Azadirachta indica


 
ay-zad-ih-RAK-tuh -- from the Arab name for this plant meaning free (or noble) tree ... Dave's Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh -- of or from India ... Dave's Botanary 

commonly known asIndian lilacmargosaneem • Assameseনিম nim • Bengaliনিম nim • Gujaratiલીમડો limdo • Hindiनीम nim • Kannadaಬೇವು bevuನಿಮ್ಬ nimba •Konkaniकोड्बेवु kodbevu • Malayalamആര്യവേപ്പ് aryavepp • Manipuriনীম neem • Marathiकडुलिंब kadulimba • Nepaliनीम neem • Oriyaନିମ nim • Paliनिम्ब nimba,पुचिमन्द puchimanda • Persianazad-darakht-e-hindi • Punjabi: ਨਿੱਮ nimm • Sanskritनिम्ब nimba • Tamilவேம்பு vempu • Teluguవేప vepa • Tibetanni mba • Tuluಬೇವು bevu • Urduنيم neem 

and more names: Hindiअरिष्ट arishtपारिभद्र paribhadra • Marathiबाळंतनिंब balantanimbaकडूनिंब kadunimbaखातानिंब khatanimba • Sanskritअरिष्ट arishtaछर्दिघ्न chardighnaचीर्णपर्ण cirnaparnaधमन dhamanaज्येष्ठामलक jyeshthamalakaकाकफल kakaphalaनेतृ netrनिबन्ध nibandhaपक्वकृत् pakvakrtपाण्डुराग panduragaपारिभद्र paribhadraपिचुमन्द picumandaपिचुमर्द picumardaपीतसारक pitasarakaप्रभद्र prabhadraपूयारि puyariराजभद्रक rajabhadrakaसर्वतोभद्र sarvatobhadraशुकप्रिय shukapriya,सुभद्र subhadraवरतिक्त varatiktaवरत्वच varatvacaविशीर्णपर्ण vishirnaparnaयवनेष्ट yavaneshta • Tamilஅகளுதி akalutiஅரிசு aricuஅரிட்டம் arittamஅருளுறுதி arulurutiஅருணாதி arunatiஅதிபம் atipamசாவாமூலி cava-muliசீரிணபன்னம் cirina-pannamகசப்பி kacappiகடிப்பகை kati-p-pakaiகேசமுட்டி keca-muttiகிஞ்சி kinciகோடரவாலி kotaravaliநலதம்பு nalatampuநிம்பம் nimpamநியாசம் niyacamபிசாசப்பிரியம் picacappiriyamபிசிதம் picitam,பிசுமந்தம் picumantamபூமாரி pumariஉக்கிரகந்தம் ukkira-kantamவாதாரி vatariவிருந்தம் viruntam • Teluguనింబము nimbamuపిచుమందము picumandamuవేము vemu 

Tree, usually 15-20m, branches wide and spreading. Leaves opposite, pinnately compound. Inflorescences bear 150 to 250 flowers arranged in more-or-less drooping axillary panicles, to 25 cm. Flowers white, fragrant, 5–6 mm long and 8–11 mm wide, bisexual. Fruit drupe, oval to nearly roundish, green to olive.
 
Neem is Azadirachta indica, and it is easily differentiated by Unipinnate (and not bipinnate leaves) and more important creamish white flowers.
Melia azedarach is easily differentiated from neem tree by its bipinnate leaves and lilac flowers.
Another point of differentiation is the shape of fruits spherical here and oblong yellow in A.indica  
 

Images by tspkumar

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TSPNOV2015-86-129: Images of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Scrub forest and waste land 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively. 

Date: 27-05-2014, 25-02-2015, 03-03-2015 and 25-03-2015


very nice. what month does it flower in your area? 
The flowering coincides with Ugadi.. the new year festival around March-April.. It is considered auspicious and healthy to have few leaves and jaggery. Symbolic of taking bitterness and Sweetness in the same stride...!


