-B.)
Wood used for house-building, tool-handles and turney. Decoction of leaves and stones given in colds and fever, leaves also for fodder; 
The fleshy fruit has ahard seed-containing stone within, which is strung into necklaces for putting on children, the belief being that they ward off evil and ill health. Hence the name PUTRANJIVA for the tree;   

Euphorbiaceae Week- Putranjivaceae : Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.: Our very popular tree Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. synonym Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus was in the  Euphorbiaceae family is now under the family of Putranjivaceae as per the Kew Plant List.
Saw this huge tree in Feb. 2011 at Rani Baug, Mumbai.  
This is an evergreen tree, flowers in March -May. Flowers are dioeciuos. Male flowers  in rounded axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches. Female flowers 1-3 in an axil; pedicels 8- 10 mm long.
-  am sending some photos of Putranjiva tree.
Place               : Shegaon, Dt. Buldhana, Maharashtra
Date/time          : 18.12.10/2.00 p.m

- In your second pictures the characteristic oblique leaves are clearly seen.  Oblique meaning shorter at one h. point at the base of the leaf.
Leaves are used in the treatment of colds. Nuts made into rosaries and necklaces for children to promote good health.!
- I'm adding my pics of Putranjiva roxburgii taken at a park which will probably be destroyed as a Metro station is to come up on its site. Last week I was disappointed to see it closed to the public. Thiru-Vi-Ka park at Shenoynagar, Chennai.
- I have few pictures with flowers but can't say whether male or female.
- I think the flowers as seen in the first and last pictures are male. There is a distinction in the pedicels length and pattern and number of flowers of male and female.
The male are yellowish, shortly pedicellate crowded, in rounded axillary clusters on the main or on short axillary branches.  Female flowers are solitary or 2 to 3 together , greenish, in an axil, pedicels 8 -10 mm long. 
Drupes: 1-2 cm long, ellipsoid, rounded or pointed at the apex narrowed at the base, white-tomentose, with pedicles 1- 2.5 cm long; stone pointed, rugose, very hard. (Ref: Dr. Almeida's flora Vol IV-B.)

PUTRANJIVA ROXBURRGHII: Attaching two images of Putranjiva roxburghii.This plant is known as CHILD LIFE TREE. In Hindi it is known as JIAPUTA. This is what Dr Venkatesh says about the tree
" The fleshy fruit has ahard seed-containing stone within, which is strung into necklaces for putting on children, the belief being that they ward off evil and ill health. Hence the name PUTRANJIVA for the tree."
Here in our area also this tree considered as sacred
Yes, Putranjiva roxburghii, now in family Putranjivaceae.
I dont know what and who spread the rumour in Delhi (Lutyen's) that Putranjiva is highly allergic. In the old bungalows so many trees had been cut I am told. A number of trees when in flower become allergenic (I hope it is the correct word!) especially the pollen part of it.
I hope that the initial phobia of putranjiva has faded.
It is a beautiful tree, shiny leaves, long life, shady.

Never heard this, we have huge multiple trees of the same in front of our house and we never felt anything...
Kindly help Id this shrub may be it grows to be a tree at a Private society garden at Pune growing at the base of a Banyan tree
Height/Length- 3 to 3.5 ft
Leaves alternate no flowers or fruits seen
Perhaps Putranjiva roxburghii
i hope this is an Annonace member. Probably polyalthia suberosa.
yes even i guess Drypetes roxburghii
Yes Putranjiva roxburghii Syn. Drypetes roxburghii
Family: Putranjivaceae. Also placed in Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthaceae
Thank you ... for such a quick Id. I liked the name of this plant and also seems to have interesting flowers though inconspicuous.
Thank you ...  and   ... for your feedback.
... the plant does look somewhat like polyalthia suberosa I read more about polyalthia suberosa on the net. but at the following link it says that the margin of the leaves is entire but in my plant it looks serrated.

Thank you ... for Id with all the other details. I found your thread about the same plant subject Putranjiva roxburghii 17th March 2008 and other links from ... showing me the flowers
I am just worried about one thing in the description of this plant at Book link
the bark is described as grey whereas in my plant the color is pinkish red. Is it because it is young?

