Senna tora

SEN-nuh -- Latin form of Arabic word for a thorny bush
TOR-uh -- most probably, from the vernacular name of the plant, tovara

commonly known as: Chinese senna, foetid cassia, Java bean, low senna, peanut weed, sickle senna, sicklepod, stinking cassia • Bengali: chakunda • Gujarati: kawaria, kuvadio • Hindi: चकूंदा chakunda, चकवंड chakwand, एड़गज edgaj, पद्माट padmat, पंवार panwar, प्रपुनाट prapunat , तर्किल tarkil • Kannada: ತಗಚೆ tagache • Konkani: टाय्किळो taykilo • Malayalam: takara • Manipuri: থৌনম নমথীবী thaunum namthibi • Marathi: टाकळा or टांकळा takala, तरवड tarvad • Oriya: chakunda • Pali: एळगल elagala, कंबोजी kamboji • Punjabi: ਪਵਾਰ pawár • Sanskrit: चक्रमर्दकः chakramardakah, चक्रम्गजः chakramgajah, दद्रुघ्नः dadrughnah, एडगजः edgajah, पद्मटः padmatah, प्रपुनाट prapunat, तर्किल tarkil, उरणक्षकः uranakshakah, विमर्दकः vimardakh • Tamil: தகரை thagarai • Telugu: తగర tagara, తగిరిసచెట్టు tagaricettu, తంటెము tantemu • Urdu: ايڙگج ergaj

Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia; widely naturalized 

India (U); Andhra Pradesh ; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam ; Bihar ; Delhi ; Goa ; Gujarat ; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh; Jammu-Kashmir ; Karnataka ; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra ; Manipur ; Meghalaya ; Mizoram ; Nagaland; Orissa ; Pondicherry; Punjab; Rajasthan; Sikkim ; Tamil Nadu ; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal & other countries as per ILDIS;

30-120 cm tall; stipules 8-15 mm long, often falcate; leaflets 0.5-5 cm long and 0.5-2.5 cm wide, base oblique, apex delicately acute, glands between 2 lower pairs of leaflets; petiolules 1-2 mm long;bracts 2-4 mm long, pedicel 4-10 mm long, up to 1.5 cm in fruit, hairy; . Sepals ovate, 5-6 mm long. Petals 8-10 mm long; 3 upper stamens absent or staminodial; Ovary appressed, densely hairy; pod glabrescent; areoles on both sides of the seed, 1.5-2 mm wide, often almost as wide as the seed

As per efi thread:
Often confused with S. obtusifolia more so in west (so don't believe most online images), but can be differentiated somewhat narrowed apex, glands between lower two pairs of leaflets, staminodes often absent (only 7 stamens seen), shorter pedicel (up to 10 mm in flower, 15 mm in fruit), densely hairy ovary. 


Fabaceae (pea, or legume family) » Senna tora
Synonym, popular: Cassia tora
SEN-nuh -- Latin form of Arabic word for a thorny bush
TOR-uh -- most probably, from the vernacular name of the plant, tovara
commonly known as: Chinese senna, foetid cassia, Java bean, low senna, peanut weed, sickle senna, sicklepod, stinking cassia • Bengali: chakunda • Gujarati: kawaria, kuvadio • Hindi: चकूंदा chakunda, चकवंड chakwand, एड़गज edgaj, पद्माट padmat, पंवार panwar, प्रपुनाट prapunat , तर्किल tarkil • Kannada: ತಗಚೆ tagache • Konkani: टाय्किळो taykilo • Malayalam: takara • Manipuri: থৌনম নমথীবী thaunum namthibi • Marathi: टाकळा or टांकळा takala, तरवड tarvad • Oriya: chakunda • Pali: एळगल elagala, कंबोजी kamboji • Punjabi: ਪਵਾਰ pawár • Sanskrit: चक्रमर्दकः chakramardakah, चक्रम्गजः chakramgajah, दद्रुघ्नः dadrughnah, एडगजः edgajah, पद्मटः padmatah, प्रपुनाट prapunat, तर्किल tarkil, उरणक्षकः uranakshakah, विमर्दकः vimardakh • Tamil: தகரை thagarai • Telugu: తగర tagara, తగిరిసచెట్టు tagaricettu, తంటెము tantemu • Urdu: ايڙگج ergaj
Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia; widely naturalized
Edible use:
... young leaves (as VEGETABLE) ... Plants For A Future<http://digedibles.com/database/plants.php?Senna+tora>
- It is good to know that this common weed is also used as vegetable.

