Hibiscus


 
Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern (Images by Devendra Bhardwaj & Tanay Bose (Identified by Kenneth), (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/22c7c90cbccbf2aa/Hibiscus%20acetosella..jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/211cc3477d512da6/IMG_0388.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Hibiscus caesius Garcke (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/9258b2843d7803fc/Siswand-FOI-IMG_4145.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/9258b2843d7803fc/Siswand-epicalyx-1.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/9258b2843d7803fc/Siswand-FOI-IMG_4144.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Images by Dinesh Valke (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://farm7.staticflickr.com/6224/6253777727_6bf2d7251c.jpg
https://farm7.staticflickr.com/6047/6310144376_bfd8ee316a.jpg
https://farm7.staticflickr.com/6108/6309614353_391cd66bab.jpg
https://farm7.staticflickr.com/6171/6253783371_f018419b35.jpg

 
Hibiscus hastatus L. f. (Images by Dr. Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/2af2bc4f4adab96d/Hibiscus-tiliaceus-hastatus-DU-2.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/2af2bc4f4adab96d/Hibiscus-tiliaceous-subsp-hastatus-2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1

 
Hibiscus hirtus L. - Keys in Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph (Hibiscus hirtus L. i.e. "capsules as long or shorter than calyx". In contrast, the calyx lobes of H. micranthus are strikingly shorter than the fruit)

https://c1.staticflickr.com/4/3242/3070576686_ca9b56ff47_b.jpg
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3b5a09f6b37cd2ae/DSC00947.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFBQzdqcsFSU3xGgvu6n325qFhX_Ktp6DjsZr7LyVgew1KbyKjeVWSYMFmgDNRXY6wnd4VYbOg3wqnAB07K2Zh_s39Qc_n250iEW_3ujIizCIC4H5o
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Hibiscus hispidissimus Griff. (Flora of China gives the following keys:
7 (6)Stipules auriculate; stem prickles without basal tubercle, curved. 20 H. surattensis
+Stipules narrowly lanceolate; stem prickles with prominent basal tubercle, straight. 21 H. hispidissimus
I checked all post in efi site at Hibiscus hispidissimus Griff. and Hibiscus surattensis L. - these seems to be OK. Determination based on stem prickles may be confusing. So better to go with the stipules. 
Keys in the book in Flora of Karnataka bases keys between the two only on Stipules and not on stem prickles.)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c0e81eb28d54f6d4/7._Hibiscus_surattensis_L.-_Flowering_twig_-_-_DSC02361.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF5-XlXIZ6sKDhL5zqd5442pFuCRx4C5Ff9X4QuzcKLKQ5xmELHoJjwFOjuRt8HCYWZP7F6nghilhf2zfhyWE3DSxXK19KTOnJxrBph58pwbnLDZJkhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c0e81eb28d54f6d4/4._Hibiscus_surattensis_L.-_Leaf_-_DSC02370.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEw10hNPdNjvC13naOYHvng1s9tXL2rgNCEWJW_YWwWfPIBEclLVhRzXhrx3CZ-fHhvdrcHzSIT6X8-dH6ue09-WQIzJR1nl1hKPsKTOf9tMHxVluU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c0e81eb28d54f6d4/3._Hibiscus_surattensis_L.-_Leaf_-_DSC02342.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQFLsZLpBJe6AknwIz5I3wYTu5PWZu6ShgXjILObQT71uR_hrs4LBNUmbviN_YJmKfQN0rkidt3eWxOT0m9UX5_CX0TRrPwARjFm7MyJcvJUekIwo
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c0e81eb28d54f6d4/5._Hibiscus_surattensis_L.-_Leaf_-_Bud_-DSC02372.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHGWkplYxUEVF_qVgZWorMhr2fT4ZPAKiP0fS-mAWWcykSDsVoI8GpRKO-uborPF5cAUEV48mLLz6q8iim9OnQsDmZM9oK5fOvgExfBHA6tzYfE4yI

