Clerodendrum colebrookeanum

Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 114 1845. (syn: Clerodendrum colebrookianum var. denticulatum C.B.Clarke; Clerodendrum colebrookianum var. henryanum Moldenke; Clerodendrum ixoriflorum Hassk.);

Trop. & Subtrop. Asia as per WCSP;

Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; China Southeast; East Himalaya; Laos; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Myanmar; Nepal; Sumatera; Thailand; Tibet; Vietnam as per Catalogue of life;

Common name: East Indian Glory Bower • Adi: Ongin • Assamese: Nephaphu • Khasi: Dieng jakangum, Dieng jalemkynthei • Mizo: Phuihnam • Nepali: Anpui • Tangkhul: Nareihan
 
Oen (Adi tribes); Papa-shishung (Memba tribes);
  

Clerodendrum colebrookianum (East Indian Glory Bower) is a perennial shrub belonging to the family Lamiaceae, but sometimes classified under Verbenaceae. It is one of the most well known among ~400 species of Clerodendrum, as it is widely used in traditional practices, such as for vegetable and treatments of diabetes, hypertension, cough and rheumatism.
The species is found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia including India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Malayasia, Indonesia, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal; and also in temperate China.[1] In India it is confined to the north-east region including West Bengal and Sikkim, and is classified under the threat status as vulnerable.[2] 
C. colebrookianum is a flowering shrub or small tree, characterized by a foetid smell. It is erect reaches up to 1.5-3 m in height and is evergreen. Branchlets are usually 4-angled when young. Leaves are simple, opposite or rarely whorled. Leaf base is wedge- shaped to heart-shaped, margin entire to slightly wavy, tip long-pointed to pointed. Flowers are white and borne in 4-6-branched corymbose cymes, at the end of branches. Inflorescences loosely cymose or capitate, in terminal or rarely axillary paniculate thyrses. Calyx is campanulate or cup-shaped, densely pubescent. Corolla with a slender tube; lobes 5, spreading . Stamens 4, ovary 4-locular; ovules pendulous or laterally attached. Style with 2 acute stigmatic lobes. Fruit is a drupe with 4 1-seeded pyrenes, sometimes separating into 2 2-loculed or 4 1-locular mericarps. It flowers during postmonsoon, from August to December.
It is a common medicinal plant used for rheumatic pains by the Khasi and Jaintia tribes of Meghalaya. Roots with bark are helpful in cough, scrofulous affections and asthma.[medical citation needed] The leaves are vermifuge[medical citation needed] and its juice is used to destroy intestinal helminthic worms among native tribes of Northeast India. It is believed that the smell of the wood relieves children from many diseases. Leaves and roots are used by Manipuri tribes for treatment of skin diseases, cough and dysentery.[7][8]
The tribal natives of Arunachal Pradesh use the leaf juice mixed with garlic extract given in treating blood pressure or cooked leaf is taken for the same.[8][9] Among the Mizos, leaves are cooked as vegetable, and is always a special ingredient in preparing dog meat. Locally known as 'Phuihnam' is popularly used to control hypertension.[10] It is now widely used as a popular household remedy for hypertension throughout north-eastern India.[11][12]
(From Wikipedia on 20.11.14) 


 
 
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Family: Verbenaceae
Habit: shrub,
Flower colour: white
Photographed: 17/8/2008
Family Lamiaceae now 
 
 
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SYMBIOSIS : 237:   Attaching an image of an insect (Bee?/Wasp?), on the flowers of Clerodendrum colebrookianum. I am not sure about the identity of the insect.
 
 
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SYMBIOSIS : 238:  Attaching an image of a Rice Swift butterfly on the flowers of Clerodendrum colebrookianum.
 
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/99ee2ee056226625/IMG_1177.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
 
Herb for ID : (mixed thread): .... Attachments (1)- 1 correct image as above.
This was posted in another group, of which I am a member, for ID.  Apparently used in the N.E. and said to reduce B.P.
Clerodendrum colebrookianum, I think. 
new to me to look at small leaves
 
 
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https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/attach/c490d28d71d1f1ac/1._Clerodendrum_glandulosum_Lindl._DSC02073.JPG?part=0.1&authuser=0&view=1
Attached images are Clerodendrum glandulosum Lindl.
Date :19.10.2012
Location: Experimental garden, Barapani, Meghalaya
 
 
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Fwd: RABINDRA SANGIT : BEE-10 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is translation of another song (translated by Akashik). (Bee is visiting flowers of Clerodendrum colebrookianum). 


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Clerodendrum glandulosum Lindl. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal 
Date : 13 August 2017
Altitude : 2600 ft.

Syn: Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp.


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Name: Clerodendrum colebrookianum
Family: Verbenaceae
Loc.: Tuting, Upper Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh (ca 700m)
Uses: Tender leaves are eaten. Very useful to reduce high blood pressure. Bitter in taste.
   
Clerodendrum glandulosum : 1 post by 1 author.
I did not find Clerodendrum colebrookianum as Syn of Clerodendrum glandulosum in any links like POWO, CoL and GBIF, rather found Clerodendrum glandulosum and Clerodendrum colebrookeanum Walp. as a separate sp.
sp. in the link. 

 
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SK 2370 06 January 2020 : 9 posts by 2 authors. 7 images- 3 to 7 mb each.
Location: Kalimpong, WB, India
Date:  27  November 2019 
Elevation: 1350m.
Habitat: Wild
Clerodendrum colebrookeanum Walp. ??

Yes, appears close to images at Clerodendrum colebrookeanum 

Thank you ...! Nepali Name : भाइँट Bhaaint


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