Dactylicapnos scandens


China (W-Guangxi, S-Yunnan), S-Tibet (Chumbi), Bhutan, Sikkim, Burma, Nepal, N-Vietnam, N-Thailand, N-India (Darjeeling, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu?), Sri Lanka (I) as per Catalogue of Life;


Herbaceous climbing perennial herbs, about 3-5 m long. Stems slender, angular, grooved, glabrous. Leaves 2 or 3 times ternately compound, exstipulate, about 5 cm long, petiole about 2.5-3 cm long, leaflets ovate-spathulate to ovate-elliptic, about 1-3.5 x 0.5-2 cm across, base acute to cuneate usually unequal, margin entire, apex acute to obtuse with mucronate tip, terminal leaflet larger than the lateral leaflets, lateral veins about 5-7 either side of the midrib, first or lowest pair almost near the base, petiolules slender, grooved, about 0.5-1 cm long, rachis ending or terminal leaflets usually replaced with the tendrils. Inflorescence raceme, about 8-12 flowered, peduncle slender, about 2-8 cm, bracts narrow oblanceolate, about 4-6 x 1 mm across. Flowers bisexual, leaf opposed, yellow, apex bright yellow with purple spots, about 1-2 cm long, pedicels filiform, about 1.5-2.5 cm long, sepals 2, ovate-triangular, apex acuminate, about 2-3 mm long, petals, linear, yellow, apex acute, faintly reflexed, outer petals about 1.8-2 cm long, inner petals unguiculate, with crested lower lobe, nectariferous glands short, strongly hooked at the apex, producing waxy secretion, about 4-5 x 0.8-1 mm across, Stamens 6 in 2 bundles, each bundle 2 loculed, later anthers one loculed, base expanded into 1-2 nectary glands. Ovary subglobose or elongate, unilocular, ovules few to many, style slender, stigmas flattened. Fruits capsules, ellipsoid-ovoid, grooved, dehiscing in upper part, with persistent stigma and style, about 14-20 x 6-8 mm across. Seeds numerous, in 4 rows, compressed, papillate, black, arillate with small white aril.
Dactylicapnos species flowers are complete, bisexual, i.e., with functional male (androecium) and female (gynoecium), including stamens, carpels and ovary. Pollination is entomophilous i.e., by insects. Flowering/Fruiting: June-December.
Shady places of forests, rocky slopes and grasslands, altitude 1800-2750 m.
Asia: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal; Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India from India Biodiversity Portal)          


LocationGurje Bhanjyang, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 26 January 2016
Altitude: 6000 ft
Nepali Names : बिचकने Bichakane / सानो पहेली Saano Paheli / छोटाङ्गChhotang / जोगी लहरा Jogi Laharaa / झिलिङ्गे Jhilinge  / यार्लिङ्ग झार Yaarling Jhaar   

I guess it is correct ID according to the elevation.

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4086ea5f901f5/20160727_102213.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&authuser=0
 
D. scandens (E Sikkim) : 1 post by 1 author. 3 images- 1.3 to 2.4 mb each.

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4814f1f2c8ae/Dactylicapnos%20odontocarpa.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 
Help ID Dactylicapnos from Phulchowki : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
I had some help to get this plant to the genus Dactylicapnos, but would like to see if anyone can confirm the species level ID Dactylicampnos odontocarpa. Location is along the Phulchowki road, south of Kathmandu elevation 2658m. It was blooming from mid-September to late October.

Leaves are not clear.
May be Dactylicapnos macrocapnos (Prain) Hutch. as per comparative images at Dactylicapnos

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/145c1643e4684/D.%20scandens.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 
The foliage appears to be soft with indistinct veins and alternate primary leaflets, which tells us that this is either the D. macrocapnos complex (incl. D. odontocarpa) or D. scandens. These species are most easy to separate by nectary and ripe fruits, but even without these, the direction of pedicels and the dizzy fruit in the background make me sure that your plant is D. scandens. It has also been collected in this area before.
I enclose a picture of a verified D. scandens for comparison.


 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/417c057934203/IMG_3992.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGTNeBNG8jSU5ri-TRA8JufFCpRc5LnxGnZMA69ZBokPbzNEoPcjWg-DvAFnez4Ion42cToXKumNnt9Ppw3lJbod2gtBMYdHush1RINIZa6Bvbzf_w
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/417c057934203/IMG_3991.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGFSQogsEqeQ4PhDuSqx-aoMxSqEv1WfM5sRz0aYEEKiZB_LTVqzojE8iErblK72xTIZs_L7HMDXDlDhQLyus0hmpWa5cjDy0F-kVzUABDHQ4V4JMs
Fwd: SK1MAR5-2016:ID : 3 posts by 1 author.
Request ID please !
Outskirts of Kathmandy valley !
Altitude 1300M.

Already ID as Dactylicapnos scandens (D.Don) Hutchinson 
  


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