 
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Flora of Haryana: Azadirachta indica from Gogripur karnal:  Azadirachta indica from Karnal

Yes Neem


 
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efloraofindia:''For Id 30092011MR19’’ Neem tree Pune: Sharing pictures of Neem tree
Sep 2011
Pune


efloraofindia:''Id 10032012MR4’’ Azadirachta indica flowering @Pune  Jan and Feb 2012
Sharing images of Azadirachta indica flowering from Jan at a private society garden at Pune

Family Meliaceae

Common name Neem 



regarding fighting air pollution in city like Mumbai : Query on facebook:   one of the member on Indian Flora on facebook has raised a very good question which you may please read below. Kindly response https://www.facebook.com/Nareshbhalla/info

Since Earth day is celebrated today and most members in this group are from botanical background .... I would like to know your views on below mentioned issue.
We all basically live in urban areas where there are very less trees and pollution levels are very high. So do you guys think we should promote planting of Neem trees in our region. Our Municipal corporation should hire a horticulturalist and include a concrete plan to plant trees as per our city / town's ecology which will improve our life.
Some facts about Neem trees:
Neem is ecologically very special. The Vedas called Neem ‘sarva roga nivarini’ which means 'one that cures all ailments and ills'.
It can tolerate very high levels of pollution and has the capacity to recover even if most of its foliage is dropped. Plants with a large leaf area such as Neem, accumulate relatively higher quantities of lead. Trees vary widely in their capacity to absorb pollutants like particulate dust, CO2, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen. A study of locations in New Delhi, done by National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, India in 1996 indicated that Neem tree is one of the most suitable species for checking urban pollution in industrial locations and it has potential in green belt development in hot spots with known history of high air pollution.
Neem has relatively high efficiency of CO2 fixation. It can fix more than 14 umole of CO2 per m2 Sec. With a thick foliage canopy and a very high leaf surface area, it provides a good option for maximum CO2 fixation and providing a shield against other pollution components particularly SO2
By rough estimates, India currently has about 2 crore (20 million) Neem trees. The population of India is almost 100 crore (1 billion). The equation works out to approx. 1 neem tree for every 50 Indians. This proportion is grossly inadequate; keeping in view that every part of this fascinating plant is packed with anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral, anti-histamine, anti-septic and immune stimulating compounds for treating hundreds of maladies.
Neem trees act as highly efficient air filters that trap dust particles and absorb gaseous pollutants. They help reduce green house gases by absorbing large quantities of carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. Neem trees give more oxygen than other trees.
The temperature under the shade of a neem tree is said to be about 10 degrees cooler than its surroundings; 10 air conditioners operated together may not be able to cool as efficiently as a full grown neem can.
Neem is a hardy tree that requires almost no water and grows happily on wastelands.
In the process it transforms degraded lands into fertile soil. The neem tree is known to halt spreading deserts.
Some entomologists now believe that neem has such remarkable powers for controlling insects that it will usher in a new era in safe, natural pesticides. Neem is an intelligent pest repeller - it affects only harmful pests and does not affect useful species in the farm. And unlike chemical insectides and pesticides, pests do not become immune to neem.
Neem trees can be planted in:
Housing Societies – to repel mosquitoes and to enhance the availability of oxygen
Road sides - to provide cooling shade and to reduce CO2, SO2 levels
Parks – to provide a CO2 sink, to purify the air and provide refuge for birds
Highways - to absorb the pollutants and provide shade
Around farm lands – to act as wind breaks, to bind soil against erosion and to provide natural home grown pest control material
They can be planted practically any location that receives plenty of sunlight and does not get water logged during rains.


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Azadirachta indica:  One more post of Azadirachta indica
Family: Meliaceae
Photo at a village near Kurnool (A.P) on 13.06.2012

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SYMBIOSIS : 116: Attaching an image of a Redvented Bulbul relishing fruits of Azadirachta indica. This is our famous NEEM tree.


 
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Sharing pictures of a beehive I spotted today on Azadirachta indica -neem tree at a private society at Pune
Nice photographs of a beehive of the Giant Bee / Rock Bee [Apis dorsata].
very nice
do they bite?
how strong a sting?
and Honey ... looks like agood sized production unit.. do they have good quality honey in the hive?

The Giant Bee / Rock Bee [Apis dorsata] is found all over India. Combs may be found suspended from over-hanging rock ledges, tall buildings or even on branches of large trees. Good quality honey and wax is obtained from their hives. Ferocious by nature, their sting is very painful. The bees are not easily amenable to domestication but once hived are quite harmless.
In May 2009 suddenly discovered a hive on my Banyan tree which inexplicably disappeared without a trace 2 weeks later. Sending a few photographs.
I have heard of bees disappearing, perhaps moving en masse to another part of forest or range... but I dont understand the hive disappearing altogether... its wax mainly how can wax disappear.. what in nature digests wax..??? and that quickly... unless black bears are around that eat it or tribals who remove them... but tribals would not remove a small hive... this hive looks black... hives I have seen on trees or inside bee boxes all were brown... MYSTERY!!!
Thanks for the pictures... and the mystery...
I wonder if we have a member or two who may be expert in Apis behaviour??? or life cycles??
Giant Bees are migratory by habit. This swarm had possibly not settled down to commence comb-making as they either did not find the miliue conducive or else were disturbed. Hence on next checking on them 2 weeks later, found they had vanished without a trace.
You are right ... These bees migrate. After swarming, they quite often find a temporary spot and be on the lookout for a more suitable spot. Sometimes they take a couple of weeks to find the ideal spot and when they do they swarm again. In our area, they do so in the beginning of the year and by the end of May, the hives are full of honey. If you are late by even a week, you will find that the hive is full of larvae and just enough honey for the bees to survive before swarming again. In our area, the Kurba tribe men are camping deep in the forests by mid may and return after 3 to 4 nights in the forests with tins full of honey which they sell to their societies. 


