Breynia retusa

Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 11: 204 1929. (syn. Breynia angustifolia Hook.f.; Breynia hyposauropus Croizat; Breynia microphylla var. angustifolia (Hook.f.) Airy Shaw; Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe; Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f.; Breynia turbinata (Oken) Cordem.; Flueggea retusa (Dennst.) Voigt; Melanthesa obliqua Wight; Melanthesa retusa (Dennst.) Kostel.; Melanthesa turbinata Oken; Melanthesopsis patens (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. oblongifolia Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. turbinata (Oken) Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis patens var. vulgaris Müll.Arg.; Melanthesopsis variabilis Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus naviluri Miq. ex Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus patens Roxb.; Phyllanthus pomaceus Moon; Phyllanthus retusus Dennst.; Phyllanthus suffultus Wall. [Invalid]; Phyllanthus turbinatus J.König ex Roxb. [Illegitimate]; Sauropus elegantissimus Ridl.);

 


Euphorbiaceae week- Phyllanthaceae-Breynia retusa-PKA3: Breynia retusa from Sagargad near Alibag, Maharashtra.
Date/Time: 11-07-2010 / 09:40AM
Previously it was stated to be in Euphorbiaceae but presently Breynia belongs to the family Phyllanthaceae

-  the yellow ones are the male flowers, axilliary on filiform pedicles, the males in the lower and females greenish, in the upper axils. the globose redish fruit is seen with  the persistent calyx of  the female flowers !
- 'Breynia retusa' is called 'Kangalli' 'कांगळी' in Marathi.


 
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breynia retusa: breynia retusa
these were taken at my place in alibaug in the last week of july 


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Monsoon 2011 - Fruiting Red - 29Aug2011AR01 from Bhagamandala: Date/Time-27 Jul 2011 04.31
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Bhagamandala, Coorg, Karnataka, 1535 meter
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Western ghats, Monsoon, rainy day
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Looks like a Shrub
Height/Length-approx - 3-4 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 5-6cms. Alternate, elliptic,  leaf stem has thorns.
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-  Round, Red, 2-3cms, smooth surface, 
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-Leaves eaten by insects 
No. of such plant sightings/Abundane 1

This is the Cup and Saucer plant [Breynia retusa]. Will send some of my more recent photographs of this later.
Yes it is- Breynia retusa.  
Villagers call - Billisul (Coorg, ),

only heard of it... never seen it in real life, photo seen first on flowers of india... and now here, yours......
Called Kamboi    કમબોઈ   or Kali kamboi   કાળી   કમબોઈ in Gujarati and Sanskrit... for Sanskrit  just write it in Devanagari script...
sometimes twigs are used by tribals as datuns...

Photographed recently at my farm. My previous photographs of this are available at this link :  
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/36... 
Incidentally, the bug is Chrysochoris stolli.  


 
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Breynia retusa: Male and female flowers of Breynia retusa
Marathi name:kangli
At Siddheshwar, Alibag


 
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03012013 BRS 423:  Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Location: Pichandikulam, Vilupuram Dist., Tamilnadu
Date:30.12.2012
Habitat; garden
Habit: Shrub

It appears Breynia retusa
Yes. Breynia retusa. The Cup and saucer plant.
Many things are called cup and saucer... but this one seems to me to be most appropriately named cup and saucer... with the cup laid on top od the saucer...etc... love this


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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Breynia retusa along Saphale Ghat :: DV58 : 7 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston ... Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
along Saphale Ghat on 05 JUL 08
at Sanjay Gandhi National Park at different times
The enlarged female calyx is very distinctive.
 
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Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston SM5 : Attachments (8). 10 posts by 5 authors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston from various sites around Mumbai.
Cup n Saucer plant - the 'saucer' around the fruit (cup) is the expanded calyx.
Kindly read image -333 caption as 'fruit & leaf'.
Excellent Photograph ...
One of the commonest species.


 
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Sharing the image of Breynia retusa.


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Cup & Saucer Plant seen at Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai during Tree Appreciation Walk.
Very common in India.


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Attached are pictures of Breynia retusa from SGNP, Mumbai in June 2013 and Lohagad, Maharashtra in August 2013.
Nice photos.


