Swertia petiolata

 
Local Name: Momiran, Urdu: Charita;

Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Nepal, China as per Flora of Pakistan

Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal), S.E. Tibet as per Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal;
 
Perennial herb often up to 1m tall; basal leaves obovate-oblong to elliptic-spthulate, up to 20 cm long; cauline leaves opposite, connate at base, up to 10 cm long and 2 cm broad; flowers greenish-yellow or lurid grey, 5-merous; calyx lobes linear, longer than corolla in bud; corolla lobes elliptic oblong to nearly lancelateeach with two green glands at base of each lobe, fringed by white hairs; filaments free; capsule 8-10 mm long.
 

Montane to the alpine zone
 
E. Asia - Afghanistan to W. Nepal and S.E. Tibet
Swertia petiolata is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone 7. It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)
The entire plant is used in Tibetan medicine, it is considered to have a bitter taste and extremely cooling potency [241]. It is anti-inflammatory, febrifuge and liver tonic [241]. It is used in the treatment of scleritis, inflammation of the liver and high blood pressure, inflammation of the stomach and liver [241].

[241] Tsarong. Tsewang. J. Tibetan Medicinal Plants
A nice little pocket guide to the subject with photographs of 95 species and brief comments on their uses.
 
(From PFAF

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8d157e687286c14c/Sedam%202.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFsJ4vjRoCDdxY0y6_qZkjCExHe4NaZOTAeaAcNLnf21bOswadMsCqGlxrhZ9okq8gQLRry2FLeF90mt94Came9PBt7iq9htjlagJ4X8fxPaFWC87Y
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8d157e687286c14c/Sedam.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEV1hVlIEkQgxs0JuDrIte18D4fWlwloHrHpLar6smcoLlm1md9GZEZcQoqadjPuQY5C5X--O0ABvOxHOWcuBps6jUy3WeewdmGBK_D-1C1gkmP-SQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/8d157e687286c14c/IMG_5716.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGVk-f8EmN36isZsTFJZNV_eHRlAKNwPUKsaWptR4_rhoJeKkZd6tHbddTtTO0gasDC2rh0Kj3VPyYRFzSPqK88HepZC4xJeTPQELKM-NxuEfbbGlc
Amarnath Yatra - Sedam Sp. for ID (NSJ-02 - 19/08/2013) :  Attachments (3). 10 posts by 6 authors.
Sedam for ID.
Location - On the way to Panjtarni, near Maha-gunesh top.
Altitude - 13000'
Date - Aug 12, 2013
Seems Swertia species (Gentianaceae) to me.
Yes, it does look like some Swertia sp. Nice find again..
Swertia species in efi so far.
This Swertia was uploaded by me also from Gulmarg. Species ID is still ellusive.

It looks me Swertia petiolata.
Thanks ... for ID.
I think yes S. petiolata
That solves my ID also- efi thread


Swertia petiolata on the way to Amarnath. Height almost 13500 feet.

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/5f06fd23c4263059/080809Swagat-SinthanPass12A.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFNRW2Err1CiCgntrwFqxk99TLTbPyHRLVwmQEuJWRurbpY8J4dIUwriTPYXdq0M_5dFqPnYLhl9GFA_sOsS6CKwKdUplb7etbwhfB-MvbHPiq-XzM
 
Request for ID 080809 Sinthan Pass 12 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) 
Location- On the way... from Kookar Nag to Sinthan Pass, Jammu & Kashmir.
Date- 08th August 2009.

Probably Swertia sp., species identity not at this stage, may be later
Thanks for the clue... 
Is it 'Swertia petiolata' ?
Yes ... It is Swertia petiolata
I think to me these appear close to images at Swertia speciosa D. Don
Swertia petiolata if we follow FOI: https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Stalked-Leaf%20Swertia.html

https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/4d556b3aca392c3/Swertia.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEGSc6o7zWuee2TpK21fr8z6ACsnJjaqTLSNqvFLN54SRH07Ca8vtjmfqmfxJFWO5R0NWiZWz-QfwEtI4mGOgmND1BrAJY3unC_Rc6nyXewf4jTMRw
Swertia sp. from Paddar valley J&K.: Request for Identification;
Kindly identify this Swertia species.
Location: Paddar valley J&K.
Date: 2nd August 2011.
Altitude: 3800 meters asl
It is a distant shot but looking at long petiolate basal leaves and more important seemingly connate leaves, it may be Swertia speciosa. Close up of flower only can confirm conclusively.
Attaching another cropped image of the same plant.
Two glands are seen per lobe. More surely S. speciosa

Swertia petiolata if we follow FOI: https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Stalked-Leaf%20Swertia.html
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/85be5eeeba01f4d1/Swertia%20speciosa-01.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEBAfRu6xmUgTXZlBKaohTROUkgMKaVQ7WDv-dFozZoI-4ByYrvpwJAqL6I_aVTpJc4wsj667VjHKU0nRwmfTQ0-lVwVA-El13tRaHrR2M_GLHxmA4
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/85be5eeeba01f4d1/Swertia%20speciosa.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGkTDdHdSJfjavP0ptCowmntRywCtkidgAev09g5mcdwtoL5gSDBMNuVlJLknfKaCYWjFn4X8oJ8r950hMfr7AfL9XUArbTQLsixOzxE2seAwH6jXU
C
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/85be5eeeba01f4d1/Swertia%20speciosa-03.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE8jp16JC5XXnzIY32v1OW2RhCg8qkYmzfyxgz2hZJVo5YIm2k3Oa1kb8ejBVfq1WHYwCP3DlpHAO7_PxAdq_tWpcsk_fqK-cIeaJcRj67mdX6EwTQ
Swertia speciosa from Himachal. Kindly note 4, 5 and 6-merous flowers. Photographs are from Sirmour (2900 m asl) and Chamba (3400 m asl) districts
Extremely beautiful observations.. this will be a prized catch, if I am able to find this, thanks for sharing and adding this to my wish list..
First two images appears of Swertia petiolata if we follow FOI: https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Stalked-Leaf%20Swertia.html
Images of Swertia speciosa look different at http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Showy%20Swertia.html

 
 
Comments