Yes ... is right. I did not followed the whole line and focused on Shrub only (Later developed in to tree could not be focused). Polyalthia suberosa is a shrub. But Dryopetis is a tree.
the red "coating " on the bark... does it wash away? in your pic it looks like the dirt from nearby soil... is it red?/reddish? wash it away and you'll find the true color...
This is a very popular street tree in last couple of decades in Kolkata...
it also topples , may be not as readily as the krishnachura/delonix regia, but it sure falls over in big storms...
does your tree flower yet?
... Thank you for your feedback. The red color of the bark is not from the dirt from nearby soil. The nearby soil is black. I had touched the bark so I am sure about it. And as you rightly said it appears to be a delicate tree

SK729 16 SEP-2017:ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.

Putranjiva roxburghii.
Thank you ...!
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall.
Nepali Names : पुत्रन्जीवा Putranjeevaa / पितमारी Pitamaaree 

15092017BHAR1 - Unknown tree sapling. : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) 
I bought this in a nursery in Pondicherry.
They told Parupala in Tamil

Leaves are toothed and therefore thought of Cassine glauca. But the Thamizh word refers to Drypetes sepiaria.
Putranjiva roxburghii

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1040 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of male Koel feeding on the fruits of Putranjva roxbhurghi.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1041 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of a female Koel feeding on the fruits of Putranjiva roxburghii.
Plz id the fruits: pa101 - 29april2013 : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 3 authors.
Plz id this fruits from Nagla region in Thane if it is possible.
Sorry I have only one photo and don't know if it is of a tree or shrub.
These are the fruits of Drypetes roxburghii. An evergreen, dioecious tree.
Yes to me also this looks like Putranjiva roxburghii...
help to id this tree :  Attachments (7).  6 posts by 6 authors.
I am new to your esteemed group. Please help me identify the tree. The tree is nearly stands at 30 ft. It is in the 'Itty Achuthan Kavu' -where the remains of the 17 th century medicinal garden of the world famous Malayali Ayurvedic Physician Shri Itty Achuthan along with remnant of his ancestoral home is still preserved at his birthplace; Cherthala, Alapuzha dt, Kerala.
looks like putranjiva roxburghii
Common names : Putranjiva, Lucky Bean Tree; Malayalam: Pongalam. A very common tree in South India.
IMG_8290, IMG_8291 are certainly Putranjiva roxburghii Wallich (Euphorbiaceae).
Yes it is Putranjiva roxburghii commonly known in Malayalam as Poothilanji

Drypetes roxburghii : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Germinating Drypetes roxburghii.
ID request - 03082013PC2 Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly identify this tree growing in Delhi. Flowers and fruits in April-May months.
Likely to be Putranjeeva roxburghii
... is right. 2 months back I have sent pics of this tree to get the ID confirmed; courtesy ... ... I would like to know where exactly this tree is in Delhi; kindly provide information. I have never seen fruits of the tree I have refered; which is there in a Grove - the remnants of the medicinal plant garden of the world famous 17th century ayurvedic physician Sri. Itty Achuthan vaidyan at an obscure village situated in Alapuzha dt of Kerala - where I goes occassionally..
I took the photos of Putranjeeva tree last year in Jawaharlal Nehru University campus, Delhi. I have seen the plant being commonly grown as a hedge plant but never as a tree; so was not sure about its identification. I will go and check if the tree is still there.

Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. Is a common wild as well as planted tree in Pantnagar
I doubt about the first photo, but the second photo is of Putranjiva roxburghii.

Drypetes roxburghii  Syn. Putranjiva roxburghii
A native tree often used as avenue tree in Pune city.
Putranjiva roxburghii is the current name.
Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. ... popular synonym: Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus. 
... Putranjivaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on 20 APR 13 
as an avenue tree in Vaghbil, Thane on 04 APR 09 
in Kamala Nehru Park, Mumbai on 09 DEC 07 

A popular avenue tree in Pantnagar also. Beautiful pics.
Putranjiva roxburghii.
Outstanding macros...
Putranjiva tree from Shegaon, Maharashtra
Putranjiva rorburghii Wall., Tent. fl. napal. 61. 1826
syn: Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus.
Nageia putranjiva Roxb.
A tree common in Delhi, often planted along roadsides. Wood used for house-building, tool-handles and turney. Decoction of leaves and stones given in colds and fever, leaves also for fodder
Common names:
Hindi: Putranjiva, putijia, jiaputta
Beng: Putranjiva,
Mar: Jewanputr, putajan
Tel: Kudrajuvi, kuduru
Tam: Irukolli, kurupallai
Mal: Pongalam
Nice photos, Sir.

