Malvaceae

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Comparative images of this family (where we have only two or less species in a genus so far as on 6.1.18) are given below:

Abroma augusta (L.) L.f.
(Images By Surajit Koley & Inserted By Sushant More)
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Images by tspkumar
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/383488a1741da/1-Arasikere_TSP28-12-20154056.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHfOeGLjmEMwqtNp56Wt4M-y8vnpuT_yVqXF-eftmrdOpiab_6O2cl8PgeHpHQipWDBQiBwqGXxnaZ2zdFRMZZ8td6ZtOANiZg8A4133DjEV_Kz0xQ
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Bombax ceiba L.

Images by tspkumar

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/139d3dcbe88bcf/dd_tumkur_20150222_195703%20(33).jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGuzpCQnqt02gMa4nvgA9D1XQr7AHaBmzkHbXzemKV3P-Xs_HrbI3Ar_aI6Z2YtR48Zdnobvid9BrMMa73SYGt-rahy9OJa4GbKBw2xWTYL3ziOEFQ
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Bombax insigne Wall.

 Images by tspkumar
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f21754f1a5af8/1-Balehonnur_20151126_120857%2520(2).jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGXpN5SVXIRKYyLX-YMrYC4jDJb1sZxNX9SG9xuAxRwnMveUybzGx9FVFvh9GroyW1CEPzs4u-ZX303jY_6egKQJecDexkmI_Dp54-iqK-SXSAShns
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Kydia calycina Roxb.
Images by tspkumar
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Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade (validation by Dr.Nidhan Singh) & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/bc20d967fbf5c089/051020112293.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/bc20d967fbf5c089/051020112294.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1






Melhania incana B.Heyne ex Wight & Arn.

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Pachira glabra Pasq. (Cultivated)
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/ece6f30a1bc7de0c/Elephant%20Foot%20Tree%20top,%20Pentace%20burmanica.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF17yQDPJyEZLTABXJfbAraPBJLnXNw6SrpGYikeruGePpVThxnzD8wNrbLWIS4tWUZ4kYSm6KwGslsYBsArYp-WauuuhOuVbxk0b4Wip8SVC3QK7U
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Pterygota alata (Roxb.) R.Br. 
Images by Dinesh Valke, Satish Phadke, Shinde & Mohina Macker, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)
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Theobroma cacao L.

Images by tspkumar 

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(Images by Prashant Awale & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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(Images by Surajit Koley, Dr.Satish Phadke & (Bhagyashri Ranade-identified by Dr. Satish Phadke), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Images by Dr.Gurcharan Singh, Ashwini Bhatia (id J.M.Garg) & Surajit Koley (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J M Garg)
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(Images by Bhagyashri Ranade (Identified by Anita Kindre) & Karuna Kanta Das (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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FAMILY OF THE WEEK : MALVACEAE
In India the family is representaed by 22 genera and 110 species occurring mostly in warmer parts. Benthem and Hooker divided the family into four subfamilies, Malveae, Ureneae, Hibisceae and Bombacaceae. Bommbacaceae is not covered here as it has been explained elsewhere.
Vegetative characters :
The members are mostly annual or perennial herbs, but in the tropics they are shrubs or rarely soft wooded trees. The stem is fibrous with inner bark often tenacious. The herbaceous portions are often more or less covered with stellate hairs.
The leaves are alternate, simple,entire.
Inflorescence and flowers :
The inflorescences are either axillary, solitary, or fascicled and often form long terminal racemes.
The flowers are hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual or polygamous, actinomorphic, pentamerous and hypogynous.
The calyx is frequently subtended by an involucre of bracteoles which form the epicalyx. It protects the younf flower bud. The calyx is usually of five, free or connate sepals which show valvate aestivation. The corolla has
five petals which are often large and showy, free or basally connate with the staminal coloumn as in Hibiscus. The petals show twisted or imbricate aestivation.
The androecium has numerous stamens which are monadelphous. The filaments are united to form a staminal coloumn around the ovary. The staminal cploumn is divided at the apex and bears reniform monothecous anthers.The pollen grains are covered by spines.
The gynoecium is of two to many fused carpels which are arranged in a whorl around the central axis. The ovary is superior.
Fruits and seeds :
The fruit is loculicidal capsule as in Hibiscus and gossipium or more often it is a dry indehiscent, In sida, Malva and Abutilon schizocarps separate from one another and from the persistent central axis and each one seeded or occasionally two to many seeded as in some species of Abutilon. The seeds are reniform or obovoid with scanty endosperm . They are often pubescent or densely clothed with wooly hairs as in Gossipium.
The flowers are mostly insect pollinated.The seeds of gossipium are dispersed by wind. In some species such as Urena lobata the seeds have hooked spines which are dispersed by adhesion to animals and human.
Examples:
Gossipium (Cotton):(Marathi: Kapus) extensively cultivated in the tropics for fibre. The cultivated forms arise mainly from G.barbadense and G.hirsutum (America) and G.arboreum and G.hirbaceum in India, Egypt and other countries.
Several species are grown as ornamentals:
Hibiscus rosasinensis
Hibiscus schizopetalous
Hibiscus sabdariffa
Hibiscus mutabilis
Hibiscus esculentus
(Lady's finger, Okra, Bhendi) used as vegetable.
Sida cordifolia
Sida acuta
Sida rhombifolia
Abutilon
Urena lobata
Thespesia lampas
Thespesia populnea



