Engelhardtia spicata

 
A small, deciduous tree with grey bark and woolly shoots. Leaves imparipinnate, 10-25 x 8-12 cm, ovate-oblong. Leaflets 5-11, obtuse or acute, entire, woolly beneath, the terminal one smallest or sometimes aborted. Male flowers in slender catkins, small, green. Stamens 4-5, nearly sessile. Female flowers in pendulous spikes. Calyx hairy, adnate to the ovary. Petals none. Fruit a small, round nut, villous, seated on a 3-lobed bract.
 
Common name: Mauwa • Assamese: lal amiri, lewa, rumgach • Hindi: gadh mauha, mahwa, samma, silapoma • Khasi: dieng lamba, dieng lyba • Lepcha: Savyak, Sugreot-kung • Manipuri: হৈজুগা মানবী Heijuga-manbi • Mizo: hnum • Nepali: मौवा Mauwa
 

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Engelhardtia spicata_23102011_RKC01: Engelhardtia spicata Lechen ex Blume for you.
Family: Juglandaceae
Loc.: On way to Tuting, Upper Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh (ca 550 msl)
Date: 22nd September 2007.
We have a few individuals of this species in Morni Hills, when we visited the area earlier, it was not in flowering stage. Hoping to find it blooming some day.
Yes I know ... Delhi University Prof. ... had specially asked me to look for this one, but we could not find any in flowering.
We too have this species in Sikkim; even in Gangtok itself.
 
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Engelhardtia spicata_Assam (RD 23102011_a):

Engelhardtia spicata Lechen ex Blume Syn Name: Engelhardtia aceriflora (Reinw.) Blume ; Gyrocarpus pendulus Blanco Family: Juglandaceae. Photographed at Assam (6 July, 2010)


Why do people scrape off/slice off bark... as in your 2nd pic above ??
what is scientific reason?


Like other morphological characters, trees could also be identified by their bark. If you touch the bark of the tree and try to feel the texture of the bark, you can experience its texture. It could be uniform, spiny, flaky, smooth or ridged. This method could be useful in case of trees that have reached their age of maturity. The colour of the bark can also be a parameter in identifying trees. In that case, you need to peel off a strip of bark. For instance, if you try to peel the bark of this sp, it breaks down into small strips in the horizontal direction and exposes its pinkish-white layers underneath.
You will experience how different kinds of bark peel off in different shaped strips and different colour. Some tree trunks are unique in their appearance, thus, they can be identified easily.
But, I hardly ever try this. In this case I was lucky to get a fallen stem due to heavy storm in the day before my field work.
a SMALL portion of bark removed generally to observe if any exudate present or not, if present what type and nature.
Some plants produce milky, white latex as in the case of Alstonia, some other like Garcinia species exude yellow sap while Red Sanders produce red exudate. This can help in idying the plant. Some Semecarpus produce colourless watery sap which turns brown and sticky on exposure. Slicing of bark also helps to know the thickness of bark and color of inner-bark.
I didn't say the inner bark helps in ID (it may be sometimes)...but it is helpful in describing the plant/bark...as in the case of Terminalia arjuna (pl see the picture), the inner bark is reddish, and one can also get to see/measure the thickness of bark when sliced.
 


 
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Flora of Chakrata-2012: Engelhardtia spicata: This one is Engelhardtia spicata Leschen. ex Bl., Bijdr. 528, 1826; E. colebrookeana Lindl. ex Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3, 4. t. 208; Collett, Fl. Simlensis 469.
A small, deciduous tree with grey bark and woolly shoots. Leaves imparipinnate, 10-25 x 8-12 cm, ovate-oblong. Leaflets 5-11, obtuse or acute, entire, woolly beneath, the terminal one smallest or sometimes aborted. Male flowers in slender catkins, small, green. Stamens 4-5, nearly sessile. Female flowers in pendulous spikes. Calyx hairy, adnate to the ovary. Petals none. Fruit a small, round nut, villous, seated on a 3-lobed bract.
Was shot from near Tiuni on May 18, 2012.
unusual ...
last three pics, the fruit bracts remind me of the fingers of YODA from Star Wars raised in admonition of
Luke skywalker... in the stentorian voice yet dripping with wisdom and kindness
..." listen to the force... "  


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16122014GS3 Another tree for ID from Uttarakhand-GSDEC10 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Kindly help in ID of this tree photographed from Agastamuni in Uttarakhand.
This is Engelhardtia spicata ...
Thanks a lot ... for quick ID
new to me
never knew this relative of pecan, walnuts and hicory.
whitish green fruiting spike
wonderful
 
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Which tree? ABAPR01/25 : 7 posts by 5 authors.
These hanging leafy brushes looked lovely.
There were only a few leaves still on the tree and they were compound. Please advise.
Dharamshala, HP
1500m approx.
18 April 2015

This is Engelhardtia spicata


... is absolutely right. love this set of pictures
Thank you ... Wikipedia has this to say about the name;
The genus name is commonly misspelled "Engelhardtia", a "correction" made by the original author Blume in 1829 and persistent until today, as it was thus entered in the Index Kewensis; the original spelling is Engelhardia.
On searching found that it belongs to a less known family Juglandaceae.
I have seen this tree in West Sikkim.
Engelhardia spicata Lesch. ex Blume, Bijdr. 528. 1826, nom. cons. (Syn: (=) Engelhardia aceriflora (Reinw.) Blume; (=) Pterilema aceriflorum Reinw.);


 
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Tree for id From Sikkim. : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Please identify this tree from Namprikdam, North Sikkim, April - 2015.
This is Engelhardtia spicata
This is Engelhardtia spicata. Juglandaceae
The tree belongs to the genus Engelhartia and species must be spicata if in the Himalayas.   
The tree is naturally growing in Manipur state both in plains and  hills. The tree is commonly known as Linphop in Manipuri. The tree is Engelhardia spicata Lindl. under the family Juglandaceae.


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Engelhardia spicata Lesch. ex Bl. (accepted name) ?? : 10 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Location:  Balthali, Kabhrepalanchowk, Nepal
Altitude:  5000 ft.
Date: 26 March 2016
Look at the attached paper. I do not know the fate. You have to seach in the list of conserved names. Attachments (1)-  E. spicata.pdf
Thanks, ... Is the Id Ok otherwise ?
Oh yes.
Very common in Sikkim, even along roadsides.
Nepali Names : Mauwaa मौवा / भाले मौवा Bhale Mauwaa  / सेती मौवा seti Mauwaa 


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a tree for i.d. : Attachments (1)
A tree, on way to Bomdila, A.P. for id.
Englehardia sp. (Juglandaceae


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Engelhardia spicata Lesch. ex Bl. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7) - around 600 kb each.
Location:  Soureni, India 
Date: 7 May  2018
Altitude: 4000 ft
Habit : Wild 

 
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Engelhardia spicata Lechen ex Blume : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 700 kb.  
Location: Suryabinayak, Bhaktapur
Date: 28 April 2019
Elevation: 1519 m.
Habit : Wild 

 
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Engelhardtia spicata AT/May 2019/10 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 Mb. 
Engelhardtia spicata
Family: Juglandaceae
Mauwa, Gadh mauha, Samma
Shalaghat, Himachal Pradesh
May 2019





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