Putranjiva tree-221210MNSending photos of  Putranjiva tree.
Common name :  Putranjiva
Botanical name : Putranjiva roxburghii
Family              : Putranjivaceae (Puranjiva family)
Place               : Shegaon, Dt. Buldhana, Maharashtra
Date/time          : 18.12.10/2.00 p.m 

Euphorbiaceae Week: Putranjivaceae, Putranjiva rorburghii from Delhi: Putranjiva rorburghii Wall., Tent. fl. napal. 61. 1826
syn: Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus. 
       Nageia putranjiva Roxb.
A tree common in Delhi, often planted along roadsides.
Wood used for house-building, tool-handles and turney. Decoction of leaves and stones given in colds and fever, leaves also for fodder
Common names:
Hindi: Putranjiva, putijia, jiaputta
Beng: Putranjiva,
Mar: Jewanputr, putajan
Tel: Kudrajuvi, kuduru
Tam: Irukolli, kurupallai
Mal: Pongalam  
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Putranjiva roxburghii: at Mumbai PKA37: : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.  
Putranjiva roxburghii seen at Mumbai.
Putranjiva roxburghii
tree for Identification Mumbai 07122013 NAW2 : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 4 authors. 
Kindly identify this fairly common tree. Growing on road side near Ville Parle Station, Mumbai.
Fruits are light green in color with single seed. light faun seeds like spindles.
photographed on the 4th of December, 2013, Mumbai.
Putranjiva roxburghii.
Yes, Putranjiva roxburghii.

SYMBIOSIS : 488 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Blue throated barbet on the fruits of Putranjiva roxburghii.
SYMBIOSIS : 492 : Attachments (1).   
Attaching an image of a Koel (Female) on the fruits of Putranjiva roxburghii.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai in January 2014.
It is looking like Drypetes roxburghii (Putranjiva roxburghii)
Thank you... for ID...
Fruits For ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 27FEB15 : AK-26 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)  
Could these be fruits of Polyalthia?
These appear to be fruits of Putranjiva roxburghii.

Need id assistance of JNU Campus plant 150415SP1-2 : 19 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (2)
I need id assistance of following 2 images belonging to Putranjiva? collected from JNU New Campus forest
Date: 15/04/2015
Locality:JNU New Campus, New Delhi

Habit: Tree upto 5 m tall
do you have the photos of the entire plant? and its drooping branches?
Thank you ... for your id help, unfortunately I could not take photo of the entire plant.
To me it seems to be Putranjiva roxburghii.
Could be. Send better photographs for proper ID.
Yes, this is Putranjiva roxburghii, usually cultivated everywhere. Recently an ayurvedic drug has been discovered from the seeds of the plant  which is claimed to be an infertility drug or very effective in producing a male child, as per reports published in newspapers.
The fruits are made into garlands and worn on children to drive away all evil. The name Putranjiva is derived from this belief, coined by Nathaniel Wallich in 1826.
It appears Putranjiva roxburghii. Kindly go through my BLOG on this plant. Link
Nice blog
Though the ID is resolved here, I wish to add here a minor information that Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. have male and female plants separate. These pictures are of male plants, female plants have solitary flower in the axil of leaf.
Leaf cutter bees have made nice circular cuts in first picture.
this is very important. many cities I surmise opt to plant only male plants like they have done around Kolkata esp near Park circus grounds its  surrounded by a very busy five road crossing and numerous side streets
but never have i seen any fruits dropping on the ground.
Now I need to start a search
many gated communities in and around Kolkata plant them as hedges and keep them shorn short, may be there I will find some female trees and hopefully the fruits/seeds.

