Leucas decemdentata

Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm., Cycl. 20: 6 1810. (Syn: Isodeca flaccida (R.Br.) Raf.; Leucas chinensis var. oliganthos Hassk.; Leucas decemdentata var. decemdentata ; Leucas flaccida R.Br.; Leucas flaccida var. petiolaris Benth.; Leucas flaccida var. scaberula (Hook.f.) S.R.Sriniv.; Leucas javanica Benth. .; Leucas lamioides (Muschl.) Hosseus [Illegitimate]; Leucas leucocephala Miq.; Leucas melissifolia Benth.; Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.; Leucas mollissima subsp. scaberula (Hook.f.) Murti & Panigrahi; Leucas mollissima var. scaberula Hook.f.; Leucas montana var. pilosa Haines; Leucas montana f. scaberula (Hook.f.) S.R.Paul; Leucas montana var. strigosa (Benth.) S.R.Paul; Leucas oxyodon Miq.; Leucas parviflora Benth.; Leucas pilosa var. pubescens Benth.; Leucas sericea Elmer; Leucas stachyoides Spreng.; Leucas strigosa Benth.; Marrubium lamioides Muschl.; Phlomis chinensis Blume [Illegitimate]; Phlomis decemdentata Willd.; Phlomis flaccida (R.Br.) Steud.; Phlomis moluccana Roxb.; Stachys decemdentata G.Forst. [Invalid]); 
   

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SK834 29 OCT-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location:  Suryavinayak, Bhktapur, Nepal
Date: 7 October 2017
Elevation : 5200 ft.
Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng.  ??

Does not matches with images at Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng.
Appears close to images at Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm. (syn: Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.) 

Thank you ...!
Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm.
Nepali Names : धुसुरे खर Dhusure Khar / झुन्के घाँस Jhunke Ghaans 
Syn : Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.

Pachmarhi ... about 3600 feet ft asl
Date / Time: 19 SEP 13 at 10:51 AM ... Altitude: about 3132 ft asl
Leucas ¿ species ? ... (family: Lamiaceae)
Habit: herb, about 60 - 70 cm high, seeming to be a climber (or straggler)
Habitat: along forest trail in evergreen forest

Flower just about 10 mm across 
Bee Falls - very popular tourist place. Large evergreen patch of forest around this water falls - a very good place for exploring flora. This source is the main supply of water to Pachmarhi town.
it is Leucas decemdentata 
 
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Jan2015sk17 Hooghly - Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth. ? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (13)
This wild herb found in a village wasteplace. I didn't have any scale, please guess approximate size by comparing the common grass yellow butterfly.
As per KEY and distribution of 'Bengal Plants' this should be Leucas mollissima Wall.
Yes it is Leucas mollissima Wall.
 
 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/Eek1clO5SSM_6mQNY8sJiQ7H9NvhnzYxNUc8h8OfgVon1gXuplqZOoHJmjGbSw8Oz27aE-FD9XPQxmhoabPGDrtOno2Ss2EHR1_dgn1jHgA=w5000-h5000
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Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm.
at Pachmarhi on September 19, 2013 


This herb was shot from Chakrata at different times, is this Leucas aspera ?
efi page on Leucas aspera     

Seems to be Anisomeles heyneana.
Reference :Common Indian Wild Flowers, by Isaac Kehimkar.
..., please do not mind, it appears to me that L. aspera (Willd.) Link is an ever elusive species! Where are the linear hispid bracts in your species? Aren't leaves are too broad? Does the calyx have oblique mouth, even slightly?
I have also posted the same plant for ID. Hope it is resolved.
I hesitate to say that I think the species in this thread looks like- efi thread
But calyx teeth of the above species is shorter in - efi thread and in efi thread (Alka Ji)
efi thread (repeat post of Alka Ji, validated by Dr. Sunoj Ji efithread).
I think this species in this thread is L. mollissima or one of its var.
efi page on Leucas decemdentata (syn. Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.);
I do not find difference with this species and the one linked at efi thread
But I do find difference with efi thread
Maybe my illusion!
1st and 4th pics are different from 2nd and 3rd, may be same species, but certainly recorded at different time.
KEW has several herb of L. biflora, leaves in those herb are entirely different.
Calyx teeth of 2nd and 3rd pic and leaves are similar to L. decemdentata record of efi dbase.
Slender calyx teeth in 1st and 4th pics suggest probability of L. mollissima record of efi dbase.
As per distribution given in the monograph this is, to my understanding Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) R. Br. ex Sm. var. decemdentata.


