Ocimum × africanum


Complete set of Keys for Indian Species available on efi page Ocimum.  
 

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/fd5dc292ee7f42c6/DSCN2922s.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHenemDBefAIO7i9iqLSLu7M8Cv7CWKOzcBpNc5LUweHYGNNXggMfzaUsJax2OIiC3d_pAhjl7QhO_4DpsYpHzzUckTmwm-rrssyfA6zRH1ihtGXRE
 
PLANT FOR ID 156 SMP OCT 2009 - indiantreepix | Google Groups : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
A lamiaceae member. I would casually call it as "Ran tulas" in Marathi.
Was growing by roadside in Pune city. 29 Oct 2009. Aromatic smell yes but minimal.
Any clue about botanical name?
Perhaps Ocimum basilicum L. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth.
Ya, i agree with ...
'Ocimum basilicum' is called 'Tukhmariya' 'तुखमरीया' / 'Sabjache Bee' 'सब्‍जाचे बी' in Marathi.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/20d9ccbf57a58c2e/ocimum%201%20(4).JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEgrA1Cifq85dCkpvn9Ylg_Sx6Mt_CB0nD61pkuJqcDH3t0NE_CS-vivHOi4MEWu8qfYoO6auCazSN4PjIjtHPm8nm1ljxU5FnrErkAedA1ro-ePOQ
amit uid 1 2452011: Sending photographs of Ocimum. confused over Ocimum basilicum and O. americanum. The plants details as in the photographs and having lemon scented smell. Growing in Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, Plants ca. 50 cm tall 
I would go with O. americanum based on shorter corolla, slightly longer than calyx and more hairy calyx
I go with Dr .. O. americanum
Ocimum basilicum
having smell is bitter armatic with oily stem leaves not lemon smell just like pudina smeel with bitter test.
Thanx .. and .. for the identification. But .. I have some sweet smelling O. basilicum accessions having saunf like smell
The plant is probably O. africanum possibly backcrossed with O. basilicum (see key from Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Author(s): S. Suddee, A. J. Paton, J. A. N. Parnell Source: Kew Bulletin, Vol. 60, No. 1 (2005), pp. 3-75
Key to continental SE Asian species of Ocimum
1. Teeth of lateral fruiting calyx lobes distinct, deltoid or lanceolate; bract without bowl-like gland developing
2. Throat of fruiting calyx closed by the upcurved 2 median teeth of anterior lip, anterior much shorter than posterior; mostly shrubs or undershrubs .................................................................................... 1. O. gratissimum
2. Throat of fruiting calyx open, the 2 median teeth of anterior lip as long as or longer than posterior; mostly herbs with stems woody at base
3. Calyx tube glabrous or thinly covered with minute glandular hairs inside; nutlets unchanged when wet .................................................................................................... 2. O. tenuiflorum
3. Calyx tube with a ring of hairs at throat inside; nutlets producing mucilage when wet
4. Flower with pedicel nearly as long as calyx; appendage of posterior stamens hairy ..............
........................................................................................................... 3. O. kilimandscharicum
4. Flower with pedicel much shorter than calyx; appendage of posterior stamens glabrous
5. Fruiting calyx up to 5 mm long; corolla 4 - 5.5 mm long
6. Fruiting calyx 2 - 3 mm long; stem internodes with short adpressed or retrose hairs .........
.... ....o......................................o........................................................ 4. O. americanum
6. Fruiting calyx 4 - 5.5 mm long; stem internodes with long, spreading and sometimes retrorse hairs .................................... ... ............... ........................................................................................................... 5. O. africanum
5. Fruiting calyx 6 - 8 mm long; corolla 7 - 8 mm long ...... ............... 6. O. basilicum

Thanks to Alan Paton at Kew for this!


