Anisochilus



A revision of Anisochilus Wall. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae) : Somran Suddee & Alan Paton- KEW BULLETIN VOL. 64: 235–257 (2009)
(Summary. Sixteen species of Anisochilus are reviewed. Full synonymy, information about types, distributions, and a key to species are given. The type of the little known A. adenanthus Dalzell has been found and the widely used A.verticillatus is a synonym. A. sericeus and A. dysophylloides var. purpureus are synonyms of A. dysophylloides. A. henryi, a recently published name is a synonym of A. robustus. Nine names are lectotypified. The genus occurs in South Asia, from the East Himalaya, North Thailand, and South China in the North to Sri Lanka and Peninsular Thailand in the South.)
Key to species of Anisochilus
1. Fruiting calyx with 1-lobed entire upper lip and 4-lobed lower lip; throat truncate with no anterior sinus (Fig. 1G)
 2. Stem pubescent to villous; leaves membranous, densely and softly pubescent, velvety to touch . . . . . 1. A. mitis
 2. Stem glabrescent to densely pubescent but not villous; leaves rather thick, often fleshy, not velvety to touch
  3. Leaves glabrous, pubescent to tomentose, with tertiary reticulate venation usually obscure beneath, secondary veins prominent; posterior lip of fruiting calyx large, conspicuous  . . . . . 2. A. carnosus
  3. Leaves pubescent to tomentose, with both secondary veins and tertiary reticulate venation prominent beneath; posterior lip of fruiting calyx conspicuous or not
   4. Spike-like heads short, ovoid, less than 20 mm long
    5. Inflorescences corymbose-like in appearance, top of branches almost arranged at the same level; posterior lip of fruiting calyx conspicuous; leaves obovate or obovate-oblong  . . . . . 3. A. velutinus
    5. Inflorescences racemose or paniculate-like in appearance, top of lateral branches usually arranged much lower than the top of the median branch; posterior lip of fruiting calyx inconspicuous; leaves orbicular, ovate, or elliptic-obovate . . . . . . 4. A. paniculatus
   4. Spike-like heads long, ovoid to cylindric, usually more than 20 mm long, if less than 20 mm long then spike-like head black in appearance when dry
    6. Spike-like head ovoid to ovoid-cylindric, less than 3 times as long as broad, purplish in appearance when dry; axis usually simple, rarely 2 – 3-branched; fruiting calyx tube purplish-brown villous  . . . . 5. A. scaber
    6. Spike-like head long and narrow cylindric, more than 3 times as long as broad, black in appearance
when dry; axis usually with 3 – 6 branches; fruiting calyx tube white villous  . . . . . . . . 6. A. wightii
1. Fruiting calyx with 3- or 1-lobed upper lip, lower lip 2-lobed, sometimes obscure; throat truncate or oblique, with or without a sinus (Fig. 1A – F)
 7. Fruiting calyx throat more or less truncate; anterior lip 2-lobed to ± entire, with no large sinus between
anterior lobes (Fig. 1D – F)
  8. Leaves opposite decussate only
   9. Leaves broadly ovate or orbicular-ovate, very large, more than 40 mm wide . . . . . . . . 7. A. robustus
   9. Leaves narrower, ovate, elliptic to obovate, less than 25 mm wide
    10. Leaves congested at top of branch, secondary veins prominently raised beneath
     11. Erect undershrub; with prominent broad circular leaf scars on stem; with several slender peduncle inflorescences congested at top of branch; leaves ovate-lanceolate . . . 8. A. suffruticosus
     11. Dwarf undershrub with stem erect or ascending; without broad circular leaf scars on stem; inflorescence usually simple; leaves oblong-obovate or obovate  . . . . . . . . . 9. A. plantagineus
    10. Leaves well-arranged along stem, secondary veins stout but not prominently raised beneath .  . . . .10. A. dysophylloides
  8. Leaves whorled, occasionally opposite decussate at stem base
   12. Stem longitudinally grooved; leaves more than 25 mm long, silky- tomentose . . . . . . . . 11. A. adenanthus
   12. Stem not longitudinally grooved; leaves up to 20 mm long, tawny tomentose . . . . . . . . . 12. A. argenteus
 7. Fruiting calyx throat oblique; anterior lip 2-lobed but lobes separated by a large sinus, giving the appearance of 5 obliquely arranged lobes (Fig. 1A – C)
  13. Uppermost tooth oblong or elliptic-oblong, slightly decurved
   14. Stem hoary pubescent; tube of fruiting calyx more than twice as long as uppermost tooth; inflorescence much branched; corolla 8 – 10 mm long . . . 13. A. harmandii
   14. Stem densely brownish pubescent; tube of fruiting calyx up to twice as long as uppermost tooth; inflorescence rarely branched; corolla 6 – 8 mm long . . . . . . . 14. A. cambodianus
  13. Uppermost tooth subulate, beak-like or dentate and decurved
   15. Uppermost tooth of fruiting calyx subulate, beak-like, deflexed after anthesis and concealing throat; leaves elliptic-oblong or oblong- lanceolate .  . . . . . . . . . . . 15. A. pallidus
   15. Uppermost tooth of fruiting calyx dentate, decurved but not concealing throat; leaves lanceolate  . . . . . 16. A. polystachyus

