Myristica malabarica

Vulnerable as per IUCN Red List (VU)

Myristica malabarica Lam., Mém. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 1788: 162 1791. (syn: Myristica dactyloides Wall.; Myristica notha Wall.; Myristica tomentosa J. Grah.);

Peninsular India (Karnataka, Kerala Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu). Endemic. as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica;

Common name: Malabar Nutmeg • Hindi: बम्बे जायफल Bambay-jayphal, वन जायफल Van-jayphal • Kannada: Kanage, Doddajajikai • Malayalam: Kattujathi, Kattujathikka, Kottappannu, Panampalka, Pathiripoovu, Ponnampannu, Ponnampayin, Ponnampu • Marathi: रामपत्री Raampatri • Sanskrit: asana, bandhukapushpa, gostani, jatiphala • Tamil: colaivenkai, katjathika, kattu jatikkai • Telugu: adavijajikaaya, adavijajikaya, adividzajikaya

Dioecious trees, height 15 m, girth 45 cm; bark 8-10 mm thick, greenish-black, smooth, tuberculate-lenticellate, semi fibrous, blaze reddish, exudation deep red; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous, lamina 7-20 x 3-10 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, base acute or attenuate, apex acute, or subacute, margin entire, glabrous and glossy above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-14 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure, inter costae obscure. Flowers unisexual, white; male in cymes, axillary or from the old axils below the leaves, generally cymosely branched, rarely simple. Male flowers: more numerous than in female and smaller, umbelled at the apex of branchlets; perianth urceolate, minutely puberulous outside, glabrous inside, 3-4 cleft at apex; staminal column stalked, slightly produces above the anthers, pubescent; anthers 10-15, linear; female flowers: slightly larger than male peduncle generally simple with 3 umbelled pedicels at the apex, rarely once branched and bearing 5-6 flowers; bracteole forming a narrow linear cup round the base of the perianth; ovary superior, sessile, globose, hairy, stigma 2 clefted, glabrous. Fruit a capsule 5-7.5 x 1.8-3.5, oblong, pubescent, seed one, oblong, obtuse, slightly flattened on one side, aril yellow, irregularly lobed, laciniate, extending to the apex of the seed.
Flowering and fruiting: January-September
Evergreen and swamp forests
Western Ghats (endemic)
(attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

Myristica malabarica Lam. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
As discussed, I am herewith attaching the photos of Myristica malabarica Lam.
Habit: Tree.
Location: Sirumalai Hills, Dindigul Dist., Tamil Nadu.
Alt.: ca 1300 m asl.
DoP: 08-08-2014.
During the visit, I have asked a tribal woman (Paliyar), collecting the fruits, for the uses. She told that we call this as "kalipaakku" and we collect the fruits for getting yellow-orange coloured 'aril' used for making yellow-orange dye. They just collect aril and sell through an agent.

The pictures are beautifully recorded, thanks ... for enriching the database.. 


Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017