Centranthera indica

Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble , Fl. Madras 971 1924. (syn: Capraria rigida Buch.-Ham. ex Hook. fil.; Centranthera brunoniana Thw.; Centranthera hispida R. Br.; Centranthera procumbens Benth.; Digitalis stricta Roxb.; Razumovia hispida Britten; Razumovia indica (L.) Alston; Rhinanthus indicus L.) as per efi thread
 
After detailed study the only main difference that I found between two is the length of Corolla which is much longer in C.indica (2-2.5cms long) than C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis (1.5cms long) .
Also the matured plants of C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis can remain as small as to 5cms whereas the plants are larger (more than 10cms) in C.indica.
Moreover C.indica is much widespread species reported from South India to Australia while C.cochinchinensis var. nepalensis only occurs near the Himalayas.

¿ sen-TRAN-ther-uh ? -- Greek: kentron (spur), anthera (anther) ... Dave's Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh -- of or from India ... Dave's Botanary 

commonly known asIndian spur-anther flower • Malayalamകൊറോസിനം corosinam • Marathiउंदीरकानी undirkani 
 
Herbs 10-20cm tall, erect or diffuse, scabrid, hairy,; stems 4 angled. Leaves nearly sessile, 1.2-3.0 x 0.3-0.8 cm, oblong lanceolate, hispid hairy on both sides, apex acute or obtuse. Flowers reddish purple, axillary, solitary, or in terminal spikes; calyx densly hairy. Capsule 0.9 cm oblong.
 

Diffuse, densely hispid herbs; roots orange-yellow. Leaves basally opposite, upper ones alternate, 1-2 x 0.5-0.8 cm, elliptic, oblong or linear-oblong, base rounded, apex obtuse or acute, hairy on both sides, sessile. Flowers subsessile, axillary, solitary; bracteoles 2. Calyx 5-10 mm long, spathaceous, oblique, split on one side, faintly 3-5-lobed at apex. Corolla rose coloured or white, tube long, incurved, dilated above, lobes 5, subequal, spreading. Stamens 4, didynamous, included; filaments villous; anthers transverse, base mucronate. Ovary globose; style simple. Capsule 4-7 x 3 -5 mm, ovoid, loculicidal, covered by persistent calyx lobes, dark brown. Seeds c. 1 mm long, oblong-cuneate, striate. 
Flowering and fruiting: September-January 
Moist deciduous forests, grasslands and wet sandy fields
Indo-Malesia, China and Australia
 
Centranthera indica is distributed in Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka. In Bangladesh, this species is found in Dinajpur, Gazipur and Sylhet (Rahman 2006). In India, it is found in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In Madhya Pradesh the species is reported from Dhar and Jhabua districts (Singh 1997), Koyna valley in Koyna; Mahabaleshwar, Shirshingi; Wada, below Mahabaleshwar (Deshpande et al.1993), Alibagh; Bhise-Khind, Roha; Matheran; Sarasgad, Pali in Raigad district of Maharashtra (Kothari and Moorthy 1993), Nilgiri of Tamil Nadu (Henry and Chitra 1987). In Kerala, the species is reported from all districts (Sasidharan 2004).
It is an errect herb found in marshy places (Singh 1997). It is a common annual among grasses in open lands (Deshpande et al.1993).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) ) 

India, Sri Lanka, Nicobars (North Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Australia (Western Australia), peninsular Malaysia (once from Selat Panchur, Langkawi Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Taninthayi), Malesia, Indonesia, Indochina as per Catalogue of life;


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/98f368597fb5a83b/DSC_0308.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHaeFmQGLLt5Qf4MXXMsAf03kNA41BWsc6BVOdiBZbu-4HL873L-Yicnq3QJp-o2RIAJBuTJVFPZ5qGxO_QmA5tGAo1QQdcMTVsUvegk9jo2b5lybs
 
21032011pj1 ID Request: Date/Time-: 13/03/11   -     1 1:40
Location- Place, Altitude - Kaiga , Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length-3cm


