Cinnamomum tamala

Indian Bay Leaf, Indian cassia, Indian cassia bark, Tamala cassia • Hindi: तेजपत्ता tejpatta • Manipuri: তেজপাত Tejpat • Tamil: தாளிசபத்திரி Talishappattiri • Malayalam: തമാലപത്രമ് Tamalapatram • Telugu: Talisapatri, Talisha, Patta akulu • Kannada: Patraka • Bengali: তেজপাত Tejpat • Urdu: तेज़पात Tezpat • Assamese: Mahpat, তেজপাত Tejpat • Gujarati: તમાલપત્ર Tamaal patra • Sanskrit: तमालपत्र tamalapattra;  

Tropical and subtropical Himalayas from the Indus to Bhutan, ascending to 2000 m in Sikkim as per Flora of Pakistan;

Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, Khasia as per Checklist of Nepal
Cinnamomum tamala (Lauraceae), the very popular Tejpatta (in N.India only) is common here. The dried leaves (twigs, in fact) are sold in the market.

Its leaves greatly enhances the taste of RICE dishes
Thanks ... for nice photo

Please find attached pics of Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T. Nees & Eberm. shot from Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra..
This is a small sized tree, yields the "Dalchini" (bark) and "Tejpatta" (leaves)...
Yes Sir.
Attached is a picture of Cinnamomum tamala captured at Hiranandani Powai, Heritage Gardens in January 2013.
Requested to please validate the ID.
I have heard that bay leaves used in our cooking are, really speaking, the leaves of this tree and not those of the Dalchini tree (C. verum). Though the leaves of C. verum can be used as a substitute for the bay leaves. Is this correct.
From the image this may be C. tamala

Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T. Nees & Nees, photographed from Herbal Garden, Delhi. Please validate.
From the images this may be C. tamala
It seems to be Cinnamomum tamala . Famous BAY-LEAF or TEJPAT.
Tree for ID:: SMP JAN 13 :Cinnamomum tamala : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Cinnamomum tamala
Family : Lauraceae
I had posted the same tree on 12 Jun 2010
Again I could capture better photographs of the flower few days back.
It was identified by ... as Cinnamomum tamala
Please validate.

Yet another from 2009
Yes. Good pictures. It seems many people have planted this tree in cities. 
Thank you ..., we also had one but we cut it long ago.
nice but why remove
It was too close and also damaging our house building.
*TSP-MAY2016-15-344:Images of Cinnamomum tamala (Lauraceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Cinnamomum tamala (Lauraceae) 

Habit: A medium sized tree 

Habitat: Cultivated, in a coffee estate 

Sighting: Kaimara, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1400 msl 

Date: 19-02-2016 

Your pictures are always beautiful & complete.
Cinnamomum tamala AT MAR 2017/25 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Cinnamomum tamala
English names: Indian bay leaf, Malabar leaf, Indian cassia
Hindi names: Tejpat, tejapatta
Local name: Meetha patta
Mandi (H.P.)
13 March 2017
Cinnamomum - efloraofindia | Google Groups : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)
Observed this tree in Kothrud area Pune (Mah) Planted in a bungalow 20 years back (As told by the watchman)
I could see a lot of buds but not a single opened flower.
Appears to be Cinnamomum species from Lauraceae family.
On searching I found that two species are used commonly as spices(Though there are many...)
Cinnamomum tamala called as तमालपत्र in Marathi and
Cinnamomum verum the bark of which is used as spice called as दालचिनी in Marathi.
Can any guess be maid which is this one?
There are several species of Cinnamomum, which include Camphor (C. camphora), Tamalapatra (Tejpatra) (C. tamala) and dalchini (C.
). Leaves of C. obtusifolium are also used as Condiment.
The pic. seems to me of C. tamala.
Good to know that we have this tree in Kothrud Area (full grown and flowering)
Can you please tell the exact address of the tree as well, 
so that it can be observed closely! 
I have similar tree at my office premises at Tathawade off Mumbai Pune Expressway.
I don't know which one is that Tamal patra or Dalchini.
If anyone is interested to see you are most welcome.
Do call me before coming
the plant here in question is C. tamala (tamalpatra)
C. zeylanicum has very aromatic leaves.
ID Pls ... 2 Leaves .. directly scanned:  A is Tejpatta but what 'B' ? is it also Tejpatta ? OR Darchini ? few Common Mime Caterpillar was on the leaves of the tree....
Cinnamomum tamala photographed from TDL Herbal Gaden, Yamunanagar. Please validate.
nice pictures
Tamala - indiantreepix | Google Groups  : 4 posts by 4 authors.
Tamala tree is a celebrated name in ancient literature mentioned by Kalidasa, Bhartrihari, e.g. " Tamala Tali Banarajineela" Kalidasa
'Raghubansam'. Vaishnava literature put it on a sacred pedestal.
Coming back to Kolkata I asked my friends Do anyone of you know Tamala ? None ! So consulted dictionary which. says a tree similar
to 'Gab' (Diospyros peregrinna gurka) common in Bengal. I told ... on whose request information poured in.
Dr. Pankaj Oudhiya sent 29 photographs which completely identify it with its leaves and flowers. It is Cinnamomum tamala. Lo, its
leaves we daily use as tejpata ! Krishna Iyer from Hyderabad sent a note on 'Malabathrum/ Malabar leaf'. From these and other sources from
net I gathered sufficient information. The book "Cinnamon and Cassia : the genus Cinnamomum" by P.N.Ravindran et al describes: this as a
medium sized evergreen tree, upto 7.5 m high, with zigzag branching, trunk with 95 cm girth, bark rather rough. This grows wild in
Himalayas, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, North Cachar Hills, East Bengal.

