Fumaria indica

Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 44: 313 1919. (syn. Fumaria parviflora var. indica (Hausskn.) Parsa; Fumaria vaillantii var. indica Hausskn.);

Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan (Sind, Swat, Baluchistan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Hazara), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Parwan, Takhar), ?Tajikistan, Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), New South Wales (I), Northern Territory (I)) as per Catalogue of Life;
 
Common name: Indian Fumitory • Garo: Pid-papra, शहतरा Shahtra • Hindi: पापड़ा Papara, पित्तपापड़ा Pit papra • Malayalam: Parpatakam • Nepali: धुकुरे Dhukure • Sanskrit: पर्पट Parpata, पर्पटकः Parpatakah • Telugu: Chatarashi ;

A pale green, diffuse, glaucous, annual herb. Leaves 2-3 pinnatisect, ultimate segments linear-lanceolate, entire, apiculate. Flowers in leaf-opposed racemes, 0.6-0.7 cm, pale pink. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, incised dentate. Fruit subglobose, rugose, 0.4 cm in diameter.  This plant is very common during late winter and is found growing with other seasonal weeds in moist localities of the waste places as well as along field borders.
 
Keys from eFlora of Pakistan:
Bracts equalling or slightly longer than pedicel in fruits; corolla pale pinkish to white; fruits usually rounded or very obtuse at apex; leaf segments obscurely channelled or not …. Fumaria indica
+Bracts shorter than pedicel (1/2-3/4 as long) in fruits; corolla ± pink-violet with dark tips; fruits usually minutely apiculate (or obtuse); leaf segments flat …. Fumaria vaillantii 


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica%20(4).JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEAGoyAb7lW7MccknOU2U5wC94A9GBsDoMSqESVwAvzsjKuUWDo6YCMpeqtHye9_h0_7WcCxGEK6EfG6UxQ6f9mlUD2wW53iY63by2DoWJdBrpSF2w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica%20(1).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGilW2aNRso2Vcn-4fNXus5qtMRIoI5F1UrlvyzaxM3f5CWEfs1tfJh1WFqg6v8Kg3pcbVffBzmMDwFKQYUf2b1JGwIaHKdoZO0cxVjAdMCsdhlbjg
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica%20(3).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHGLne0VO6yMaEhZj-R_z2s9J_tJxN2mmOKDJP6Y3ma0pQFhwGjGJwX493DSmKfP4qtMHAMY5Xp5dzEVGU0Ed_cFcb16_npECkTGvxESuwYBSvCkfI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica%20(5).JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFWKE7mMmenarORWr7CbzHFi-itaUtLFEhRTCwlIceFcGqaT1R5hxv8x0U6CUL-G5GJIM9ik7W7IHxZQW-gNKnWNvDWtkE4U2gH9US_pg45SYq1Wmc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica%20(2).JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHqmvwt0eXBuJabOVBfLcgrBqZALZxKzzpV2TQv_l9hg1pfow5r715d7V3IDgfIkAZYWIAFpbvLqTHz7tq-UDPprvTfj2WhCuHxvJf2-WlSLKDlDUg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c4a942c9e7bf610f/Fumaria%20indica.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG-HzkJpUjwimHEaQE4v9gm658MCxTQpZ3cpNDEMnSY85rY2fE7P3MIU1ZRCpTk7A_Q7atRlniz-pmM1fbpAbm7EqKm9JlIXtq1nUaarxS_YUlffk4
Fumaria indica from Kaithal-2012: This one is Fumaria indica (Haussk.) Pugsley, Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 44: 313, 1919;
A pale green, diffuse, glaucous, annual herb. Leaves 2-3 pinnatisect, ultimate segments linear-lanceolate, entire, apiculate. Flowers in leaf-opposed racemes, 0.6-0.7 cm, pale pink. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, incised dentate. Fruit subglobose, rugose, 0.4 cm in diameter.
This plant is very common during late winter and is found growing with other seasonal weeds in moist localities of the waste places as well as along field borders. Shot from my village in Kaithal in January 2012.

