Plumbago


 
(South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Mozambique, Sao Tome (I), Seychelles (I), Cameroon (I), trop. Afr. (I), Burkina Faso (I), Benin (I), Portugal (I), Italy (I), Crete (I), Baleares (I), Spain (I), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Canary Isl. (I) (Gran Canaria (I), Tenerife (I), La Gomera (I)), Libya (I), Costa Rica (I), Panama (I), Taiwan (I), Sri Lanka (I), Nepal (I), India (I), Java (I), Malesia (I), Bangladesh (I), Peru (I), Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (Guana (I), St. Croix (I), Tortola (I)), Lesser Antilles (I) (Antigua (I), Barbados (I), Dominica (I), Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I), Montserrat (I), Saba (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Martin (I)), Isla Margarita (I), Ecuador (I), Venezuela (I), Brazil (I), Nicaragua (I), Fiji (I), New Caledonia (I), Niue (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Tonga (I), Hawaii (I) (East Maui (I) (Keokea (I), below Kula Hwy) (I)), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Philippines (c), Pakistan (I), Vietnam (I), Mexico (I), Guatemala (I), Honduras (I), El Salvador (I), Nicaragua (I), Colombia (I), USA (I) (California (I), Florida (I), Louisiana (I)), Bolivia (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Plumbago indica L. (Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isl., India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma], Darjeeling, Laos, Vietnam (I), Pakistan (I), Jamaica (I), Peru (I), Puerto Rico (I), Haiti (I), Dominican Republic (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (St. Croix (I)), Seychelles (I), Fiji (I), New Caledonia (I), trop. Afr. (I), Marquesas Isl. (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I)), Taiwan (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life
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Plumbago zeylanica L. (USA (Arizona, Florida, Texas), Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Isl., Jamaica, Lesser Antilles (Anguilla, Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Redonda, Saba, St. Barthelemy, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent), Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Isla Margarita, Tobago, Trinidad, Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (Guana (I), St. Croix (I), St. John (I), St. Thomas (I), Tortola (I)), Costa Rica, Panama, Galapagos Isl., Peru, Nicaragua, Guyana?, Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman), Paraguay (Central, Cordillera), Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Trujillo, Zulia), N-Brazil (Para), NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Durango, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Mxico State, Morelos, Puebla, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Yucatan, Quintana Roo), Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Colombia (Antioquia, Bolvar, Boyac, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Sucre, Tolima, Valle), Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales), Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Pakistan (Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir, Poonch), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), India, Sri Lanka, Andamans (I), Nicobars (I), Myanmar [Burma], Darjeeling, Nepal, Sikkim, Java, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines, Laos, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Bangladesh, Tibesti, Sahel Zone, South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Seychelles (I), Comores (Mayotte, etc.), Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Central African Republic, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Cameroon, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Madagascar, Sao Tome, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, etc., New Caledonia, Fiji (I), peninsular Malaysia, Norfolk Isl., China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan), Taiwan, American Samoa (Manua Isl., Olosega), Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Hiva Oa, Eiao), Northern Marianas (Maug), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Maupiti, Bora Bora), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Rota), Mauritius, La Runion, Rodrigues, Egypt (SE-Egypt), Oman (Dhofar), Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Kahoolawe Isl., Hawaii Isl.) as per Catalogue of Life)
 
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From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :  
BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistributionCommon name
Plumbago auriculata Lam.ClimberPlains to High  elevations, Cultivated, Native of AfricaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districtsNeelakkodi vaeli
Plumbago indica L.ClimberPlains to High  elevations, Cultivated, Native of Tropical AmericaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districtsAkkini, Senkodivaeli, Sivappu Chithiramoolam
Plumbago zeylanica L.HerbPlains to  Low Altitude, Moist LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districtsChitthiragam, Chithiramoolam, Venkodivaeli

 

 

Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 26.4.14: 

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name

Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensisPlumbaginaceae Nila Chitrak
Plumbago indica Plumbago rosea, Thela coccineaPlumbaginaceae Lal Chitrak
Plumbago zeylanica Plumbaginaceae Chitrak

 
 
 

 
paper on plumbagin: We published a Biochemistry related paper on plumbagin. I am attaching the abstract. If anyone is interested, please let me know and we can send the full pdf. version.
  
Medicinal Plants, Volume 1 (2008)- Great details-
 
 
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
 
(1999)- Details-
 
 
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
 
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-

Plumbago : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Plumbago

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.