Piper nigrum

Piper nigrum L., Sp. Pl. 28 1753 (syn: Muldera multinervis Miq.; Piper aromaticum Lam.; Piper baccatum C.DC.; Piper colonum C.Presl; Piper glyphicum Hoffmgg. ex Kunth; Piper malabarense C.DC.; Piper rotundum Noronha);

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black pepper • Assamese: জালুক jalook • Bengali: কালা মরিচ kala marich • Gujarati: કાળા મરી kala mari • Hindi: काली मिर्च kali mirch, ऊषण ushan • Kannada: ಕರಿ ಮೆಣಸು kari menasu • Kashmiri: मरिचम् maricham • Konkani: मीरे miire, पोख्ळें मीरीं pokhlem mirim • Malayalam: കുരുകുളക് kurukulak, നല്ലമുളക് nallamulak • Marathi: मरीच marich, काळी मिरची kali mirachi, मिरवेल miravel • Mizo: thinghmarcha • Nepalese: मरिच marich • Oriya: dolo maricho • Pali: पिप्फळी piphali • Punjabi: ਕਾਲੀ ਮਿਰਿਚ kali mirich • Sanskrit: कृष्ण krsna, मरिचं maricham, उल्लाघः ullaghah, उषणम् usanam • Tamil: மரிசம் maricam, மிளகு milaku • Telugu: మరిచము marichamu, మిరెము miriyamu • Urdu: سياه مرچ siyah mirch, اوشن ushan; 

Piper nigrum
Date & Time        19/11/10
Location: Place, Altitude, GPS        Chethalayam, Wayanad.
Habitat: Garden, Urban, Wild Type:        garden
Plant Habit: Tree, Shrub, Climber, Herb        climber
Height, Length.        2’

Piper nigrum L. Sp. Pl. 1: 28 (1753). Type: Lectotype - Herb. Hermann 3: 21; 4: 11, No. 26 (BM)

Kindly help to identify this wild twiner found in off-shoots of Western ghats; the taste is similar to betel-leaf. Is this Piper betle L. or could this be Piper attenuatum?


12-09-2010 / 03:00 PM

Location- Place, Altitude, GP

ca.420asl; Natham; Dindigul dist; TN

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- 

wild; riparian

Plant Habit-

twiner herb


3 -4 metre

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 

ca.8 X 12cm; glabrous

Inflorescence Type/ Size- 

axillary spike; to 10cm long

This looks like Piper nigrum to me. It is black pepper. In particular, I think the old Balan Kotta variety. From the shape of the leaves and the length of the spikes lit looks like Balankotta variety of black pepper just flowering. The tiny specks are the flowers which are pollinated by raindrops. Since it is growing in the wild, it could also be one of the wild varieties which bear very few corns. We can not be sure until the pollination is complete. it could be a seed dispersed by the bird. Birds like the red whiskered bulbuls swallow a lot of ripe berries.
Piper nigrum
Attaching pic of inflorescence.
Nice picture ..., one of the hi breeds.

attaching pictures of black pepper seedlings. Sprouted from black pepper droppings. The second picture is of a seedling freshly sprouted you could still notice the tips of the leaves that comes out of the seed casing last of all.
Date & Time        13 July 2010
Location: Place, Altitude, GPS        Chethalayam, Wayanad, Kerala
Habitat: Garden, Urban, Wild Type:        cultivated
Plant Habit: Tree, Shrub, Climber, Herb        climber
Height, Length.        20’
Other Information like Frangrance, Pollinator, Uses.        Pollinated by water drops during rain.
first time I am seeing the seedlings of black pepper. I thought it is grown only from cuttings. Now the picture size is very small. You
can resize it with microsoft office picture manager.
It is normally grown by cutting. For the simple reason that it grows much faster. However, my observtion is that the plants that have from
sprouted peppercorn normally grow slowly till it has attained a height of around 3 ft and thereafter the growth is much robust. Either
because it has passed through the gut of some bird where it is innoculated with beneficial microorganism or for any other reason.

Thanks ...for the info. Last time I went to Kerala, I planted lots of cuttings near the coconut trees and mango trees. Hope by now all have established well. 