 
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EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT : RVS-4 : 3 images. 6 posts by 4 authors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
Synonym(s):
Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f.
Phyllanthus patens Roxb.
Please confirm the id.
Collected from: Tirunelveli dt., TN.
Excellent attempt of presenting posts, ... They look good.
About the ID, the calyx does not look the typical "enlarged". Surely it must be some other species of Breynia. Will wait for comments.
Thank you so much ... The entire credit goes to you, my Guru!
Yes, it is a tentative ID. I am looking forward to also hear from ...

It is correctly pointed out that the fruiting calyx is not enlarged enough to call it Breynia retusa. The only alternative left is B. vitis-idaea which it is not. Hence I am giving it benefit of doubt and calling it B. retusa, and the variation in size may be an individual variation. I have no intention of calling it a distinct entity, rather it is intermediate between the two above mentioned species.
Thank you very much ... for sorting the doubt.

Breynia retusa from Prabalgad, Maharashtra
Good photos.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7fa6952a90ce5fe/Breynia%20retusa-itp-PS1.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG63osdVIxjGmELeVgbCsZR5zijESLIb-4InhaFfLTtHAMP9h_3iydpBpklxOwOduG8w2IXuN5X3YkdVVVtfyejfacWAUnkk-MMn1cj59XG32Eitng
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7fa6952a90ce5fe/Breynia%20retusa_8701.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJMvMr_Hp6Z7mUfufb2IEILi77HGGT0Fdn7Pt8gdJI2q2ytgjSAALhk-pN42qx2ZQZ2haOI3RF3CM6PtVE4ZyEDpsHq4sMaOszMrArwaOWUhPaNDA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e7fa6952a90ce5fe/Breynia%20retusa_8700.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEiDxzZ1q3ghuXETQ8bMgzbjXQ9N1q5no7A48X9ZKFlMMOESsBfWkn9Wi0rwJo-forR0wMF8s63ZIr-tCyQ8E0Q5gkPqXRstxXVhbTwrZSDfKdw1w4
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae- Breynia retusa :: PKA16 : Attachments (4).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Breynia retusa from Sagargad near Alibag, Maharashtra.
Family Phyllanthaceae
I agree.


 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1b8a3554c742b65b/2.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEzenXyPwIISPsyIDHh_0ZvOh1iPKsbOPBXJRI2Ib1hJSOXgnhpyX_NGF0Ydpm-G9T1MYyfoUqZEqYfj0XIAF-tLt6HmKrxxY4eN3JRj9VvbVP3e4o
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1b8a3554c742b65b/1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFtyL25fQdzisC1hTAOTBpNcyb1LOKfl2HBDvIisaXDai_tD9igmNVyhNAYKZfsnp3gHJUIeWHFe9ECVl8tKAwpelJ7NRqH0-ULCG7nIzhFchud364
Fwd: ID SK1 200314 Attachments (2).  2 posts by 2 authors.
I could not identify of enclosed the plant . Any help?
Breynia retusa, Phyllanthaceae.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
Nepali Name : सानो नूनढिकी Saano NoonaDhikee
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2bcfc30c015e4745/Bandarban_June_2014%C2%A9_Sourav%20Mahmud%20(60)_resize.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFeiKNdcfUIKaS7XW9M1jVAHBy0wX6tkyrZ78vykl96r1tipw0pWyI_iRPIyscVIBtLHtQbCAr_gV3XCvwaFeTUUEjPJk2el_Ruv1lBsmqFeBHGp9s