 
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This Leucas was photographed in Almora district at an elevation of 800m.
It is Leucas biflora
A reply in another thread;
"I do not find difference with this species and the one linked at efi thread
But I do find difference with efi thread
Maybe my illusion!"
My record of L. biflora is different to this one. Unlike ... thread here number of flowers are less and calyx teeth triangular.
This much I can say.
..., please ensure it has to be procumbent to be Leucas biflora (Vahl) R. Br.
Moreover, branches should be many, pubescent with deflexed hairs; leaves should be pubescent on both sides, I am not sure of how the hairs in the photographs can be defined. The problem is hairs in L. decemdentata also varies from glabrate to villous to strigose.
Another problem area is calyx mouth is dialated, distinctly ribbed, rib excurrent to calyx teeth (a feature of L. montana not to be found in your area. calyx teeth linear-subulate). But can those teeth be called triangular-subulate (a feature of biflora, decemdentata, lanata)?
Please check my record of biflora at efi thread and ... at efi thread 2 ... decide yourself.
Thank you ... for analyzing my species in detail. I really appreciate your efforts in concluding the IDs of plants posted in eFI.
I too agree that my plant is not L.biflora which is not known in Uttarakhand also. Leucas is represented by following species in Uttarakhand-
L.aspera (no resemblance)-
L.biflora (Little resemblance)- http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K001115027
L.hyssopifolia (no resemblance)-http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000929562
L.indica ?
L.lanata (Little resemblance)- http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000929484
L.decemdentata (=L.mollissima) resemble to a certain extent-
L.natans (no resemblance)- http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K001116345
I suspect it as L.decemdentata (=L.mollissima) as in- efi thread
I agree Sir.
Haines (also noted by Dr. V. S. in the monograph) that considered close affinity of L. montana with L. decemdentata (a variable species).
As per the monograph, L. lavandulifolia Sm. was named as L. indica (L.) Vatke. "The name L. indica (L.) Vatke (1875) based on Leonurus indicus L. ....... should be rejected".
Attached here KEY and descriptions of several var. of L. montana by Haines.
Please note Haines, unlike Prain, didn't recognize L. mollissima Wall. as separate taxon.
Attachments (4)


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/88b2ea4530203598/Leucas%20decemdentata%20var.%20decemdentata.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEbl4DjlhKZiNPn9VNNHl6m1T8KnJVzwyfVFbj6N60We4PHBYjEgi0jxmuAm-zgh9AbB1BvJyIGLnmXQJW0NuqBJiv0I7kvsdOm3GTRZd5Vw1rit8s
 
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June15sk12/12 : Leucas spp. in West Bengal : 4 posts by 1 author
........................
It is difficult to me to differentiate the 3 spp. having truncate calyx mouth - (1) L. decemdentata var. decemdentata (2) L. lanata var. lanata (3) L. montana.
For, descriptions of the above three spp. appear similar to me. Differentiations though starts with stem indumentum are not enough to enable a non-botanist to have a good grip over the above three.

In spite of the above I think the attached plate, prepared from my one earlier thread is of Leucas decemdentata var. decemdentata for its -
  • leaves having cordate (can be rounded or cuneate) base
  • axillary whorls having few (can be many) flowers
  • subulate calyx teeth (discrepancy is tube should be glabrous to pubescent outside)
  • exserted corolla tube (not a very strong point)
Thank you
Attachments (1)
I would like to conclude this Leucas episode with an information, from the monograph, that I missed to note earlier. This is related to identification of L. decemdentata, L. lanata and L. montana. There are info on flowering season, ecology etc which may further help identification but I would skip this.
As per the monograph -
  • Leaf size = 1.5 - 4 x 0.6 - 1.7 cm =  Leucas lanata Wall. ex Benth. var. lanata (non. L. mollissima Wall. ex Benth.)
  • Leaf size = 2 - 10 x 0.7 - 5 cm = Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) R.Br. ex Sm. var. decemdentata ( L. mollissima Wall. ex Benth.)
While the first one above is perennial the 2nd one is annual.
So, please check your species where I did comment and correct the ID accordingly.