At Talakona water falls, our good guide walked over the rocks and soon he appeared to be on an intense search for plants. After about twenty minutes, he came back with these plants and explained with great interest on the plant significance. However, we could not comprehend -a language barrier existed between us. 
I still wonder, what was he talking about this plant. 
Talakona, Andhra Pradesh
28 Mar 2010
Habitat : Growing on the rocks, close to water falls
I think this is some kind of Epipremnum sp from the family Araceae!!
This is Piper sp. for sure of Piperaceae

... is correct. This is Piper nigrum. Attaching some pictures of it from my place. The leaves though are tender and you will find spikes on which you will find the flowers or tiny immature peppercorn.
The plants that you see have sprouted from seeds that have been swallowed by birds and then have come out with its dropping or have been washed to these rocky areas by rain water.
I tend to agree with ... as usual. This has to be some Piper
To convince everyone, I will pick small pepper vines that have sprouted from seeds. Hopefully in tomorrows mail.
Piper nigrum grown on Gliricidia sepium. Note the luxurious growth.
Piper nigrum ... is commonly known as: black pepper • Assamese: জালুক jalook • Bengali: কালা মরিচ kala marich • Gujarati: કાળા મરી kala mari • Hindi: काली मिर्च kali mirch, ऊषण ushan • Kannada: ಕರಿ ಮೆಣಸು kari menasu • Kashmiri: मरिचम् maricham • Konkani: मीरे miire, पोख्ळें मीरीं pokhlem mirim • Malayalam: കുരുകുളക് kurukulak, നല്ലമുളക് nallamulak • Marathi: मरीच marich, काळी मिरची kali mirachi, मिरवेल miravel • Mizo: thinghmarcha • Nepalese: मरिच marich • Oriya: dolo maricho • Pali: पिप्फळी piphali • Punjabi: ਕਾਲੀ ਮਿਰਿਚ kali mirich • Sanskrit: कृष्ण krsna, मरिचं maricham, उल्लाघः ullaghah, उषणम् usanam • Tamil: மரிசம் maricam, மிளகு milaku • Telugu: మరిచము marichamu, మిరెము miriyamu • Urdu: سياه مرچ siyah mirch, اوشن ushan
Not kali mirchi in marathi but it is kali miri.
Many thanks for pointing out, ... Forgot to add मिरी miri in my notes.
काळी मिरची kali mirchi is less used / spoken.
More often very simply मिरी miri.
For context of काळी मिरची

Is it Dioscorea sativa (alata)? Common Yam Potato (Yam aloo) of Bengal.
This is a black pepper vine.
Here are links for Piper Nigrum (Black pepper, Green pepper, Pink pepper or White pepper): http://www.webindia123.com/garden/herb_spi/pepper.htm (details with pictures), http://www.toptropicals.com/html/toptropicals/plant_wk/pepper.htm (details with pictures).
In a Spice Garden in Ponda area of Goa on 30/9/09.

Yes ..., it is piper nigrum. To me it looks like one of the Panyur varieties.

Fruit & Vegetable Week- Piper nigram L.
: This is Piper nigram L. (Piperaceae).

VALMIKI : THE OBSERVER OF NATURE 50:  Attaching the image of the 50th member of the series. Valmiki mentioned this plant as MARICHA. Scientifically it is Piper nigrum. The plant is commonly known as Black Pepper. It is Kalimirch in Hindi and Golmorich in Bangla. 

Attached are pictures of Piper nigrum captured at Devgad, Konkan in November 2012.

ANDEC49 Please identify this plant- Piper sp.?
: 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
November 2014

Piper nigrum (wild?).
ya black pepper?
Thank you. Is Piper nigrum found in the wild? Or is this an escape from cultivation?

Images by tspkumar 

TSPNOV2015-76-119: Images of Piper nigrum (Piperaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Piper nigrum (Piperaceae 

Habit: A vigorous climber 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl. 

Date: 15-06-2014, 24-06-2014, 15.08-2014, 06-02-2015 and 20-02-2015

Great detail & interesting, thanks for sharing.

Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 24 FEB 2017 ... Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Piper nigrum L. ... (family: Piperaceae) 

Yercaud ... (literally, lake forest), Tamil Nadu
... found cultivated in coffee plantations ... Date: January 25, 2018 ... Altitude: about 1,623 m (5324 feet) asl
Piper nigrum L. ... (family: Piperaceae)  

Request for ID 2
 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 4 MB.
Place: Bombay Shola, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu
Date: 19/01/18
Some species of pepper?

The leaf morphological characters mostly resemble P. nigrum. However, the spikes/inflorescence chracters would be useful for confirmation. The aroma of the leaves can be compared with the cultivated black peeper.   

Re: Unknown shrub : 7 posts by 4 authors. 4 images.
This is from Rajnagar,Kumarghat,Unakoti,Tripura
Kindly identify

Pl. check 

Piper galeatum (Miq.) C. DC. ??

Thanks, ..., But to me looks different from images at Piper galeatum

Try Piperaceae.

Could it be one of these Bio one ?
Could not access the link !
This is Piper nigrum L.
Piper Khasianum C. DC.

Thanks a lot, … … suggested it as Piper nigrum L.
Any views ?
Yes sir It is Piper nigrum as … said