Gomphia serrata

Gomphia serrata (Gaertn.) Kanis, Taxon 16: 422 1967. (syn: Campylospermum abbreviatum Tiegh.; Campylospermum beccarianum (Bartel) Tiegh.; Campylospermum borneense (Bartel) Tiegh.; Campylospermum cumingii Tiegh.; Campylospermum kingii Tiegh.; Campylospermum leschenaultii Tiegh.; Campylospermum malabaricum (DC.) Tiegh.; Campylospermum nodosum Tiegh.; Campylospermum perakense Tiegh.; Campylospermum plicatum Tiegh.; Campylospermum retinerve Tiegh.; Campylospermum rheedii Tiegh.; Campylospermum serratum (Gaertn.) Bittrich & M.C.E.Amaral; Campylospermum strictum Tiegh.; Campylospermum sumatranum (Jack) Tiegh.; Campylospermum thwaitesii Tiegh.; Campylospermum vahlianum Tiegh.; Campylospermum walkeri Tiegh.; Campylospermum wallichianum Tiegh.; Campylospermum zeylanicum (Lam.) Tiegh.; Euthemis elegantissima Wall.; Euthemis pulcherrima Wall. [Invalid]; Gomphia angustifolia Vahl; Gomphia ceylanica Spreng.; Gomphia malabarica DC.; Gomphia microphylla Ridl.; Gomphia oblongifolia Ridl.; Gomphia sumatrana Jack; Gomphia zeylanica (Lam.) DC.; Meesia serrata Gaertn.; Ochna angustifolia (Vahl) Kuntze; Ochna zeylanica Lam.; Ouratea serrata (Gaertn.) N. Robson; Walkera serrata (Gaertn.) Willd.);

Vernacular names : Tamil: Ramanchi Malayalam: Aneperala; Chavakampu; Chavetti; Chokatti; Valarmani

India: W. Ghats from sea level to 1500 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Sri Lanka & S.E. Asia (Thailand, Cambodia, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Java, Philippines, Celebes) as per BSI flora of India;

Sumatra (incl. Bangka Isl.), peninsular Malaysia (throughout), Singapore, Borneo, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Culion, Busuanga, Balabac, Masbate, Romblon, Panay, Guimaras, Negros, Mindanao), Palawan, Sulawesi, E-Thailand, Laos, Karimundjawa Isl., Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi), India (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Java as per Catalogue of Life;


Habit- Small trees up to 5 m tall.
Branches and branchlets- Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules caducous and leaving scar; petioles 0.2-0.6 cm long, planoconvex, glabrous; lamina 5-15 x 1.5-4.5 cm, narrow elliptic to elliptic-oblong, apex acute to acuminate with mucronate tip, base acute to attenuate, margin serrate, shining above, glabrous beneath; midrib raised above; secondary nerves many anastomizing with double intramarginal nerves; tertiary nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence terminal and axillary cymes; flowers many; pedicels up to 1 cm long.
Fruit and Seed- Drupe, fleshy, 5 or fewer drupes seated on the enlarged disk, purple; seed 1 per drupe.
Trees along the margins of evergreen forests and in open formations, up to 1200 m.
Indomalayasia; in the Western Ghats- occasional in South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)                


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ANMAY27/35 Gomphia serrata (Gaertn.) Kanis (Please validate) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Family: Ochnaceae
Date: 12th May 2015
Place: Hebri, Karnataka

Habit: Short tree
Habitat: Evergreen forest

Gomphia serrata.


References:

Catalogue of Life (Campylospermum serratum (Gaertn.) V. Bittrich & M.C.E. Amaral ) The Plant List Ver.1.1  India Biodiversity Portal  Biotik  Wikipedia  IUCN Red List (LC)  Asian Plants  BSI flora of India
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