Kindly help Id this herb growing wild in my garden at Pune
Height-7 cms hairy stem and leaves
Leaves 10cms by 7cms 2 pairs of leaflets with orange gland with maroon tip at lower pair of leaflets
Inflorescence - 4 buds I think
Flowers oblong bud, yellow to orange flower 3 petals but there appears something more at the top petal. I cannot understand no of stamens and the structures inside the flower petals 3mm
May be senna obtusifolia
20 Jan 2012
Attaching pics of the pod as I see today. dimension 5mm by 1mm
I had to separate the leaf with a stick to take the pic
It is Cassia tora..
It is commonly found in rainy season, it grows on waste places/grasslands..
Herb ID request - RK15 - 14-Oct-2012:  This herb from Karjat region has beautiful leaves and yellow flowers. The pod as seen in the last photo is approx. 7-inch long.
Look like senna tora


 
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SYMBIOSIS : 259:   Attaching an image of a Common Pierrot butterfly on the flower of Cassia tora.

Requesting to please ID this plant captured Ovalekar Wadi, Thane, Maharashtra in September 2013.
Is this Senna tora?
Yes it is S.tora (=Cassia tora).
 
Re: Cassia tora & C sophera : 1 post by 1 author.
Please give some input on Cassia tora & C sophera
regarding their food and medicinal value
Are they endangered?
Thanks, ..., Following efloraofindia links may be of some use in this regard:


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Feb2015sk06 Hooghly - Senna tora (L.) Roxb. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Another wild leguminosae member photographed on 24-09-2012
Nice detailed pics …


 
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Senna For ID : Bangalore : 07DEC16 : AK-19 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Seen on 1st of Nov.
A wild plant.
For Species id please.

This should be Senna tora.


 
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Senna tora (L.) Roxb. ??? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal 
Date : Flowers - 9 May 2016 / Fruits - 13 August 2017
Altitude : 2600 ft.

Syn: Cassia tora L.  ???

Yes ...
Thank you ...! Nepali Names : चक्रमन्दि Chakramandi / सानो ताप्रे Saano Taapre / छिनछिने Chhinachhine / मेथिघाँस Methighaans 
 
Seeking Taxonomical Name : 5 posts by 3 authors.
A message from a friend based in Mhow, District Indore, Madhya Pradesh 
"Do you know the botanical name for puwaadiya, a weed here. 
But I learn that it is a veggie used by bhils and the seeds make a great substitute for coffee. 
Wanted to know more about it."

I think the plant in question is Senna tora (L.) Roxb. [syn. Cassia tora L.]. Family: Leguminosae. One of the Gujarati names of this plant - પુવાડિયો - is also similar to the one you have mentioned. 

I think you've got it. Will inform my friend. An image check will give the confirmation.

... is correct sounds like its Cassia tora in Gujarat and Kutchh
variously known as Puwadiyo, Kumvadiyoa in Gujarat and Saurashtra and in Kutchh as Pumwar etc.
What I  also would appreciate iis : 
A: pictures and more importantly:
B: how do they use it, when and what age
do men and women both use it?
Many thanks ..., Have asked my friend, an organic farmer, to send pictures and how the Bhil tribals use this plant. At what age, genderwise. Will keep the group posted.
He did mention when I sent him ... reply that the Bhils call it Puwadiyo and that he had wrongly called it Puwadiya


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Senna tora: @ Karnala Bird Sanctuary, early April 2011. ID confirmation / correction will be appreciated. 
- For me Senna tora syn. Cassia tora.   This is a common weed in Mysore city during monsoon.
- Yes, I confirm that it was a weed - was growing by the road side,


 
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Flora of Kaiga_ID_Confirmation_16112011 PJ1: Flora of Kaiga_ID_CONFIRMATION_16112011 PJ1. Is this Cassiatora? Please confirm.
Date/Time-:10/10/11 - 14:30

Location- Place, Altitude - Karwar , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length- 1m
Senna tora (L.) Roxb Syn: Cassia tora of Leguminosae family
 