 
Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze (Images by Balkar Singh (validated by Gurcharan Singh) & J.M.Garg (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))



https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/6d779ba0e08d3/DSC_0954doc.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHIC46FmyBsUWZHcIWPXh8-1qAO5cLAiNGJC4Z7b6ZmEB9_gCCjB_m29kJzDiTskJJ3USV1viWBcNYI5Hf_qk7263cx3MzqpH84DRmaDMyiszOdBlg
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/6d779ba0e08d3/DSC_0953doc.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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Hibiscus micranthus L.f. - Keys in Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph (Hibiscus hirtus L. i.e. "capsules as long or shorter than calyx". In contrast, the calyx lobes of H. micranthus are strikingly shorter than the fruit)
(Images by B. Rathinasabapathy (identified by Vijayasankar Raman), N. Muthu Karthick, Anurag N. Sharma (identified by Santhan P), (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/39fc9823f08f3584/dec%20herb%20habitat%20id.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5ea183fd4de94288/Hibiscus%20micranthus%20(3).JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/da206eff38d22780/IMG_1385.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92ae97af5a35/Hibiscus%20hirtus%20(12).JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF94UqdeBgdFDutSZ1_rWDk4H35EuNq2qlTFoxvkFctE1YpXFzZ8-xfSN-kv-oOnHyO_vRb9wxmZgp9l1Ezk34_t4HLWLkwaFsl6k3OtJtYBDKjz9whttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b92ae97af5a35/Hibiscus%20hirtus%20(30).JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH23ZuczfY1gzHvb6afLt2O5iNRkZ4x12h-t_LsOvXJNB7htiC1hiK6_vMbXFUuRVyp-qlDtQOD-gg7Zi-qa4YA5ZWRFbLuUlzy--KqUJEyinjDebk
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a84a084a8f422293/Hibiscus%20hirtus%20(11).JPG?part=0.6&authuser=0&view=1
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Hibiscus mutabilis L. (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Identified by Sandhya), (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/796cb1aaea482252/IMG_7969.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/796cb1aaea482252/IMG_7966.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/796cb1aaea482252/IMG_7967.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1




Hibiscus panduriformis Burm.f. (Images by J.M.Garg & Aarti S. Khale)

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5e78d56e127088d2/Hibiscus%20panduriformis%20in%20Kawal%20WS,%20AP%20I%20IMG_1648.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFSRzya-mKB7Hc0eWaQbNs70T38Q9M0sS7zbzU2qCktL3iIpEeW4ai-dbJuB5ebdhoETXyHDaYqQIDCJSzIKXn_jHg65PWiMIm-gn1rnHWw96TvlVU
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Hibiscus platanifolius (Willd.) Sweet (Images by Balkar Singh & Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/137b0cfa6362c203/Hibiscus%20palatanifolius%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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Hibiscus radiatus Cav. (Images by Surajit Koley (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman), (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/14687a83c80176f0/orn_26oct12_07.jpg?part=0.7&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/14687a83c80176f0/orn_26oct12_02.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/14687a83c80176f0/orn_26oct12_03.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/b07ee15267d92c43/6002.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1


Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade)
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/61b1415d8990edb8/Sea%20Hibiscus%20(Hibiscus%20tiliaceus%20subsp.%20tiliaceus)%201.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/ba4a41738c30de6e/purple%201.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1


Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Images by Gopla Shinde, Rashmi Khiani & Usha Desai (Inserted by by J.M.Garg)) 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/9c6f1d7024c47ebb/Flower-branch.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG7szrgX5KjNz7eHo81pM9JTu3bPsvcRsDpYcQ19k02NHa1A4BlsKizb4qj44dviIhh2xVMk0ApUQWU96jLfvK5rfL2cWqNFxcA-2p1YSk011CmRKY
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Hibiscus schizopetalus (Dyer) Hook.f. (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade (Identified by Tanay Bose) & Balkar Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a6fa3c208cddab57/240920111948.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/a6fa3c208cddab57/240920111949.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1


Hibiscus surattensis L. (Flora of China gives the following keys:
7 (6)Stipules auriculate; stem prickles without basal tubercle, curved. 20 H. surattensis
+Stipules narrowly lanceolate; stem prickles with prominent basal tubercle, straight. 21 H. hispidissimus
I checked all post in efi site at Hibiscus hispidissimus Griff. and Hibiscus surattensis L. - these seems to be OK. Determination based on stem prickles may be confusing. So better to go with the stipules. 
Keys in the book in Flora of Karnataka bases keys between the two only on Stipules and not on stem prickles)