Malvaceae Week: 05.09.11 to 11.09.11:  Malvaceae Also called as Mallow family is a dicotyledonous family comprising about 82 genera and 1500 species, distributed almost throughout the world and particularly abundant in tropics.
In India, this family is represented by 25 genera and about 110  species. These include Annual or perennial herbs to shrubs or small trees. 
Some important floral characters of the family are:
Plant parts often mucilaginous, leaves stipulated, young stem/ branches often with stellate trichomes
Flowers axillary, solitary, or in fascicles, racemes or panicles, actinomorphic, usually bisexual, pentamerous.
Calyx, free or connate, valvate aestivation
Corolla free, adnate at the base to the staminal tube and falling off with it, twisted; petals 5.
Stamens usually numerous, monadelphous to form staminal tube which at apex divided into numerous filaments
Carpels 1 to many, usually in a single whorl, placentation axile; style usually branched into as many as the number of carpels or sometimes twice the number of carpels
Fruit a dry capsule or schizocarp, rarely baccate, usually dehiscent.
Seeds with a little endosperm
 Genera represented in India include Hibiscus, Pavonia, Thespesia,  Kydia, Gossypium,  Alcea, Malva,  Abutilon,  Malvastrum, Malvaviscus, Sida, Urena, Abelmoschus, Sidastrum,Herissantia, Wissadula, Modiola, Anoda, Decaschistia, Nayariophyton, Fioria, Senra, Lavatera, Althaea and Malachra
Hibiscus and pavonia are large sp represented by about 300 sp and  200 sp worldwide
Some important Plant include Gossypium sp (Cotton yielding), Abelmoschus esculentus (Vegetable) Thespesia populnea (Avenue Tree), Hibiscus sp, Alcea rosea (Ornamental) etc.
Some web-links related to family Malvaceae
If anyone have idea about more  links related to this family pls share
Daves Garden
Very Important link covering all Malvaceae members posted on efloraindia

Latest developments in the family
For all Details please see the paper attached
Excerpts from this paper:
In the broader APG circumscription, Malvaceae s.l. corresponds to the four traditional plant families Malvaceae s.s., Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae (Table 2). Thus, the family has expanded to include 250 genera and has been divided into nine subfamilies, one of which is Malvaceae s.s.[4&5]. These families are closely related to Malvaceae s.s. but they are not monophyletic groups as shown by numerous researchers on the Malvales e.g.[6- 8] . The nine subfamilies:
1. Bombacoideae, traditionally in family Bombacaceae
2. Brownlowioideae, traditionally in family Tiliaceae
3. Byttnerioideae, traditionally in family Sterculiaceae
4. Dombeyoideae, traditionally in family Sterculiaceae
5. Grewioideae, traditionally in family Tiliaceae
6. Helicteroideae, traditionally in families Sterculiaceae (tribe Helictereae) and Bombacaceae (tribe Durioneae)
7. Malvoideae, traditionally family Malvaceae s.s.
8. Sterculioideae, traditionally in family Sterculiaceae
9. Tilioideae, traditionally in family Tiliaceae

More information about the family regarding shifting of plants from other families to Malvaceae
Pls see attached Paper And also see the Beautiful link

As Understood now, the family Malvaceae (according to APG III) includes genera formerly included under Malvaceae, Tiliaceae, Sterculiaceae and Bombacaceae. So please also include the genera of these former families under Malvaceae Week. Here is the complete list of genera (total 236): The Plant List

BSI Flora of India with details & keys from Volume 3 (1993):

MALVACEAE :

   ABUTILEAE Endl. (Abutilon Mill., Anoda Cav., Herissantia  Medikus, Malvastrum A. Gray, Modiola  Moench, Sida L.Wissadula Medikus)                                                                 

   DECASCHISTEAE Fryxell (Decaschistia Wight & Arn.)                     

   HIBISCEAE Endl. (Abelmoschus  Medikus , Fioria  Mattei , Gossypium L., Hibiscus L., Julostylis Thwaites, Kydia Roxb., Nayariophyton T.K. Paul, Senra Cav., Thespesia  Sol. ex Correa)                                                                                        

   MALVEAE A.Gray (Alcea L., Althaea  L., Lavatera L., Malva L. )           

   Plagianthus  J.R. forst. & G. forst. (Genus)          

   URENEAE Benth.& Hook.f. (Malachra L., Malvaviscus L., Pavonia  Cav., Urena L.)  

BOMBACACEAE : (Bombax L., Ceiba Mill. emend Gaertn., Cullenia Wight)

STERCULIACEAE : (Abroma Jacq., Byttneria Loefl., Cola, Dombeya, Eriolaena DC., Firmiana Marsili, Guazuma Mill., Helicteres  L., Heritiera Aiton, Hildegardia Schott & Endl., Kleinhovia L., Leptonychia Turcz., Melhania Forsskal, Melochia L., Pentapetes L., Pterocymbium  R. Br.Pterospermum Schreb., Pterygota Schott & Endl., Reevesia Lindley, Sterculia L., Waltheria L.)

TILIACEAE : (Berrya  Roxb., Brownlowia Roxb., Colona Cav., Corchorus L., Erinocarpus Nimmo ex Graham, Grewia L., Tilia L., Trichospermum Blume, Triumfetta  L.)



Species, genera & family pages of‎‎‎‎ ‎Malvaceae are now with images : 1 post by 1 author.

Species, genera & family pages of‎‎‎ Malvaceae are now with images. I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this family (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 


 

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