 
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Unusual Neem Tree: A neem tree with swelled bark was observed at Mammalapuram. I would like to know whether the tree is victim of any disease, if any such kind exists in trees? 
The swollen part is perhaps the callus tissue formed by the tree as a protective measure against external injuries. The tree seems to have survived tremendous and periodical disturbances as seen from the size and number of callus. The rocky habitat may be another reason for this heavy callus formation, as there is no room for the trunk to grow laterally. I don't think it is a disease.

 
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Kindly Id this bird sitting on a Azadirachta indica tree in a private society at Pune. This is the same tree on which I had spotted the beehive some days back and which I had posted. This bird was sitting quite close to the beehive unperturbed with the bees.
Is this a egret or some other bird?
It's Indian Pond Heron, Ardeola gravyii
I have never seen this bird before. Was wondering why a pond heron is sitting so high on a tree so looked for its food habits and found that away from wetlands it does eat bees. Also close by was a well with fish probably was also looking for that too. Also found that in Marathi it is called ढोकरी and also वंचक both new words and names to me. Can anybody explain their meaning ?
The Indian Pond Heron is also called the Paddybird. The local name is Bagla or Pan-Bagla
वंचक means one who deceives or cheats. Pond heron probably got dis name cauz it got a brilliant camouflage and it can be easily missed ,even when it is very near. Also it has a habit of standing still to remain inconspicuous.
Another name u mentioned ढोकरी ..I dnt think it has any Hindi meaning...probably in sm other language.

 https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/81358571c8679a8/Aindica.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGg0rLhnfj9bL4tQI8h-oAl1X10m_Bcz4QKcaEknVp0WwuKmzfS16hbVzbkISK2fl_CBqq2kq63gwnyyymDNlgc8o6FqjTvAP6_kqsQyGe9ufWbwFwhttps://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/81358571c8679a8/A.%20indica2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Syn.: Melia azadirachta L.
Tree, usually 15-20m, branches wide and spreading. Leaves opposite, pinnately compound. Inflorescences bear 150 to 250 flowers arranged in more-or-less drooping axillary panicles, to 25 cm. Flowers white, fragrant, 5–6 mm long and 8–11 mm wide, bisexual. Fruit drupe, oval to nearly roundish, green to olive.
This is the State tree of Andhra Pradesh.
Photographs are taken from Birati, Kolkata, West Bengal. 
Nice to know about this status of Neem... this is a valuable tree indeed...
Frequent, and "Azad Drakhat" of India..Thanks ...


 
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Azadirachta indica A. Juss.SN April 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).  
Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Fam: Meliacae,
deciduous holy wild tree, Neem.
all parts are used, Toothpick, diabetes medicine, insectiside, oil, fungicide, cosmetic. flower- food.
 
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SYMBIOSIS : 599 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).  
Attaching an image of a Large Cabbage White butterfly on the flowers of Azadirachta indica (MARGOSA/ NEEM).
 
 
Owls and hindu culture, NeemTree of Goddess Lakshmi : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
West Bengal celebrates owls as vahana of goddess Lakshmi. The crafts people make wooden owls made of wood of Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Gamhar (Gmelina arborea) trees. Reportedly Neem is the sacred wood
associated with Goddess Lakshmi. These owl statues are worshipped along with Goddess Lakshmi in homes in West Bengal.
These owl statues are either fully painted or partly painted. But in either form, they are stunning. The size ranges from three inch to couple of feet.
I happened to see these wooden owls in a craftsperson's stall who had come from West Bengal to sell his wares in Dilli Haat. A special exhibition of crafts of West Bengal is currently on at Dilli Haat, INA near the open air theatre.
This special West Bengal exhibition will be on until 30th, June, 2014.
These days owls are in fashion as jewellery items, and as brass decorative pieces.
But come Diwali, and owls have to flee for their lives!!!
It is intriguing that we have cultures that celebrate and yet destroy birds and animals at the same time.
Are there other trees whose wood is preferred and is used for making temples etc. of Gods or statues of gods and goddesses? Would appreciate any input on this.