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Leucas lanata Benth. (accepted name) : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Leucas lanata Benth. (accepted name) shot at Gundu Nepal on 26 Aigust 2016 at 5000 ft.
Seems to match with images at Leucas lanata
It differs from Leucas lanata in shape and under surface of leaves (White pubescent) as well as Nos. of flowers in a whorl. Hence needs further confirmation.
Leucas decemdentata ??  but not listed in Nepal !
efi page at Leucas decemdentata with images
I suggested Leucas decemdentata but it seems not listed in Nepal as per the books and link as below:
Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm.  ???
Nepali Names : धुसुरे खर Dhusure Khar / झुन्के घाँस Jhunke Ghaans 
Syn : Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.
Yes. May be. 


 
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/14a6abfdf79a5/DSC_0895.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFpE-bk18Dds_U6W-Q7YuNR6vumV2bKDfc6yG7yLon4H3M39lgtNi-7MacnoHDJJA2MaVyjIYsUSkZvpsI9fu71vqsxW7M-zPyAr1Hmpvon1H_7hm0
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/14a6abfdf79a5/DSC_0896.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEVo8Pns4vJnyH7lw9Rbdi0cv58A4YyqAtAxiJ_sbQb4n0Rt13TTK23vLC46B7R8w5tAlQu054OptHCPcpbPZogLiw6M4qo1HQCQicm-1_eQm-MUkA
SK854 08 NOV-2017:ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Chobhar, Nepal
Altitude: 4600 ft.
Date: 18 July 2017
Leucas once more !

Is it not same as recently identified posts of Leucas decemdentata

Yes, it is ...!  Syn: Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b7988faaadf06/tn_DSC_0944.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH0Lz7mcvqjZICOF_X6GMR4SL0DZLK2Q_n3c455DA_dPVpGHsHTc14fWZ_N7j0Z1jy_rPLqRoafcVr0ntbUFh20wuuB5iGNF0mip0lm5jSqfBaHwbY
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b7988faaadf06/tn_DSC_0945.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGWuapp-FQ0C4tTKSUWbhaIinT9JOxqV6gkXn7ZHdHJ74frTenJ2jA7ysI69Nek3femOVbkMDoiPaYZYjLsanQ1X4Gj8uYSQsKb39eYLZ2Hp6ZDeNI
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b7988faaadf06/tn_DSC_0942.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF_p5lTxetLdyyDxHgIGfRlsrXLKjaHIcH5KrwiwtqUk7v61V5S0vYMMIMcGjLfnb2SRIjgBhzWdHUH9aBqzIJq64yi6YiTS0scH5-KrKy2JrrVY4s
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b7988faaadf06/tn_DSC_0941.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFLHj037Jz7SyW-5WnSTy5N5JOcJ0zBFH7g1ehKiKiNG2Z0CwnRjN-Pyy1JMMi2ddC6l3lgIs6nWEgLSdQTEC6t9c6Wa1narc1p-M5v3R5tpUDgdGY
Leucas decemdentata from Morni hills... : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Here am uploading some images of Leucas decemdentata taken from Morni hills on September 2018.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0204.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFGvyG1m9hVY0WvDfjSB9lxIGEy4OyixeeQHk0UZC-b1BkCMJLyKmHJuTZKtzmh6kO0rUkheu1AzUyDO74U6L7uk1bDo7EecYW3mLtZs5R4LKRzDhw
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0201.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHrcSNa5mIUBPPAWfZ8cblZoGNEogpMIj1TC-nTs-yGAfj8XajQrF6UkgtjnimI5v6XzlXC5Tzqs-_m4FEnVSinZ_hmzws6ilcpd3sW5JQ4LGerkfY
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0211.JPG?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF02fXvuTnjt64M36Zwx2XLgWJrIxCiWrWDJoF30NlL-GIyZIfFM-cyyK85zuyXJEDljW5CxsBu9WGkA8mDX-i6B6spcJFqZO4kuTDKruA5GyZZ8Tg
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0210.JPG?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEeQNLwOqb5DLOVIz0pbYrTez7e7SX6Qev1jmxH9BgUOvCq6ZoLCVIMKP2sGL4gHDqLCiYhmT995Fpm5EbC6Ic9MQGMww5KU1wDEBFGCTb9U65VKqM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0209.JPG?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGnjnxdoONF3b2KTR9OsLWAtCxn2n-X5k9pswdH5Cagoquj1MjlAZIhN91usKxwfaE0WVLzaRXF-xQa2_1fLgP2YrmgJGjSkjNTODIe_kVKcBPl-u8
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0202.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFytcX2a8cg1HuQ2j2AOHx4r_dtlQn2UFdRMapQ2xcK9e81TVw97v6I9d_jnGUNNQsuqkMvxgzpaKhxdRvfDOMIPNE3KqcVhy6AyBNKKO4sza4wUxs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b242172bc6c4d/DSC_0206.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHc3Z2Kk2lcWwp-r-kxZpABX4BFeNE3ePJX35irg6OBD-b4u12guuaejCvBMySVl52k18joRvuqlGTLWceLkq02kk3O4HER_E_0oQfZxHhaOO77mWA
SK2017 01 July 2019 : 10 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)- around 750 kb each. 
Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu
Date: 24 June 2019
Elevation: 1351 m.
Habit : Wild 
Which Leucas ??