Sharma in his book "Indigenous Drugs of India" writes - 'Tejpat is mainly grown in the Jaintia Parganas. Many plantaions are selfsown. and a few are planted. The total area covered is approximately 600 acres." This was a revelation Many of us thought it comes from the south! Cinnamon(i.e. C. zeylanicum) or Darchini is native to Sri Lanka and south India. Prof. Jana , however, differed. He referred to a book "Chiranjib Banoushadhi" by Ayurvedacharya Shibkali Bhattacharya. This is a wonderful book written in Bengali describing some 500 plants and shrubs with their pictures, botanical names, therapeutic uses  of roots, barks, leaves, flowers and fruits. There are 11 volumes. In the tenth volume there is a chapter on Tamala. Considering all pros and cons he concludes Tamala is Garcinia xanthochymus and not Cinnamomum tamala. He also referred to G. indica wellknown in the west as Kokum. From the net we find its synonyms are G.pictoria, G.tinctoria ; English names are Mysore gamboze and sour mangosteen; ten sanskrit names including Tamala. One article says that yellow mangosteen is G. tinctoria while purple mangosteen is G. mangostana. More information may be obtained from "Flora of India" by B.D.Sharma and others (1993) What is its family name ? Net says Clusiaceae other says Guttiferae?
Another problem remains unsolved. According to Vaishnava literature Tamala is mostly found in Vrindaban. Srila Prabhupada, the founder of ISKCON, says, they say that only four trees are left. Is it then dying ? Any member interested to verify this ? There is one tamal tree in Belur brought from Vrindaban. But it looks quite different !                    
I must admit that I am a layman in this subject. I am aware of the quotation - Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge. Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate."

If am not mistaken, Tamala is the tej patta, called vayana in Malyalam. The botanical name is C. tamala. Kokum or Garcinia indica is probably not correct identification. Tamala grows in Kerala. I have fond memories of the leaf being used to make steamed jack fruit cakes (Kumble appam). This is a close relative of C. verum (Cinnamon) and camphora (Campher plant)
Will it be possible for you to get detailed photographs of your tree in Vrindavan to have further discussions on the group? 
Here is the indistinct image of this tree in Vrindavan at Does it help?
My observations and experiences 
  1. The Traditional Healers of Chhattisgarh use Tamala patra. They purchase it from herb vendors coming from North India. It is not Cinnamomum tamala. I have seen black colored bark with them. 
  2. There are many meanings of Tamala in ancient literatures. In 'Kiraturjiyama' tobacco leaf is mentioned as Tamala patra. In Raghuvansha and Geetgovind Tamala is mentioned as tree with black bark. In many places Haldi is also mentioned as Tamala. Tam means dark or darkness.  There is shlok in Sanskrit 
तमाल पत्रं राजेंद्र भजमाज्ञानदायक 
Do not consume Tamala Patra i.e. Tobacco, as it destroys your knowledge.
In Ayurveda literatures it is mentioned that Tamala tree is present in Yamuna and Tapti river belt. Leaves are like Shisham and fruits are like Karonda. Branches are black. Many poets have compared this blackness with color of Shri Krishna. For instance
हेमलता 'तमाल' अवलंवित, सीस मल्लिका फूली हो। 
कुंचित केस बीच अरुझाने, जनु अलिमाला भूलि हो।। (परमानंद दास)
तरनि-तनया तीर मरकत मनि, जु श्याम 'तमाल' 
ब्रज की नारि-समूह मंडल बनी कंचन माल।। (चतुर्भुजदास)
In many books Chandan Tilak is also mentioned as Tamal.  
As far as Garcinia xanthochymus is concerned it is present in good number in different locations throughout India. Here is detail about it.
I have much to share specially on Tamal of different medicinal properties and uses but I am not sure about safety of information provided through this group. We are not sure whether someone is gathering this information for commercial use or research or just for interest. Tamal like plants are very important for treatment of modern diseases. Hence we must be very careful. Few months back researchers asked for Noni (Morinda citrifolia) distribution in Central India. I furnished information. Few days back natives informed that Noni companies are inquiring about spots from same reference.
Cinnamomum sp. for ID : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 3 authors.
Habit : middle sized evergreen tree. Habitat : Wild. Leaves aromatic.
Location : Zobawk, Mizoram. Altitude : ca. 1,100 m.
It looks like a small-leaved form of tejpat (C. tamala)?
Is it Cinnamomum aromaticum ? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Date : 25-05-2012. Habitat : Wild. Habit : Medium sized evergreen tree with aromatic leaves
From where did you collect this?
I think ... is posting his pictures taken in Mizoram.
... pl. confirm.