Perhaps it would be interesting to know whether both F. indica and F. vaillantii grow in India or not, and what is this species. Here is key from eFlora of Pakistan
Bracts equalling or slightly longer than pedicel in fruits; corolla pale pinkish to white; fruits usually rounded or very obtuse at apex; leaf segments obscurely channelled or not Fumaria indica 
+Bracts shorter than pedicel (1/2-3/4 as long) in fruits; corolla ± pink-violet with dark tips; fruits usually minutely apiculate (or obtuse); leaf segments flat Fumaria vaillantii
Thanks ... Sir for the inputs and a new query which is very relevant and requires further research...


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f8bcd40c64bce316/DSC07770.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG2JdWDMwS6r1x99UWRvhGns1orgHlLVzQ7gSMrdcEYMmz1t9MTdjv68ziBkc417pPyNu8o-sINuLtw7H8d_PoQmWUWU3BqmnPMhfbaOfRZYpj_b5Y
120312::Merrut::Sl. No.-1:  

Date/Time- 11th March, 2012

Location- Place- Merrut, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat- Wild

Plant Habit- Shrub/Herb 


Fumaria indica think



https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1ce471c292cb449/IMG_9382.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHFM2zUbDr8CjS9Eqiyl4F9PCV6ymWwz4EUiwqGAEES2FAR3JxrGjzPpNQI1PleB_HhnER2TDaA7fhpGISTRedahb258Lg6VQ2lbNHeS0TuWhm7qWk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1ce471c292cb449/IMG_9380.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFknDX2U-UpgHJvRrNk_tp2R9lplOa9GAG2goJ_LGAj6zxLpgIejd2RuadM0n1GPpD29xOJ02-vTFHSwjbCGSzzj5RzgP93k8efwI-Fx4MH5Nj7SlQ
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1ce471c292cb449/IMG_9377.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH0Q9G_0gEGx0pv9AOg9gkepsycVMatVjEecVzULG0aiyGAh7DtN0lFl4a7cqmWuH7AvoRS1pq6bekSv7PE3LH63PP1X00GPLVmE8bIp8xIy_1s7Yk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/e1ce471c292cb449/IMG_9379.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHUATVmPSL1QpD01htIuL7ZZeuCweI1srQtpETdc4EIA4x7GK2RlCQAlCMWoHDzKCugFF_15xVcJK_RTq-DbFRrsf9GpWdvsBSwmwKkEkIdTDhv4OU
Herb for identification 290412MK02:  
Is this a Corydalis sp.?
Found growing in a private garden in Ooty of Nilgiris, TN.
Date: 12 Sep 2011
Campanula sp.
This can be Fumaria indica, and perhaps not Corydalis...
Fumaria indica from me too.
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Indian%20Fumitory.htm


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/150a8c9c598dacf/IMG_2732.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE7A7bAEu2TkYN9m7HtYuTu0W049w7hojQ_vbs0DrmmW4H4cnjRMw9aT8v-QY3kK0ppVkOHM5ClkpRzgEkOu-lK6JGPUsgzdzSgbBGaMjGTrvWuIu4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/150a8c9c598dacf/IMG_2729.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFrp2JIgIfbNLHYjWyGqiuJIWBiV91GC9Y1s7kDGVhyNb4eiyMP9j_1ITEUTBpjswzdjkkBWm1m_3NFHvNrPG7kyJdWdZ5HsGTPGUKLv7HeDN2o6lU
Fumaria species from Paddar valley J&K: Request for ID confirmation
Kindly confirm this species
Bot name: Fumaria indica
Family: Papaveraceae
Location: Paddar valley J&K
Altitude: 2000 meters asl
Date: 20th May 2012
Habit/Habitat: Wild herb
Yes ..., This should be Fumaria indica


