Clerodendrum


(Images by Pravin Kawale - Id by Satish Pardeshi)
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Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabb. (Images by (Surajit Koley - Id by Vijayasankar Raman), Alka Khare & Nidhan Singh, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp. 
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Clerodendrum cordatum D.Don ? (Images by Aarti Khale Id by Bimal Sarkar)
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Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze (Images by Karuna Das, Nidhan Singh & (Puttaraju K  - Id by Nayan Singh), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum infortunatum L. (Images by Karuna Kanta Das & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet (Images by Vijayasankar Raman & (Nidhan Singh - validation by Bimal Sarkar), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum laevifolium Blume (Images by Dinesh Valke & (Aarti Khale - validation by Varun Sharma), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum minahassae Teijsm. & Binn. (Images by (Raman Arunachalam - Id by Mahadeswara Swamy) & Aarti Khale, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum paniculatum L. (Images by Satish Phadke, (Promila Chaturvedi - Id by Aarti Khale), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f. (Images by (J.M.Garg - Id by Tabish Qureshi) & Balkar Singh, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum quadriloculare (Blanco) Merr. (Images by (Padmini Raghavan - validation by Mahadeswara Swamy), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum schmidtii C.B.Clarke (Images by Alka Khare - Id by Varun Sharma)
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Clerodendrum splendens G.Don (Images by (Mahendra Prasad - Id by Tabish Qureshi), (Bhagyashri Ranade - id by Balkar Singh), (Siva Siva - Id by Vijayasankar Raman) & Gurcharan SIngh), (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf. (Images by (Aarti Khale- Id by Pankaj Kumar), Dinesh Valke & Surajit Koley)
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Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb. (Images by (Geeta Padmanabhan - Id by Dinesh Valke) & (Satish Phadke - Id by Varun Sharma)) 
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Clerodendrum × speciosum Dombrain (Images by (Siva Siva - Id by R.Thilakan), Bimal Sarkar, (Aarti Khale - Id by Bimal Sarkar) & Nidhan Singh, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))
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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Clerodendrum aculeatum Griseb. = Volkameria aculeata L.ShrubWestern Ghats, High Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Nilgiri 
Clerodendrum cordatum D. DonSmall tree/ shrubWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist DeciduousFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli, VirudhunagarPerungilai, Vellai kanni
Clerodendrum indicum (L.) KuntzeShrubPlains, Moist Localities & HedgesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Chennai, Coimbatore, Thanjavur, TiruchchirappalliKavalai
Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn.= Volkameria inermis L.Straggling ShrubChiefly Coastal, Cultivated in PlainsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districtsPinchil, Pinarichanganguppu, Sangam
Clerodendrum infortunatum L.ShrubWestern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar 
Clerodendrum neriifolium Wall.ex Schauer is a synonym of Volkameria inermis L.ShrubDry Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Kancheepuram 
Clerodendrum paniculatum L.ShrubWestern Ghats, Cultivated/Naturalized, Native of Malaysian RegionFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Nilgiri, Kanniyakumari 
Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer is a synonym of Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabb.ShrubPlains to Mid Altitude, Cultivated / Naturalized, Native of Malaysian RegionFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districtsMysore malligai, Paenupparuthichedi
Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f.ShrubDry Deciduous Forests, Cultivated in PlainsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Mayuranathan 1929Chennai,  Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri,  Kancheepuram, Kanniyakumari, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Thiruvallur, Tiruvannamalai, ViluppuramThazhuthaazhai, Vaadhamaddakki
Clerodendrum serratum (L.) Moon = Rotheca serrata (L.) Steane & Mabb.ShrubWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Kanniyakumari, Madurai, Namakkal, Nilgiri,  Salem, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai,  Vellore,  Viluppuram, Virudhunagar Angaravalli, Chiruthekku, Gantubharangi, Vaadhamaddakki
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balf.Climbing shrubPlains, Cultivated, Native of Tropical AmericaFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts 
Clerodendrum waiiichii Merr.ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests    Nilgiri  

