Embelia



Keys from Flora of Bhutan with Habitat, Elevation and Flowering- fruiting time
1. Flowers much-branched panicles . . . .. 2
+ Flowers in racemes, simple or rarely branched at base . .. .. 3
2. Leaf margins without raised red gland-dots; panicles terminal, puberulous, rarely subglabrous; flowering March-April ... 1. E. ribes (Subtropical and warm broad-leaved forests, 600—1850m. March-April)
+ Leaf margins with raised red gland-dots; panicles axillary, rarely also terminal, subglabrous; flowering December  . . . . ..2. E. floribunda (Warm broad-leaved forests, 1220-l850m. December)
3. Lateral veins not prominent beneath . . . .. ..4. E. vestita (Dry valleys, 1500-2000m. November-January)
+ Lateral veins prominent beneath . . . . . . . . . 4
4. Epiphytic or climbing shrub; leaves 11-20cm, reticulate above, glabrous beneath. …. 3. E. frondosa (Mixed evergreen forest, 1500-2440m. May- August)
+ Erect shrub or tree; leaves 6-13cm, not reticulate above, red-brown pubescent beneath, at least on veins .... 5. E. tsjeriam-cottam (Dry subtropical and terai forests. June-August)




https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/71c47e4f1a505/Embelia%20basaal1.png?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 


Embelia floribunda Wall. (Himalaya to China (Yunnan) and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya as per POWO)

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/43451e9a03d6c/DSC_0047.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
(China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Tibet, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia (throughout), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Nepal, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

 
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(India, Darjeeling, Myanmar [Burma] (Yangon, Bago, Chin, Mandalay), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :  
BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistributionCommon name
Embelia adnata Bedd. Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Coimbatore, Theni  
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schultes) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dindigul, Erode, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal,  Nilgiri, Theni, Tiruchchirappalli,   Tirunelveli,   Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram  
Embelia gardneriana Wight Climbing Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Nilgiri  
Embelia ribes Burm.f. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli Kattukodi, Vayuvidangan (m)
Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schultes) DC. Shrub/small tree Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri,  Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore Vayuvidangan (m)

 

 

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 2.4.14: 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Embelia arunachalensis Myrsinaceae Arunachal Embelia
Embelia tsjeriam-cottam Embelia basaal, Embelia robustaMyrsinaceae Malabar Embelia

 
 
 
Embelia gamblei (is a synonym of Embelia frondosa (King ex Gamble) D.G.Long as per The Plant List Ver.1.1).
Embelia undulata (is a synonym of Embelia vestita Roxb. as per The Plant List Ver.1.1).
 
Status of Embelia ribes Burm f. (Vidanga), an important medicinal species of commerce from northern Western Ghats of India by M. Mhaskar, S. Joshi, B. Chavan, A. Joglekar, N. Barve and A. Patwardhan- CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 100, NO. 4, 25 FEBRUARY 2011-
Abstract- Embelia ribes is a red-listed medicinal plant species that contains embelin, which has wide clinical applications. Its great demand in Ayurveda and the pharmaceutical industry (> 100 t/yr) has imposed tremendous pressure on natural populations from the Western Ghats of India. In this study, we have prepared a distribution map of E. ribes for the northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Issues regarding misidentification, adulteration and the status of its trade with respect to its population decline have been critically discussed. 

 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare 92007)- Details-
Embelia robusta Roxb. is a synonym of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam
 
Embelia acutipetala S.M.Almeida & M.R.Almeida (? Embelia acutipetalum (LAM.EX HASSK.) S.M.& M.R. syn. of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC.)
Embelia robusta Roxb. is a synonym of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam
Embelia undulata (is a synonym of Embelia vestita Roxb. as per The Plant List Ver.1.1).
 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- details-
 
 
 
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC.
 
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)-
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC.
 
Embelia : 1 post by 1 author

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Embelia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.



Pl. go through Embelia (Primulaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website) to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com, it will be really nice.