 
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efloraindia: 281111 BRS216:  
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.,
Date: 25.11.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Herb.
This is Cassia tora (Syn. Senna tora) a common weed.
yes Cassia tora, but Senna tora is correct and latest name, 
further giving the type of divided genus
[C] Cassia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 376. 1 Mai 1753 (nom. cons.).
T.: C. fistula Linnaeus (typ. cons.)
[C] Senna P. Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 28 Jan 1754.
T.: S. alexandrina P. Miller (Gard. Dict. ed. 8. 16 Apr 1768) (Cassia senna Linnaeus)
[C] Chamaecrista Moench, Meth. 272. 4 Mai 1794.
T.: C. nictitans Moench (Cassia chamaecrista
Linnaeus) 

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efloraindia: Fabaceae-C​aesalpinio​ideae (Caesalpin​iaceae) WeeK:
Sharing the images of Senna tora from Coimbatore.
Thanks to EFI members for identification of this species through the efi forum.   
Please check last photograph. It seems to be different.
Last photograph seems to be Senna occidentalis


SEN-nuh -- Latin form of Arabic word for a thorny bush
TOR-uh -- most probably, from the vernacular name of the plant, tovara
Aug 25, 2007 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: Chinese senna, foetid cassia, Java bean, low senna, peanut weed, sickle senna, sicklepod, stinking cassia • Bengali: chakunda • Gujarati: kawaria, kuvadio • Hindi: चकूंदा chakunda, चकवंड chakwand, एड़गज edgaj, पद्माट padmat, पंवार panwar, प्रपुनाट prapunat , तर्किल tarkil • Kannada: ತಗಚೆ tagache • Konkani: टाय्किळो taykilo • Malayalam: takara • Manipuri: থৌনম নমথীবী thaunum namthibi • Marathi: टाकळा or टांकळा takala, तरवड tarvad • Oriya: chakunda • Pali: एळगल elagala, कंबोजी kamboji • Punjabi: ਪਵਾਰ pawár • Sanskrit: चक्रमर्दकः chakramardakah, चक्रम्गजः chakramgajah, दद्रुघ्नः dadrughnah, एडगजः edgajah, पद्मटः padmatah, प्रपुनाट prapunat, तर्किल tarkil, उरणक्षकः uranakshakah, विमर्दकः vimardakh • Tamil: தகரை thagarai • Telugu: తగర tagara, తగిరిసచెట్టు tagaricettu, తంటెము tantemu • Urdu: ايڙگج ergaj
Native to: s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, Malesia; widely naturalized
more views: Aug 25, 2007 ... at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra 
Sep 5, 2009 ... at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Dakpathar-3.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFGXvN6J9OHqqF54rfZcZO_NOWJVPW5-V_EK14q8nOZ-etOrI1yiNlgQWtSyAKUqu1oMLtb2oYuueH5yzNAk3AEKyYYb43vxTYTUXFlr5_9OTe4_qg
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Nagrota-J%20&%20K-4.jpg?part=0.9&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEjSmo4XbvRvECQI3909TGSK0iJqxpu49iAXmcYPXFn3iDC-YtYUzxMMNYwuJ5ASR7sOGQ_lG0-Ddqif1C9N8MMNYM0ZDUEMX8spyC72RLoz3WE2EU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Nagrota-J%20&%20K-3.jpg?part=0.8&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH7EkHnawYbkeAwGJRf_qaDpB5wb8RhB6PTpyNGp9iVTax4KmmeCzLlFqFAXdeZJbOMIjxk7w09dOq8WgPDitkhnolc2kByt-zuMnOhSwT7mjBtJ80
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Nagrota-J%20&%20K-2.jpg?part=0.7&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEfJAIbjYZeEbM0-y2JDBXBX0JDzbvToFgD-BOTX3v56zCutpOEpVWfzim3UR6NF8jawOPDzeSBDVI5Z8yGt5hi9i2X2memQXenDpj3pMqqT-suSSY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Nagrota-J%20&%20K-1.jpg?part=0.6&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFAYYvkGlFPIfo65yxA1gKyDV0JGsFp_96daV9WEWn3PoVfG65R0HS6vBqHMTp3kpQCG3HWPP9Tfe7poCRjGCYj6DwqIhhcPhH1ytIYBwiPGAy6YKM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Dakpathar-4.jpg?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHU6YJvoOvqsKQqhFkriSL75IFBQNyN0mOgs1PoN0SbU-OP4CYW5upCQZHO1fHkfpmVK5nXcR5Y2V_ZblPl-XbUupDnr1rkN20Syj8-MD4UM23VoaU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Dakpathar-2.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFyon_e0KuG_yQy0uBbKO8nMQzxWuEV6wIoM-5oTASJ5U9Kkn7Z74_2pLcnyIJi9SawXoU3-lTsKC36Q4sOtyc8DaC8H5PiF2azxuhjBjSgFWOryKM
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-near%20Dakpathar-1.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH8lWIIkahtiUnjw6MYx4XEYZWr3T9CLNYpfLmLtyJCnMaR2RS0cF5Q28ZrugPvgAVqoXlBJPCtgEj2vfjQ5Fl4-4v7BVCAGRz5NGP57gjUYWUkFnU
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/a7d0d02c98f45830/Cassia-tora-Ek%20tal%20lake-Morni-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrECQG7jggsixcFUG2ld754xGplD26UAlOwfob54tPA3y3fKEvH7WXQhsSUcJ8z9eF9Rct572PJh0tVrzAg3LYoCnbCmf3faGoRuruoDBAglW3JkZpA
Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Senna tora from Nagrota J &K, Dakpathar and Morni:  Senna tora (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 2: 340. 1832.
syn: Cassia tora L.
Annual her with 4-8 cm long leaves with 3 pairs of up to 6 cm long obovate leaflets, with glands between lowest two pairs of leaflets; stipules linear 10-15 mm long; flowers yellow, 1-3 in short axillary racemes on up to 10 mm long peduncles; sepals nearly equal, 5-8 mm long; petals obovate, 12-15 mm long; stamens 7 with 2 mm long filaments; pod terete to subtetragonous, up to 15 cm long, acuminate, 20-30 seeded.
Photographed from Nagrota in J & K, Dakpathar Haryana and around Tikkar Tal Lake, Morni, Haryana
"Dear friends while scrutinising my specimens I noticed that whereas my images from Nagrota and Morni are correctly placed, those from Dakpathar actually belong to Senna obtusifolia.
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3984f18040a40/Senna-tora-Anjana%20layout-Bangalore-IMG_3290.-Bangalore-3.jpg?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrH68A2MA9Htj76AjPjJ-eqyMRofzs3EE8j25GWYbIbt_CKQbJPjEztHEmj1wfgdFGZGs5SIfTXF7yTJkDzpdzOfx_qqR_RN7TtOlIW5EoE80_TkRcM
 