 

 
 
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum fragrans, Clerodendrum philippinumVerbenaceae Chinese Glory Bower
Clerodendrum colebrookianum Verbenaceae East Indian Glory Bower
Clerodendrum incisum = Rotheca incisa (Klotzsch) Steane & Mabb.Rotheca incisa, Clerodendrum macrosiphon, Clerodendrum daleiVerbenaceae Musical Note
Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum siphonanthusVerbenaceae Tubeflower
Clerodendrum inerme = Volkameria inermis L.Volkameria inermisVerbenaceae Glory Bower
Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum viscosum, Clerodendrum calycinumVerbenaceae Hill Glory Bower
Clerodendrum japonicum Volkameria japonica, Clerodendrum kaempferi, Clerodendrum squamatumVerbenaceae Japanese Glorybower
Clerodendrum paniculatum Clerodendrum diversifolium, Volkameria diversifoliaVerbenaceae Pagoda Flower
Clerodendrum phlomidis Verbenaceae Arni
Clerodendrum speciosum Verbenaceae Red Bleeding Heart
Clerodendrum splendens Verbenaceae Flaming Glorybower
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Verbenaceae Bleeding Heart Vine
Clerodendrum wallichii Clerodendrum nutans, Clerodendrum penduliflorumVerbenaceae Bridal Veil

 
1. Corolla with long slender tube 7- 13cm; leaves deeply 3-5-lobed, or narrowly linear-oblanceolate l-3cm broad ...... 2
+ Corolla with short tube 0.7—3.5cm; leaves unlobed, ovate to elliptic, mostly more than 3cm broad ....................... .. 3
2. Leaves deeply 3-5-lobed, l0—l9cm broad; stems smooth .............. 1. C. hastatum
+ Leaves narrowly linear-oblanceolate, l—3cm broad; stems ribbed .. 2. C. indicum
3. Leaves entire or sinuate . . .  .. 4
+ Leaves serrate or dentate . . ... 8
4. Leaves elliptic or narrowly obovate, attenuate at base; flowers in elongate panicles . . . 3. C. wallichii
+ Leaves ovate or broadly ovate, cordate, rounded or cuneate at base; flowers in broad corymbs or cymes . . .. 5
5. Native erect shrubs or small trees; leaves 13-25 x ll-22cm ............ .. 6
+ Cultivated scrambling or climbing shrubs; leaves 6-13 x 3.5-8cm . . .. 7
6. Leaves pubescent only on veins beneath; bracts inconspicuous, linear, c Smm; corolla tube 17-20mm . . 4. C. colebrookeanum
+ Leaves softly villous beneath; bracts leafy, 10-40 >< 34-13mm; corolla tube 30-35mm ........................... .. 5. C. bracteatum
7. Leaves mostly cordate at base; calyx lobes in flower 3—4mm, green; corolla lobes l2—l3mm . . . . . . . . .. 6. C. splendens
+ Leaves mostly cuneate at base; calyx lobes in flower showy, white, 13-20mm; corolla lobes 7-8mm ...... .. 7. C. thomsonae
8. Leaves elliptic to obovate, attenuate at base; petiole 0.3—lcm; flowers in elongate panicles .  . . . . . . . . .. 8. C. serratum
+ Leaves ovate or broadly ovate, cordate or truncate at base; petiole 2—20cm; flowers in rounded corymbs or broad panicles ....... 9   
9. Leaves irregularly coarsely dentate; flowers in compact rounded corymbs 4-7cm diameter; corolla lobes usually numerous; stamens absent  9. C. chinense
+ Leaves regularly serrate or serrulate; flowers in broad panicles 6—30cm diameter; corolla lobes 5; stamens present ............................... .. 10
10. Leaves villous and minutely gland-dotted beneath, truncate or shallowly cordate at base, margin regularly serrate; panicles villous or pubescent; corolla white or pinkish ........ 10. C. viscosum
+ Leaves glabrous beneath but with conspicuous glandular scales, deeply cordate at base, margin finely serrulate; panicles almost glabrous; corolla red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 11. C. japonicum