Confusion....!! but I will definitely check the internode hair characters as provided in the key. your say is that its an hybrid.
The key I find is confusing for lack of formatting. I am reproducing after formatting. I also notice that First lead is redundant (atleast for SE Asian species) unless the key is only a part of original key and all SE Asian species share the common features of distinct teeth of lateral calyx lobes, deltoid or lanceolate in shape and bract without bowl-like gland developing.  
Key to continental SE Asian species of Ocimum
1. Teeth of lateral fruiting calyx lobes distinct, deltoid or  lanceolate; bract without bowl-like gland
      developing
       2. Throat of fruiting calyx closed by the upcurved 2 median teeth of anterior lip, anterior much
           shorter than posterior; mostly shrubs or undershrubs ........................,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1. O. gratissimum
        2. Throat of fruiting calyx open, the 2 median teeth of anterior lip as long as or longer than posterior;
              mostly herbs with stems woody at base
               3. Calyx tube glabrous or thinly covered with minute glandular hairs inside; nutlets unchanged
                    when wet ....................................................................................................... 2. O. tenuiflorum
                3. Calyx tube with a ring of hairs at throat inside; nutlets producing
                      mucilage when wet
                      4. Flower with pedicel nearly as long as calyx; appendage of posterior
                             stamens hairy ....................................................................................... 3. O. kilimandscharicum
                       4. Flower with pedicel much shorter than calyx; appendage of posterior
                             stamens glabrous
                               5. Fruiting calyx up to 5 mm long; corolla 4 - 5.5 mm long
                                     6. Fruiting calyx 2 - 3 mm long; stem internodes with short adpressed
                                          or retrose hairs ......................................................................... 4. O. americanum
                                      6. Fruiting calyx 4 - 5.5 mm long; stem internodes with long,
                                            spreading and sometimes retrorse hairs .................................. 5.
O. africanum
                                5. Fruiting calyx 6 - 8 mm long; corolla 7 - 8 mm long ...... ................. 6. O. basilicum


Is it not Ocimum basilicum var. pilosum?
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=3245&flora_id=2
Ocimum basilicum var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. is the synonym of Ocimum x africanum Lour.
Your conclusion tallies with that of ..
The name O. x africanum is new to me. I know the plant as O. basilicum var. pilosum. And these names are not yet available at GRIN.
The combination O. americanum var. pilosum in GRIN is confusing b'cos the basionym O. pilosum Willd. is also linked to O. basilicum var. pilosum.
Thanks also to .. and .. for the id. Is it possible to get full version of the revision?
But they are at Kew Plant List, 2010. Where as GRIN treats only limited names, this list claims to be nearly complete, though lot needs to be settled. We may soon be all following this:
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-136798
Plea find the file attached for further study. It is too big so I  assume it wont reach eflora. 
Yes my doubt was correct, the key was not complete. Here is the complete one. Thank .. for upoading the paper.
1. Teeth of lateral fruiting calyx lobes distinct, deltoid or lanceolate; bract without bowl-like gland
       developing
         2. Throat of fruiting calyx closed by the upcurved 2 median teeth of anterior lip, anterior much
             shorter than posterior; mostly shrubs or undershrubs ............................................................ 1. O. gratissimum
        2. Throat of fruiting calyx open, the 2 median teeth of anterior lip as long as or longer than posterior;
             mostly herbs with stems woody at base
                3. Calyx tube glabrous or thinly covered with minute glandular hairs inside; nutlets unchanged
                     when wet ........................................................................................................................ 2. O. tenuiflorum
                3. Calyx tube with a ring of hairs at throat inside; nutlets producing mucilage when wet
                    4. Flower with pedicel nearly as long as calyx; appendage of posterior stamens hairy .......3. O. kilimandscharicum
                    4. Flower with pedicel much shorter than calyx; appendage of posterior stamens glabrous
                          5. Fruiting calyx up to 5 mm long; corolla 4 - 5.5 mm long
                               6. Fruiting calyx 2 - 3 mm long; stem internodes with short adpressed or retrose hairs
                                           ……………………………………………….......................................................... 4. O. americanum
                               6. Fruiting calyx 4 - 5.5 mm long; stem internodes with long, spreading and sometimes
                                    retrorse hairs .......... ... ............... ...................................................................... 5.
O. africanum
                          5. Fruiting calyx 6 - 8 mm long; corolla 7 - 8 mm long ...... ......................................... 6. O. basilicum
1. Teeth of lateral fruiting calyx lobes obscure, fringed with a row of many minute teeth; bract caducous,
     with bowl-like gland developing in the scar .. .................................................................................... 7. O. filamentosum

Thanks a lot for providing the keys .., but...........I am sending some other photos according to my observations the plant is O x africanum but the internodes are mostly showing retrorse hairs and not the spreading ones now waiting for all expert advise from your side to place it under the correct name O. africanum or O. americanum