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d43f91ff6f46cc91/Malvaceae%20(7).JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGO0VntDJKUTvm4V1swnWvVlDdxB0rELVXZA6pmmTVQjAU85oK_WTN3NFsbaMnQKlLNofrLXeKmYWoR9k7DJasHqXqQLv9ZRTbt-XgUDw5oaUjzZCUhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d43f91ff6f46cc91/Malvaceae%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFwcBMpbqaNX0Lod1iWNtfM2d85bzP8WttGVyhFgapj5o2y3rZTWnAQgrTZ7mL_mrW1bHRDXM3Yxq1z80U6BqL9Qc6evLJRXKp_CpiqAaJo32aIXAM
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Hibiscus syriacus L. (Images by Dr.Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/befefa7e936bca9b/Hibiscus-syriacus-Kud-J%20&%20K-2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3dfcc7eee3190504/Hibiscus-syriacus-Rajouri-gdn-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3dfcc7eee3190504/Hibiscus-syriacus-Kashmir-a.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/3dfcc7eee3190504/Hibiscus-syriacus-Kud-1.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1


Hibiscus talbotii (Rakshit) T.K.Paul & M.P.Nayer (Images by Darshan Kokate (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/88b2c9b4bb2cb694/Hibiscus%20talbotii.jpg?part=0.3&authuser=0&view=1

 
Hibiscus tiliaceus L. var. tiliaceus (Images by Mahadeswara Swamy (Identified by Neil Soares), Prashant Awale & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c27deddd1a5fc9a2/IMG_2292.JPG?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c27deddd1a5fc9a2/IMG_2294.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
Hibiscus trionum L. (Images by Raghu Ananth (Identification by Vijyasankar Raman), Aarti S. Khale (validation by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8403271f338c0074/DSC_5594%20Balur%20Plant.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/96452066e1dc0a09/DSCN2210.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1

 
Hibiscus vitifolius L. (Images by Balkar Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c973c193644995ce/Fioria%20vitifolia%20(2).JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c973c193644995ce/Fioria%20vitifolia%20(5).JPG?part=0.5&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5c7e238f7e6cd32a/tn_DSCN6933.JPG?part=0.7&authuser=0&view=1


Section 1. AZANZA DC. (With keys)
Hibiscus fragrans Roxb. (India: In tropical evergreen and subtropical forests of Eastern Himalayas up to 1350 m. Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur; Bangladesh, Myanmar and China)
Hibiscus macrophyllus Roxb. (India: In Eastern Himalayas and N. E. region up to 900 m, Assam, Megha-laya and Nagaland; Bangladesh, Myanmar, S. China and Malesia)
Hibiscus scandens Roxb. (India: In tropical evergreen and subtropical forests up to 1500m. Sikkim, Assam, Tripura and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Bangladesh (Chittagong hill tracts) and Myanmar)
Hibiscus similis Blume (India: In estuaries. West Bengal (Sundarbans); Malesia) [is a synonym of Talipariti simile (Blume) Fryxell]
   subsp. hastatus (L. f.) Borss. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands, sometimes cultivated in gardens; Pacific Islands and Polynesia) [= Hibiscus hastatus L. f.]
   subsp. tiliaceus (India: Throughout coastal areas, sometimes planted in interior areas; Throughout tropics and subtropics of the world) 

Section 2. FURCARIA DC. (With keys)
Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. (India: In deciduous and scrub forests and also in wastelands. Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Tropical and S. Africa) [is a synonym of Hibiscus hispidissimus Griff.]
Hibiscus beddomei Rakshit & Kundu (India: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Central and South India)
Hibiscus cannabinus L. (India: Throughout up to 1500 m; Tropical and subtropical Africa, cultivated in most tropical countries)
Hibiscus radiatus Cav. (India: In deciduous and mixed forests. Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meg- halaya, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu; often cultivated; Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malesia and Australia)
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Cultivated throughout India and subtropical countries)
Hibiscus surattensis L. (India: Throughout in scrub forests, waste lands, forest edges up to 1200 m; Paleotropical)