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/569a0bb74cd11aa8/DSCN3616a.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGZigYz8Uth5gnMjm2_sprVbaFrjUUfzg-EvakPHaVKCena0WwJHb18uL7xohF6KnE_D0YiSW62q7PepI2RG_LxjG8L9_3Zo9lPQmcqHTnEPba-Ymc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/569a0bb74cd11aa8/DSCN3617a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH028LVQdcC7GVZ1jfmP58q6-yBdsCVhMC6RFK2XaWgTmPi5HgR2WcQPx-cbfB7lx1e3I3zqC4wFngfdr-EP8jlGZ8dmiWaST07cBx2XhW1lVQhkms
fumaria parviflora: fumaria parviflora var. indica
saw it in chandigarh as well as in the hills
second week of march


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/35324e81b655e938/F.indica_Flowers_with_dew.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH4vjxrbeIrnfNYAujcQVUhO4sQRFdTiVuTkWw83MG75_2hroPTf74yx01vqApWrVGBVNGxQx8cm4c2zNoQfwtqgpXPf3rr5TisfkLf9Q9zceFmkv0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/35324e81b655e938/F.indica.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEnnip4dq988Sn7_qmw6t8Yxg93R0VZlbw3rZmvpwgmheeOSyXCGowpK-uoIrnmNB20NfXIagl5gNJNmSFTn1qAsYmbEJ64XJzx3S2DdGmx7TBxAl4
(Haussk.) Pugs. in the family Fumariaceae is a common weedy herb in Uttarakhand.
It is blooming nowadays (15.1.13).
Locally, it is known as “Pitt-papra or Khairua”.
The plant is diuretic.
In the chilly mornings of North India the entire plant remain covered with dew-drops which glitter in early sun.

That is splendid, ...
Loved the close-up shot...splendid!!
It is a common plant but reveals its beauty only when watched very closely!


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a12e0d959db8aebb/m_DSCN0325.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEjg3p9BlHVO9y1g3TQ2-peAPhqJF9D-M6jbWFM0H97U6Mi30WlM-N4kQzj6rDEz8P-b6_JKwCRQaqrZ0xdj_wfUgNt_Xh56HPCUgPcE-18zelQZIU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a12e0d959db8aebb/m_DSCN0316.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEy7RSNX16suuhk6lWUQVBL5X9SLye1dguqV9y0Rb43aKATYgKVjtfX6BQ6--ySAg8UXpFCsbnIwHC1QyYW1M6OQwaP4wmtRbmgcGA_aCO-OHBcBvI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a12e0d959db8aebb/m_DSCN0317.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHJRNTgSpfjWayke0OxouwYANTN20tPhKAvPBbVB_gv_GKVCls5QbJ2ZVMVqnIEy8kPI50NXMRjoFueq2V2j_Y79jVmxdBYQxhMVzXXlW9X9RIgx4g
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a12e0d959db8aebb/m_DSCN0324.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGxvp0WabjAwgT9oGNXvmyhVLWS38pTMABqlN4gtRINJBy7tjcv1dEnQu6L9kHXSbXgGTLFL4vJK2LvNEhT3DpJvbwTJKjQyqofPiHbTD3lI1mDkGg
[15032013] AP1-Plant for id from Ambala Cantt Haryana :  4 images. 4 posts by 4 authors.
Please members help me to identify this plant..
Descriptions
place-ambala cantt
month- march

habitat-garden, fields
habit-herbaceous, erect
stem-herbaceous
height-about 10 to 15 cm

