Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. (Images by Satish Phadke & Jennifer (Both Ids by E S Santhosh Kumar), Nandan Kalbag, Amit Chauhan (Id by K M Prabhu Kumar), Sandhya Sasidharan, Anurag N Sharma (Id by Vijayasankar Raman), B Rathinasabapathy & M Sawmliana (Id by V Sampath Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth. (Images by Satish PhadkeAdittya Dharap (Id by Navendu Page & J.M.Garg) & Darshan Kokate (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. (Images by Anurag N Sharma (Id by J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


(Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) Sleesen (Images by Alka Khare (Id by J.M.Garg), Prashant Ambedkar (Id by Neil Soares & Ushadi), Mohina Macker & Geeta Sawant (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



In O. pallidus the white flower-tube is almost as long as the calyx, whereas in O. rubicundus the white flower-tube is twice as long as the calyx.

In Orthosiphon pallidus, the corolla is as long as the calyx. The differentiating point between thymiflorous and rubicundus is leaf morphology. In rubicundus the leaf has very short petiole-up to 4mm or the leaf is almost sessile, and in thymiflorous petiole is longer-about 1 to 3cm;
Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore
Orthosiphon comosus Wight ex Benth. is a synonym of Syncolostemon comosus (Wight ex Benth.) D.F.Otieno ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open Rocky  LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli
Orthosiphon pallidus Benth.Under shrubPlains to  High Altitude, Moist LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Mukerjee 1940, Gamble 1957Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kancheepuram, Nilgiri, Thiruvallur, Thanjavur
Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. var. hohenackeri Hook.f. is a synonym of Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Mukerjee 1940Nilgiri
Orthosiphon rubicundus (D.Don) Benth. var. rubicundusHerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Nilgiri
Orthosiphon thymiflorus (Roth) SleensenHerbDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts

Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Orthosiphon aristatus Clerodendrum spicatum, Orthosiphon spiralis, Orthosiphon stamineus Lamiaceae Cat's Whiskers
Orthosiphon pallidus Lamiaceae Pale Java Tea
Orthosiphon rubicundus Ocimum tuberosum, Plectranthus rubicundus Lamiaceae Red Java Tea
Orthosiphon thymiflorus Orthosiphon roseus, Orthosiphon sinensis, Orthosiphon viscosus Lamiaceae Thyme Java Tea

Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth. in Hook. (Arabian peninsula, Pakistan, India)

Orthosiphon incurvus var. elatus Benth. (Himalaya (Nepal), India)
Orthosiphon incurvus var. incurvus Benth. (Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), Assam, Burma)
Orthosiphon rubicundus (D. Don) Benth. (Himalaya (Kumaun to Nepal), India, Burma)
Orthosiphon scapiger Benth. (Himalaya (Kumaun to Nepal))


Antidiabetic Plants in India and Herbal Based Antidiabetic Research By T. Pullaiah, K. Chandrasekhar Naidu (2003)- Details-
Indian Medicinal Plants: A Compendium of 500 Species, Volume 0 By P. K. Warrier, V. P. K. Nambiar, C. Ramankutty (1993)- Details-

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-

Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988)- Details with keys-

Orthosiphon : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Orthosiphon (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Pl. go through Orthosiphon (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Lamiaceae) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.