Section 3. HIBISCUS (With keys)
Hibiscus hirtus L. (India: In Scrub forests up to 900 m. Throughout; rarely cultivated as an ornamental; Malesia)
   var. alii S.Abedin (India: Rajasthan; Pakistan, Arabia and Tropical Africa)
   var. micranthus (India: Throughout; Pakistan, Africa, Sri Lanka and Myanmar) 
   var. rigidus (L. f.) Cuf. (India: S. Peninsula; Pakistan, Arabia and Tropical Africa) (syn. Hibiscus rigidus L.f.; Hibiscus suborbiculatus Wall.)
Hibiscus syriacus L. (Cultivated in gardens throughout India; Native of China)
Hibiscus talbotii (Rakshit) T.K. Paul & Nayar (India: In deciduous forests up to 900 m. Maharashtra and Karnataka)

Section 4. KETMIA DC. (With keys)
Hibiscus caesius Garcke (India: In dry deciduous and scrub forests. Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra; Pakistan, Afghanistan, S. Africa and N. Australia)
Hibiscus lunariifolius Willd. (India: In dry deciduous, mixed and scrubby forests in open situations along streams. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Sri Lanka, Tropical Africa, Myanmar and Malesia)
Hibiscus obtusilobus Garcke (India: In dry deciduous and scrub forests, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra)

Section 5. LILIBISCUS Hochr. (With keys)
   var. rosa-sinensis (Cultivated in gardens throughout India and other tropical and subtropical countries. Origin uncertain)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Masters) Hook. f. (Native of tropical E. Africa; cultivated throughout tropics)
 
Section 6. SOLANDRA (Murray) Hochr. (With keys)

Section 7. SPATULA Hochr. (With keys)

Section 8. TRICHOSPERMUM Hochr. (With keys)
Hibiscus palmatus Forsskal (India: Rajasthan and Gujarat; Pakistan, Arabia and Tropical Africa)
Hibiscus panduraeformis Burm. f. (India: In deciduous and scrub forests especially near streams and ponds up to 900 m. Throughout; Sri Lanka, Tropical Africa, Myanmar, Indonesia (Java) and Australia)
Hibiscus purpureus Forsskal (India: In deciduous and mixed forests up to 300 m. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka, Madagascar and Africa)

Section 9. TRIONUM DC. (With keys
Hibiscus mutabilis L. (Cultivated in gardens throughout India up to 600 m; Native of China)
Hibiscus trionum L. (India: Throughout in subtropcal and tropical forests up to 3000 m, often as a weed in cultivated fields; Myanmar, China, Australia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, C.I.S., Europe and Africa)

As per efi thread :
Hibiscus furcatus Wall. is the synonym of H. surattensis L., a name used in FBI and still holding true (fork has one spoon shaped appendage and one small erect linear branch; stipules large leafy ear-shaped; leaves 3-5-fid).
Hibiscus furcatus Roxb. described in FBI  and now correctly known as H. hispidissimus Griff. (both forks linear; stipules lanceolate-oblong; leaves entire or 3-lobed).
Hibiscus furcatus Willd., a synonym of  Hibiscus rostellatus Guill. & Perr. an African plant not found in India.
Other expected species in India, cultivated or naturalised from this group (forked epicalyx segments) include.
Hibiscus radiatus Willd. epicalyx 8-10, with linear fork segments, stipules linear; leaves deeply 3-5 lobed.
Hibiscus acetosella: epicalyx 9-10, apically forked, leaves irregularly 3-5 lobed.
Hibiscus cannabinus looks similar to above two species but is distinct in deeply 3-7-parted leaves and importantly with epicalyx segments not being forked.