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2bcfc30c015e4745/Bandarban_June_2014%C2%A9_Sourav%20Mahmud%20(68)_resize.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH5O7du7UYSYobbbJGF6zdw2QmGElDhIWPpL8KdPklTGwoL_NurOujOdDjPnYS_0O1wy5_3aeThwTpkA80NnGCTGNczXpBqcgVRHUSJD7ei2yWIU5E
Plant ID from Bangladesh SM1485 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild
Location: Bandarban
I hope this is Breynia sp. (Phyllanthaceae).
Breynia -  species in India & eFloraofindia with details& some keys 
Maybe Breynia Rhamnoides
Breynia retusa.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d111d8f19b7c0172/DSC_0747.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEX8GeowO5E6gfcW6uTXg38jSjL3wYqzQ3UfyrEyPppJyCCab04GShqwCQ12AbtS2iNy0Pnjh7bRPmTgIL9Em4nmDcltVvZFnjVsIVMmKbbelrSIfk
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d111d8f19b7c0172/DSC_0743.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHCQd1nJUQTmVyrdxDfkKR1sHmO_0tBHpf8r-TfMP8Sx-GgK67qIgILBYSIV-L5GmHSE8c7bWKmjm5HcGrlph2hMhyCU5BVtHFE3zeYKhMt8HssXyY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d111d8f19b7c0172/DSC_0738.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHeTlT8sA1yCnu0JqdkqtK0KutKLNVZkzA4egg74J6wSCBXlfyKrWoscE9W5AV48CX_xnMNJTCAZaguW1G-KHOck7nrj2aitw70vNNDUf24vsSGlAU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d111d8f19b7c0172/DSC_0746.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHBSHxmT--ZoE_8XJN5UP3I5MpkadFmq9LIHDPCFXFcr5agFCDZfZwY6m0ZLT4tSJxklhDaqkTW7skuNLxfjUKxg1s3Z8q1jvJ6VUDrxNyQZpWGeGA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d111d8f19b7c0172/DSC_0745.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEGS0oddS0XV5MV165BmYk0JgDulpYNI3J1R6sBabEGota9oTCKiM23lDIkMR5wTcZSTuDa-n3kznUlwgXjuGdNCQKk-Y3eIb8a56HGuBPL6GwagY4
ANAPR20 Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5) 
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Date: 5th April 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Shrub
Nice photographs.
wonders never cease


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4230c1f517e9d2f1/Breynia%20retusa4%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG8JGUF8vZG8oG6cu_3b4pZ61Bd8q2dGMtZ7Q1tp1-aaq39_BTx01g9tb3UvL0rwmDH0YJ5s2D5JBtQouJYSUNcycBdafjfKYyWz8szVxEF4J-hrfw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4230c1f517e9d2f1/Breynia%20retusa3%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHa2qP9-m7daGDwg7hk9-opH5rpevtvnPDW0nDSDC6Tibshm8z0C3WbApY5CwW63_mWmx9CYBNFS9SwPJ4z0AfEXW1quF4L-hYMUBSmxk3qv8W9PuI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4230c1f517e9d2f1/Breynia%20retusa2%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG25CzMLQ0I24W-4KNawvYWPU0dwh6m1atv2GLSoNJ7WtzvAcx8w7g8xBn7-DxM0OyfSh_kUSTU3Vp7VOjcnZ9ZjwsFbeFAWPjEvX_N1fIxY2SE-Gs
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston SN15April 08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) 
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston,
wild shrub from Kothagiri area of Nilgiris, Tamilnadu
PHYLLANTHACEAE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139e5eebebfd11/4-20150604_104139.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF67-lU8qLzNGfmhOikCmfgMzPC_poZmKEZlBOa9cFjMHguKOatTxvCSjBMWRnW8-lTBIXnAbomLotpIedUsiPETvNsYkEj9TJWO8gcwk3olIM0q90
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139e5eebebfd11/3-20150604_104059.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFJoh4CMRAB7vzHzk0m465Acv3Rh7PVaLcBDzeWA7sDUW-OI4Kru5ajr_WpqMJSLxjdD8dg_19gGHJCfG3J8K7j7p2466o2FEf_3OrVnTb0UxR8Km0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139e5eebebfd11/2-20150604_104223.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOij3ZlNZkMuZtbFXuhZT8ux-KH5zIEqcmTA2S8xaRoUF8yCyVzyXQUuTRUVepFGf3UmyY7FCG4RUTC_sMb55owGDhXfkhtyDOkGYI7h135Q9AkQ8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139e5eebebfd11/1-Biccodu_4-06-2015_IMG_5736%20(45).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHzVOTHFnXHRyz9GBtO1nLA_4Cd7MFQHyZjIV9Ox3p6npS4jsQnWFrzWvyqGdEUPnmxnfVL9NgxYADg-cfT_W2rj-AU-aXPPxK4sJpTolpjzzoKTnI

