Vigna


Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & H.Ohashi
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Section Ceratotropis of subgenus Ceratotropis of Vigna (Leguminosae – Papilionoideae) in India with a new species from northern Western Ghats by M.M. Aitawade*, S.P. Sutar, S.R. Rao1, S.K. Malik2, S.R. Yadav and K.V. Bhat3- Rheedea Vol. 22(1) 20-27 2012- (Keys- Vigna hainiana, Vigna mungo, Vigna radiata, Vigna silvestris, Vigna sahyadriana, Vigna sublobata & Vigna subramaniana) -
Abstract- Section Ceratotropis of subgenus Ceratotropis of the genus Vigna Savi in India, along with comparison of selected characters and an artificial key to the species of the section is given. A new species of Vigna belonging to the section from northern Western Ghats is described and illustrated. In addition, V. mungo var. silvestris is raised to species level.
 
Vigna indica, a new name for Vigna trilobata var. pusilla and a note on section Aconitifoliae in India by T.M. Dixit, S.P. Sutar, S.R. Yadav*, K.V. Bhat1 and S.R. Rao2- Rheedea Vol. 21(1)1-7 2011-  (Keys- Vigna aconitifolia, Vigna indica, Vigna khandalensis, Vigna stipulacea & Vigna trilobata) -
Abstract- Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc. var. pusilla Naik & Pokle is elevated to the rank of species and a new name, viz., V. indica T.M. Dixit, K.V. Bhat & S.R. Yadav is proposed based on critical field and herbarium studies. An amplified description of taxon is provided. A comparison of selected characters that distinguish closely related species belonging to section Aconitifoliae is given along with a taxonomic key for identification of species.

 
Diversity and genetic resources of wild Vigna species in India by I. S. Bisht,  K. V. Bhat,  S. Lakhanpaul,  M. Latha,  P. K. Jayan,  B. K. Biswas,  A. K. Singh-
Abstract-Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution February 2005, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 53-68- Diversity in morphological characters of 206 accessions of 14 wild Vigna species from India was assessed. Of these, 12 species belonged to Asian Vigna in the subgenus Ceratotropis and two were V. vexillata and V. pilosa belonging to subgenus Plectotropis and Dolichovigna, respectively. Data on 71 morphological traits, both qualitative and quantitative, were recorded. Data on 45 qualitative and quantitative traits exhibiting higher variation were subjected to multivariate analysis for establishing species relationships and assessing the pattern of intraspecific variation. Of the three easily distinguishable groups in the subgenus Ceratotropis, all the species in mungo-radiata group, except V. khandalensis, viz. V. radiata var. sublobata, V. radiata var. setulosa, V. mungo var. silvestris and V. hainiana showed greater homology in vegetative morphology and growth habit. The species, however, differed in other plant, flower, pod and seed characteristics. Within species variation was higher in V. mungo var. silvestris populations and three distinct clusters could be identified in multivariate analysis. V. umbellata showed more similarity to V. dalzelliana than V. bourneae and V. minima in the angularis-umbellata (azuki bean) group. Within species variations was higher in V. umbellata than other species in the group. In the aconitifolia-trilobata (mothbean), V. trilobata populations, were more diverse than V. aconitifolia. The cultigens of the conspecific wild species were more robust in growth, with large vegetative parts and often of erect growth with three- to five-fold increase in seed size and seed weight, except V. aconitifolia, which has still retained the wild type morphology to a greater extent. More intensive collection, characterisation and conservation of species diversity and intraspecific variations, particularly of the close wild relatives of Asian Vigna with valuable characters such as resistance to biotic/abiotic stresses, more number of pod bearing clusters per plant etc. assumes great priority in crop improvement programmes. 