Images by Satish Phadke  (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ed8e9280a5289d9d/Centranthera%20indica4.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG1wGyY15Jc92-160iTVCEccs4T3hhvsnkeWfrCwWjktj0cR2DewBlvcNHS1HStiDxjwmwdgGkvBbhTYypikuYojRFchsRUdlmqQgCCQwoV8cge6EAhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1ed30afae3b03e0b/Centranthera%2520indica3.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEFxQRo30vf3lR_2Lxw3EKD-1wPip8qmX_dOYWIEkvit3iq4wV7sGhnqpaQlhjwAdnIm7kXZGGoQxRzUhS06p35QpTyq0v3iUWsMGWbVjth--AWg3M


Centranthera indica - Mulshi Near Pune
Family : Scrophulariaceae
Saturday 29Oct 2011


Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Centranthera indica (L.) Mulshi near Pune SMP :  5 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Centranthera indica (L.)
Herbs 10-20cm tall, erect or diffuse, scabrid, hairy,; stems 4 angled. Leaves nearly sessile, 1.2-3.0 x 0.3-0.8 cm, oblong lanceolate, hispid hairy on both sides, apex acute or obtuse. Flowers reddish purple, axillary, solitary, or in terminal spikes; calyx densly hairy. Capsule 0.9 cm oblong.
Thanks again ... for illustrative upload..
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c61c593f4b99dc9e/Unidentified%20Herb%205.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHQHkobYKmAEH1qk3PWgXIgq4TamGb52p9ml7XSvMHNwsjZtaK2ICfkjboWXrKrFPf8-Ief3xKdPME5lA9ptgge5eM_0uF5w---MlBSVtyiO4wiGGc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c61c593f4b99dc9e/Unidentified%20Herb%203.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH5jdqAMHJZDzNMQUg18SUAFcDHa_Qkazaac-zWCZ53GOgcGbbpUZz9T2DXzcmwrwwzdt6V0aO91EXPhVdTVenm8F_9DFBkfKhSZLdcMfSZx_lN8ck

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c61c593f4b99dc9e/Unidentified%20Herb%202.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHLao_VZO6XcrY0TE3mavYbhD4BS75FGawuQ5wkULs9D6bMzp-BeFVK_y1GUGinUCMPO3BZ9htvIzTLTEh8c8e9iRgwgrAsiduPPm19qupmwxwebOw
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c61c593f4b99dc9e/Unidentified%20Herb%204.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGfRClrG7ktNHfT5mL-rD_CDX_5MG3qRjQUqv9Jjql04v-jj-8JswytkxDeyf52gWFpPQFQQPgAzvlOJAy6_UyqWevI7otmteL3I-d-4a_eeo6mvzs
Please idenify this small herb - NS 080911:  Photographed at my farm at Shahapur last weekend. Please identify this small herb [20 - 30 cms tall] found in an open grassland with alternate leaves and flowers about 2cms in size.
Though it may be a species of Sopubia, it is not S.delphinifolia and it is also not the Oriental Sesame [S.orientale].
... species of Centranthera ?
Centranthera indica?
Had thought of Centranthera indica, but it didn't quite look like that to me, but on second thoughts you could be right.
Centranthera indica??? doubtfullllll... 
It does look like Centranthera indica to me.
It does look like Centranthera indica to me too.
But the leaves are not opposite here....?
Leaves at branch tip can be alternative in Centranthera. This looks like species of Centranthera to me too.
Check for the leaves at the base that should be opposite. 
thank you to all for identifying it for me. It is Centhranthera indica.
This was photographed at Prabalgad.
Bot. name: Centranthera indica,
Family: Scrophulariaceae
 
Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble ... also placed in Orobanchaceae 
at Karnala Bird Sanctuary on various dates
Thanks ... probably the last picture attached inadvertently..