Fumaria indica (Fumariaceae/ Papaveraceae)!
Yes Fumaria indica


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6542a24387484c6c/srinagar_4c.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE6qnbwgalQDlHe4Di2SOXR39BwPqGYktxSwu4kz8DvrHogVN34XkdHNPbJPF4fToEAL28KpPAYfzHX9AJsEHXJZq60SlX5OB-NJY_xCR0mfMumH2c
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6542a24387484c6c/srinagar_4b.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHhWeMfmgYzLQpLQHevtDPAS84bZX2s7ikG7cFOmaD9B1MDtE9LHDUyivO_a_wOy4B_0SUAUui0Jo5I0CuH6P0c2-hoQRiLtJ32VKXzzV628LA7Jmg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6542a24387484c6c/srinagar_4a.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE6FCoxX6FMHKp1ea3fDB2H9cJRjDr2qGjfb6MyAqbciuka3bXnyDcgKl8fpuO3_0TYaR5tgd-j92BotzRxExkOJcwsFErZH1L9uIXL6GYU0HT0PBI
Flora from Srinagar weed for Id 09072013 CS4
: Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please help identify this prostrate weed with mauve flowers
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley
Thank you ... for the ID . This is the link from flowersofindia
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Indian%20Fumitory.html
It seems to be have high medicinal value


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/27e72989fa68328b/19dec12_DSCN9678.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFAheF2KAzvngfJV_NbDA8cOjRaSSJh0BBUyWj7FmibkYv-sWF7s6kKFI-_osRMPM-tulCv5eHdYteTs1b8rAKPB5YbyJ72FfORH3WG8attT2ek9Y4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/27e72989fa68328b/19dec12_DSCN9676.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHcuUKyKhjap3kKiCmAxg5vmAXXjovt3xBHJq_beW0na2Rl_nK-MUe3JsVqPBe3RDLHoXFh_GaNX974yo38LkQ0oWxVJI2bvw9xNJHcqs5WeFQcQx8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/27e72989fa68328b/19dec12_DSCN9674.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF41XFcFYfQ0u_O7ogtQhGpKohxHBNjQLUW5t4KEizsRTGG3MlUqHAYRx4ouYHFcVVV7eVujmHPiCFVgVQ0hj-1nihic0AiJpPyxwtQJmoTdFqvx7s
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a34d3703cf46ce64/19dec12_DSCN9680.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFrLXMrd23_bURkJDXmD-OttgYHlOqWYmT82vd9V8rTfg7oSwZBtV5r2frDVNrKrKTDuYhfs78DmFY9Nb6kFwuz5DfXX4qlZPdS5VnlE4FBtv8Z_mM
Fumaria parviflora Willd. ? from Hooghly:

  • Bengal Plants describes only one Fumaria - Fumaria parviflora Lamk.; F. I. iii. 217; F. B. I. i. 128; E. D. F. 723
  • F. B. I. i. 128. describes only one - Fumaria parviflora subsp. vaillantii Loisel. (sp.)
  • F. I. iii. 217, describes only one - Fumaria parviflora Willd. iii. p. 868. and the description goes thus - "Annual, diffuse....... ...... Beng. BUN SULPA ...... A native of Bengal ..... It has the habit of F. officinalis but in the Indian plant, the ultimate segments of the leaves are filiform and the stigma bifid"
  • Hortus Suburbanus Calcuttensis describes F. parviflora Lam, and F. officinalis L.
I found this herb in a kitchen garden, well in villages it is hard to demark a kitchen garden with that of agri-land, on 19-12-12, in Hooghly.
Perhaps this should help
Both species known to occur in India are described.
I read the discussion in Sir's post while searching the ID of this plant.
efi link: https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/m---z/p/papaveraceae/fumaria/fumaria-indica
I think it is Fumaria parviflora subsp. vaillantii Loisel of F. B. I. i. 128., the current accepted name of which is Fumaria vaillantii Loisel., for its apiculate fruits and bracts shorter than pedicel.
In spite of having characters more with vaillantii it is F. indica (Haussk.) Pugsley as per BSI distribution (with an end note!).
Please correct it, ...
I think we should go with F. indica. I have lot of specimens from Kashmir and Uttarakhand. In all bracts are significantly longer than pedicel in flower, even longer in fruit, fruit globose. 
Agreed Sir, interestingly regarding flower colour BSI key and BSI descriptions do not match!


