Myristica beddomei

Myristica beddomei King, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. Calcutta 3: 291, t. 118, f. 1–8. 1891; W.J. de Wilde, Blumea 42: 149. 1997. (syn: Myristica laurifolia auct. non Hook.f. & Thomson; Myristica contorta Warb.; Myristica laurifolia Hook.f. & Thomson var. lanceolata Hook.f.; Myristica dactyloides sensu J. Sinclair) as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017;

India as per Catalogue of Life;

India (Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu). Endemic. as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017;

Common name: Bitter Nutmeg • Kannada: kaadu jaapatre, kadu jaajikaai, kadu pindi kayi • Malayalam: panthappayin, adakkappayin • Sanskrit: जातिफल Jatiphala • Tamil: katujathika, kattuc catikkay, catikkaymaram • Telugu: adavijaajikaaya


Evergreen dioecious trees, to 25 m high, bark 10-14 mm thick, surface blackish-green, smooth, exfoliations small, outer bark 1-2 mm thick, dead, inner bark 10-12 mm thick, fibrous, striate, deep red; exudation watery, red; branchlets glabrous except for terminal bud and inflorescence; leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 10-25 mm long, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 12-25 x 4-10 cm, oblong or elliptic-ovate, base acute, round or rarely cuneate, apex acute, margin entire, glabrous, shining above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-25 pairs, pinnate, prominent, interco stae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, white; male flowers 10-20 together in short axillary dense clusters; peduncle mostly 2-cleft and woody, prominently marked with cicatrices of the bracts; pedicels slender, ferrugineous tomentose; perianth thin, fleshy, rusty tomentose, connate into an urceolate tube, constricted above, suddenly expanded, breaking into 3 ovate, spreading acute lobes; staminal column narrow to oblong, ferrugineous, included, produced beyond the anther; anthers 7-15, linear-oblong; female flowers as in male, only few generally 3-4 in the heads; ovary superior, sessile, ovoid-globose, appressed pubescent, 1-celled, ovule 1; stigma oblique, 2-lobed. Fruit a capsule, 5-7.5 x 3.7-6 cm, ovoid, apiculate, grooved on one side along the suture, pericarp rufous pubescent when young, thick, succulent; seed one, ovoid; aril orange red, encircling the seed, deeply cut down into many lobes, each of which is more or less lanceolate at the apex into filiform segments.
Flowering and fruiting: December-May
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)