Thanks, ... I am really finding lot of wonderful posts from you.

 
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Feb2015sk02 Hooghly - Azadirachta indica A.Juss. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
I haven't shared this common tree yet, possibly.
Pictures were recorded in April 2012 and April 2013.
Yes, this is common and valuable tree..
Thank you again Sir, once the tender branches served the purpose of toothbrush-cum-toothpaste in villages.
 
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ANAPR38 Azadirachta indica A.Juss. : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (11)
Family: Meliaceae
Date: 14th April 2015
Place: Bangalore Rural, Karnataka

Habit: Tree
i just saw a tree full of these flowers and photgraphed a few very nice close ups 
Very nice pictures and excellent close ups. 

 
 
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via Species » A » Azadirachta indica A. Juss. ... family: Meliaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ay-zad-ih-RAK-tuh -- from the Arab name for this plant meaning free (or noble) tree ... Dave's Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh -- of or from India ... Dave's Botanary 
commonly known asIndian lilacmargosaneem • Assameseনিম nim • Bengaliনিম nim • Gujaratiલીમડો limdo • Hindiनीम nim • Kannadaಬೇವು bevuನಿಮ್ಬ nimba •Konkaniकोड्बेवु kodbevu • Malayalamആര്യവേപ്പ് aryavepp • Manipuriনীম neem • Marathiकडुलिंब kadulimba • Nepaliनीम neem • Oriyaନିମ nim • Paliनिम्ब nimba,पुचिमन्द puchimanda • Persianazad-darakht-e-hindi • Punjabi: ਨਿੱਮ nimm • Sanskritनिम्ब nimba • Tamilவேம்பு vempu • Teluguవేప vepa • Tibetanni mba • Tuluಬೇವು bevu • Urduنيم neem 
and more names: Hindiअरिष्ट arishtपारिभद्र paribhadra • Marathiबाळंतनिंब balantanimbaकडूनिंब kadunimbaखातानिंब khatanimba • Sanskritअरिष्ट arishtaछर्दिघ्न chardighnaचीर्णपर्ण cirnaparnaधमन dhamanaज्येष्ठामलक jyeshthamalakaकाकफल kakaphalaनेतृ netrनिबन्ध nibandhaपक्वकृत् pakvakrtपाण्डुराग panduragaपारिभद्र paribhadraपिचुमन्द picumandaपिचुमर्द picumardaपीतसारक pitasarakaप्रभद्र prabhadraपूयारि puyariराजभद्रक rajabhadrakaसर्वतोभद्र sarvatobhadraशुकप्रिय shukapriya,सुभद्र subhadraवरतिक्त varatiktaवरत्वच varatvacaविशीर्णपर्ण vishirnaparnaयवनेष्ट yavaneshta • Tamilஅகளுதி akalutiஅரிசு aricuஅரிட்டம் arittamஅருளுறுதி arulurutiஅருணாதி arunatiஅதிபம் atipamசாவாமூலி cava-muliசீரிணபன்னம் cirina-pannamகசப்பி kacappiகடிப்பகை kati-p-pakaiகேசமுட்டி keca-muttiகிஞ்சி kinciகோடரவாலி kotaravaliநலதம்பு nalatampuநிம்பம் nimpamநியாசம் niyacamபிசாசப்பிரியம் picacappiriyamபிசிதம் picitam,பிசுமந்தம் picumantamபூமாரி pumariஉக்கிரகந்தம் ukkira-kantamவாதாரி vatariவிருந்தம் viruntam • Teluguనింబము nimbamuపిచుమందము picumandamuవేము vemu 
botanical namesAzadirachta indica A. Juss. ... synonymsAntelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb. • Melia azadirachta L. ... NPGS / GRIN 
yes. very nice


 
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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 920 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a female Purple Sunbird visiting flowers of Azadirachta indica (NEEM).
 
 
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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 921 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Purple Sunbird (male), visiting flowers of Azadirachta indica (NEEM).


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Azadirachta indica with no bitterness : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
I found this Neem tree in Vandalur reserved forest, Tamil Nadu.
The special characteristic about this particular tree is the leaves are not bitter at all.
But all other trees in the same forest are bitter. As, it has no bitter taste, people started worshipping it.

Interesting...
 