Looking at the scale and calyx, the calyx already seems to be around 3.5-4 mm and would definitely enlarge in fruit. Also the hairs seem to be spreading and not appressed. That fits well with O. x africanum.
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d4dfe55f531c564b/Occimum1.jpg?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d4dfe55f531c564b/occimum3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHdqPTjcAze-5r7A-MWeAQavQPmz3NlZbAlhmESL5TETyPvKtl6tfUzvpMqhha2C-tslS9VSRxpVqL6ykd10cSmZpt8QM2USzrIIV3k8mxR1qT5_0k
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/d4dfe55f531c564b/occimum2.jpg?part=0.2&authuser=0&view=1
Ocimum for ID 10092013CS 1 : Attachments (3). 9 posts by 4 authors.
Can somebody please identify this Ocimum species
Looks like Ocimum basilicum..
You mean sweet basil. ... We have sweet basil plants too. This plant is not so fragrant.
This looks like Ocimum americanum L., because of the pubescens, apex of leaves acute, short pedicels, color of the flower (creamy white).
Thank you ... for the ID. Yes the plants were pubescent while the sweet basil plants we have are glossy.
I am attaching an image of Occimum basilicum for Id confirmation
I think the first set of pictures are of Ocimum africanum (= O. basilicum var. pilosum).
The more recently posted picture has been correctly named as O. basilicum (= O. b. var. purpurascens).
Thank you ... Now I am getting more clarity of why search yields two types of Ocimum basilicum

Fwd: [efloraofindia:169284] Ocimum citiodorus L. and Ocimum citriodorum Vis. are synonyms or both are different cultivars ? : 2 posts by 1 author.
I am student of .... My research work is on Plant tissue culture. I have a query i. e. Ocimum citiodorus L. and Ocimum citriodorum Vis. are synonyms or both are different cultivars.  I have searched several research papers but didn't get satisfactory answer. In a research article the author has used both names (Venugopal G and Rao A Prasad, in vitro propagation and callus induction of endangered medicinal herb Ocimum citriodorus L, World congress on Biotechnology, Biotechnology, 2011.). i would like to know the correct name of Ocimum species at your earliest.
As per The Plant List, Ocimum × africanum Lour. is the accepted name for Ocimum x citriodorum Vis. It is thought to be a hybrid between O. basilicum and O. americanum.
I couldn't fine any reference for the name O. citriodorus L.
[Ocimum citrodorum Blanco is a synonym of Ocimum basilicum L.]
http://0-www.sciencedirect.com.umiss.lib.olemiss.edu/science/article/pii/S0031942296004293#
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4117026?uid=3739760&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21102725516421 
 
Can you suggest Gujarati / Hindi Name for Ocimum basilicum (pilosum)? I suspect it is Takhmariya... Could not find this one on eflora. Could reach, however, to the page describing Ocimum basilicum.""
As per The Plant List Ocimum basilicum var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. is a synonym of Ocimum × africanum Lour. 
Sir Ji, how can you be be wrong?
As far as I know, in Gujarati it is called તખમરીયાં (Takhmariyan) only. I suppose Sbze name given on efloraIndia is not used in Gujarati.
CSIR Dictionary say Guj: Damaro, nasabo, sabza
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/eb1d0fb673542/DSC_0301.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGE1wg28ho-9MtWBLOElKjVQEFftFRKgXMVqE-UDmhGKNNZJP3aA7NnNYIOr-xRc9q2tvTGVdNST7CEtvBDFj7Yi1w6XIQzcnVg7vhyh37e9nJDsqI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/eb1d0fb673542/DSC_2146.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFq5AonWT1x2wEo_TXNFnucZdOHIa4Ah9ac2NXwMkjSBE2XJbYugqjrLHgYgywEZJPO_HvS7AiSFbm3TaKSLDnr9DQ8kiIIMKe0bBOjIBaD1QZJimY

SK1634 08 Dec 2018 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  4500 ft.
Date 2 August 2013
Habit : Cultivated 
I guess not native to Nepal.
Which Ocimum ??

Pl. Check comparative images at 

Did not find a match.

May be some cultivar of 

  
References:
Comments