This species is found in southern India and Sri Lanka. This species is harvested for its fruits. During collection the plants are disturbed. The fruits of this species have sizeable market demand on account of their commercial use as a plant drug and the level of exploitation is high. The fruits are traded at local, regional and national markets. Due to high volume trade and demand the fruits are collected from its wild habitat in an indiscriminate way. This has a severe impact on natural regeneration. Thus, the population of this species is declining very fast in the natural habitat (K. Ravikumar pers. comm. 2015). No significant ex situ conservation actions have been taken so far (P.S. Udayan pers. comm. 2015). In the CAMP workshop organised at Bangalore it was collectively agreed by experts that 40% of its wild population had declined over three generations (90 years). The species is therefore assessed as Vulnerable.
Sizeable subpopulations have been recorded from the semi-evergreen to Shola forests of Western Ghats of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is also reported from Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu (Kolli Hills).
Aril with dried ginger is used to check diarrhoea. Aril is also used in treating coughs, bronchitis, fever, burning sensations, inflammation of joints, skin disorders, wounds, sleeplessness, indigestion, liver disorders and worms. The fruits are used in Ayurveda and Sidha systems of medicine. It is traded at local and national levels. The fruits are traded in the name of "Jaiphal". The fleshy rind of the fruit is used for pickling.
Citation:Haridasan, K., Ravikumar, K., Saha, D. & Ved, D. 2015. Myristica dactyloides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T33526A50131225. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T33526A50131225.en. Downloaded on 11 March 2018.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0120.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHrQKrefe22KU2zrCRfy1Mq7nTLBhUKLt_jo0iAGgfBaXIP7_aOKbW2Z1ihrZEblAIWnn8xc366xFhnyYx8_xnLIksofhuhGhb9r6OcruTEUB4Je34
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0132.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFLxirvJX7QjofGieY-kWObB7dM2s4SHxVjw15xSnW9Kd1O6awiWJfDCSolC7PveVj7rAyE7Q8rGOjA3zWjnL7ukvdNZlUZ5CGvEyVHJFeYwosBo_M
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0134.jpg?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH42G5gtCGrg3gZRZiTa2hTgaiHeJCesaYFbw-_p6R4U_46i44zn0PKgo3tirbSjRpqZyXor84tLs01nTcSHwoEt7uZb4CC-LT04pxxR8KkrQzNrlM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0133.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE02q-nNFOAyoK_k3lmsD8e3i36Z1nAdiqYOB3i3SxwBtew4H8V7OAQxPxI9iSb82RySl7nvQLl7Pq4BwhMiXLohujtgVZGjKU1GkbczD11Wa8lUrU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0124.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHZWYJcTWf-1_ZgF5yP3kIlRoASF4JRPUxHyP85eigdP3U2IX5GMqGD03-J-CddBenWHkBi3tU9qMwtfPraVOtF6y3rlgf6lcLYxHY6sdWYfKXoEGs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0123.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGpIPnLbs74u8v13-46sSda32D09r73w8g3hHEkXakEmWvKKsH2wfcJB3Ow0QM53SgPJ7UssA9szPHw1EObz6FDD1M48IaQEs3a4mmDiP4ZpOPEC90
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ce33fd37f42216e2/DSC_0132.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFmJ1evwaPsEKCDjxaVv-eVTHFzzXrAS6bJcNAW_mcPMfuh1zrHzrnfDzWheNQx-a3xRne3chOoqKvQXvhMGw3Q3eI_RTPKeTdKSZsioj_BPZlO0dM
ANJAN25/25 Myristica dactyloides : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
Family: Myristicaceae
Date: 28th December 2014
Place: Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary. Karnataka
Habit: Medium sized tree
Identified by: ...
Never seen this variety
thanks for the pictures
googling tells me its bitter nutmeg
my question:  is it ever used in food?

Not sure ma'am. Maybe someone more familiar can provide more information regarding this!
Taking it as Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017