 
Help building a key for genus Hibiscus:
Our website already has keys for Indian species of Solanum, Cassia, Senna and Chamaecrista. It is proposed to build a similar key for the genus. The first step towards this is preparing an updated list of Indian species (Both wild as well as cultivated, as several cultivated herbs often run as escape and trees and shrubs are often difficult to place as wild or planted, especially because of plantation drives in the recent years). I am sharing a preliminary list. Kindly suggest additions or corrections.
1. Abelmoschus crinitus Wall. (syn: Hibiscus cancellatus Roxb. (non L.); Hibiscus crinitus (Wall.) G. Don)
2. Abelmoschus esculentus (L. Moench. (syn: Hibiscus esculentus L.)
3. Abelmoschus ficulneus (L.) Wight & Arnott ex Wight (syn: Hibiscus ficulneus L.)
4. Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik (syn: Hibiscus manihot L.)
5. Abelmoschus manihot subsp. tetraphyllus (Roxb.) Borss. Waalkes. (syn: Hibiscus tetraphyllus Roxb)
6. Abelmoschus moschatus Medic. (syn: Hibiscus abelmoschus L.) + var. multiformis , var. betulifolius
7. Abelmoschus pungens (Roxb.) Voight. (syn: Hibiscus pungens Roxb.)
8. Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern. (occurrence in India??)
9. Hibiscus angulosus Mast., + var. grandiflorus Thw., var. purpureus Thw.
10. Hibiscus aristivalvis Garcke (syn: Hibiscus intermedius A. Rich.) (is a synonym of Hibiscus palmatus Forssk.)
11. Hibiscus caesius Garcke (syn: Hibiscus gibsoni Stocks ex Harv.)
12. Hibiscus canescens Heyne
13. Hibiscus cannabinus L.
14. Hibiscus diversifolius Jacq.
15. Hibiscus floccosus Mast
16. Hibiscus fragrans Roxb.
17. Hibiscus hirtus L.
18. Hibiscus hispidissimus (syn: Hibiscus furcatus Roxb.; H. aculeatus Roxb. (non. Walter, nor G. Don))
19. Hibiscus hostilis Wall. (synonymous with Abelmoschus hostilis (Wall. ex Mast.) M.S.Khan & M.S.Hussain)
20. Hibiscus indicus (Burm.) Hochr. (syn: H. venustus Bl.; Alcea indica Burm.)
21. Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) O. Kuntze (syn: Hibiscus solandra L'Her).
22. Hibiscus lunariifolius Willd.
23. Hibiscus macrophyllus Roxb. ex Hornem.
24. Hibiscus micranthus L.
25. Hibiscus mutabilis L.
26. Hibiscus obtusilobus Garcke (syn: Hibiscus punctatus Dalzell)
27. Hibiscus panduraeformis Burm.f
28. Hibiscus platanifolius (Willd.) Sweet (syn: Hibiscus collinus Roxb.)
29. Hibiscus pedunculatus L.f.
30. Hibiscus procerus Wall.
31. Hibiscus purpureus Forssk.
32. Hibiscus radiatus Cav. (syn: H. radiatus Willd. ex Roxb.; H. lindleyi Wall.)
33. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
34. Hibiscus rugosus Mast.
35. Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
36. Hibiscus scandens Roxb
37. Hibiscus schizopetalus (Dyer) Hook.f.
38. Hibiscus scindicus Stocks (Occurrence in India)??
39 Hibiscus surattensis L.
40. Hibiscus syriacus L.
41. Hibiscus tiliaceus L. subsp. tiliaceous
42. Hibiscus tiliaceus L. subsp. hastatus (L.f.) Borss. Waalk.
43. Hibiscus tricuspis Banks (is a synonym of Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell)
44. Hibiscus trionum L.
45. Hibiscus vitifolius L. (syn: Fioria vitifolia (L.) Matt.; Kosteletzkya vitifolia (L.) M.R.Almeida & N.Patil)
Thanks ... for the initiative. The list is exhaustive!
I think Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh and Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. tuberosus (Span.) Borss. Waalk. may be added to the list (Ref. GRIN).
I am not sure of the current status of Abelmoschus manihot subsp. tetraphyllus var. megaspermus Hemadri
And, for the name Hibiscus angulosus in the list, Abelmoschus angulosus Wall. ex Wight & Arn. seem to be the accepted name (GRIN & TPL).
Thanks for the useful information ... I will surely incorporate it.
 