No need to search ..., The female plant is much more in cultivation that the male plants as an ornamental.  Children play with this ghurniphal or ghirni.
Attachments (1)
thanks ... That's a lot of beads on the small branch
I have not seen anything like that in street plantings in the roadside.
but I keep a watch on the street putranjiva trees, esp. after some big kaal baisakhi storms and hurricane aila
one putranjiva was completely toppled and died at the Kol Bot G in Shibpur and that sort of drew our amateur botanists 's  interest and we started looking to see if street plantings of putranjiva will fall, and if so will it do with the same frequency as the krishanachura and radhachura trees. the last two have been falling with regular frequency, too many to count. among a list of many others.
is this a recent picture? what season is best to find these?
Yes, it is Putranjiva roxburghii  Wallich. what is shown is male tree, male flowers more crowded and smaller.
Attachments (1)

Can you Id this tree? : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
I've been trying to id this tree from last one year without success.
Pinnate evergreen tree, havent seen any fruits or blooms on it.
My guess is that it's a close relative of Toona.
Please help in id.
I think this can be Putranjiva roxburghii.. The leaves are simple alternate here, and not pinnately compound..
Agree with ... Putranjiva roxburghii Wall. [Putranjivaceae].
I had visited Jagtap nursery here in Pune last year to id this and seen Putranjiva tree, but found that its leaves are bit longer than this  one. But yes I agree that some of the images on google for Putranjiva are similar to the tree image I have sent.
Is this Toona tree? : 7 posts by 3 authors.
Evergreen pinnate tree. Have seen few in Pune, but haven't seen any of them bloom or bear fruit.
Pl. attach the images as per posting guidelines. 
This is Drypetes roxburghii

Thank you. I got another response from the same forum saying, this is Putranjiva roxburghii, but I'm not very sure about that.
Is there any way to confirm.
I visited a nursery and saw Putranjiva, but was not convinced then.

Drypetes roxburghii & Putranjiva roxburghii are one & the same. One being a synonym of another. 

Children's Life Tree: Putranjiva roxburghii

Excellent Blog ..., Indeed highly controversial!
Attachments (1)

NCR Delhi region- 13.4.09; March 13, 2010 at 3.18pm IST: Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary; In Chinnai- June'10?; Chennai;Trees of Delhi- Flowers in Early April.Putranjiva roxburghii - indiantreepix | Google GroupsPutranjiva (Drypetes roxburghii Syn. Putranjiva roxburghii) - indiantreepix | Google Groups

Putranjiva roxburghii AT/APL 2018/14 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Children's Life Tree
Vernacular names:
Hindi & Sanskrit names: Putar Jeev, Putarjeeva, Putijia, Jiaputa
Bengali: Putarjeeva, Jiaputa
Kannada: Putrajiva, Amani
Marathi: Putojan, Jewanputar
Telgu: Putrajivika, Kudrajivi
Botanical name: Putranjiva roxburghii
Synonyms: Drypetes roxburghii, Nageia putranjiva

ID Location-Mumbai, 17 th May. : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 700 kb each 
Please help id plant with genus and species.
Location-Mumbai, 17 th May.
Someone may be planted 1 year back.

Sometimes even images of  fertile shoots are difficult to identify without prior acquaintance. How someone is expected to name a sterile material?
The leaves here are similar to those of Putranjiva roxburghii.

Drypetes roxburghii

In my pics, leaves are not only having serrated at edges, but seems also having very small spines kind of structure. That is the reason, i was more curious for this species.
Please take a  look at closeup of
In this picture leaf is serrated but not having spine kind of structure on edges Or am thinking too much

I think difference is marginal. You can see more images at Putranjiva roxburghii

Yes. The issue is 'marginal', about the margin, prickly or not prickly.

So can it be said that Putranjiva roxburghii can have leaves with prickly margins. I did search again on web for prickly margins but not able to get match.
Putranjiva is quite common. I suggest collect a twig from a mature tree and scan along with your specimen on a flat bed scanner from both sides. The scanned images will surely clarify.

Hmm... You mean all Putranjiva leaves have more or less prickly margins if looked at carefully? You all are sure about Putranjiva. So am taking it as it is.
Do not have scanner but i can understand what you saying.

Putrajivak: id confirm : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB. 
Putrajivak. पुत्र जीवक
Location Gujarat
Date 24.7.2018

Attachments (2)- 2 MB. 

Leaves look slightly different. In putrajivika the leaves are wavy (margin). Here it is not so. Need to recheck after observing the flowers & fruits.

To me appears close to images at Putranjiva roxburghii

Fwd: Putranjeeva roxburghii : 1 post by 1 author. 1 image.
Putranjeeva roxburghii - seeds eaten for getting male child

a Polyalthia or similar identification : 3 posts by 3 authors. 4 images.
location : agra
Looks good for Drypetes roxburghii (= Putranjiva roxburghii)