Corchorus trilocularis


India: Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Paleotropics as per BSI Flora of India

KOR-koh-rus -- from the Greek kore (eye pupil) and koreo (purge)
try-lok-yoo-LAIR-is -- having three compartments, referring to the three-celled fruit

commonly known as: African jute, bush okra, Jew's mallow, three locule corchorus, wild jute • *Hindi*: कड़वा पात kadvapat • *Kannada*: ಎಣ್ಣೆಪುಂಡಿ ಗಿಡ ennepundi gida, ಕಟುಚುಂಚುಳಿ ಗಿಡ katuchunchuli gida • *Konkani*: कोडुचोंची koduchonchi • *Marathi*: कडुचुंचू kaduchunchu • *Oriya*: jangali jiraa • * Sanskrit*: दीर्घचञ्चु dirghachanchu, राज जीर raj-jira • *Telugu*: bankitutturu

Native of: Africa, Arabian Peninsula, w Asia, Indian Subcontinent; naturalized elsewhere

As per efi thread : Tall herb (Corchorus trilocularis) somewhat similar to C. olitorius but differing in three chambered capsules, slightly trigonous, occurring 1-3 together and with undivided beak. Long fruits (nearly 8-10 cm long) with ponted tip, three sided (and evidently 3-angled);

As per efi thread : If the capsule is glabrous .......it can be C.depressus if less than 3.5 cm long... or C.trilocularis.......if 5-7 cm long.

The plant is used as medicinal. The mucilage, obtained from the plant by macerating it in water, is used as a demulcent. The bitter seeds called Isband (Sind) and Raja Jira (Bombay) have been used by natives in fever
and abdominal obstructions. The coarse fibre is employed in manufacturing cordage.
    



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Malvaceae week :: Corchorus trilocularisCorchorus trilocularis L.
KOR-koh-rus -- from the Greek kore (eye pupil) and koreo (purge) 
try-lok-yoo-LAIR-is -- having three compartments, referring to the three-celled fruit
[image: Corchorus trilocularis]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi...>
Dec 7, 2009 at Rajguru Nagar near Pune
commonly known as: African jute, bush okra, Jew's mallow, three locule corchorus, wild jute • *Hindi*: कड़वा पात kadvapat • *Kannada*: ಎಣ್ಣೆಪುಂಡಿ ಗಿಡ ennepundi gida, ಕಟುಚುಂಚುಳಿ ಗಿಡ katuchunchuli gida • *Konkani*: कोडुचोंची
koduchonchi • *Marathi*: कडुचुंचू kaduchunchu • *Oriya*: jangali jiraa • * Sanskrit*: दीर्घचञ्चु dirghachanchu, राज जीर raj-jira • *Telugu*: bankitutturu
Native of: Africa, Arabian Peninsula, w Asia, Indian Subcontinent; naturalized elsewhere 
   - [image: Kadvapat (Hindi: कड़वा
पात)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi...>...
Dec 7, 2009 at Rajguru Nagar near Pune 
   - [image: Koduchonchi (Konkani:
कोडुचोंची)]<http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fdi...>...
Dec 7, 2009 at Rajguru Nagar near Pune 
   - ... more views:
   http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=91314344%40N00&q=Corchorustriloculari...

What an interesting leaf margin, the edge pattern reminds me of a gujarati sweet called GHUGHARA... has to be made by expert hands... 


Diffuse herb growing on scrub land, near Rajgurunagar, Pune (about 587m), 07DEC09 afternoon.
Please validate whether Corchorus trilocularis.
Yes it is Corchorus trilocularis.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4ca5f11ac90e7401/a%20048.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE1F-jXba4mZD0d4qvufBJPqHGBXMF-4jDn6OUy7LwVKzHBM6yjm9_MgMwq1RVaSIzAj28KaxAUGl6dFb3xqqP-kSYeGfpqzAuR0oLS5W1NYh0bcxo
 
Herb for id 010110MK02: 6 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)
Please identify this Tiliaceae herb. Is this Triumfetta sp.?
Place: Erode Dist.; plains
Date: 04 Dec 2009
May be a Corchorus...

Corchorus olitorius of Tiliaceae. Note filiform appendages on the lower serratures of leaves. Young capsules can be seen which would grow as 10 ribbed 5 cm long.
Family Tiliaceae is correct.
This is Corchorus for sure...
Luckily ... has provided us a good picture of capsule.
... and others can you explain about the presence/ absence of the beak and whether it is entire/ divided. So we can try to document the plants in a better way I suppose.
... my familiarity with Corchorus sp. is limited to sightings of C. olitorius, C. aestuans, and C. capsularis ... their fruits are distinguishable from each other.
... at my photostream:
... posted plant looks to me as C. olitorius .. ... has already pointed out.
This looks to be Corchorus trilocularis as the capsules are 3-4 angled.
Leaf appendage is not distinguishing feature.
In C. olitorius beak is lobed at summit.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/806bbd9222e63be1/Corchor%20trifoli%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGOuzu3bKtrnxEGuK39JJCFbPi4QW5XXIcegG8H3h0JV35NsYfu1JgU-vcpFILlaw1CN7nC4K1btQ14EPN3I1Hl-k3M5MICvJaCoeb9on4RBtb8aBM
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/806bbd9222e63be1/Corchor%20trifoli1%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
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Corchorus trilocularis L.SN Nov 21
 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Corchorus trilocularis L.,
prostrate herb in the rainfed agriculture land from Uddanapalli area of Krishnagiri Dt.Tamilnadu