 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/AGcTfUWzWi8mSxwuDYvTGxwJiJWd5FZ2P0xtgLTr4WpBcaDaVcsbPaxnfMVqAsvzlV4vpTFkE8L_ImqX2WJAto2qWDkeJbcgQFgPdl3KVfii0lY=w5000-h5000
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/nXy12yT8AJ00HBZGbUDdBN6xdWPmdwNQC0RqYmPmN5-75q-d2LNdu7J1uTZ9GX31XDnK-fQRvMEHmEQsiya9xXVPLRp4xJQMbBxwM3SgaPaI8iM=w5000-h5000
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/ctOJm6s-nArcKQF6qZrcU70v9w4TgzYSafhazFp5ILwjR7OVK5e4wQjrHys-Gz3wKQHFVcO1a2Dad06CsPvJcxYJIbscDr5AZ6Jhvlli2fy46Yo=w5000-h5000
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/HpK0KEbOQ5GmE-QA8LNqLRB8qCiA_yX_sKOL-lCWoByotHDRsh3GJ2C2fFjrXv8c-MRoQsqK1E7Rx9q9-umOMtqJrz3_qN9iCJRvDej9KR1AqoE=w5000-h5000
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/0LDSwtIpsTQYoVtVAC3a_l4D4f2Ylb9akKVnOl5IFe5w-30PN1cHjd5MCZTYK8TdZOxKE2xZmCvBBgrAM_oFvj2PRx7OlU0hr7aKqGfk-nx_oiA=w5000-h5000
Agumbe Ghat :: Myristica dactyloides :: DVJAN23 : 1 post by 1 author. 5 images.
Agumbe Ghat (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary) ... Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 28 DEC 2014 ... Altitude: about 600 m asl at crest, about 250 m asl at foothill 
Myristica dactyloides Gaertn. ... (family: Myristicaceae) 
Many thanks to Anurag for the ID ... ANJAN25/25 Myristica dactyloides 
Taking it as Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017 
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%205.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFuL32NJJi2_Rs4cNU77J9bIGrHpA9DVwN90CtUIR7ANhsWbfJBZYRp3O4jFi7AHXHfRfhRBLOqjzYgStG_JR-RE9JOYZAKcDTeBtLJQas_p_Ppa0Q
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%201.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEQn3k0Zmfsf0Bz5JVobor-LYPF-6Y4WKeNnU1L-TXkxo0gtOZiXC93nqQQxWk9Pp4hU4tWfr4phJ_MEIWm1xNRCeskikUduUkplXgr1o4h5k_51v4
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%202.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHW3ElqT6cJZZNdd3uw0zBqo4pyqHEx56ZnU4VnSXevLrzYy1pcM4S12k5Cq-iMJakhpdMmcepN7f5Jxz0nyOlczNwSz_Hi7TrHZ9v_Zg-t5-yyfdk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%203.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEW6zTXJ5FhP4vG2J_hoh-39BOCQrugcaQxR831Af79oZdK59GJ7FQNpBL--dmO2zRVDbg9ei0HCbWmCskTPU5ikHpfJwLsn0H55k21lr8d2Iedmig
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%204.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHE0bsm1ul__oqPt9RxDeGveSbw-4dSvgo6jScqL_-y2YdwgHgayPxJxDsq2HILYL8RZELwnSsbiTA57Ni_9uHGmCP-8DTb8sZ_YJPaOX58uVoXFcA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%208.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHuVjM9US68wEoxyYy3Yz1n-kxqCVrtIaFLtjHRB06hu1B5JuWLGCO3DDVeUXuhV3eViGAeKJaxeHyUzkUeg77HFY4xSgbqGMfh82bRQC5mzKnDJYg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%207.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHffuYWYqgWw2TIs-t33YNl1hvV8hbxul4aSSIIdYePrGb4fnO5UHK8Qa4XiB8iwK5xIJJI7WHkZOftOswHnn1qg21EsYf-ZGywZLQtdwuOwLinTm0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139fbee74144a8/Diospyros%206.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGSSJxQDShhxreEP4nqBKjdZdsAQ70aXIJtYsBPjN9H6sy7yZfWt3EH5gzUwVRN9HCqsb3fdok4k11GjK87cb4_tGfhELcpDPZoGc5GM4YwYiGwKuI
ANNOV28/28 Diospyros sp. for identification : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (8)
Family: Ebenaceae
Date: 15th November 2015
Place: Agumbe, Shimoga District, Karnataka

Habit: Short tree
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest

The 3-merous flowers limits your search to two species only.  Please try D. angustifolia which has, however, shorter leaves.
Thank you sir. I have seen D. angustifolia, its leaves measure around 5-8 cm whereas this one had leaves well over 35-40 cm in length.
Which is the other species with trimerous flowers?
Oh my God!  Such long leaves with 3-merous flowers.  Please study it in detail.
Will do sir.
Not Diospyros sp. after all.
Identified by ... as Myristica sp. Can this be M. dactyloides?
Well, Okay. Myristica dactyoloides except for the pedicellate flowers.
It is a female tree of Gymnacranthera farquhariana (J.Hk. & Thoms.) Warb. - MYRISTICACEAE
Refer: http://biotik.org/india/species/g/gymnfarq/gymnfarq_en.html
the link show you male tree of the species.
Myristica dactyloides
Thank you very much.
Taking it as Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017 
 
 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/5DLWIvyi-0VrzJY6s95ikOpe_PzhD-Hkj3sb-uP1D_-bZux8rPafZ_imp--vRjZx4v3uGuEwyCILU6MxLChNtcopVTblgqjUn-gikoF3aLGnPw=w5000-h5000
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/B9_g5nTZZsXdQWtoTTD2EeRWyPFxFlIDpQ-KGauF77jse4Eox_RSwTARAoBX5nm76KKUIcEk_YcstZAIJ16mWXCl6OE2h6crz2OjimKcQ2VIsA=w5000-h5000
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/_kv5V1KNpSYO_mqY6UPD-hbag-0IfT2zpk-WHIBRr6Lde53euGTMpkQ6HluNvyxLhw2BNb2nTvOY2IFfPHmRz9FLBHBcOp0e83lcAqh-hLnqvg=w5000-h5000
https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/proxy/yItrpDIRs5PDOfmOhIxipULqXwUk7CAPNHtEhK3X4RrMUGjBMlDmHPwkB-HdteHJVDIlAGefke7YZ3vsiHb0085Ss44vRfAi4alxfFUp0EBWAQ=w5000-h5000
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/YZDWoryxXv5dKcrLcZk20SJTsCS5d7DJ3luzwXQf9Npk7HcXVdO8mRR9WbZzNLMLLKFVKuIK7u80I5LDM1J9xfUTgsV9Gsm-rIUt9f228f8d=w5000-h5000
Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 ... Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
¿ Garcinia ? 
Myristica dactyloides
Taking it as Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017