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Summary: Sixteen species of Anisochilus are reviewed. Full synonymy, information about types, distributions, and a key to species are given. The type of the little known A. adenanthus Dalzell has been found and the widely used A. verticillatus is a synonym. A. sericeus and A. dysophylloides var. purpureus are synonyms of A. dysophylloides. A. henryi, a recently published name is a synonym of A. robustus. Nine names are lectotypified. The genus occurs in South Asia, from the East Himalaya, North Thailand, and South China in the North to Sri Lanka and Peninsular Thailand in the South. 


Request for Revision of Anisochilus by Somran S & Paton A, kew bulletin 64:235-257. (2009) : 3 posts by 2 authors.

May I request some one to pl. help me get a copy of Revision of Anisochilus by Somran S & Paton A, kew bulletin 64:235-257. (2009) for sorting out species of this genus in efloraofindia.


Here it is. Attachments (1)



From Floral Database of Tamilnadu : 

 
BinomialHabitNotesReferencesDistribution
Anisochilus argenteus GambleUnder shrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, GrasslandsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Theni 
Anisochilus carnosus (L.f.) Wall. ex Benth.HerbDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests, Moist LocalitiesFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987All districts
Anisochilus dysophylloides Benth. var. dysophylloidesUnder shrubWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f.1885Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Salem
Anisochilus dysophylloides Benth. var. purpureus (Wight) Gamble is a synonym of Anisochilus dysophylloides Benth. Under shrubWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem
Anisochilus eriocephalus Benth. is a synonym of Anisochilus carnosusHerbDry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Kancheepuram, Thiruvallur, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram
Anisochilus henryi Ravikumar & Lakshmanan is a synonym of Anisochilus robustus Hook.f.ShrubWestern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests, EndemicK.Ravikumar, 1999Theni
Anisochilus paniculatus  Benth.HerbWestern Ghats, Dry Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Tirunelveli
Anisochilus robustus Hook.f.ShrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921Coimbatore, Tirunelveli
Anisochilus scaber Benth.HerbWestern Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Salem, Tirunelveli
Anisochilus sericeus Benth.is a synonym of Anisochilus dysophylloides Benth. Under shrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen ForestsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Dindigul, Tirunelveli
Anisochilus suffruticosus WightUnder shrubWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, GrasslandsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f.1885Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Anisochilus wightii Hook.f.HerbWestern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, GrasslandsFlora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987Coimbatore




 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Anisochilus adenanthus Anisochilus verticillatus Lamiaceae Erect White Lavender
Anisochilus carnosus Lavandula carnosa, Plectranthus strobilifer Lamiaceae Kapurli


Anisochilus carnosus (L. f.) Wall. ex Benth. (Himalaya (Garhwal to Bhutan), India, Ceylon, Burma)
Anisochilus pallidus Wall. ex Benth. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Burma, S. W. China(Yunnan), Indo-China)
Anisochilus polystachyus Benth. (Himalaya (Nepal to NEFA), Khasia, Bengal) (? Anisochilus polystachys Benth.)


Species with description & keys in Flora of China (Distribution other than China):
Anisochilus carnosus (Linnaeus f.) Bentham [India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka]
Anisochilus pallidus Wallich ex Bentham [India, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam].

Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah : (2006)- Species with description-  
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-

Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2000)- Details-



Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-



‎Anisochilus (‎Lamiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Anisochilus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Pl. go through Anisochilus (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Lamiaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.