 
 
Diversity of the genus Clerodendrum Linnaeus (Lamiaceae) in Northeast India with special reference to Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam by Chaya Deori, Dilip Kr. Roy, S. R. Talukdar, Kangkan Pagag and Nandita Sarma Pleione 7(2): 473 - 488. 2013.
Abstract: The genus Clerodendrum Linnaeus (Lamiaceae) comprises of 23 species and 2 varieties in India of which Northeast India represents 18 species and 2 varieties. Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam harbours 7 species of the genus viz., Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabberley, C. colebrookianum Walpers, C. cordatum D. Don, C. indicum (Linnaeus) O. Kuntze, C. japonicum (Thunberg) Sweet, C. paniculatum Linnaeus and C. serratum (Linnaeus) Moon. The paper provides the diversity and distribution of Clerodendrum species in Northeast India with special reference to Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam along with their phytogeographical affinities in rest part of India and neighbouring countries. The correct nomenclature of each species, brief description, ethnobotanical uses of the available species, photo plates and other relevant notes are also highlighted.  
Species:
Clerodendrum bracteatum Wallich ex Walpers,
Clerodendrum cecil-fischeri Rajendran & P. Daniel,
Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabberley,
Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walpers  var. colebrookianum,
Clerodendrum colebrookianum var. denticulata C.B. Clarke in Hooker f. is a synonym of Clerodendrum glandulosum Lindl.
Clerodendrum cordatum D. Don,
Clerodendrum farinosum (Roxburgh) Wallich is a synonym of Rotheca farinosa (Roxb.) Govaerts,
Clerodendrum griffithianum C.B. Clarke in Hooker f.,
Clerodendrum hastatum (Roxburgh) Lindley,
Clerodendrum indicum (Linnaeus) Kuntze,
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis L.,
Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunberg) Sweet var. japonicum,
Clerodendrum japonicum var. urticifolia (Roxburgh) R.C. Srivastava & R.K. Choudhary,
Clerodendrum lasiocephalum C.B. Clarke in Hooker f. is a synonym of Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabb.,
Clerodendrum macrostachyum Turczaninow,
Clerodendrum nicolsonii Rajendran & P. Daniel,
Clerodendrum paniculatum Linnaeus,
Clerodendrum panigrahianum Rajendran & P. Daniel,
Clerodendrum serratum (Linnaeus) Moon = Rotheca serrata (L.) Steane & Mabb.,
Clerodendrum thomsoniae Balfour (Cultivated),
Clerodendrum umbratile King & Gamble (Cultivated)
Clerodendrum villosum Blume (Doubtful)
Clerodendrum wallichii Merrill 

 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis
Clerodendrum serratum (Linnaeus) Moon = Rotheca serrata
Clerodendrum viscosum Vent.is a synonym of Clerodendrum infortunatum
 
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Brief details-
Clerodendrum fragrans Willd. is a synonym of Clerodendrum chinense
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis
Clerodendrum macrosiphon Hook.f. is a synonym of Rotheca incisa
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis
 
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details with keys-
Clerodendrum serratum (Linnaeus) Moon = Rotheca serrata
 
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)-
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis
 
Clerodendrum cecil-fischeri A.Rajendran & P.Daniel
Clerodendrum incisum Klotzsch is a synonym of Rotheca incisa
Clerodendrum inerme (Linnaeus) Gaertner = Volkameria inermis
Clerodendrum phlomidis ..............

 
Clerodendrum, Rotheca & Volkameria :  1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Clerodendrum, Rotheca & Volkameria.

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.



Pl. go through Clerodendrum page (Lamiaceae) with  images of species in efloraofindia (done by ...).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

 
 
 
 

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