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3984f18040a40/Senna-tora-Anjana%20layout-Bangalore-IMG_3285-Bangalore-3.jpg?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGQnXvkNmDtdTx-rSmKZK_C6F5Pj57a05HohgDrXPoRYf1HSp59CUSJbfuiXDaE44hTYETdBTrC2YefZpg9nfXCOgkkhsPWyLnrgRSTuGU_DjYc21g
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3984f18040a40/Senna-tora-Anjana%20layout-Bangalore-IMG_3284-Bangalore-2.jpg?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGeUGd2gEWPLphNhOWI9wsDP6HtrYiO17zdvhhieNuH5NXn_gelxRoKyBZ32oT3QITDesLttdzCm8_N21U3F9PM_VFS6yqTIF_j_U33MoohUCRwXpk
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/3984f18040a40/Senna-tora-Anjana%20layout-Bangalore-IMG_3279Bangalore-1.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEyeufQkzrlYXyfgl_6dH3HJRd09BC1Vja83iwhDUSfgkAI3s16sofLjCV25wlQIn3fmdnEbvac2JJkIzCw6Iyr9zqp48IyxGkdG2zsIFzvn8Q80mo
Senna tora (L.) Roxb.
syn: Cassia tora L.
Anjana Layout, Bangalore 
September 21, 2015
Often confused with S. obtusifolia more so in west (so don't believe most online images), but can be differentiated somewhat narrowed apex, glands between lower two pairs of leaflets, staminodes often absent (only 7 stamens seen), shorter pedicel (up to 10 mm in flower, 15 mm in fruit), densely hairy ovary.
Here are complete differences:
Senna tora: 30-120 cm tall; stipules 8-15 mm long, often falcate; leaflets 0.5-5 cm long and 0.5-2.5 cm wide, base oblique, apex delicately acute, glands between 2 lower pairs of leaflets; petiolules 1-2 mm long;bracts 2-4 mm long, pedicel 4-10 mm long, up to 1.5 cm in fruit, hairy; . Sepals ovate, 5-6 mm long. Petals 8-10 mm long; 3 upper stamens absent or staminodial; Ovary appressed, densely hairy; pod glabrescent; areoles on both sides of the seed, 1.5-2 mm wide, often almost as wide as the seed

Senna obtusifolia: 0.5-2 m tall; sti¬pule 5-10 mm long; leaflets 3 pairs, 1.5-6 cm long, 1.2-3 cm wide, base slightly oblique, rounded at the top, apex minutely acute; gland present between lowest pair of leaflets; , petiolules 2.5 mm long; Bracts 4-8 mm long, pedicel 1.2-3.5 cm long, in fruit up to 4.5 cm long, hairy; petals 12-15 mm long; 3 upper stamens staminodial. Ovary more or less glabrous; pods glabrous to subglabrous; areoles on both sides of the seed, narrow linear, .3-.5 mm wide.