 
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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1167 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Striped Albatross (male) visiting flowers of Azadirachta indica (NEEM)

 
Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1168 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Chocolate Albatross visiting flowers of Azadirachta indica (NEEM)
 
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Azadirachta indica :: urban Jodhpur :: 23 OCT 18  : 5 posts by 4 authors. 6 images.
Jodhpur  urban
Date: October 23, 2018 ... Altitude: about 230 m (750 feet) asl
Azadirachta indica  A. Juss.
Almost the entire city of Jodhpur has this tree lining the roads. Definitely an eye-soother, plus preventive medicine at hand !!  

yes medicine at hand. in myriad ways
We used to eat it's ripe fruits in the morning by climbing on this tree, in our childhood. This used to help us in avoiding phunsi and phoda due to mosquitoe bites.
My children still eat young leaves in the morning, whenever required, for the same purpose. We also did that.
Birds also like ripe fruits. 

... here in the arid region, the flowering was already through. I could see only few trees fruiting. Thanks ... for this important information.


 
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SYMBIOSIS : 1245 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Indian Cabbage White visiting flowers of Azadirachta indica (NEEM)
great. with the insecticide that was sprayed for durga puja and beyond and the air pollution for the last several years along with mosquitoes, we have lost bees, honey bees, butterflies and countless other insects that we in general do not go looking for yet they are not there. this spring have not seen many butterflies. we have two of these
no butterfly came around during its flowering. i know when its flowering because its pollen causes intense burning in the eyes of some of my neighbours and we know the neem is flowering and we go look. missing these whites because they seem to dance around in pairs or groups fleeting from tree to tree in bright sunlight its sparkling, eye catching spectacle. love it. thanks for reminding me.
You are right ... Even at this place I feel it. Clerodendrum viscosum is on bloom, but I don't see many butterflies on them. I have not recorded life cycle of any butterfly in last two years. I don't know what is in store for this year.
I agree with you


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Old threads: 
 
in Delhi- 26/3/08; Started- 25/3/08- Pune; on 7/4/07 in Kolkata; in Kolkata on 4/4/08; in Pune- March'08 last fortnight; 24/4/08- Delhi; over in Pune- 25/4/08; Nagpur- April'10?;Trees of Delhi- Flowers in second week of April, peaking in the fourth week.Azadirachta india - indiantreepix | Google GroupsFlowering trees in delhi--Neem(Azadirachta indica) - indiantreepix | Google GroupsKadulimb-290410-PKA2 - efloraofindia | Google GroupsType and protologue of Azadirachta indica - efloraofindia | Google Groups

ailanthus excelsa-  ailanthus excelsa at the resthouse in tal chappar:
(16.12.10; 2 pictures; 9 messages; difference between Azadirachta indica & Ailanthus excelsa)

 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/591343aa43394/DSCN6120.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3fO5-M7dAJ_lUraDgHVow6ZPu0dGMI36H8XytzOxry8Jh4reEqTy5f3shYHmmPWxoSR1EDY-Ni7O6HVFx20dTVzZdfXXKYwBqfXzckWr_CCRcVBI
Azadirachta indica AT/May 2019/08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Azadirachta indica
Neem, Nimba, Margosa tree or Indian lilac

Chandigarh
May 2019


 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/IZtws415z35szCVsPFlC44NFpngleyetCi0d37W_1JOcDURtT3HOad1U9eQEpbgzZaElQQHbgWXOhNVhUPICFhoOWeUO8qyzaW5AahjOJiUOVt8=w5000-h5000
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https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/ETnioNmFeRJ_JRnYfx75z4qbnBBA1wMuPXwGweXlEaXbU8_0-j5CkMdVjk9AuBsadVe2WsJuOBbecqx18WlW-fi_NqVdFl3UN3jua7Wtbh5hkJE=w5000-h5000
https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/proxy/FEJDZt9Cfc4kcOImy0_-kPGYHKd80RHVQRzvXP_qpNqksR15Z4bAEhaZmqmQD-qjuwgzIxDyEn7i-GSb9E5KAjWbeWiZjp7yQ3Q4eD321KIS30k=w5000-h5000
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Azadirachta indica :: Puducherry :: 13 OCT 19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 6 images.
Puducherry  near sea coast
Dates, various: October 13 - 15, 2019 ... Altitude range: about 0 - 3 m (0 - 10 feet) asl
Azadirachta indica  A. Juss.  

wonderful. we dont get to see the flowers around here, only the stinging pointed pollen in the conjunctiva. so, its lovely to see your pictures in their utmost clarity. telephoto lens, what power?
Thanks ... for liking the pictures.
Recently, I have started using bridge camera (Lumix FZ2500) - quality-wise lesser than the earlier cameras & lenses that I was using. But saves me from switching cameras OR changing the lenses.
I am learning/ struggling to get pictures that I am used too.



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