To me the images seem to be of Cinnamomum tamala.
It does appear to be Cinnamomum. The various spp are very similar vegetatively. Whether C. tamala or C. zeylanicum can be determined easily by chewing the leaves (the un-taxonomical method!!).
If the leaves taste like tezpatta it is C. tamala.
However if it tastes like 'dalchini', it may be C. zeylanicum or even C. bejholgota.

I am not very familiar with C. aromaticum, so may not be of much help
SYMBIOSIS : 403 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of Blue-throated Barbet on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (TEJPAT/ TEJPATA).
I am doubtful of the tree id. Would you pl. mail clear photos of the tree including those of leaves for id confirmation.
Was it a cultivated tree ?
Unfortunately the images of Symbiosis-403,404 and 405 were not up to the mark but there is no doubt about the identity. It's a very common tree here. And the images were taken on a tree which is next to my house. How ever I will post suitable images in future.
SYMBIOSIS :404 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author. 
Attaching an image of a Jungle Myna on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (TEJPAT/ TEJPATA).
I am doubtful of the tree id. Would you pl. mail clear photos of the tree including those of leaves & fruits for id confirmation.
Was it a cultivated tree ?
SYMBIOSIS 405 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author. 
Attaching an image of a Red Vented Bulbul on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (TEJPAT/ TEJPATA).

I am doubtful of the tree id. Would you pl. mail clear photos of the tree including those of leaves & fruits for id confirmation.
Was it a cultivated tree ?
There is no doubt in my mind that the species is Cinnamomum tamala (BAY LEAF/ TJPAT). The tree is very common here and it grows almost in every house with available space.
Thanks, ... Is it cultivated ? if you post detailed images, it will satisfy my curiosity. 
I will do the needful in due course of time.
Fwd: CINNAMOMUM TAMALA : IMAGE : 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a twig of blooming Cinnamomum tamala. In case you want image of a fruiting branch, you will have to wait.
Flora of Manipur: Lindera - efloraofindia | Google Groups : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Lindera pulcherrima of Cinnamon family (Lauraceae). A small tree, found growing along exposed grassy hill slopes in Manipur.


Does not matches with images at Lindera pulcherrima and as per references herein.
To me also appear close to images at Cinnamomum tamala as per comparative images at Cinnamomum

This is Cinnamomum.
Photographed along roadsides near Chopta in Uttarakhand.
Looks like Cinnamomum tamala. Please validate or give correct ID.
Lindera pulcherrima (Lauraceae)
Member of Family Lauraceae ; Lindera pulcherrima  

Does not matches with images at Lindera pulcherrima as identified by ...
To me also appear close to images at Cinnamomum tamala as per comparative images at Cinnamomum

Not possible to comment without the reproductive parts.

SYMBIOSIS : 1256 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Jungle Myna feeding on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (TEJPAT/ BAY LEAF)
SYMBIOSIS : 1257 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul feeding on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (BAY LEAF/ TEJPAT)

very nice. do you have close up pictures of the leaves? please
SYMBIOSIS : 1258 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Koel (male) feeding on the fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (BAY LEAF/ TEJPAT)

Thanks for sharing such very important information. Does  1258 means there are 1258 symbiosis mails? 
Yes, …

1258 means its serial number 1258 in ... Symbiosis series. they are all different, mostly.
if you look thru, search our google group site for Bimal Sarkar. you will see he has individual cases, symbiosis series, poem series, scenes etc. all with some botanical connection. he is very creative, ecologically sensitive and a senior well respected well loved member.
SYMBIOSIS : 1272 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue throated Barbet feeding on fruits of Cinnamomum tamala (BAY LEAF/ TEJPATA)

Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees & C.H.Eberm. : 6 posts by 2 authors. 6 images- 3 to 6 mb each.
Location : Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation : 1300 m.
Date : 16 April 2020
Habitat : Cultivated
Very beautiful posting showing the flowers. Though I have seen the plant I never came across the flowers !