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2510bdb5ac071/CSC_0562.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF4PaaAE9w6Sws8zQb0em7BWrTZjfGWN4ZVNVsDCMiOl_s0dX77lSejqym5wLPFSadTcjpAjPZPVtjStQAAsbw4CrUCmzM-V6ZGcGSyTFU8eUJe6nM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/2510bdb5ac071/DSC_0104.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFsuXuUVW0_qH72jm6FkhhE1qMzM4aH0ZbNn9EGz3Wq2gIxSqAP5o8DccoILBB1V08TCSWmay9Z4fHFk-7ebc_kTvQM6noszMRNxDuhITS888XdMU4
SK160OCT24-2016:ID
: 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Sharing some pictures for ID shot at Chitwan National Park , Nepal on 13 january 2013 at 600 ft.
Fumaria indica I hope.

Thank you for ID. Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley (accepted name)
Nepali Names : धुकुरे Dhukure / कोइरे कुरो  Koire Kuro / शम्पु फूल Shampu Phool 


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/389cf9b4460c/DSC_1225.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHjPjZybq-6tb72q3Bgxsw4cxg5wEI8G3wQGB4rZB21jePdlyn1y5cMt9Wyz97uFAumRJ1h0TTTIhAm5JHkEN26Kr3wVSOh8NYU6Nnw9RrIbSbzVLE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/389cf9b4460c/DSC_1222.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH9V1KM8eLCdag6-jYFPNID3kFjJ6YvUtPxSg491YC1ufAJvOQ_ESlc86_QZMl6jSra84xw59cGduNfqq9ME6uh4_JoaQ46DKNRqdWzRymCti77aJw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/389cf9b4460c/DSC_1219.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG8ZiXzaM5EWr-m801e7ndG80shKuZIXKEaj9toZu2i2cWZSvOt0UJsrdLqAuG7s6fAXkPYGkQ2iQtscLbRCAWU-j0dedvV3VIeF8ci3KERu3vbaZs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/389cf9b4460c/DSC_1218.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEclBgKfH1P8yBfBk_QmXpgUU4aZnrT9Gj5RiW04kd3J3QLAOzVq4lIKKndySt-EUSSpsWAVKNs7k3tq6YfdboBFtB4mwwzHQc1VtfRzzstJKrgj3M
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/389cf9b4460c/DSC_1215.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHGJG76mc_df9nzB8AXOQhpBIZ04Iv_ZvA_OI0OILdc0Gp4Kt34skAqWHLEGhBTcM66dY0_bsPgc-9jG0HRdIJHER_mt9HYNdl6pD0M5upE98K3114
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley
: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Soureni, Mirik, India
Date: 18 May 2017
Altitude: 4400 ft. 
Nepali Names : धुकुरे Dhukure / कोइरे कुरो  Koire Kuro / शम्पु फूल Shampu Phool 


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4755f23fc00aa/00100lrPORTRAIT_00100_BURST20200203131621475_COVER.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFj9DhkJQoTsWopHYa8_b5403qHLk65x2aX7ZGMd8FEW_v__DwJZ3CGqd5uIyf0qwrUjlO7Q7ZDDTkMQ_KnPAGsnGXYeKxKDLG97JFsSZaQyqCSRk0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4755f23fc00aa/00100lrPORTRAIT_00100_BURST20200203131606658_COVER.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHvR9dndy91wi5ohSV1dQnqTzbkYg2qzM0c2EL17w9nU6iLXHXVlhEptBEnT7Nbr3baPTfyJYBoY93eSLBgOgdOxnkpYeO-94RptJdT5FJfmk4UYes
SD09 7 Feb 2020- Plant ID assistance : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help with plant ID.
Found in Neemrana, Rajasthan. Elevation 305 metres.
Fumaria indica!

Identity herb CCG, Agra : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) - 1 mb or more.
Need id of herb from Agra, U.P.
19 Feb 20

Fumaria indica !
I too agree with ...

Fumaria parviflora SN3132020 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Sahatbara medicinal herb seeds spread during transport of dry herb. Natural Remedies ware house near Hosur. 
Fumaria parviflora Lam. is not distributed in India as per Catalogue of life;
I think your plant may be Fumaria indica as per images and details herein.
 


 
References:
Comments