Thank you very much ... for catching this error. I have wrongly labeled it in my flickr photostream and carried the mistake here. Will make correction soon.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/14334ebd6fef36/20150823_111418.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEOgE_Xy3cctJsA07Szjg7GLneqVyqUzEPPI0O2EH4fj2gZ_EjzX4-rtvT9HsQoutqO_XWMjJTIFcapgu3zDYocft5M4-zVWFH4SNVYtzuQFr299t0
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04012016RK02
: 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
 
Please help me to find out id of this plant (Attached). Found at North Kerala. If possible give me its name in Malayalam. 
If you photos showing, lower portion, leaves etc. pl. post.
Thanks for the support. I have attached another available picture of the same.
1 image.
please check Centanthera indica
Scrophulariaceae
I think ... is right. It seems to match with images at Centranthera indica

via Species‎ > ‎C‎ >  Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble ... family: Orobanchaceae ~ Scrophulariaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
¿ sen-TRAN-ther-uh ? -- Greek: kentron (spur), anthera (anther) ... Dave's Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh -- of or from India ... Dave's Botanary 
commonly known asIndian spur-anther flower • Malayalamകൊറോസിനം corosinam • Marathiउंदीरकानी undirkani 
botanical namesCentranthera indica (L.) Gamble ... synonyms: no synonyms known ... The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
September 26, 2009 ... Kolad 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/82d15b9bf8fed1fe/IMG_1634.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrERIUdZv4_rOWQqcV5HcsmBfXPaEREF2HyShKSGSTgjx4gvUIfhfZ1G0Jk1frQH_uAqpasr8a4rQuPXlWuWWkceL5DxCX1dhjrrlsUwMff3_BWQtz0
 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bb51d66c40b819d0/Irshal-Prabal%20-1.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGBegzrVzvy5ePHerK1O_NoNrDPul4vFja2moVJVi6f2T6QoAPyHiF4chECr_kbcpCTm-UdoJrCaUwVoaO_2KHFdq2fEN2Rsw3SuxlQwnkkPO1gSRg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bb51d66c40b819d0/Irshal-Prabal-2.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHMpU-0EkRa6tGk9FLKQqXjxHFLo0KGCQ_6RVwvJ8GpJlwnAoBAnQ7V3RBIozlfkETSAdyLbx9I8WVM4EfGX3SeEcuMo_AG40rv_eNL1BZ0DqBt6g0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/bb51d66c40b819d0/Irshal-Prabal4.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQoXJdxo2v4lyLmZhUgoUhQNk8kVu6Jho5ohoupAEA2yQtjiXxpP1CRc_HooVL5I4YCYMKP6k5oI0-bXIibueSmuzYTOu5gdmYGk-9HMqqTXtJxVU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/82d15b9bf8fed1fe/IMG_1633.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHUf3-_iviXCSdFilIVK0RvS7qjlQUXEOmxHld8tbujCTM2PIMuM-MD6UoV0FMM4FEGcBMkJzmN_UmJchj9Z9ErLsksK884nB3rlDJXB1UFkVERpwc
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4b656cecd35dd197/Sopubia%20delphinifoliaJPG.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE_vaSDlKX_c_lgUEvfgNZgE4MNkVRKJoF-wp0OKkr7UBSq3zpPY8hO_REtMgJ5zE6RVUm2F8VjMhKEgE2FIbjld95tlap-1JjfsBlwBsB9-uyT-mo
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4b656cecd35dd197/Sopubia%20delphinifolia.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGkYOhJtAC0s0rqO5gmfMpWHY_YO65fSn6XXXBsLfs1g2T0g5C8ApPAwsQLp5ebnF_6A98DfvGW2BwwcTxdzz6EluTukA56v0gRKRrGqFE5SXgfBTk
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in DANDELI TIMBER YARD- Oct'09?; Mumbai on 25 Oct '09; 26.09.10- Wada region, Maharashtra; 08-10-2007: Prabal Machi while trekking from Irshalgad to Prabal gad (near Panvel Maharashtra);id request pl uttara kannada 6 - indiantreepix | Google GroupsSopubia delphinifolia - indiantreepix | Google GroupsIs it lobata ? 241010 ET-1 - efloraofindia | Google GroupsID request-01112010-PKA1 - efloraofindia | Google Groups


 
References:
Flora Of Davanagere District: Karnataka, India (Description) By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah
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