Vigna mungo

VIG-nuh -- named for Prof. Dominico Vigna, 17th century Italian botanist
MUN-go -- from the Sanskrit name of the plant, मुद्ग (mudga)

commonly known as: black gram, black matpe, black mung bean, urd bean • Bengali: মাষকলাই mashakalai • Gujarati: અડદ adad • Hindi: उरद urad, उर्द urd • Kannada: ಉದ್ದು uddu • Konkani: उर्द urd • Malayalam: ulunnu • Manipuri: shagol-hawai • Marathi: माष masha, उडीद udid • Pali: मास maasa • Sanskrit: माषः mashah • Tamil: உழுந்து uluntu • Telugu: మాషము masamu, మినుము minumu, ఉద్దులు uddulu • Urdu: آرد مونگ arad mung

Distribution: widely cultivated in tropics; probable origin India

India (U) ; Andhra Pradesh ; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam ; Bihar ; Delhi ; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu-Kashmir ; Karnataka ; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra ; Orissa; Pondicherry; Punjab ; Sikkim ; Tamil Nadu ; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal & other countries as per ILDIS;

Small spreading herb covered with brown silky hairs, with trifoliate leaves longer hairs; leaflets ovate; flowers yellow 12 mm long, in head-like racemes; pod slender, 4-6 cm long, covered with long brownish hairs; seeds black with distinctly raised rim-aril around the hilum.

Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper: Black gram, Urad bean, Urad, Harikot mungo, Mash; leaflets unlobed, fruits thicker, 4-5 cm long, densely covered with lighter long hairs, seeds dirty green to almost black, hilum surrounded by a raised rim (aril) (5-10 cm long)

Vigna radiata var. radiata: Golden gram, Green gram, Moog-bean; plants short, erect,  leaflets unlobed, fruits thinner, 6-9 cm long, sparsely covered with shorter brownish hairs, seed light green, longer

Vigna radiata var. sublobata: Jarusalem pea, wild moog; plants twinning, leaflets generally lobed, fruit thinner, 4-6 cm long, sparsely covered with shorter brownish hairs, seeds light green, shorter. 
 

 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/f6bc2c41ecf86dee/Vigna%20mungo3.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF2BUncGkFdiDLrq0Kvsc5B7SazyvOLpji_zLRP1x9LAdaACph23CrZdhkkIZwVgLjzL_qTaBU7PdQaUGvfKOuwGiuD08Z04WKtx1YZcq_LF--zPlg
 
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VIG-nuh -- named for Prof. Dominico Vigna, 17th century Italian botanist
MUN-go -- from the Sanskrit name of the plant, मुद्ग (mudga)
May 29, 2010 ... at Rajgurunagar, near Pune
commonly known as: black gram, black matpe, black mung bean, urd bean • Bengali: মাষকলাই mashakalai • Gujarati: અડદ adad • Hindi: उरद urad, उर्द urd • Kannada: ಉದ್ದು uddu • Konkani: उर्द urd • Malayalam: ulunnu • Manipuri: shagol-hawai • Marathi: माष masha, उडीद udid • Pali: मास maasa • Sanskrit: माषः mashah • Tamil: உழுந்து uluntu • Telugu: మాషము masamu, మినుము minumu, ఉద్దులు uddulu • Urdu: آرد مونگ arad mung
Distribution: widely cultivated in tropics; probable origin India
some views: May 29, 2010 ... at Rajgurunagar, near Pune  
Adding my pictures showing presence of Urd in our life.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/26baf8e82a4073a8/1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH3Uu51BUBTJt3GYXDUCf9zJFfML1ccnirpJqInEPruX7_1pCKsOP6mrNikHgXKCUywCWltfuiwq_PhegQ84ZlseoCcAm9bL6bK7uejveal_C6Avdc
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efloraofindia:''08112011MR1’’ Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week Vigna mungo Pune:  I had recently posted this creeper for Id
Sharing pictures of Vigna mungo again for Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) week
Good flowers of a climber with trifoliate leaves and edible seeds 'Udid' उडीद
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c35e098b09a97/Vigna-mungo-Chakrata%20Tiger%20hill%20area-1-DSC01485.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFyH5NI5r6w-TwLHIdtnfhhvno6fOjH64cSASa2C3XCIYQyIWvb5Mhd9NUYyu2mQ0Xvyzp6YbuJgBOH0s8YtqIvA7iJlQdRrtoUzgOh3j-yS3axAMshttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c35e098b09a97/Vigna-mungo-Chakrata%20Tiger%20hill%20area-3-DSC01487.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGEfHSCbtbmtWDxTiW8biQUkzT1a0yZ7OxDJpRGaQe6K5idVXhBYvoJQDt4GY4IMrvdj8o2sRqPaVCi7DXmQvehZyh_bGIqQjk1HjggQOBOWy9DiAMhttps://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/c35e098b09a97/Vigna-mungo-Chakrata%20Tiger%20hill%20area-2-DSC01479.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFGHfmA463Pk8CwVZYF1q3dCsJDFCnYufpueTNWgQqpGGVrQLFbhg4v49Kk-KoTePpkvYxXWItHFzsLvZWsDmmA52-zWC3LBX_b8y-pMfN9XUanMCc
 
Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Vigna mungo from Chakrata: Vigna mungo (Linn.) Hepper in Kew Bull. 11:128. 1956.
syn: Phaseolus mungo Linn.
Common names: Black gram, urd bean, mash
Small spreading herb covered with brown silky hairs, with trifoliate leaves longer hairs; leaflets ovate; flowers yellow 12 mm long, in head-like racemes; pod slender, 4-6 cm long, covered with long brownish hairs; seeds black with distinctly raised rim-aril around the hilum.  
Photographed from Chakrata Tiger fall area, cultivated in fields.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/d59a8d0c95696c46/IMG_0751.jpg?part=0.10&view=1&vt=ANaJVrE1ikwFdiR_pxrvF0fMiCx4eHs9GxeQfTpRzwwvsyyNgIUlxiXc-AmxqSWVxoRYQ3_z-uR-jH0wUK6dz_vsZ6B5nNrQR4ebIqOZij9lGk2UH0d_WDI
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efloraofindia:''For Id 16112011MR1’’ ?Vigna mungo Pune:
?Vigna mungo pls validate
A climber of about 5 feet in height growing wild at Pune
Date/Time-Nov 2011
Stem has dense brown long hair
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- trifolate 11.5 cms by 8.5 cms with long hair and rough surfaces
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- yellow flower about 1 to 1.2 cms
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- no pods seen
Other info I would like to know what are the structures shown in pic img_0751
Can this be Vigna angularis?
The creeper is now fruiting. Attaching pics of the same. I hope it helps to Id. The pods were heavily attracted by ants.
8 Dec 2011
Attaching pics of seeds and dry pod.
the pod is 4cms in length and has turned brown black.
seeds are black, smooth, squarish 4mm by 2mm with white hilum
Can we conclude that this is Vigna mungo ?
common name Black gram or urad bean
Please validate
Yes, it looks like Vigna mungo (Black gram) to me too.
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/b75135893940bf84/3.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrG0wlnj1MiXpl1N4WLQ1P_mRpqVP6_VD4RfoLgbaWAtUATT5baOhUsh3fThgt7ehLPe7Xn4iX-2DLjrzGUHX--LP5tLSq0FLewTmaEN2pcMwQylTPQ
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efloraofindia:''For Id 01112011MR1’’ wild creeper with yellow flowers ?4 unequal petals Pune:
Kindly help identify this wild creeper
Date/Time-1 Nov 2011
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild growing along a well
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- creeper with hair on stems
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- green with three leaflets I think I may be wrong
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- yellow flower about 6-8mm across with I think 4 unequal petals
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not seen
I think it is a species of Vigna of Leguminosae family.
Can it be Vigna radiata var. sublobata as leaflets are lobed. I have not seen fruits as yet but the stem does not show brownish hair but light hair.
This match with a legume known as Urad grown in hills of Uttarakhand and Himachal
I do not think that this is V. radiata. Please check Vigna mungo.

I could see Vignam mungo posted by ... on Nov 13.

[efloraofindia:94229] Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Vigna mungo from Chakrata

Very nice pictures. From the description I have understood that this plant has brown silky hair.
The plant that I have posted does not have brown silky hair instead has white hair which are also sparse on the stem in comparison.
I have taken fresh pictures today after 15 days which still shows white sparse hair and prostrate growth attaching the same.
Also a similar creeper is growing 2 feet away which I will be posting in another thread but shows the following differences
Height
The creeper in this thread is growing almost prostrate whereas the other is a climber has reached almost 5 feet and above
Hairs This creeper has sparse white hair . The other creeper has brown dense hair
Leaves Trifolate leaves in both. Dimensions of leaves. this creeper leaves are 7.5 cms in length by 5.5 to 6 cms with soft white short hair whereas in the other climber the leaves are max 11.5 cms by 8.5 cms. with longer denser hair
Flower This creeper 6-8mm diameter whereas the other creeper almost 1cm to 1.2cm morphologically otherwise appear same. The other creeper has bloomed much later than this creeper
Pods No pods on both the creepers as yet
Does Vigna mungo show this variation?
Finally could get pics of the pod and seeds today. Looking at the seeds I think this is Vigna Mungo. And today the hair do look brown and not pale as I had first seen.
Dimensions of pod 3cms by 0.5 cms
seeds black 3mm by 2mm
Kindly validate
Yes Vigna mungo
Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper var. mungo
at Rajgurunagar on May 29, 2010 
 
Vigna mungo (Linn.) Hepper in Kew Bull. 11:128. 1956.
syn: Phaseolus mungo Linn.
Common names: Black gram, urd bean, mash
Small spreading herb covered with brown silky hairs, with trifoliate leaves longer hairs; leaflets ovate; flowers yellow 12 mm long, in head-like racemes; pod slender, 4-6 cm long, covered with long brownish hairs; seeds black with distinctly raised rim-aril around the hilum.  
Photographed from Chakrata Tiger fall area, cultivated in fields.
prominently hairy beans?

Request for ID : 020511 : AK-1: Taken at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai on the 19th of Sept, 2010.
Vigna mungo i think
Vigna for sure.  Follow up with fruits for confirmation.
Oct 2015
Requesting to Id this wild plant. is it Vigna species?

Vigna species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 


Can you pls. email some more photos of flowers? I have 3 books having database of more than 2500 flowers found in sahyadri. I will check exact species & update you
Thank you. Unfortunately I have only these pixs
Yes, it is a Vigna species.
I think close to images at Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper



 
References:
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