https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/4c8deecebe5c32fa/Humboldtia%20brunonis.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Id confirmation requested for the following attachment. is it Humboltia brunonis..?
Date/Time-: 12/05/11   -    07:45
Location- Place, Altitude - Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length - 7 mtr

Surely it is not Humboldtia brunonis
Possibly some Dipterocarpaceae member
How about Myristica sp.?

This could be Myristicaceae member most probably Knema?

Myristica dactyloides   

I agree with ..., this is Myristica dactyloides of Myristicaceae family 

Taking it as Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017
 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1da1dae18b1aa2e6/P1020947.resized.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHo1WEUlNapohuvYjCU-QmwMO7scZ3tn3J8wkRs2-poArlg1ya1deUnM2a6cKLsxqyIJSPx9XDZZ3UaceRNQtOhoWddam_MuD45mth7YeqTT3yFWeE
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1da1dae18b1aa2e6/P1020949.resized.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHPOyxm3EH86gIOSay11giHIjzraV8Z6YaD5NjCnc_QqUMk68ZYLEpufNDHK50K7NDHScR90OgHU_LjoE-57jX5s43NGqqJYtxt-Xak3xJlEA89WOs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1da1dae18b1aa2e6/P1020946.resized.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEGusYqD0Z4HhxOrCZ72E7vUOeSIu_CMsMrIVreP97vKydkq5yKoqoZLukpMcwTNe3pF7AOknmdWEdxouwo-H3toPvb644aouhKGdW-jPptzVe8-6U
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/1da1dae18b1aa2e6/P1020945.resized.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFuegcJFtZBggwdhWpEjCVdQzLuqlpp70RzugHDrwOBdte6zEHxNkuHCMnlwHBMLP0-k6Zw73gdEcedsP_AAS5vmDDHasIoAS0If4skPIgf_Bs_19U
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/1da1dae18b1aa2e6/P1020948.resized.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
idls niju311020131 : Attachments (5).
The twig is collected from Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur.
leathery leaves.. mild smell like anacardiaceae member.... lower side of leaf is silvery colour... thick leaves... some structure is arising on the stiular region as seen 49 th photo
Seems to be Myristica beddomei?

Myristica dactyloides in FOI : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Myristica dactyloides in FOI should be Myristica beddomei King as per Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017  



References:
Conspectus on Indian Gymnacranthera and Myristica D. Banik, P.P. Bora, V. Sampath Kumar and R.L. Bezbaruah- Rheedea Vol. 27(1) 1–12 2017 (Abstract- Since, Sir J.D. Hooker’s the Flora of British India, no comprehensive work on the family Myristicaceae R. Br., nom. cons. in India has been made but the family was treated with confusion in several regional floras, which were devoid of updated nomenclature and citation of type specimens. Recent work on Endocomia, Horsfieldia and Knema revealed that there are 5 genera and 18 species (including 1 cultivated species) and 4 subspecies distributed in India, of which nearly 45% of the taxa are endemic to the country. Therefore, the present taxonomic concept of the genera Gymnacranthera and Myristica in India became urgent and essential. The present study found that the genus Gymnacranthera is represented with 1 endemic species and Myristica with 5 species and 2 subspecies, of which 6 taxa are endemic to India. These taxa are cited with updated nomenclature, brief description, distribution, flowering and fruiting period, vernacular names, uses, notes and specimens examined. A key to the taxa are provided along with illustration and a photo plate  picturing live specimens of 4 species to facilitate identification of the taxa.)
Comments