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/341aeafcea0af762/Corchorus-trilocularis-Delhi-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGWWgxdRl0drp-KrxTmzfPdSSPc3JTHzZPtocXqyYKE3S7Q7QkyPFtusvAjVywrfF0CZJDV4PmDY9O6-5sdN00tdBLSCZeZaqRhTcTYrj9M3JeBaw4
Malvaceae Week: Corchorus trilocularis from Delhi
: Corchorus trilocularis L.,  Mant. pl. 1:77. 1767
Tall herb somewhat similar to C. olitorius but differing in three chambered capsules, slightly trigonous, occurring 1-3 together and with undivided beak.
The plant is used as medicinal. The mucilage, obtained from the plant by macerating it in water, is used as a demulcent. The bitter seeds called Isband (Sind) and Raja Jira (Bombay) have been used by natives in fever
and abdominal obstructions. The coarse fibre is employed in manufacturing cordage.
Photographed from Khalsa College, Delhi 


https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/8edae5e7d3a4347d/Corchorus-trilocularis-Delhi-4.jpg?part=0.4&authuser=0&view=1
 
This plant I had identified as C. trilocularis because of long fruits (nearly 8-10 cm long) with ponted tip, three sided (and evidently 3-angled). It was cultivated in Botanical garden of our College. Its being cultivated (not a big issue though as seeds can be just be brought from wild and sown in the garden) plant, and absence of cabrous ridges however create doubt. Help in ID is requested.

Sir, most of the morphological traits visible in these photos match with Corchorus trilocularis in databases. Links:
also in PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa)
On the doubt of roughness (presence/absence) on the ridges, it seems like the surface of a young fruit is rougher than a mature one. (Also, in the photos these are slightly scabrid (?))
Thanks dear ... for confirmation.


Corchorus trilocularis L., Mant. 77. 1767.
Corchorus trilocularis from Delhi, growing as weed in fields,
similar to but differentiated from C. olitorius in 3-4 angled fruit and short beak.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/438f16fc8d6e8616/Corchorus-olitorius-Khalsa-8-9-DSC05537.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGMfmmnmQT5gkXMZOZHrAtnBVgp67gR23rO4vXSC1hkdRpjmniw1j52HcUjJr0pddaEOW53TKVvMR3_ddGwzH1-s9vslqiJ_qAAvGYYDX5npWcEQsA
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/438f16fc8d6e8616/Corchorus-olitorius-Khalsa-3-9-DSC05251.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Corchorus olitorius from Delhi
: Attachments (2 + 3). 7 posts by 4 authors.
I am uploading photographs of C.olitorius from Delhi. Please note three terminal projections of C. tridens are lacking in this case, also the fruit is cylindrical, longer and narrower.

... I am posting what I am considering as C. olitorious ... it differs from what is shown in ... photos.
I am not sure whether the fruits in ... photos have got smoothened OR softened due to JPG compression ... that is, there is very slight hint of ribs.
In my case, the ribs are prominent ... my ID requires validation.
This is developing into another interesting thread. I find my fruits are lacking ridges. May be they are young, or something more. The plant is growing in our botanical garden, and would be in fruit when I reach back to Delhi on 13th October. I will now concentrate on this plant keeping C. pseudo-olitorius in mind. Let us see what comes out.
Or more likely C. trilocularis
Since the capsule is glabrous .......it can be C.depressus if less than 3.5 cm long................also the leaves are 3 nerved as in your picture.  or C.trilocularis.......if 5-7 cm long.
I have checked the fruits after returning back to Del
hi. My plant is not C. olitorius. It is clearly C. trilocularis.


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Malvaceae member for ID- 240112-NS1- frm Pune: Plz Id this Malvaceae flower bush. It was photographed in wild at Pune on 15.09.11.
(Apology for poor pics fr id)

... species of Corchorus (family: Malvaceae; also placed in Tiliaceae) ... am not able to see the fruit due to long shot (fruits make it easy for getting to the Corchorous species) ...perhaps C. trilocularis.
Let us wait for validating comments.
Thank you all.
..., yes almost corchorus trilocularis but poor pics wont let us conclude.
I remember d location of dis..will try to locate it again.
 

 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/5a2dd97d011432a2/DSCN7681s.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Malvaceae week : Corchorus for ID SMP archive:  Found this photo from my collection of possibly Corchorus species.
It doesn't appear to be Corchorus olitorius with which I am familiar. Can it be Corchorus tridens or Corchorus trilocularis?
Of course fruits are needed for final ID.
I think the plant is Corchorus tridens
I also think C tridens
Appears more closer to images at Corchorus trilocularis L.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/86914581fa8086c0/Herb%20for%20id%204jpg.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECSpGqdzwh0aM6D7DdZAogU_lYKYmP2XZpbuFMkHCsMye6-WkLiNv-0Dk4YuQqsNAIX-N0kRQRNKIKU8z7BVCVFvLk4sV59Ecn8VB1-1G54XIcA0M
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08092013 BRS 517
: Attachments (2
). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation.
Location: IFGTB, Coimbatore.
Date: 06.09.2013
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Herb
Corchorus sp. Not sure whether Corchorus olitarius
I think close to images at Corchorus trilocularis L.

 
 
 
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