Thanks, ..., for bringing out the differences.


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/23df1ec2c09ed/_DSC0704%20-%20Copy.JPG?part=0.4&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFxHlDilE4pivg84xyGdABjJmuwODtR3YPA5y3LKdE8eDDscMNqOvXs-oBkGIApeag0u61z3YxcL_QdUdZmfAeZJZdCD1WtO-a2zvEhFXXKyZ_kHQ0
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https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/23df1ec2c09ed/_DSC0699.JPG?part=0.5&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFghsIVQ_Ma3R3A5mL8ZRyVaM8nUm57_MzpvYN77mW1Eoe4vJdh1dpBR97OZMXC4nhkx58yya-SXw3zbqcNjRq8smd1irxc9dV7rMxsU0khmHs_XAY
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/23df1ec2c09ed/_DSC0705.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFqTDpig__ZcRQQ_dDDQJBvAkxWzCPnKjtZixBy6RqvZo5h2JogjpTUWgpAsQEb3ETVzzMbAYW5NfnQ5ZMNiJOviTn_OVrczLv1-SZe2oaJQDSQUUA
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/23df1ec2c09ed/_DSC0702.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrF6ClFgmroz2UPmem8pyjcskAIXqCed6G9gEqiSNkH8R9U5RVyS3GcBkCABFs83LBSsu0SaKA4jk_0srnQmE1dBRqlrZIipCNB2Zq1huZHs0p7TYaQ
https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/23df1ec2c09ed/_DSC0701.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrGh1rtLT2-LwbPIWsYECc-O9njJ8mmsU4JRsDCGyf_-a0M8qZoTYtYrvt3EqLyrv2GZn_hx1hZf6UCZMn9P8fzaF1qAqVULNweJcOCVUKkZeG6xCFI
Senna tora (L.) Roxb. ??? : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)- around 600 kb each. 
Location:  Sevok, WB, India
Date: 18 May 2018
Altitude: 700 ft.
Habit : Wild

I also feel close to images at Senna tora

any seed pods?

Last image.

ok. i did not see the far end, it does end, and is not the twig

Yes ...
गुजराती : कुवाडीयो
Cassia tora

 
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/7GxrGAawX58ncHSn_9K_MYDg2jEdpxmtSzYNmbRiCjMDZl6i7FXZW7XOpEwjdeheIhBeXOIOImbUVDQKvzE9jZ0Im3PEXUh_VQyeWfkw_LhDkNs=w5000-h5000
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/K5k0eD46Yb14ugIIIngnosHe1vdyssKXsQlbcLNl7Ts5DQhj6UZN-b-pik7FaYiyXo0siiIfmPG6ouPjdJBLmY4ONPpB3mwv0aEAPxJ1gWR9OUM=w5000-h5000
https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/proxy/GBU2OlL8ksvrLuE_rvepyp76FneuDLdbiEqEQ-_1VcpK51yStLgupGhp6kMYdAEB0TW48_jzqXnBoo1yXPGKdbKfkWVEhORK2qL87oxKXuAkTM0=w5000-h5000
https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/proxy/CuelCjA0hYOg_eUH-bkzqi4matn2SztVqTykZ4Pt1B4YBkwlCwOkLriTBpzSSwAWeuZ0zNjaVyokat_fBZpUDtw9Yng_eECA8wkYzf6TsmyiC5c=w5000-h5000

Senna tora :: Tholpetty WLS, Wayanad :: 14 NOV 19 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 4 images.
Tholpetty Wildlife Sanctuary  Wayanad
Date: November 14, 2019 ... Altitude range: about 650 to 1150 m (2,100 to 3,800 ft) asl
Senna tora  (L.) Roxb.  

Yes sir. Pair of glands could be seen easily in first image ...key to ID
yes


References:
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