Pl. check comparative images at 

I have already crossed checked.

Please check it with L. lanata

I checked but elevation is not matching.

I hope you know very well about species grows elevations, every time not important elevation If we sp. identified exactly. ex. Cleome viscosa grows at 5 m elevation and 1350 elevation too.

Yes I understand . Global warming. But to just make sure.

May be Leucas decemdentata as per your other observations herein.

Thank you ...!

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b513775af4f12/DSC_0378%20copy.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGmCyjRWsimOsUrYGcTMu2_0hEh0VvApHzvkGlvSOCEyrs-GBYJPRJ0QBLNtBY-lvoDsJlbY1442F0_D6KLp-0Qv8Fam-IqEMQ2lte8YT8ZZ7b_fuU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b513775af4f12/DSC_0380%20copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFXZl1qDAgYKDI19dl54wi254xGuuz5WHSTnHToOgEUgE1l4YuvlHrvNQ7Xe_5KgK_oJqJ9HeXtvA0_DrrA68hqZsrHfxJwpwnQgvqYyNg39S4h5Fs
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b513775af4f12/DSC_0377%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFveh08zs0q808ENlKStEWDzviMsCLRrbJauERdiTsznp8QLOHkZdbwZOVBGcIPJ0Y2M9pxgDAG0SqfqUEVnHU7VGlU94NNIf1wHL_enhiAbBts3s4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b513775af4f12/DSC_0381%20copy.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHgMfdV9W3lIrtyhnO-c3ajqPHlgcew0PiFtLI2G0zYIWfHvlQ_4LahMXydKVWA4pcPcGU7GvMcFSzizJE-JSd82GohAWTD4VX1nk2AhRbyIsiNBoY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b513775af4f12/DSC_0379%20copy.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEeTu1vCyoL40atRS-eyoWwhHKqnBrgEmR4WuYPmE9Um-v43KFillivpC9zCOqr2p-GJY9WBBUPJIFDnHYmOpB8n9lRMyC66moc39vEdJszqGBpgSQ

SK 2228 17 October 2019 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1 mb each. 
Location: Chalnakhel, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 1570 m.
Date: 14 September  2019
Habit : Wild
Leucas sp. ! ID ?

Closest I can go as per comparative images at Leucas is Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm.
 
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/276814d725e81/DSC_0229%20copy.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH1y90Hj7tXRKuZd9KIq4oPz0OiNH-Ae5suJDN0Pw4Y5l-3-yNQ5zC0HEMmpOkLQuazs2fDk98dfXugnaoRNMgYa_CSGzrHrhmXGChnv15v1Eoe4ik
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/276814d725e81/DSC_0227%20copy.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF9DDayWgC-pO9qj5Esx_VLiBlNGACzT4pE9aFdtXuoYycGa0JHncrLAF78ji3RDTpp-FLE4KbOaglCj3HdJGch4qc0sMw7_tMhl0ZgM92z5M-aac0

SK 2288 10 November 2019 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 3 mb each. 
Location: Sundarijal, Kathmandu
Date: 30 September  2019
Elevation: 1577 m.
Habit : Wild 
Which Leucas ??

Attachments (2)- 3 & 4 mb each. 
Attachments (1) - 7 mb.
I think close to Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm. as per comparative images at Leucas  

Its L. decemdentataIt is highly variable species.

References:

The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  Flora of China (Leucas mollissima Wallich ex Bentham) Flora of Pakistan (Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.) Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.) India Biodiversity Portal  
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