It is my pleasure to share few images of Breynia retusa (Phyllanthaceae

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=1690&cat=1 

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Wild, Scrub forest 

Sighting: Hassan, Karnataka, about 900 msl 

Date: 04-06-2015


https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/1iB6SjQz2qddKPRfErrgss6HFmhwGnMW3TUyZO1P5ybKLqsTFx1uOYRmmucIPyyZp7kEThKe55Dga77knQoO9AliWYKvdPiu-fEDSowL60xl=w5000-h5000
Names of Plants in India :: Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
: 3 posts by 3 authors.
via Species‎ > ‎B‎ > Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston ... family: Phyllanthaceae ~ Euphorbiaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
BRAY-nee-uh -- named for Johann Philipp Breyn, German botanist ... Dave's Botanary
re-TOO-suh -- rounded and notched tip ... Dave's Botanary 
commonly known ascupped coral berry treecup saucer plant • Gujaratiકંબોઇ kamboi • Kannadaಅಸನ asanaಬಿಳೀಸುಲಿ bilisuliಗೋಜೆ gojeಗುರಿಗೆ gurige • Konkaniपोएं poem • Malayalamപെരുംനിരൂരി perunniruri • Marathiडाळफोडी dalfodiकंगळी kangali • Nepaliसानों नुन ढिकी sano nun dhiki • Sanskritबहुप्रज bahuprajaबहुपुष्प bahupushpaकाम्बोजी kamboji 
botanical namesBreynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston ... synonymsBreynia angustifolia Hook.f. • Breynia patens (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f. • Melanthesa retusa (Dennst.) Kostel. • Phyllanthus patens Roxb. • Phyllanthus retusus Dennst. ... and many more at • The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
July 5, 2008 ... along Saphale Ghat 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a8d9201cae7e8/Phyllanthaceae%20(3).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFeEwB26uBOTM4kNvxSbZkpRzXB9w60X40YumzDw43gQAKzKVX1KKGh2QPNNOq3VIFm_AOpCb2CR8wj_Ehd7RrFNZWdcDPUyCq5onnVXtba0wyFEsk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a8d9201cae7e8/Phyllanthaceae%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFynFXoYBgKin5u3YpaItjCkoEN3EGx9eHpJ-l7tkctx0jEFtUmuVBfN-Bte1qhVOJnZwaoc4Demzr_ZkXbmglMyOZXn78lFdc5jNJ8SocqVEs9x1A
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Phyllanthaceae Shrub for ID :: Palakkad :: MK003 OCT2016 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help to identify this shrub from Euphorbiaceae. Initially I thought this to be a Breynia sp.
Habitat: forest edge
Place: Palakkad Dist., Kerala
Date: July 27, 2016
Alt.: 140 m asl

Cup and saucer.

than you sir, its indeed Breynia retusa.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/47db20b69391/IMG_3789.JPG-foi.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHWrTUsT7qnAb3sTawjhJDJpFJqmTTw9oyHF6xuaHhAXxeCY-Xbdb7JL_-DGhekV0aVfUcahVUQC-_nxqDRFaKIEgFB93o1rOVZgFA6QmVmeFPhQwE
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Breynia retusa---for sharing
: 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Aug.16.
Breynia lanceolata (Phyllanthaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Botanical name: Breynia lanceolata (Hook.f.) Welzen & Pruesapan. Basionym: Sauropus lanceolatus Hook.f. Synonym: Sauropus rhamnoides Blume.
Photographer: Dr. Santanu Dey.
Location: Nagaland, India.
Habit: Shrubs or small trees, sometimes scandent or climing.
Habitat: In inland forests or edges of primary forests at low altitudes.
Distribution: India (Nicobar Islands, North-eastern India), Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Lesser Sunda Islands.

After examining the type of Breynia lanceolata as well as Sauropus rhamnoides, I now feel that this is a misidentification. This should be the common species Breynia retusa.
I regret this misinformation. 

Is this Breynia used in Homeopathy?


References:
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