 
BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistributionCommon name
Hibiscus canescens Heyne ex Wight & Arn.Small TreePlains to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983Chennai, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai , VelloreMalai Kaatu Paruthi
Hibiscus cannabinus L.Erect Herb or Under shrubPlains, CultivatedFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsPulicha keerai, Pulimanji, Kaasili Naar
Hibiscus furcatus Willd. is a synonym of Hibiscus rostellatus Guill. & Perr.Trailing Under shrubDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Salem
Hibiscus hirtus L.Erect ShrubPlains, Cultivated, Native of Indo - Malaysian RegionFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsSiru Sembaruthi
Hibiscus lobatus (Murr.) KuntzeErect HerbSandy LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983Chennai, Cuddalore, Kancheepuram, Kanniyakumari, Nagapattinam, Puddukkottai, Ramanathapuram, Thanjavur, Thiruvallur, Thoothukkudi, Thiruvarur, Tiruvannamalai
Hibiscus lunariifolius Willd. Erect Herb or Under shrubDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Perambalur, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram
Hibiscus micranthus L.f.Herb or Under shrubDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsSitraamutti
Hibiscus mutabilis L.Small TreePlains to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of ChinaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsChanging Rose
Hibiscus panduriformis Burm.Tall Under shrubPlainsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983; Gamble, 1957Chennai, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Kancheepuram, Nilgiri, Thiruvallur, Tirunelveli
Hibiscus platanifolius (Willd.) SweetLarge ShrubWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Perambalur, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Tirunelveli, Vellore, Viluppuram
Hibiscus radiatus Cav.ShrubPlains to High Altitude , Cultivated, Native of Indo – Burmese RegionFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsPulicha Keerai
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.Erect ShrubPlains to Mid Altitude, Cultivated, Native of AfricaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsSembaruthi, Semparathai
Hibiscus sabdariffa L.Erect Under shrubPlains, Cultivated, Native of Tropical AmericaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsPulichia-keerai
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast.) Hook.Erect ShrubPlains to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Tropical East AfricaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districts
Hibiscus surattensis L.Under shrubDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983All districts
Hibiscus syriacus L.Erect ShrubWestern Ghats, High Altitude, Cultivated, Native of ChinaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983Dindigul, Nilgiri
Hibiscus tiliaceus L.TreeAlong Coast, also CultivatedFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsNirparathi, Athuparutthi
Hibiscus trionum L.HerbPlains to Low AltitudeFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983Coimbatore, Kancheepuram, Nilgiri, Thiruvallur, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram
Hibiscus vitifolius L.Erect Herb or Under shrubPlains to Low AltitudeFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983All districtsSiru thutthi, Mani thutthi

 














 
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Hibiscus caesius Hibiscus gibsonii, Hibiscus heptaphyllus, Hibiscus pentaphyllus Malvaceae Five-Fingered Mallow
Hibiscus cannabinus Malvaceae Deccan Hemp
Hibiscus hirtus Malvaceae Lesser Mallow orange
Hibiscus hirtus Malvaceae Lesser Mallow white
Hibiscus hispidissimus Malvaceae Wild Hibiscus
Hibiscus lobatus Solandra lobata, Hibiscus solandra Malvaceae Lobed Leaf Mallow
Hibiscus micranthus Hibiscus ovalifolius Malvaceae Tiny Flower Hibiscus
Hibiscus moscheutos Malvaceae Rose Mallow
Hibiscus mutabilis Malvaceae Changeable Rose
Hibiscus panduriformis Malvaceae Yellow Hibiscus
Hibiscus platanifolius Pavonia platanifolia, Hibiscus eriocarpus, Hibiscus collinus Malvaceae Maple-Leaved Mallow
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Malvaceae China Rose
Hibiscus sabdariffa Malvaceae Roselle
Hibiscus sabdariffa var. rubra Malvaceae Red Sorrel
Hibiscus schizopetalus Malvaceae Japanese Hibiscus
Hibiscus surattensis Furcaria surattensis Malvaceae Bush Sorrel
Hibiscus syriacus 'Red Heart' Malvaceae Red Heart Hibiscus
Hibiscus syriacus Malvaceae Rose of Sharon
Hibiscus trionum Ketmia trionum, Hibiscus vesicarius, Trionum annuum Malvaceae Flower of an Hour
Hibiscus vitifolius Fioria vitifolia, Kosteletzkya vitifolia Malvaceae Grape Leaved Mallow