 
 
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Vigna bourneae Ganble Climber Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Madurai, Tirunelveli, Dindigul  
Vigna dalzelliana (Kuntze) Verdc. Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Theni, Nilgiri  
Vigna grahamiana (Wight & Arn.) Verdc. Climber Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Dindigul, Theni, Nilgiri, Virudhunagar, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli  
Vigna hosei (Craib) Backer Twiner or herb Cultivated, Native of Tropical Africa Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore  
Vigna khandalensis (Sant.) Ragh. & Wadhwa Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri  
Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper Herb Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Ulundu
Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. radiata  Herb Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Pachai payaru, Payaru
Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. sublobata (Roxb.) Verdc.  Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Madurai, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai Karum payaru
Vigna subramaniana (Raizada) Raizada Twiner Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Matthew, 1999 Dindigul  
Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc. Herb Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Pani payaru
Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohahsi Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni  
Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. cylindrica (L.) Eselt. (Syn. of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata Biflora Group) Herb Plains, Cultivated Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts Kaaramani, Thattai payaru
Vigna vexillata (L.) A. Rich. Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Madurai, Nilgiri  
Vigna wightii Benth. ex Bedd. is a synonym of Vigna vexillata var. wightii (Bedd.) Babu & S.K.Sharma Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli  

 
 
Vigna catjang ENDL. (? Vigna catjang (Burm.f.) Walp. is a synonym of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Botanical nameSynonymsFamilyCommon name
Vigna khandalensis Phaseolus khandalensis, Vigna grandis, Phaseolus grandis Fabaceae Khandala Wild Pea
Vigna marina Phaseolus marinus, Dolichos luteus, Vigna lutea Fabaceae Beach Pea
Vigna mungo var. mungo Vigna mungo, Azukia mungo, Phaseolus mungo, Phaseolus viridissimus Fabaceae Urad
Vigna radiata var. sublobata Phaseolus sublobatus, Phaseolus trinervis, Vigna sublobata Fabaceae Wild Moong
Vigna trilobata Dolichos trilobatus, Phaseolus trilobatus, Phaseolus trilobus Fabaceae Wild Gram
Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae Blackeyed Bean
Vigna vexillata Fabaceae Zombi Pea
Vigna vexillata var. angustifolia Vigna angustifolia, Plectrotropis angustifolia, Vigna vexillata var. linearis Fabaceae Narrow-Leaved Zombi Pea

 
 
 
Vigna angularis var. nipponensis (No distribution in India)
Vigna nepalensis (No distribution given)
Vigna unguiculata var. catjang (? Vigna catjang (Burm.f.) Walp. is a synonym of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)
 
Vigna reflexopilosa Hayata (No distribution in India)
Vigna riukiuensis (Ohwi) Ohwi & H. Ohashi  (No distribution in India)
 
I wish this papers will help id of Vigna species
 
http://www.iaat.org.in/Rheedea21_1-7.pdf (2011- Vigna indica, a new name for Vigna trilobata var. pusilla and a note on section Aconitifoliae in India by T.M. Dixit, S.P. Sutar, S.R. Yadav, K.V. Bhat and S.R. Rao) (Keys-
Vigna aconitifolia,
Vigna indica,
Vigna khandalensis,
Vigna stipulacea &
Vigna trilobata)
 
http://www.iaat.org.in/Rheedea22_20-27.pdf (2012- Section Ceratotropis of subgenus Ceratotropis of Vigna (LeguminosaePapilionoideae) in India with a new species from northern Western Ghats by M.M. Aitawade, S.P. Sutar, S.R. Rao, S.K. Malik, S.R. Yadav and K.V. Bhat) (Keys-
Vigna hainiana,
Vigna mungo,
Vigna radiata,
Vigna silvestris,
Vigna sahyadriana,
Vigna sublobata &
Vigna subramaniana)
 
Some keys in the Rheeda paper (pasted below): 
3. Lobes of leaflets linear to lanceolate; seeds without well developed aril having only cushion; hilum not protruding .......……... V. aconitifolia
3. Lobes of leaflets rounded to elliptic or spathulate; seeds with well developed aril having both cushion and rim, if rim is inconspicuos then hilum protruding.  4
4. Keel tip dull, with purplish tinge; opening at keel tip distinctly oblique and transversely elliptic up to 1.5 mm long; hilum lanceolate to linear ……V. stipulacea
4. Keel tip yellow, without purplish tinge; opening at keel tip scarcely oblique and rounded up to 0.7 mm long; hilum orbicular …….. V. trilobata

 
Vigna (‎Fabaceae (Leguminosae)) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Vigna (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


 

Pl. go through Vigna page with images of species (done by ...) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let me know.
looks good
 

Pl. go through Vigna (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Fabaceae (Leguminosae)‎) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


Thank you for compilation. 
I am happy when i seen this page. It is valuable contribution to make easier identification, every person can identify all species of Vigna by this page.


  

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