 
Hibiscus aristivalvis Garcke (India, Pakistan, Arabia and Tropical Africa. It is very common in Lower Sind, Pakistan) (is a synonym of Hibiscus palmatus Forssk.)
Hibiscus caesius Garcke (Tropical and subtropical regions of the Old hemisphere; In Pakistan it is common in Upper Punjab, also found in N.W.F.P. and Kashmir)
Hibiscus gossypifolius Mill. (Native home uncertain but probably of African origin. Widely cultivated and sparingly naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions)
Hibiscus lobatus (J.A. Murray) O. Ktze. (Tropical Africa, Madagascar, S., S.E. and Central Asia)
Hibiscus micranthus var. alii S. Abedin (Tropical Africa, Arabia, India and Pakistan)
Hibiscus micranthus var. micranthus (Tropical Africa, S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka; In Pakistan it is common in Sindh and occasionally found in Baluchistan and N.W.F.P.) 
Hibiscus micranthus var. rigidus (L.f.) Cuf. (Tropical Africa, Arabia, India and Pakistan. It is confined to Sind in Pakistan)
Hibiscus mutabilis Linn. (It is native to China. Also said to be native to Japan. It is commonly cultivated in most of the countries)
Hibiscus obtusilobus Garcke (India, Pakistan and Ethiopia. In Pakistan it is quite common in Sind)
Hibiscus pedunculatus Linn. f. (South Africa, cultivated as an ornamental plant in some countries. It is occasionally cultivated in Pakistan)
Hibiscus purpureus Forssk. (Tropical Africa, S. Africa, Madagascar and Macsarene Islands; elsewhere cultivated)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. (It has been said to be native to China. But its native home is still unknown; It is most extensively cultivated as an ornamental plant and occurs in many forms in Pakistan)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. (It is common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is difficult to state its native home)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast.) Hook. f. (Native of Kenya and Tanganyika (Exell, Fl. Zambes. 1:470. 1960). Elsewhere cultivated)
Hibiscus syriacus Linn. (Indigenous in China. Cultivated in Pakistan and other countries)
Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn. (Tropics and subtropics of both the hemispheres. It is occasionally cultivated in Pakistan)
Hibiscus trionum Linn. (Common in hotter parts of the Old World from Southern Europe to S. Africa, Madagascar, Asia and Australia, naturalized in America. It is common in Northern region of Pakistan)

 
Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Of ?African origin. Cultivated in most tropical countries)
Hibiscus furcatus Willd. (India, Nepal, Burma, Thailand. Cultivated) (is a synonym of Hibiscus rostellatus Guill. & Perr.)
Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze (Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, Malaysia)
Hibiscus mutabilis L. (S. China, Taiwan, S. Japan. Widely cultivated and occasionally naturalised in the tropics)
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (Of uncertain, possibly E. African origin. Widely cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics)
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Of unknown origin. Cultivated in the tropics)
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast.) Hook. f. (Tropical E. Africa. Widely cultivated)
Hibiscus syriacus L. (China, Taiwan. Cultivated in temperate and subtropical regions)
Hibiscus vitifolius L. (Tropical Africa, Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, Malaysia, Australia)

 
Hibiscus cannabinus Linnaeus [native to Africa and India].
Hibiscus fragrans Roxburgh [Bangladesh, NE India, Myanmar].
Hibiscus hamabo Siebold & Zuccarini  [Japan (Bonin and Ryukyu Islands), Korea; cultivated in India and Pacific islands (Hawaii)].
Hibiscus hispidissimus Griffith [Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Africa].
Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze [Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka; Africa, Madagascar].
Hibiscus macrophyllus Roxburgh ex Hornemann [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam].
Hibiscus mutabilis Linnaeus [cultivated and occasionally naturalized elsewhere].
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linnaeus [not known in the wild but believed to have originated in China; now widely cultivated].
Hibiscus sabdariffa Linnaeus [probably originating in Africa, now cultivated throughout the tropics].
Hibiscus schizopetalus (Dyer ex Masters) J. D. Hooker [native to E Africa; now widely cultivated as an ornamental].
Hibiscus surattensis Linnaeus [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Australia].
Hibiscus syriacus Linnaeus [cultivated in most tropical and temperate regions].
Hibiscus tiliaceus Linnaeus [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; pantropical].
Hibiscus trionum Linnaeus [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; pantropical].

 
 
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Brief details-
Hibiscus abelmoschus L. is a synonym of Abelmoschus moschatus Medik.
Hibiscus collinus Roxb. is a synonym of Hibiscus platanifolius
Hibiscus tetraphyllus Roxb. ex Hornem.

 
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details with keys-
 
Hibiscus : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Hibiscus

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome.


Further updated the Hibiscus page.


Pl. go through Hibiscus page with images of species (done by) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know


Species pages were done by ...

 

 
 
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